Administrative divisions of Uttar Pradesh
The northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which borders Nepal, comprises 18 administrative divisions. Within these 18 divisions, there are 75 smaller districts; the following table shows the name of each division, its administrative capital city, its constituent districts, a map of its location. Districts of Uttar Pradesh List of RTO districts in Uttar Pradesh
Mathura district situated along the banks of the river Yamuna is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. The historic town of Mathura is the district headquarters; the District is part of Agra division. Mathura is bounded on the northeast by Aligarh District, on the southeast by Hathras District, on the south by Agra District, on the west by Rajasthan and northwest by Haryana state. Mathura district is an important pilgrimage centre of Hindus. Many towns in the district Mathura have banned non-vegetarian food. Mathura has an ancient history. According to the Archaeological Survey of India plaque at the Mathura Museum, the city is mentioned in the oldest Indian epic, the Ramayana. In the epic, the Ikshwaku prince Shatrughna slays a demon claims the land. Afterwards, the place came to be known as Madhuvan as it was thickly wooded Madhupura and Mathura. In the 6th century BCE Mathura became the capital of the Surasena mahajanapada; the city was ruled by the Maurya empire and the Shunga dynasty.
It may have come under the control of Indo-Greeks some time between 180 BCE and 100 BC. It reverted to local rule before being conquered by the Indo-Scythians during the 1st century BC. Mathuran art and culture reached its zenith under the Kushan dynasty which had Mathura as one of their capitals, the other being Purushapura; the dynasty had kings with the names of Kujula Kadphises, Kanishka and Vasudeva I. Megasthenes, writing in the early 3rd century BC, mentions Mathura as a great city under the name Μέθορα; the Indo-Scythians conquered the area of Mathura over Indian kings around 60 BCE. The findings of ancient stone inscriptions in Maghera, a town 17 kilometres from Mathura, provide historical artifacts giving more details on this era of Mathura; the opening of the 3 line text of these inscriptions are in Brahmi script and were translated as: "In the 116th year of the Greek kings..."The Indo-Scythian satraps of Mathura are sometimes called the "Northern Satraps", as opposed to the "Western Satraps" ruling in Gujarat and Malwa.
After Rajuvula, several successors are known to have ruled as vassals to the Kushans, such as the "Great Satrap" Kharapallana and the "Satrap" Vanaspara, who are known from an inscription discovered in Sarnath, dated to the 3rd year of Kanishka, in which they were paying allegiance to the Kushans. Mathura served as one of the Kushan Empire's two capitals from the first to the third centuries. Fa Xian mentions the city, as a centre of Buddhism about AD 400, he went east to Thanesar, Jalandhar in the eastern Punjab, before climbing up to visit predominantly Theravada monasteries in the Kulu valley and turning southward again to Bairat and Mathura, on the Yamuna river. The city was sacked and many of its temples destroyed by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1018 and again by Sikandar Lodhi, who ruled the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 to 1517. Sikander Lodhi earned the epithet of'But Shikan', the'Destroyer of Hindu deities'; the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, built the city's Jami Masjid. The noteworthy fact is that the exact place of birth of Lord Krishna, according to historians, is in the place of worship of the Hindus, though the mosque was built near the birthplace of Lord Krishna.
The bigger Krishna shrine, better known as Dwarkadeesh temple is a few metres away from what is believed to be the actual birthplace of Krishna, was built in 1815 by Seth Gokuldas Parikh, Treasurer of Gwalior. According to the 2011 census Mathura district has a population of 2,541,894 equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada; this gives it a ranking of 167th in India. The district has a population density of 761 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.53%. Mathura has a sex ratio of 858 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 72.65%. Mathura is a Jat dominated region with around 5.30 lakh Jat. Mathura receives a large number of daily visitors besides pilgrims who stay for an average of 3 days. Mathura's urban area's floating population on normal days is between 100,000 and 125,000 per day, whereas on festive and auspicious days it is over twice the population of urban area. People in Mathura and nearby areas speak Braj.
Braj Bhasha called Brij Bhasha, Braj Bhakha, or Dehaati Zabaan, is a Western Hindi language related to Hindustani. In fact, it is considered to be a dialect of Western Hindi, along with Awadhi was one of the two predominant literary languages of North-Central India before the switch to Hindustani in the 19th century. Braj Bhasha language spelled Braj Bhasa, Braj Bhakha, or Brij Bhasa, language descended from Shauraseni Prakrit and viewed as a western dialect of Hindi, it is spoken by some 575,000 people in India. Its purest forms are spoken in the cities of Mathura, Agra and Aligarh. Most speakers of Braj Bhasha worship the Hindu deity Krishna, their bhakti finds expression in the language, which has a firm base in folk literature and songs. All of the enactments of episodes from Krishna's life that are performed during the Janmashtami festival are presented in Braj Bhasha. Mathura is located at 27.28°N 77.41°E / 27.28. It has an average elevation of 174 metres; the climate of Mathura is tropical extreme with hot summers with tempe
The Bareilly district pronunciation belongs to the state Uttar Pradesh in northern India. Its capital is Bareilly city and it is divided in six administrative division or tehsils: Aonla, Bareilly city, Faridpur and Nawabganj; the Bareilly district is a part of the Bareilly Division and occupies an area of 4120 km² with a population of 4,448,359 people according to the census of 2011. The region was a part of the Delhi Sultanate before getting absorbed by the emerging Mughal Empire; the modern City of Bareilly was founded by Mukrand Rai in 1657. It became the capital of the Rohilkhand region before getting handed over to Nawab Vazir of Awadh and to the East India Company, becoming an integral part of India; the region was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Panchala. The Panchalas occupied the country to the east of the Kurus, between the upper Himalayas and the river Ganges; the country was divided into Dakshina-Panchala. The northern Panchala had its capital at Ahichatra tehsil of Bareilly district, while southern Panchala had it capital at Kampilya or Kampil in Farrukhabad district.
The famous city of Kannauj or Kanyakubja was situated in the kingdom of Panchala. The last two Panchala clans, the Somakas and the Srinjayas are mentioned in the Mahabharata and the Puranas. King Drupada, whose daughter Draupadi was married to the Pandavas belonged to the Somaka clan. However, the Mahabharata and the Puranas consider the ruling clan of the northern Panchala as an offshoot of the Bharata clan. Divodasa, Srinjaya and Drupada were the most notable rulers of this clan. During 176 -- 166 BC, Panchala coins were minted at the surrounding areas, it was the Gupta kings who established mints here. The city's continued status as a mint town since the beginning of the Christian era was helped by the fact that Bareilly was never a disturbed area. Found at Ganga Ghati in abundance were the Adi Vigraha and Shree Vigraha coins of the Pratihara Kings that were minted here between the 4th to the 9th centuries. Dating to this period are the silver coins — similar to those of Firoz Second — known as Indo-Sasanian.
After the fall of the Kingdom of Panchala, the City was under the rule of local rulers. In the twelfth century, it was ruled by different clans of Rajputs referred to by the general name of Katehriyas Rajputs. According to British historian Matthew Atmore Sherring the district of Bareilly was a dense jungle inhabited by a race of Ahirs and was called Tappa Ahiran. In the beginning of the thirteenth century, when the Delhi Sultanate was established, Katehr was divided into the provinces of Sambhal and Budaun, but the thickly forested country infested with wild animals provided just the right kind of shelter for rebels. And indeed, Katehr was famous for rebellions against imperial authority. During the Sultanate rule, there were frequent rebellions in Katehr. All were ruthlessly crushed. Sultan Balban ordered vast tracts of jungle to be cleared so as to make the area unsafe for the insurgents; the slightest weakening of the central authority provoked acts of defiance from the Katehriya Rajputs. Thus the Mughals initiated the policy of allotting lands for Afghan settlements in Katiher.
Afghan settlements continued to be encouraged throughout the reign of Aurangzeb and after his death. These Afghans, known as the Rohilla Afghans, caused the area to be known as Rohilkhand; the city of Bareilly was founded in 1537 by a Katehriya Rajput. The city is mentioned in the histories for the first time by Budayuni, who he writes that Husain Quli Khan was appointed the governor of Bareilly and Sambhal in 1568; the divisions and revenue of the district fixed by Todar Mal were recorded by Abul Fazl in 1596. In 1658, Bareilly was made the headquarters of the province of Budaun; the foundation of the'modern' City of Bareilly was laid by Mukrand Rai in 1657. The tract of land forming the subah or province of Rohilkhand was called Katehr/Katiher; the Mughal policy of encouraging Afghan settlements for keeping the Katehriyas in check worked only as long as the central government was strong. After Aurangzeb's death, the Afghans, having themselves become local potentates, began to seize and occupy neighbouring villages.
In 1623 two Afghan brothers of the Barech tribe, Shah Alam and Husain Khan, settled in the region, bringing with them many other Pashtun settlers. The Rohilla Daud Khan was awarded the Katehr region in the northern India by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir to suppress Rajput uprisings, which had afflicted this region; some 20,000 soldiers from various Pashtun Tribes were hired by Mughals to provide soldiers to the Mughal armies and this was appreciated by Aurangzeb Alamgir, an additional force of 25,000 men was given respected positions in Mughal army. However most of them settled in the Katehar region during Nadir Shah's invasion of northern India in 1739 increasing their population up to 100,0000. Due to the large settlement of Rohilla Afghans, the Katehar region gained fame as Rohilkhand. Meanwhile, Ali Muhammad Khan, grandson of Shah Alam, captured the city of Bareilly and made it his capital uniting the Rohillas to form the state of'Rohilkhand', between 1707 and 1720, making Bareilly his capital.
He rose to power and got confirmed in possession of the lands he had seized. The Emperor made him a Nawab in 1737, he was recognised as the governor of Rohilkhand in 1740. According to 1901 cen
Barabanki district is one of four districts of Ayodhya division, lies at the heart of Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh state of India, forms as it were a centre from which no less than seven other districts radiate. It is situated between 27°19' and 26°30' north latitude, 80°05' and 81°51’ east longitude. With its most northern point it impinges on the Sitapur district, while its north-eastern boundary is washed by the waters of the Ghagra, beyond which lie the districts of Bahraich district and Gonda district, its eastern frontier marches with Faizabad district, the Gomti forms a natural boundary to the south, dividing it from the Sultanpur district. On the west it adjoins the Lucknow district; the extreme length of the district from east to west may be taken at 57 miles, the extreme breadth at 58 mi. Barabanki city is the district headquarters; the district under British rule had an area of 1,769 sq mi. In 1856 it came, under British rule. During the Sepoy war of 1857-1858 the whole of the Barabanki talukdars joined the mutineers, but offered no serious resistance after the capture of Lucknow.
It stretches out in a level plain interspersed with numerous marshes. In the upper part of the district the soil is sandy, while in the lower part it is clayey and produces finer crops; the district is well fed by rivers Ghaghra and Kalyani and their tributaries, for the major part of the year. Some rivers dry out in the summer, get flooded during the rainy season; the changing course of the river Ghagra changes the land area in the district, year to year. The principal crops are rice, wheat and other food grains and sugarcane. Trade in agricultural produce is active. Both the bordering rivers are navigable, it has good road connectivity including National Highways NH 28, State Highways and various link roads. The district was known before the Muslim conquest as Jasnaul, from Jas, a raja of the Bharpasi tribe, said to have founded it before 1000 AD. With a change of proprietors came a change of name; the Muslim owners divided the lands into twelve shares, over which the respective proprietors quarrelled so incessantly that they were called the Barah Banke, or twelve quarrelsome men.
Banka, in Awadhi, meaning a bully or brave. Others derive the name from ban, meaning wood or jungle, interpret Barabanki as the twelve shares of jungle. Parijaat tree a sacred baobab tree in the village of Kintoor on the banks of Ghaghra. Located near the Kunteshwar Mahadeva temple, the tree is said to grow from Kunti's ashes; the tree is old. Greater part of Barabanki was included in Pachhimrath country, one of the five divisions of the kingdom of Rama. Before 1000 AD, Jas, a raja of the Bharpasi tribe is said to have founded the locality of Jasnaul which after the Muslim conquest of the region, came to be known as Bara Banki or Barabanki; the Muslims had made their first permanent settlement in this district at Satrikh, in 421 AH. / 1030 AD. Sihali, was conquered, its sovereign, a Siharia Chhattri, was killed. Kintur was captured, its Bhar queen, Kintama slain; the battle in which bhar-pasi chief Sohil Deo of Sahet-Mahet a small northern kingdom was subversed by Sri Chandradeo, the Rathor monarch of Kannauj was fought in Satrikh village of the district.
In 1049 AD / 441 AH, the Kings of Kanauj and Manikpur were defeated and driven from Oudh by Qutub-ud-din of Medina. The Muslim invasion was more successful in Bara Banki than elsewhere. In 586 AH. / 1189 AD, Sihali was conquered by Shekh Nizam-ud-din of Herat, Ansari. Zaidpur was occupied by them in 636 AH, when Sayyad Abd-ul-Wahid turned out the Bhar-pasi, altering the name of the town from Suhalpur; the colony of Musalman Bhattis is reported to have arrived about the same time, although some place it as early as 596 AH. / 1199 AD. They settled at Mawai Maholara. After 1350 AD Muslim immigrants started to settle in great number in the district until nearly to middle of eighteenth century. At the Muslims first permanently settled in Oudh. Rudauli was occupied about 700 AH, in the reign of Alla-ud-din Khilji, whose forces had just about the same time destroyed Anhalwara, Dcogir, Jessulmere, Bundi, in fact nearly every remaining seat of Chhattri power. Rasulpur was conquered about 1350 AD / 756 AH.
Daryabad was founded by Dariab Khan Subahdar. Fatehpur was colonized by Fateh Khan, a brother of Dariab Khan, about the same time; the villages of Barauli and Barai, near Rudauli, were occupied, gave their name to large estates about the middle of the fifteenth century. However, with this latter immigration of the Muslims there was one of Chhattris; the mysterious tribe of Kalhans, which numbers some twenty thousand persons, are said to be descended from Achal Singh, who came in as a soldier of fortune with Dariab Khan about 1450 AD. Raja Achal Singh is a great name in the Middle Ages of Oudh. At this time Ibrahim Shah Sharqi, reigned at Jaunpur. Oudh was the battle ground—the border land between Sharqis of Jaunpur and the Lo
Shravasti district is one of the districts of the Uttar Pradesh state of India and Bhinga town is district headquarters. Shravasti district is a part of Devipatan Division. According to Government of India, the district Shravasti is one of the minority concentrated district in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. Shrawasti, the north-eastern town of Uttar Pradesh, is located near the West Rapti River; this town is associated with the life of Gautama Buddha, believed to have spent 24 Chaturmases here. Age-old stupas, majestic viharas and several temples near the village of "Sahet-Mahet" establish Buddha's association with Shravasti. According to Nagarjuna, the city had a population of 900,000 in 5th century BCE and it overshadowed Magadha's capital, Rajgir; as mentioned in the'Bruhatkalpa' and various Kalpas of the fourteenth century, the name of the city was Mahid. There are subsequent, it is mentioned that a vast fort covered this city in which there were many temples having idols of Devkulikas.
Today a great rampart of brick surrounds this city. During excavation in'Sahet-Mahet' near Shravasti City, many ancient idols and inscriptions were found, they are now kept in museums of Lucknow. At present, the archaeological department of the Indian Government is doing excavation to perform allied research; the district Shrawasti is one of the new districts of Uttar Pradesh carved out from the district Bahraich. It came into existence in May 1997. Shravasti—part of historic Awadh—was carved out from Gonda district on the south and Bahraich on the west. Shrawasti borders Balrampur on the east, Nepal's districts Dang-Deukhuri to the northeast and Banke district nepal to the northwest. Shravasti district headquarters Bhinga is about 170 kilometres from Lucknow the state capital. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Shravasti one of the country's 250 most backward districts, it is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. According to the 2011 census Shravasti district has a population of 1,117,361 equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island.
This gives it a ranking of 414th in India. The district has a population density of 681 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -5.25%. Shrawasti has a sex ratio of 881 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 46.74%. Male literacy rate is 57.16% while that of female is 34.78%. 96.54% of district's population lives in rural areas. 0.11% of the total population of the district lives on footpath or without any roof cover. According to the 2011 Census, Hindus form majority in the district with a population of 68.79% of the total population. Remaining population is overwhelmingly Muslim. However, in the most populous town of Bhinga, Muslims are in majority with the population of 56.95% of the total town population. Shravasti picture gallery on Facebook Shravasti Video
India known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia; the Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Gupta empires. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
A pluralistic and multi-ethnic society, it is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River; the ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as "The people of the Indus". The geographical term Bharat, recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations, it is a modernisation of the historical name Bharatavarsha, which traditionally referred to the Indian subcontinent and gained increasing currency from the mid-19th century as a native name for India. Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, it was introduced into India by the Mughals and used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety; the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The earliest known human remains in South Asia date to about 30,000 years ago. Nearly contemporaneous human rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh. After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, storage of agricultural surplus, appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan; these developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, the first urban culture in South Asia, which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. Centred around cities such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Kalibangan, relying on varied forms of subsistence, the civilization engaged robustly in crafts production and wide-ranging trade. During the period 2000–500 BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones; the Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
Most historians consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. The caste system, which created a hierarchy of priests and free peasants, but which excluded indigenous peoples by labeling their occupations impure, arose during this period. On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation. In South India, a progression to sedentary life is indicated by the large number of megalithic monuments dating from this period, as well as by nearby traces of agriculture, irrigation tanks, craft traditions. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas; the emerging urbanisation gave rise to non-Vedic religious movements, two of which became independent religions. Jainism came into prominence during the life of Mahavira.
Buddhism, based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, attracted followers from all social classes excepting the middle
Lakhimpur Kheri district
Lakhimpur Kheri District is the largest district in Uttar Pradesh, India, on the border with Nepal. Its administrative capital is the city of Lakhimpur. Lakhimpur Kheri district is a part of Lucknow division, with a total area of 7,680 square kilometres; the national government designated Lakhimpur Kheri as a Minority Concentrated District on the basis of 2001 census data, which identifies it as requiring urgent aid to improve living standards and amenities. Dudhwa National Park, is the only national park in Uttar Pradesh, it is home to a large number of rare and endangered species including tigers, swamp deer, hispid hares and Bengal florican Lakhimpur was known as Luxmipur. Kheri is a town 2 kilometres from Lakhimpur, it has the name derived from a tomb built over the remains of Saiyid Khurd, who died in 1563. Pre-independence the tomb was administered under Act XX of 1856, with an income of about ₹ 800. Another theory suggests that the name derives from the khair trees that once covered large tracts in the area.
Traditions point to the inclusion of this place under the rule of the Lunar race of Hastinapur, several places are associated with episodes in the Mahabharata. Many villages contain ancient mounds in which fragments of sculpture have been found, Balmiar-Barkhar and Khairigarh being the most remarkable. A stone horse was found near Khairabad and bears the inscription of Samudra Gupta, dated in the 4th century. Samudra Gupta, King of Magadha performed Ashvamedha yajna in which a horse is left to roam in the entire nation, so as to display the power of king and to underline the importance of his conquest; the stone replica of the horse, is now in the Lucknow Museum. The northern part of Lakhimpur Kheri was held by Rajputs in the 10thcentury. Muslim rule spread to this remote and inhospitable tract. In the 14th century several forts were constructed along the northern frontier, to prevent the incursions of attacks from Nepal. During the Mughal Empire in the 17th century, under the rule of Akbar the district formed part of the Sarkar of Khairabad in the Subah of Oudh.
The history of 17th century under the Nawabs of Awadh, is of the rise and decline of individual ruling families. In the year 1801, when Rohilkhand was ceded to the British, part of this district was included in the cession, but after the Anglo–Nepalese War of 1814-1816 it was restored to Oudh. On the annexation of Oudh in 1856 the west of the present area was formed into a district called Mohammadi and the east into Mallanpur, which included part of Sitapur. In the Indian Rebellion of 1857 Mohammadi became one of the chief centres of Indian independence movement in northern Oudh; the refugees from Shahjahanpur reached Mohammadi on 2 June 1857, two days Mohammadi was abandoned, most of the British party were shot down on the way to Sitapur, the survivors died or were murdered in Lucknow. The British officials in Mallanpur, with a few who had fled from Sitapur, escaped to Nepal, where on most of them died. Till October 1858, British officials did not make any other attempt to regain control of the district.
By the end of 1858 British officials regained the control and the headquarters of the single district formed were moved to Lakhlmpur shortly afterwards. The district is within the Terai lowlands at the base of the Himalayas, with several rivers and lush green vegetation. Situated between 27.6° and 28.6° north latitude and 80.34° and 81.30° east longitudes, about 7,680 square kilometres in area, it is triangular in shape, the flattened apex pointing north. The district is located at about the height of 147 meters above sea level. Lakhimpur Kheri is bounded on the north by the river Mohan; the climate is hot throughout the year except the rainy seasons. During summer, the temperature can reach above 40 °C and in winters it can drop to around 4 °C; the nights are cold during winter and fog is common in this season. The annual average rainfall in Lakhimpur Kheri is 1,500.3 millimetres in the monsoon months. Several rivers flow across Lakhimpur; some of these are Sharda, Koriyala, Sarayan, Gomti, Kathana and Mohana.
Sharda Barrage The Lower Sharda Barrage is constructed on the Sharda River, about 163.5 kilometres downstream of the Upper Sharda Barrage, nearly 28 kilometres from Lakhimpur city. This project is part of the Sharda Sahayak Pariyojana and depends on water diverted from the Karnali at Girjapur through the Sharda Sahayak link canal of 28.4 kilometres length for over eight months in the year during the lean season. The SSP aims at irrigating culturable command area of 16,770 km2 with 70 per cent irrigation intensity; the 258.80 kilometres long feeder channel of SSP takes off from the right bank of Sharda Barrage with discharge of 650 m3/s. Supplies are fed into the different branches of the Sharda canal system, the Daryabad branch, the Barabanki branch, the Haidergarh branch, the Rae Bareli branch and the Purva branch. SSP provides protective canal irrigation for cultivable area of 2 m ha to lakhs of farmers in 150 development blocks of 16 districts in eastern Uttar Pradesh; the project was commissioned in 1974, completed in 2000 with an estimated cost of 1300 crore rupees.
It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh receivin