Winthrop Rockefeller was an American politician and philanthropist, who served as the first Republican governor of Arkansas since Reconstruction. He was a third-generation member of the Rockefeller family. Winthrop Rockefeller was born in New York, to philanthropists John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and Abigail Greene "Abby" Aldrich. He had one elder sister named Abby, three elder brothers John III, Laurance, a younger brother named David. Nelson served as Vice President of the United States under Gerald Ford. Winthrop attended Yale University but was ejected as a result of misbehavior before earning his degree. Prior to attending Yale, he graduated from the Loomis Chaffee School in Connecticut. In early 1941, he enlisted in the Army; as a soldier of the 77th Infantry Division, he fought in World War II, advancing from Private to Lieutenant Colonel. He earned a Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Clusters and a Purple Heart for his actions aboard the troopship USS Henrico, after a kamikaze attack during the invasion of Okinawa.
His image appears in the Infantry Officer Hall of Fame at Georgia. On February 14, 1948, Winthrop married actress Jievute "Bobo" Paulekiute, she was married to Boston Brahmin socialite John Sears Jr. The wedding took place in Florida, at the reception, a choir sang Negro spirituals. On September 17, 1948, she gave birth to Winthrop Paul "Win" Rockefeller; the couple separated in 1950 and divorced in 1954. Bobo got custody of Win. On June 11, 1956, Rockefeller wed the Seattle-born socialite Jeanette Edris, she had two children and Ann Bartley, from a previous marriage. Winthrop and Jeanette had no children together and divorced shortly after he left the governorship in 1971; as the state's First Lady, Jeanette Rockefeller took a special interest in mental health issues. Rockefeller moved to central Arkansas in 1953 and established Winrock Enterprises and Winrock Farms atop Petit Jean Mountain near Morrilton in Conway County. In 1954, Republican Pratt C. Remmel polled 37 percent of the vote in the gubernatorial general election against Democrat Orval Faubus.
It was a good showing for a Republican candidate in Arkansas, compared to previous races in the 1940s and early 1950s. Twelve years Rockefeller would build upon Remmel's race and win the governorship for the Republican Party. In 1955, Faubus appointed Rockefeller chairman of the Arkansas Industrial Development Commission. Rockefeller initiated a number of projects, he financed the building of a model school at Morrilton and led efforts to establish a Fine Arts Center in the capital city of Little Rock. He financed the construction of medical clinics in some of the state's poorest counties, in addition to making annual gifts to the state's colleges and universities; these philanthropic activities continue to this day through the Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation. In 1960, Rockefeller did not seek the governorship but instead raised funds for the Republican nominee, Henry M. Britt, a conservative lawyer from Hot Springs, the seat of Garland County. Britt lost in every county and polled 30 percent of the statewide vote in his loss to Faubus.
In 1961, Rockefeller was named Arkansas Republican national committeeman, having succeeded Wallace Townsend, a lawyer in Little Rock who had held the position since 1928. In 1962, Rockefeller supported Willis Ricketts, another in a long line of failed Republican candidates who sought to topple Faubus, he supported a slate of Republican legislative candidates. Soon, he quarreled with state Republican party chairman William L. Spicer of Fort Smith over the direction of the party. Spicer favored a stronger conservative approach compared to Rockefeller's moderate-to-liberal outlook. Rockefeller resigned his position with the AIDC and conducted his first campaign for governor in 1964 against Faubus, his campaign was unsuccessful, but Rockefeller energized and reformed the tiny Republican Party to set the stage for the future. In 1964, Osro Cobb, a Republican former state chairman who had served as United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Arkansas, refused to endorse Rockefeller but Faubus, who subseqauently gave Cobb a temporary appointment to the Arkansas Supreme Court.
In his memoirs, Cobb recalls that Rockefeller had used ruthless tactics to convert the fine Republican state organization into a one-man Rockefeller machine, loyal not to party but to Rockefeller personally. In rapid succession, Mr. Rockefeller captiously took over most of the functions of the state chairman and in a matter of months succeeded in taking over and exercising absolute right of dictation as to each and every important party function at the state level; such one-man dictatorship is the deadly enemy of any semblance of two-party government.... Faithful Republican leaders who have worked tirelessly over the years have been pushed aside or replaced.... A stranger passing through Arkansas at this time and seeing Mr. Rockefeller's advertising on billboards would not know whether Mr. Rockefeller belonged to any political party; the fact that he is the Republican nominee has not been included. The evidence is unanswerable that Mr. Rockefeller is working for his own personal interest to the exclusion of all other considerations, which leaves the Republican Party in Arkansas hanging precariously at the whims of one individual....
When Rockefeller made his second run in the 1966 election, only 11 percent of Arkansans considered themselves Republicans. But Arkansans had tired of Faubus after six terms as governor and as head of the Democratic "machine". Democrats themselves seemed to be more interested in the refor
John D. Rockefeller Jr.
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. was an American financier and philanthropist, a prominent member of the Rockefeller family. He was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and the father of the five famous Rockefeller brothers. In biographies, he is referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior", his sons included the 41st Vice President of The United States. Rockefeller was the fifth and last child of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. His four older sisters were Elizabeth, Alice and Edith. Living in his father's mansion at 4 West 54th Street, he attended Park Avenue Baptist Church at 64th Street and the Browning School, a tutorial establishment set up for him and other children of associates of the family, his father John Sr. and uncle William Avery Rockefeller Jr. co-founded Standard Oil together. He had intended to go to Yale University but was encouraged by William Rainey Harper, president of the University of Chicago, among others, to enter the Baptist-oriented Brown University instead.
Nicknamed "Johnny Rock" by his roommates, he joined both the Glee and the Mandolin clubs, taught a Bible class, was elected junior class president. Scrupulously careful with money, he stood out as different from other rich men's sons. In 1897, he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, after taking nearly a dozen courses in the social sciences, including a study of Karl Marx's Das Kapital, he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. After graduation from Brown, Rockefeller joined his father's business in October 1897, setting up operations in the newly formed family office at 26 Broadway where he became a director of Standard Oil, he also became a director at J. P. Morgan's U. S. Steel company, formed in 1901. Junior resigned from both companies in 1910 in an attempt to "purify" his ongoing philanthropy from commercial and financial interests after the Hearst media empire unearthed a bribery scandal involving John Dustin Archbold and two prominent members of Congress. In April 1914, after a long period of industrial unrest, the Ludlow Massacre occurred at a tent camp occupied by striking miners from the Colorado Fuel and Iron company.
Junior sat on the board as an absentee director. At least 20 men and children died in the slaughter; this was followed by nine days of violence between the Colorado State Militia. Although he did not order the attack that began this unrest, there are accounts to suggest Junior was to blame for the violence, with the awful working conditions, death ratio, no paid dead work which included securing unstable ceilings, workers were forced into working in unsafe conditions just to make ends meet. In January 1915, Junior was called to testify before the Commission on Industrial Relations. Many critics blamed Rockefeller for ordering the massacre. Margaret Sanger wrote an attack piece in her magazine The Woman Rebel, declaring, "But remember Ludlow! Remember the men and women and children who were sacrificed in order that John D. Rockefeller Jr. might continue his noble career of charity and philanthropy as a supporter of the Christian faith." He was at the time being advised by William Lyon Mackenzie King and the pioneer public relations expert, Ivy Lee.
Lee warned that the Rockefellers were losing public support and developed a strategy that Junior followed to repair it. It was necessary for Junior to overcome his shyness, go to Colorado to meet with the miners and their families, inspect the conditions of the homes and the factories, attend social events, to listen to the grievances; this was novel advice, attracted widespread media attention, which opened the way to resolve the conflict, present a more humanized version of the Rockefellers. Mackenzie King said Rockefeller's testimony was the turning point in Junior's life, restoring the reputation of the family name, he was influential in attracting leading blue-chip corporations as tenants in the complex, including GE and its affiliates RCA, NBC and RKO, as well as Standard Oil of New Jersey, Associated Press, Time Inc, branches of Chase National Bank. The family office, of which he was in charge, shifted from 26 Broadway to the 56th floor of the landmark 30 Rockefeller Plaza upon its completion in 1933.
The office formally became "Rockefeller Family and Associates". In 1921, Junior received about 10% of the shares of the Equitable Trust Company from his father, making him the bank's largest shareholder. Subsequently, in 1930, Equitable merged with Chase National Bank, making Chase the largest bank in the world at the time. Although his stockholding was reduced to about 4% following this merger, he was still the largest shareholder in what became known as "the Rockefeller bank." As late as the 1960s, the family still retained about 1% of the bank's shares, by which time his son David had become the bank's president. In the late 1920s, Rockefeller
Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller was an American businessman and politician who served as the 41st Vice President of the United States from 1974 to 1977, as the 49th Governor of New York from 1959 to 1973. He served as assistant secretary of State for American Republic Affairs for Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman as well as under secretary of Health and Welfare under Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1954. A member of the wealthy Rockefeller family, he was a noted art collector and served as administrator of Rockefeller Center in Manhattan, New York. Rockefeller was a Republican, considered to be liberal, progressive, or moderate. In an agreement, termed the Treaty of Fifth Avenue, Rockefeller persuaded then-Vice President Richard Nixon to alter the Republican Party platform just before the 1960 Republican Convention. In his time, liberals in the Republican Party were called "Rockefeller Republicans"; as Governor of New York from 1959 to 1973, Rockefeller's achievements included the expansion of the State University of New York, efforts to protect the environment, the construction of the Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza in Albany, increased facilities and personnel for medical care, the creation of the New York State Council on the Arts.
After unsuccessfully seeking the Republican presidential nomination in 1960, 1964, 1968, Rockefeller served as Vice President of the United States under President Gerald R. Ford, who ascended to the presidency following the August 1974 resignation of Richard Nixon over the Watergate scandal. Rockefeller was the second vice president appointed to the position under the 25th Amendment, following Ford himself. Rockefeller decided not to join the 1976 Republican ticket with Ford, which went to Bob Dole, he died two years later. As a businessman, Rockefeller was president and chair of Rockefeller Center, Inc. and he formed the International Basic Economy Corporation in 1947. Rockefeller promoted public access to the arts, he served as trustee and president of the Museum of Modern Art, founded the Museum of Primitive Art in 1954. In the area of philanthropy, he founded the Rockefeller Brothers Fund in 1940 with his four brothers and established the American International Association for Economic and Social Development in 1946.
Rockefeller was born on July 1908, in Bar Harbor, Maine. He was the second son of financier and philanthropist John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and philanthropist and socialite Abigail Greene "Abby" Aldrich. He had two older siblings—Abby and John III—as well as three younger brothers: Laurance and David, their father, John Jr. was the only son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. Their mother, was a daughter of Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman "Abby" Chapman. Rockefeller received his elementary and high school education at the Lincoln School in New York City, an experimental school administered by Teachers College of Columbia University. In 1930 he graduated cum laude with an A. B. degree in economics from Dartmouth College, where he was a member of Casque and Gauntlet, Phi Beta Kappa, the Zeta chapter of the Psi Upsilon. Following his graduation, he worked in a number of family-related businesses, including Chase National Bank.
From 1932 to 1979 he served as a trustee of the Museum of Modern Art, where he served as treasurer, 1935–39, president, 1939–41 and 1946–53. He and his four brothers established the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, a philanthropy, in 1940, where he served as trustee, 1940–75 and 1977–79, as president in 1956. Rockefeller was a patient of famous psychic Edgar Cayce. Rockefeller served as a member of the Westchester County Board of Health, 1933–53, his service with Creole Petroleum led to his lifelong interest in Latin America. He became fluent in the Spanish language. In 1940, after he expressed his concern to President Franklin D. Roosevelt over Nazi influence in Latin America, the President appointed him to the new position of Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs in the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs. Rockefeller was charged with overseeing a program of U. S. cooperation with the nations of Latin America to help raise the standard of living, to achieve better relations among the nations of the western hemisphere, to counter rising Nazi influence in the region.
He facilitated this form of cultural diplomacy by collaborating with the Director of Latin American Relations at the CBS radio network Edmund A. Chester; the Roosevelt administration encouraged Hollywood to produce films to encourage positive relations with Latin America. Rockefeller required changes in the movie Down Argentine Way because it was considered offensive to Argentines, it was much more popular in the United States than in Latin America. Charlie Chaplin's satirical The Great Dictator was banned in several countries. In the spring of 1943, Rockefeller supported extensive negotiations and mission of North American members of the Junior Chamber of Commerce to Latin America as Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs of the US' State Department, establishing the Junior Chamber International after its first Inter-American Congress in December 1944 at Mexico City. After coming back from the Inter-American Congress, Nelson Rockefeller convinced his father, John D. Rockefeller
National Audubon Society
The National Audubon Society is a non-profit environmental organization dedicated to conservation. Located in the United States and incorporated in 1905, Audubon is one of the oldest of such organizations in the world and uses science and grassroots advocacy to advance its conservation mission, it is named in honor of John James Audubon, a Franco-American ornithologist and naturalist who painted and described the birds of North America in his famous book Birds of America published in sections between 1827 and 1838. The society has nearly 500 local chapters, each of, an independent 501 non-profit organization voluntarily affiliated with the National Audubon Society, which organize birdwatching field trips and conservation-related activities, it coordinates the Christmas Bird Count held each December in the U. S. a model of citizen science, in partnership with Cornell Lab of Ornithology, the Great Backyard Bird Count each February. Together with Cornell, Audubon created eBird, an online database for bird observation.
The National Audubon Society has many global partners to help birds that migrate beyond the U. S.'s borders, including BirdLife International based in Great Britain, Bird Studies Canada, many partners in Latin America and in the Caribbean. Audubon's International Alliances Program brings together people throughout the Western Hemisphere to work together to implement conservation solutions at Important Birds Areas; the society's main offices are in New York City and Washington, D. C. and it has state offices in about 24 states. It owns and operates a number of nature centers open to the public, located in urban settings, including New York City, Phoenix and Los Angeles, as well as at bird refuges and other natural areas. Audubon Centers help to forge lifelong connections between people and nature, developing stewards for conservation among young and diverse communities. In 1886, Forest and Stream editor George Bird Grinnell was appalled by the negligent mass slaughter of birds that he saw taking place.
As a boy, Grinnell had avidly read Ornithological Biography, a work by the bird painter John James Audubon. So when Grinnell decided to create an organization devoted to the protection of wild birds and their eggs, he did not have to go far for its namesake. Within a year of its foundation, the early Audubon Society claimed 39,000 members, it attained a membership of 48,862. Each member signed a pledge to "not molest birds." Prominent members included jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. abolitionist minister Henry Ward Beecher, poet John Greenleaf Whittier. This society was discontinued, but the name and plan survived. Organizations for the protection of birds were not a wholly new idea. Before Grinnell's Audubon Society was organized, the American Ornithologists' Union, founded in 1883, was aware of the dangers facing many birds in the United States. There were, influential ornithologists who defended the collection of birds. In 1902, Charles B. Cory, the president-elect of the AOU refused to attend a meeting of the District of Columbia Audubon Society stating that "I do not protect birds.
I kill them."In 1895, the first Audubon Society was created. Cousins and Boston socialites Harriet Hemenway and Minna B. Hall, disturbed by the destruction left by plume hunters, organized a series of afternoon teas with other wealthy local women, encouraging them to avoid feathered garments, they sent literature asking these women to, in Hall's words, "join a society for the protection of birds the egret." That same year, they founded the Massachusetts Audubon Society. Over 900 women came together with Hemenway and Hall, across the country, many others were doing the same; these boycotts were successful, the efforts of the early society members helped bring about the end of the plume trade and assisted in the introduction of early conservation legislation such as the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. In 1896, Pennsylvania created their Audubon Society, during the next few years, bird lovers in many other states followed suit. St. Louis Audubon Society was established in 1916 as the St Louis Bird Club.
In 1944, the Bird Club became the first local Audubon chapter in the United States. The national committee of Audubon societies was organized at a meeting held in Washington, D. C. in 1902. 1905 saw the organization of the National Association of Audubon Societies for the Protection of Wild Birds and Animals. During this time, Albert Willcox provided financial support, more than $331,072 in 1905 and 1906. At the end of 1906, the Association had an interest-bearing endowment fund of more than $336,000 and an income from other sources of $9,000. Birds in the United States were threatened by market hunting as well as for the fashion industry. Pressure from shooting enthusiasts was intense. For example, great auks, whose habit of crowding together on rocks and beaches made them easy to hunt, had been driven to extinction early in the century. During one week in the spring of 1897, nature author Florence Merriam claimed to have seen 2,600 robins for sale in one market stall in Washington alone. By the start of the 20th century, the sale of bird flesh had never been greater.
The second great threat to the bird population was the desire for their plumage. In the late 1890s, the American Ornithologists' Union estimated that five million birds were killed annually for the fashion market. In the final quarter of the 19th century and whole birds, decorated the hair and dresses of women. Poachers killed game warden Guy Br
The Rockefeller family is an American industrial and banking family that owns one of the world's largest fortunes. The fortune was made in the American petroleum industry during the late 19th and early 20th centuries by John D. Rockefeller and his brother William Rockefeller through Standard Oil; the family is known for its long association with, control of, Chase Manhattan Bank. The Rockefellers are considered to be one of the most powerful families, if not the most powerful family, in the history of the United States. One of the founding members of the Rockefeller family in New York was businessman William Rockefeller Sr., born to a Protestant family in Granger, New York. He had six children with his first wife Eliza Davison, the most prominent of which were oil tycoons John D. Rockefeller and William Rockefeller Jr. the co-founders of Standard Oil. John D. Rockefeller was a devout Northern Baptist, he supported many church-based institutions; the combined wealth of the family—their total assets and investments plus the individual wealth of its members—has never been known with any precision.
The records of the family archives relating to both the family and individual members' net worth are closed to researchers. From the outset the family's wealth has been under the complete control of the male members of the dynasty, through the family office. Despite strong-willed wives who had influence over their husbands' decisions—such as the pivotal female figure Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, wife of John D. Rockefeller Jr.—in all cases they received allowances only and were never given partial responsibility for the family fortune. Much of the wealth has been locked up in the notable family trust of 1934 and the trust of 1952, both administered by Chase Bank, the corporate successor to Chase Manhattan Bank; these trusts have consisted of shares in the successor companies to Standard Oil and other diversified investments, as well as the family's considerable real estate holdings. They are administered by a trust committee. Management of this fortune today rests with professional money managers who oversee the principal holding company, Rockefeller Financial Services, which controls all the family's investments, now that Rockefeller Center is no longer owned by the family.
The present chairman is David Rockefeller Jr. In 1992, it had five main arms: Rockefeller & Co.. S. during the 20th century. Chief among them: Rockefeller Center, a multi-building complex built at the start of the Depression in Midtown Manhattan, financed by the family International House of New York, New York City, 1924 Wren Building, College of William and Mary, from 1927 Colonial Williamsburg, from 1927 onwards, Abby Aldrich, John III and Winthrop, historical restoration Museum of Modern Art, New York City, from 1929 Riverside Church, New York City, 1930 The Cloisters, New York City, from 1934 The Interchurch Center, New York City, 1948 Asia Society, New York City, 1956 One Chase Manhattan Plaza, New York City, 1961 Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza, New York, 1962 Lincoln Center, New York City, 1962 World Trade Center Twin Towers, New York City, 1973–2001 Embarcadero Center, San Francisco, 1974 Council of the Americas/Americas Society, New York City, 1985 In addition to this is Senior and Junior's involvement in seven major housing developments: Forest Hill Estates, Ohio City Housing Corporation's efforts, Sunnyside Gardens, New York City Thomas Garden Apartments, The Bronx, New York City Paul Laurence Dunbar Housing, New York City Lavoisier Apartments, New York City Van Tassel Apartments, Sleepy Hollow, New York A development in Radburn, New Jersey A further project involved David Rockefeller in a major middle-income housing development when he was elected in 1947 as chairman of Morningside Heights, Inc. in Manhattan by fourteen major institutions that were based in the area, including Columbia University.
The result, in 1951, was the six-building apartment complex known as Morningside Gardens. Senior's donations led to the formation of the University of Chicago in 1889; this was one instance of a long family and Rockefeller Foundation tradition of financially supporting Ivy League and other major colleges and universities over the generations—seventy-five in total. These include: Harvard University Dartmouth College Princeton University University of California, Berkeley Stanford University Yale University Massachusetts Institute of Technology Brown University Tufts U
Abby Aldrich Rockefeller
Abigail Greene "Abby" Aldrich Rockefeller was an American socialite and philanthropist. Through her marriage to financier and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr. she was a prominent member of the Rockefeller family. Referred to as the "woman in the family", she was known for being the driving force behind the establishment of the Museum of Modern Art, on 53rd Street in New York, in November 1929. Abby was born in Providence, Rhode Island, to Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman Chapman, a distant descendant of the fourth signer of the Mayflower Compact, she was a sister of Congressman Richard Steere Aldrich and banker/financier Winthrop Williams Aldrich. Her early education came at the hands of Quaker governesses. In 1891, she enrolled at the Miss Abbott's School for Young Ladies in Rhode Island. While there she studied English composition and literature, German, art history and ancient history and dancing, she graduated in 1893 and made her debut in November 1893. On June 30, 1894, she sailed for Liverpool, beginning a lifetime of extensive European and Asian travel.
The aesthetic education she gained abroad fostered by her father, helped to inform her future discernment as an art collector. This initial four-month sojourn included the countries of England, the Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland and France. In the fall of 1894 she met her future husband, John Davison Rockefeller Jr. the only son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman, at a friend's house in Providence. They went through a protracted engagement, during which they were invited for a trip to Cuba in 1900, on President William McKinley Jr.'s yacht. They married on October 9, 1901, in the major society wedding of the Gilded Age, in front of around a thousand of the elite personages of the time, at her father's summer home, "Indian Oaks" https://www.aldrichmansion.com/, in Warwick Neck, Kent County, Rhode Island. They settled in 13 West 54th Street from 1901 until 1913, when the construction of the nine-story mansion at 10 West 54th Street, the largest in New York city at the time, was completed by her husband.
They resided at Number 10 until 1938, when they moved to a 40-room triplex apartment at 740 Park Avenue. They became the parents of six children, including the famed five "Rockefeller Brothers" - and established the renowned six-generation-strong business/philanthropic/banking/real estate dynasty: Abigail Aldrich "Abby" Rockefeller John Davison Rockefeller III Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller Laurance Spelman Rockefeller Winthrop Aldrich Rockefeller David Rockefeller Abby Rockefeller suffered a heart attack and died on April 5, 1948, at the family home at 740 Park Avenue in New York City, at the age of 73, she was buried in New York. Abby Rockefeller began collecting paintings and drawings by a number of contemporary American artists in 1925, as well as a number of European modernists: Vincent van Gogh, Edgar Degas, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Paul Cézanne, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, she became a prominent patron of modern art. In 1928, she employed a designer to create a suite of art deco rooms and furnishings for herself on the 7th floor of their nine-story house at 10 West Fifty-fourth Street.
Called the Topside Gallery, it allowed her to display and organize changing exhibitions of her growing collection, integrating modern and folk art. Visitors took the elevator directly to the 7th floor, bypassing the private domain of the rest of her family; the news of her interests and activities spread from this period, many subsequent collectors began to follow her lead. Lillie P. Bliss, Mary Quinn Sullivan, Abby banded together to conceptualize and found the Museum of Modern Art. Most notable was her avid interest in becoming the driving force in the establishment and ongoing operations of the institution on November 7, 1929. Since JDR Jr. only gave Abby a small allowance she could not rely on her husband to finance this undertaking. His financial support was limited due to his dislike for modern art. Financing for the museum and acquisition of paintings came from her solicitation of the public and prominent New York individuals. Alfred Barr, the museum's first director, claimed that Abby " was crucial to the institution's success."She was elected to MoMA's Board of Trustees in October 1929 and served as inaugural treasurer from 1929 until 1934.
Other roles included terms as First Vice-Chairman. Her son Nelson subsequently became its president and involved himself in its financing and the establishment of its new permanent headquarters on 53rd Street, in 1939, her son Nelson named the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Sculpture Garden in her honor. It was designed by architect Philip Johnson and opened in 1953. Johnson designed The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Gallery at the Rhode Island School of Design Museum which showcases Japanese woodblock prints that she donated to the permanent collection. In 1949, the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Print Room opened at MoMA, housing Abby's gift of 1600 prints, given nine years earlier. In addition to her gifts to MoMA, Mrs Rockefeller gave to other museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and The Cloisters, which received much of her collection of sculpture and decorative arts, she has a residential hall named after her at Spelman College in Atlan