East Point Light
The East Point Light, known as the Maurice River Light before 1913, is a lighthouse located in Heislerville, New Jersey on the Delaware Bay at the mouth of the Maurice River in Maurice River Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. The lighthouse was built in 1849 and is the second oldest in New Jersey, with only the Sandy Hook Light, built in 1764, being older; the light was inactive from 1941 and was nearly destroyed by fire in 1971. The light was reinstated by the United States Coast Guard in 1980. Exterior restoration was completed in 1999, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 25, 1995 for its significance in engineering, maritime history, transportation. It became part of the Maurice River Lighthouse and East Point Archeological District on October 30, 2015; the lighthouse was just fully restored, both the exterior and interior work was completed in 2017. The lighthouse is now both an active navigational aid and a year round museum open to the public for tours and special events throughout the year.
The light is said to be critically endangered due to erosion. Although local governments shore up the property's perimeter, using 3,000 pounds sand bags and bulldozers, the lighthouse is a mere 40 yards from the shore. There was four times the beach as revealed by 1940 aerial photos. During storms the surf is 10 yards from its front steps. A rally to save the lighthouse was held in the fall of 2018. Since more sandbags have been added, paid for by the State of New Jersey and using the sandbags available the sandbag seawall was rebuilt by coordinated efforts of both the Maurice River Township and Cumberland County Road Departments. A geotube system is planned to be installed the summer of 2019 by the State of New Jersey to help hold the point and protect the lighthouse until more lasting measures can be taken. List of lighthouses in New Jersey National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, New Jersey Media related to Maurice River lighthouse at Wikimedia Commons Visiting East Point Lighthouse - New Jersey Lighthouse Society NPS - East Point Light at Historic light stations "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New Jersey".
United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. East Point Light - from Lighthousefriends.com NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: Photo at night
Sea Girt Light
The Sea Girt Light is a lighthouse marking the inlet leading to the Wreck Pond in Sea Girt in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. It hosted; the New Jersey shore between the Barnegat and Navesink lighthouses, a distance of nearly 40 miles, was unlit in the 1800s, in 1888 the Lighthouse Board requested funds to establish a light in this area. The original site was to be at Manasquan Inlet, just to the south of Sea Girt. An L-shaped brick house with an integral tower was constructed, the light was first exhibited in December 1896; this was the last shore lighthouse with an integral keeper's residence built on the east coast of the United States. Moving sand and erosion were problems from early on, but fencing in 1900 and steel pilings in the 1920s arrested the threat. In 1921 Sea Girt Light was equipped with a radio beacon, the first such installation on a shore-based light, it was installed in conjunction with transmitters on the Fire Island lightships. At the outset of World War II, the light was deactivated and the lens removed.
After the war, an aerobeacon was mounted atop the tower. The lighthouse was offered to the state, but when they declined, the borough of Sea Girt purchased the lighthouse instead, it was used for the town library and for meeting space for many years, in 1981 care of the building was taken over by the Sea Girt Lighthouse Citizens Committee, an independent non-profit dedicated to restoring and maintaining the lighthouse. This restoration was accomplished, the building is now available both for tours and for a variety of meetings. In 2002 the committee purchased the fourth order Fresnel lens used in the Crowdy Head Light in New South Wales, Australia for $20,000, a sum equal to that appropriated for construction of the light station. "Sea Girt, NJ". Lighthousefriends.com. Retrieved 2008-07-29. "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New Jersey". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved 2008-07-29. "Inventory of Historic Light Stations: New Jersey Lighthouses: Sea Girt Light".
Retrieved 2008-07-29. "Sea Girt Lighthouse". New Jersey Lighthouse Society. Retrieved 2008-07-29. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: New Jersey". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2008-07-29. Sea Girt Lighthouse Citizens Committee website
Finns Point Range Light
The Finns Point Range Rear Light is a lighthouse in Pennsville Township, Salem County, New Jersey. It is located just east of the Delaware River, was part of Range light pair that guided ships into the Delaware River, it is deactivated, its lamp and lens have been removed, but the lighthouse is open to the public as part of a National Wildlife Refuge. It was designed and built in 1877 and is a classic example of a skeletal cast iron prefabricated lighthouse, its companion Front range light was demolished and replaced with an offshore automated light in 1938. Both the Rear and replacement Front light were deactivated in 1950. New Jersey Lighthouse Society Home Page: Finns Point Lighthouse Finns Point Lighthouse- from Lighthousefriends.com
The Absecon Lighthouse is a coastal lighthouse located in the north end of Atlantic City, New Jersey, overlooking Absecon Inlet. At 171 feet it is the tallest lighthouse in the state of New Jersey and the third-tallest masonry lighthouse in the United States. Construction began in 1854, with the light first lit on January 15, 1857; the lighthouse was deactivated in 1933 and, although the light still shines every night, it is no longer an active navigational aid. The lighthouse is open to public visitation and, for a small donation, one may climb to the watch room and external gallery. A re-creation of the keepers' quarters serves as a museum and gift shop; the original oil house now contains a Fresnel lens exhibit. Along with school and group tours, the Absecon Lighthouse offers an overnight program for Scouts, a winter arts program for children, a wide variety of special events throughout the year; the Absecon Lighthouse was designed by George Meade and still retains its original first-order fixed Fresnel lens.
The lens is made of lead glass and weighs 12,800 pounds As the light was fixed, it does not have a landward segment allowing visitors to look up in the lens where the keepers entered it for maintenance. Jack E. Boucher conceived and oversaw the preservation of the lighthouse in 1964; the lighthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Historic American Buildings Survey, the New Jersey Register of Historic Places. Absecon Lighthouse has a history museum located in the replicated 1925 Keeper's House. Exhibits include ocean life, shipwrecks and lighthouse history, local memorabilia, restoration photos; the Oil House has a Fresnel Lens exhibit. Visitors can climb the 228 steps to the top of the lighthouse. Educational programs are offered for children. List of museums in New Jersey List of tallest buildings in Atlantic City National Register of Historic Places listings in Atlantic County, New Jersey Historic Absecon Lighthouse - official site, visitor information Absecon Light at American Byways NPS - Absecon Light at Historic light stations HABS/HAER record of the Absecon lighthouse Absecon Lighthouse - from Lighthousefriends.com New Jersey State Historic Sites NJ Division of Parks and Forestry
Barnegat Lighthouse or Barnegat Light, colloquially known as "Old Barney", is a historic lighthouse located in Barnegat Lighthouse State Park on the northern tip of Long Beach Island, in the borough of Barnegat Light, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States, on the south side of Barnegat Inlet. The development of the original lighthouse began in June 1834 with the appropriation of $6,000 from Congress; the 40-foot-tall lighthouse was commissioned the next year, though mariners at the time considered the building's non-flashing, fifth-class light to be inadequate. Because of the strong currents in the inlet, the lighthouse was built 900 feet away from the water. In 1855, Lt. George G. Meade, an Army engineer and a Union General in the American Civil War, was assigned to design a new lighthouse, he was chosen because of his recent design of Absecon Light. Meade completed the construction plans in 1855 and work began in late 1856; because of continuing erosion during its construction, the new lighthouse was located about 100 feet south of the original structure, the site of, now submerged.
During construction, in June 1857, the light in the original structure was relocated to a temporary wooden tower located nearby. This was prompted by the encroaching seas which threatened the original lighthouse and caused the tower to collapse into the water that year; because of the rough waters of the area, several jetties have been built throughout the history of both lighthouses. Barnegat Light was commissioned on January 1, 1859; the tower light was 172 feet above sea level and the lighthouse itself was 163 feet tall, four times taller than the original. The new light was a first-order flashing Fresnel lens; the total cost of the project was about $40,000, with the lens alone costing $15,000. The current lighthouse is two towers in one: the exterior conical tower covers a cylindrical tower on the inside; the lighthouse's beacon remained a first-class navigational light until August 1927 when the Barnegat Lightship was anchored 8 nautical miles off the coast. This prompted the replacement of the first-order lens with a gas blinker.
As a result, the tower's light was reduced by over 80 percent. The gas blinker was replaced several weeks with a 250-watt electric bulb, though the gas apparatus can still be seen at the top of the tower; the light was deactivated as a Coast Guard lookout tower in January 1944 and given to the State of New Jersey. Four years the local municipality, Barnegat City, renamed itself Barnegat Light. In 1954, the lens was returned to the borough of Barnegat Light and is now on exhibit in the Barnegat Light Museum; the area around the lighthouse was declared a state park and dedicated in 1957. The lightship was removed in 1969; the structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Barnegat Lighthouse in 1971. In 1988, the tower was closed for construction of the new south jetty reopened to visitors in 1991 with a new walkway on top of the jetty; the top of the lighthouse is accessible via its 217 steps and continues to attract in excess of half a million visitors year round. In 2008, the Friends of Barnegat Lighthouse State Park, a local non-profit organization, raised funds to reactivate the lighthouse.
A sum of $35,000 was raised, with $15,000 contributed by the Barnegat Light Borough Fraternal Order of Police Local Lodge No. 5. This supported the acquisition of a new $15,000 VRB-25 light system, as well as the replacement of ageing windows. Funding was raised at the local level. In October 2008, the VRB-25 system was installed. While physically smaller than the original light, the system has become a standard for US Lighthouses, with more than 100 installed. On January 1, 2009, at 5:00 pm, the 150th anniversary of its opening, Barnegat Lighthouse activated its beacon for the first time since before World War II; the light now operates daily from dusk until dawn. There is a foghorn on Barnegat South Breakwater Light 7, at the ocean end of the south breakwater, which guards the inlet; the tower is flood-lit at night. Adjacent to the lighthouse is the Barnegat Lighthouse Interpretive Center, run by the state of New Jersey and staffed by Members of the non-profit group that purchased the new light.
The center shows the history of Barnegat Lighthouse from shipwreck to first-class seacoast light. Exhibits focus on the history of the lighthouse, lighthouse technology, the duties of Barnegat Lighthouse's keepers, efforts to protect Barnegat Lighthouse. Several blocks away is the Barnegat Light Museum, operated by the Barnegat Light Historical Society, it houses the light's original first-order Fresnel lens, as well as related exhibits including images of Sinbad, the WWII Coast Guard dog, enlisted in the service, retired to Barnegat, is buried at the base of the old Coast Guard station flagpole. Barnegat Lighthouse is the subject of Keeper of the Tower, a suspense fiction novel by Barnegat resident Brett Scott Ermilio; the novel takes place circa 1919. The lighthouse is depicted on New Jersey's "Shore Conservation" license plates and on the 1996–1997 Federal Duck Stamp. National Register of Historic Places listings in Ocean County, New Jersey List of museums in New Jersey A History of the Barnegat Lighthouse Barnegat Light History Barnegat Lighthouse State Park Visitor Information, Barnegat Lighthouse
Great Beds Light
Great Beds Light is a sparkplug lighthouse in Raritan Bay in South Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. Over the years the lighthouse has become the symbol for the city of South Amboy, it was added to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and National Register of Historic Places in 2008. Chapel Hill Rear Range Light, Sandy Hook Bay Conover Beacon, Leonardo Navesink Twin Lights, Highlands Sandy Hook Lighthouse, Sandy Hook List of the oldest buildings in New Jersey Geography of New York-New Jersey Harbor Estuary Raritan Bayshore
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –