Cemetery of Holmen
Holmens Cemetery is the oldest cemetery still in use in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was first located next to the naval Church of Holmen in the city centre, the cemetery originally served as a burial site for indigent sailors in royal service and their families, complementing the military Garnisons Cemetery, from 1711 located on a neighbouring site. When the anchor forge at Bremerholm was converted into a church by Christian IV in 1619. The grounds had already been in use as a cemetery since 1662 but was inaugurated as the new Holmens Cemetery in 1666, the existing layout of the cemetery was created by sær F. C. Schmidt in 1798. The chapel at Holmens Cemetery was built in 1902 to the design of architect and he favoured the Historicist styles and in Copenhagen he had already designed St. James Church in a Gothic Revival style and St. Mathews Cgurch in a Romanesque Revival style. In his design of the chapel at Holmens Cemetery he relied on traditional Nordic stave churches for inspiration, there is a memorial for naval personnel killed in the Battle of Copenhagen from 1802.
It consists of a tumulus topped by an obelisk designed by Johannes Wiedewelt and open spaces in Copenhagen Official web site
Copenhagen Central Fire Station
Copenhagen Central Fire Station is the headquarters of Copenhagen Fire Department and located on H. C. Andersens Boulevard just behind Copenhagen City Hall and opposite Tivoli Gardens and it was designed by Ludvig Fenger and inaugurated in 1892. Copenhagen had its first fire department on 9 July 1687 when King Christian V founded the Royal Copenhagen Fire Department, with the adoption of the Copenhagen Fire Act on 18 May 1868, the Copenhagen Fire Department was established as a municipal institution as of 1 August 1870. In the middle of the 19th century, the station in the former St. Nicolais Church had become outdated. It was therefore decided to construct a new central fire station on the former grounds of the citys Western Rampart. The Bastioned Fortifications until now enclosing Copenhagen had recently been disbanded, the recently instituted post of City Architect held by Ludvig Fenger was put in charge of the project. Construction began in 1889 and the new Central Fire Station was inaugurated on 30 April 1892, at that time, the City Hall had still not been built and the new premises therefore had an unhindered view of the haymarket which was located where the City Hall Square is today.
The tower of the building was used in training with life nets. The Central Fire Station is built to a Historicist design, with its crenellated gables, ogival gates and tower, the main source of inspiration is Medieval North Italian castle architecture. The fire station houses the alarm central for the entire Greater Copenhagen area and it contains most of the administrative functions of the Copenhagen Fire Department. The stations reaction district covers central Copenhagen as defined by the Inner Harbour, Vester Søgade, Gothersgade, St. Kongensgade, the Copenhagen Fire Department operates six additional other fire stations within the municipality
WorldCat is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of 72,000 libraries in 170 countries and territories that participate in the Online Computer Library Center global cooperative. It is operated by OCLC Online Computer Library Center, the subscribing member libraries collectively maintain WorldCats database. OCLC was founded in 1967 under the leadership of Fred Kilgour and that same year, OCLC began to develop the union catalog technology that would evolve into WorldCat, the first catalog records were added in 1971. It contains more than 330 million records, representing over 2 billion physical and digital assets in 485 languages and it is the worlds largest bibliographic database. OCLC makes WorldCat itself available free to libraries, but the catalog is the foundation for other subscribtion OCLC services, in 2006, it became possible to search WorldCat directly at its website. In 2007, WorldCat Identities began providing pages for 20 million identities, predominantly authors, WorldCat operates on a batch processing model rather than a real-time model.
That is, WorldCat records are synchronized at intermittent intervals with the library catalogs instead of real-time or every day. Consequently, WorldCat shows that an item is owned by a particular library. WorldCat does not indicate whether or not an item is borrowed, undergoing restoration or repair. Furthermore, WorldCat does not show whether or not a library owns multiple copies of a particular title, copac Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Library and Archives Canada Research Libraries UK Online Computer Library Center Grossman, Wendy M. Why you cant find a book in your search engine. Official website OCLC - Web scale discovery and delivery of library resources OCLC Bibliographic Formats and Standards WorldCat Identities
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used mainly for documentation in libraries and increasingly by archives, the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero license, the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format
Second Schleswig War
The Second Schleswig War was the second military conflict as a result of the Schleswig-Holstein Question. It began on 1 February 1864, when Prussian forces crossed the border into Schleswig, decisive controversy arose due to the passing of the November Constitution, which integrated the Duchy of Schleswig into the Danish kingdom in violation of the London Protocol. Reasons for the war were the controversy in Schleswig and the co-existence of conflicting political systems within the Danish unitary state. The war ended on 30 October 1864, when the Treaty of Vienna caused Denmarks cession of the Duchies of Schleswig, the northern and middle parts of Schleswig spoke Danish, but over time, the language in the southern half had shifted gradually to German. German culture was dominant among the clergy and nobility, Danish culture had a social status and was spoken mainly by the rural population. For centuries, while the rule of the king was absolute, when ideas of liberal democracy spread and nationalist currents emerged about 1820, identification was mixed between Danish and German.
To that was added a grievance about tolls charged by Denmark on shipping passing through the Danish Straits between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, to avoid that expense, Prussia planned the Kiel Canal, which could not be built so long as Denmark ruled Holstein. Much of the focused on the heir of King Frederick VII of Denmark. Prince Christian had served on the Danish side in the First Schleswig War in 1848-1851, at the time, the king of Denmark was duke of the duchies of Holstein and Schleswig. In 1848, Denmark had received its first free constitution and at the time had fought a civil war with the Germans of Schleswig-Holstein in which Prussia had intervened. The peace treaty stipulated that the duchy of Schleswig should not be treated any differently from the duchy of Holstein in its relations with the Kingdom of Denmark and that was a clear breach of the 1851 peace treaty and gave Prussia and the German union a casus belli against Denmark. France had colonial problems, not least with Britain, Bismarck had effectively neutralized Russia politically and succeeded in obtaining cooperation from Austria which underlined its major power status within the German union.
The adoption of the Constitution of Denmark in 1849 complicated matters further, as many Danes wished for the new constitution to apply to all Danes. Thus two systems of government co-existed within the state, democracy in Denmark, and absolutism in Schleswig. This caused a deadlock for practical lawmaking, in Copenhagen, the Palace and most of the administration supported a strict adherence to the status quo. In 1858, the German Confederation deposed the union constitution of the Danish monarchy concerning Holstein and Lauenburg, the two duchies were henceforth without any constitution, while the union constitution still applied to Schleswig and Denmark proper. As the heirless King Frederick VII grew older, Denmarks successive National-Liberal cabinets became increasingly focused on maintaining control of Schleswig following the kings demise. The king died in 1863 at a critical time, work on the November Constitution for the joint affairs of Denmark and Schleswig had just been completed
Vestre Prison is the main jail of the Danish capital, Copenhagen. Erected in 1895, it is Denmarks largest prison with a capacity of 530 inmates. It primarily houses pretrial detainees, not convicted felons, during much of the German occupation of Denmark, Vestre Fængsel was operated by German police. Official website of the Copenhagen jails
Ferdinand Meldahl was a Danish architect best known for the reconstruction of Frederiksborg Castle after the fire in 1859. Meldahl was one of the proponents of historicism in Denmark. As a member of the council of Copenhagen Municipality for 27 years from 1866. In 1857, he became a member of the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and he was its manager from 1873 to 1890. In 1904, he was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order on the occasion of the visit of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. At the time he was Chamberlain to the King Christian IX of Denmark, city Hall of Fredericia Alþingishúsið in Reykjavík Reconstruction of Frederiksborg Palace after the fire in 1859 Completion of Frederiks Church in Copenhagen Ferdinand Meldahl. Schiødte, Erik Meldahl, Ferdinand in Bricka, Carl Frederik Dansk Biografisk Lexikon, tillige omfattende Norge for Tidsrummet 1537-1814, XI. bind, Gyldendalske Boghandels Forlag, pp. 250–53
Himmelbjerget is a hill located between Ry and Silkeborg, Denmark in the area known as Søhøjlandet. With a height of 147 m, Himmelbjerget is one of the highest natural points in the Danish landscape. The hill and surrounding area has been a center for gatherings and celebrations for more than 200 years and in 1875. Himmelbjerget was believed to be the highest natural point in Denmark until 1847, an amusing detail is the sign to the boat at the peak. Himmelbjerget grew to fame in Denmark during the 19th century, as people gathered here to admire the magnificent views, on top of the hill is a 25. Close to the top are more monuments, most honouring individuals, in those days, several steamboats began ferrying visitors back and forth to Himmelbjerget, from various destinations across Julsø and The Silkeborg Lakes. This tradition is alive and the historic steamship Hjejlen, carries passengers here from the towns of Ry. There are several hiking routes in the area of Søhøjlandet. There are plenty of opportunity to small scale hiking experiences on, Møllehøj List of hills and mountains in Denmark Himmelbjerget Tårnkomitéen.
Himmelbjerget - not the tallest but the most beautiful The Nature Agency, the highest peaks of Denmark Danskebjerge. dk Himmelbjerget Tårnkomitéen. Hiking Route Aarhus-Silkeborg Århus Amt Himmelbjerget, Sletten and Slåensø The Nature Agency, a pamphlet on hiking in the area
Stege is the largest town on the island of Møn in south-eastern Denmark. In January 2015 its population was 3,841, Stege is now part of Vordingborg Municipality and belongs to Region Zealand. Once a prosperous herring fishing port, tourism is now important to the local economy, Stege is near the centre of the island at the mouth of Stege Nor, a lake which connects directly to the sea at the town. The mouth of the lake is now spanned by a bridge, Stege originated as a small fishing village called Dybsbroen, on the coast just north of the eastern end of the bridge, along the street now known as Dybsbrostræde. The current name may derive from Stickae or Stike, which were wooden poles rammed into the sea inlet as a defence against raiders. The town received status as a merchant town in 1268 under Eric V of Denmark, as the town grew, a fortress was constructed on the coast just south of the mouth of the inlet, in the 13th century. Construction costs for the fortress were paid for by money from the fishing of herring.
Around 1430, a wall was constructed enclosing the landward side of the town which was otherwise bounded by the sea to the north. The wall was built on top of a rampart, with a moat so that the town was surrounded by water. Three gate towers were constructed, one on each of the roads passing through the wall. Only the Mill Gate now survives and it was converted into a prison when the remainder of the wall was demolished around 1685. What remains is one of the best preserved fortresses in the Nordic countries, although most of the town burnt down in 1457 and the plague struck in 1484, the prosperity which remained as a result of the herring trade soon led to its reestablishment. The powerful Hansa state Lübeck attacked Stege in 1510 and 1522, in 1534, during the Counts Feud, the town could not fend off the enemy, and the fortress was destroyed. Herring fishing was in decline, and as a result of the disasters the population fell drastically. Around 1800, merchant shipping blossomed in Stege, with the deepening of the harbour, fine merchant estates of the time can still be seen in the area.
In 1883, a sugar factory opened on the southern side of the harbour. It remained in operation until 1989, the town today has a great deal of charm - with its half-timbered houses, its narrow streets and its many restaurants and cafes. The annual Stege Festival takes place every Tuesday in July, there are regular bus services to Vordingborg, Bogø, Nykøbing Falster and to various destinations on Møn
Svendborg is a town on the island of Funen in south-central Denmark, and the seat of Svendborg Municipality. With a population of 26,672, Svendborg is Funens second largest city, in 2000 Svendborg was declared Town of the year in Denmark, and in 2003 it celebrated its 750th anniversary as a market town. By road, Svendborg is located 195 kilometres southwest of Copenhagen,183 kilometres south of Aarhus,44.2 kilometres south of Odense, Svendborg is home to the “Naturama” museum, which holds a wide variety of stuffed animals from birds to bears. The largest container company in the world, A. P. Møller-Mærsk has its origins in Svendborg. In the light of discoveries, Svendborg appears to have been established in the first half of the 12th century or even earlier. Located at the head of a bay, the natural harbour encouraged seafaring, the first recorded mention of Svendborg occurred in 1229 in a deed of gift by Valdemar the Victorious, where he refers to the fortification as Swinæburgh. The name is thought to consist of the elements svin meaning pig, in 1236, the Greyfriars monastery in Svendborg was established.
The Greyfriars would be part of the city for the next 300 years, the ruins of the monastery were partly excavated beside the railway in 2007. In 1253, the city was granted town privileges by King Christopher I. In the Middle Ages, the city was fortified with walls, the defense system included a few of forts. Most historical facts about the defense system, including the locations of fortifications, are disputed. In spite of this, it is a theory that the three towers in the coat of arms are the three fortifications. Thanks to its seafarers, in the late Middle Ages Svendborg became one of the most important trading centres in Scandinavia, during the time of the Protestant reformation and the Counts Feud in the 1530s, the citizens of Svendborg joined forces with the King. Ørkild Castle, located just east of Svendborg, was property of the bishop of Odense, the tension resulted in the castle being seized and burned down by an angry mob in collaboration with the Kings forces. The Kings forces would later, after ending their campaign on Funen, return to pillage.
After 1536, Svendborg went through a period of progress becoming the islands main port. But it would not last for long, in the following 250 years, the city faced various setbacks in its development, such as plague, a major fire, and the effects of the Swedish wars when Svendborgs ships were destroyed. It was not until the end of the war with England, the population grew from a mere 1,942 people in 1801 to more than 11,500 in 1901
Meatpacking District, Copenhagen
The Meatpacking District is a district of Vesterbro in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is situated between the lines going into Copenhagen Central Station and the street Sønder Boulevard. The modern English-language name Meatpacking District is taken from the Meatpacking District in New York, the district consists of three separate areas, referred to as the White and Brown Kødby for the dominant colour of their buildings. The brown part is the oldest area, closest to the Central Station and it has since c.2000 been changed into a new creative cluster with galleries, art cafés, nightlife and small creative businesses like studios and architecture firms in the historical buildings. It is home to DGI-byen, a sports and conference complex, the newer white area is a 400 ×600 m enclave of white modernistic structures, built in 1934 to the design of city architect Poul Holsøe. A municipal master plan aims at creating an area, encouraging cultural, design. In 1671 a cattle market was established at the initiative of Court Butcher Niels Olufsen at the border of Frederiksberg.
Called Trommesalen because it was opened to the sound of a drum in the morning, in 1878, due to shortage of space and fear of cholera epidemics, the City decided to construct a new cattle market. A municipal committee suggested a location at Kalvebod Beach, which at the time was situated where the square Halmtorvet is today, the site was located on the grounds of a large estate which the city had acquired from the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society in 1870. The new cattle market was constructed partly on an area occupied by shooting ranges. The new market opened on 28 November 1879, planned and designed by architect Hans Jørgen Holm, the market, stretching from Halmtorvet to the gasworks harbour, was dissected by a broad internal road lined with cattle stables, sheep pens and dealers offices on both sides. In 1883, three slaughterhouse for cattle were constructed and a slaughterhouse for pigs and two slaughterhouses for cattle and lambs were added, the market area housed cooling houses and various rendering businesses like tallow melting houses and blood dryers producing blood meal.
Mandatory meat control was introduced, requiring all fresh meat coming into the city to be inspected and stamped. In 1901, the market was extended with construction of Øksnehallen. It housed dealers offices and had a capacity for 1600 head of cattle, the extension included new pens for cattle and sheep and was built by city architect L. P. Fenger. With no vacant space at the market area, the new market hall was placed on reclaimed land where the Falck Headquarters is today. On April 15,1910, the a new complex was inaugurated, besides a 6,500 m² market hall, it included a cooling house and administration. From that date all trade in pork at Gammeltorv was prohibited