The Randolph Caldecott Medal annually recognizes the preceding years most distinguished American picture book for children, beginning with 1937 publications. It is awarded to the illustrator by the Association for Library Service to Children, the Caldecott and Newbery Medals are the most prestigious American childrens book awards. The award is named for Randolph Caldecott, a nineteenth-century English illustrator, rene Paul Chambellan designed the Medal in 1937. The obverse scene is derived from Randolph Caldecotts front cover illustration for The Diverting History of John Gilpin, the reverse is based on Four and twenty blackbirds baked in a pie, one of Caldecotts illustrations for the nursery rhyme Sing a Song of Sixpence. Beside the Caldecott Medal, the awards a variable number of citations to worthy runners-up. The Honor was introduced in 1971, but some runners-up had been identified annually, the number of Honors or runners-up had always been one to five, and it had been two to four since 1994, until five were named in 2013 and six in 2015.
The Honor Books must be a subset of the runners-up on the final ballot, the artist must be a US citizen or resident and the illustrations must be original to the book, which must be published first or simultaneously in the US in English during the preceding year. A picture book provides a visual experience, a picture book has a collective unity of story-line, theme, or concept, developed through the series of pictures that constitute the book. Picture books for any audience up to age 14 should be considered, the Medal is for distinguished illustrations in a picture book and for excellence of pictorial presentation for children. The book must be self-contained, independent of media for its enjoyment. Components other than illustration should be considered as they bear on effectiveness as a picture book. The committee that decides on the Caldecott Award winner comprises fifteen members, eight are elected by the entire ALSC membership and seven including the chairperson are appointed by the ALSC President.
Many publishers send copies of books to the committee,2009 members each received more than 700, to help identify possible contenders, the chairperson generally asks for committee members to identify strong contenders each month. In the fall each member of the committee may formally nominate seven books, publications late in the year should receive equal consideration. As of 2009/2010 each committee member must nominate three and no books in October, two in November, two in December, and January identification of worthy December publications is solicited. The latest winner of the Caldecott Medal, awarded in 2016, is Sophie Blackall for Finding Winnie, The True Story of the World’s Most Famous Bear, the 2016 committee named four Caldecott Honor Books. The annual number of runners-up has ranged from one to six, same as for the Newbery Medal during the same timespan, for twenty years from 1993 to 2012 there were two to four Honors every year. Robert Lawson alone has won both a Caldecott Medal and a Newbery Medal, the 1941 Caldecott for They Were Strong and Good and he both wrote and illustrated both books
Arthur Christopher Orme Plummer CC is a Canadian theatre and television actor. After making his debut in Stage Struck, Plummer went on to a successful film career. Plummer has ventured into television projects, including the miniseries The Thorn Birds. Plummer has won awards and accolades for his work, including an Academy Award. With his win at age 82 in 2012 for Beginners, Plummer is the oldest actor ever to win an Academy Award and his fathers uncle was patent lawyer and agent F. B. Plummers parents were divorced shortly after his birth, and he was brought up at the Abbott family home in Senneville, Quebec and he is bilingual, speaking English and French fluently. Plummer is a cousin of actor Nigel Bruce, the British actor, best known as Doctor Watson to Basil Rathbones Sherlock Holmes. He had studied to be a concert pianist, but developed a love for the theatre at an early age and he began acting while he was living on Pine Avenue in Montreal and attending Montreal High. He attended McGill, at time he took up acting.
Whittaker, who was stage director of the Montreal Repertory Theatre, cast Plummer, aged 18. Plummer made his Broadway debut in January 1953 in The Starcross Story and his next Broadway appearance, Home is the Hero, lasted 30 performances from September to October 1954. He appeared in support of Broadway legend Katharine Cornell and film legend Tyrone Power in The Dark is Light Enough, the play toured several cities, with Plummer serving as Powers understudy. Later that same year, he appeared in his first Broadway hit, Plummer appeared less frequently on Broadway in the 1960s as he moved from New York to London. From May to June 1973, he appeared on Broadway as the character in Cyrano. For that performance, Plummer won the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical, that year, he played Anton Chekhov in Neil Simons adaptation of several Chekhov short stories, The Good Doctor. In the 1980s, he appeared on Broadway in two Shakespearean tragedies, playing Iago to James Earl Jones Moor, and the role in Macbeth with Glenda Jackson playing his lady.
His Iago brought him another Tony nomination and he appeared with Jason Robards in the 1994 revival of Harold Pinters No Mans Land and had great success in 1997 in Barrymore, which he toured with after a successful Broadway run. His turn as John Barrymore brought him his second Tony Award and he was nominated for a Tony Award and a Drama Desk Award for his 2004 King Lear and for a Tony playing Henry Drummond in the 2007 revival of Inherit the Wind
McCalls was a monthly American womens magazine that enjoyed great popularity through much of the 20th century, peaking at a readership of 8.4 million in the early 1960s. It was established as a magazine called The Queen in 1873. In 1897 it was renamed McCalls Magazine—The Queen of Fashion and subsequently grew in size to become a large-format glossy and it was one of the Seven Sisters group of womens service magazines. From June 1949 until her death in November 1962, Eleanor Roosevelt wrote a McCalls column, the former First Lady gave brief answers to questions sent in to the magazine. Starting in May 1951, and lasting until at least 1995, children could cut out the printed dolls and clothing, or for a small fee paper dolls printed on cardboard could be ordered. Betsy McCall became so popular that various sized vinyl dolls were produced by Ideal, another popular feature which ran for many years was the cartoon panel Its All in the Family by Stan and Jan Berenstain. A pair of pioneering female illustrators, Jesse Willcox Smith and Neysa McMein, film critic Pauline Kael worked at McCalls from 1965 to 1966, and was reportedly fired after writing a highly unfavorable review of The Sound of Music.
In 1870, Scottish immigrant James McCall began designing and printing his own line of sewing patterns, as a means of advertising his patterns, McCall founded a four-page fashion journal entitled The Queen, Illustrating McCalls Bazaar Glove-Fitting Patterns. When McCall died in 1884, his widow became president of McCall Company, Mrs. Bladsworth held the position until 1891. Though still mainly a vehicle to sell McCalls sewing patterns, The Queen began to publish homemaking and handiwork information, in 1891, the magazines name became The Queen of Fashion, and the cost for a years subscription was 30 cents. In 1893, James Henry Ottley took over the McCall Company, in order to reflect the magazines expanded range of topics, the name was changed to McCalls Magazine—The Queen of Fashion in 1897. In time, the name would be shortened to McCalls, despite the name changes, for many years information on McCalls patterns filled an average of 20 percent of the magazines pages. In 1913, the magazine was purchased by the firm of White Weld & Co.
which organized the McCall Corporation under the direction of president Edward Alfred Simmons. In 1917, the price was raised to 10 cents per issue, in 1928, the 23-year-old associate editor, Otis Wiese, was promoted to editor. Such radical ideas caused Wiese to be fired at least six times within his first year as editor, in 1932, Wiese changed the format to what he called Three Magazines in One. Three sections—News and Fiction, Homemaking and Beauty—had their own cover, a survey was conducted that showed fiction was a major attraction for female magazine readers, and in 1937 McCalls became the first womens magazine to print a complete novel in one issue. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7,1941, and Otis Wiese immediately revamped the February 1942 issue in preparation, a frilly valentine cover was replaced with a woman wearing an Ive Enlisted consumer pledge button. Readers were asked to sign a pledge that stated As a consumer, in the defense of democracy, I will do my part to make my country ready, efficient
Elsie de Wolfe
According to The New Yorker, Interior design as a profession was invented by Elsie de Wolfe, although the praise is not strictly true. During her married life the often referred to her as Lady Mendl. She was born in New York City and died at Versailles, in the 18th century, interior decoration was the purview of upholsterers, and architects. By the late 19th century, the skills of designers such as Candace Wheeler, among de Wolfes distinguished clients were Amy Vanderbilt, Anne Morgan, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and Henry Clay and Adelaide Frick. In her autobiography, de Wolfe — born Ella Anderson de Wolfe and her sensitivity to style and color was acute from childhood. Something terrible that cut like a knife came up inside her and she threw herself on the floor, kicking with stiffened legs, as she beat her hands on the carpet. She cried out and over, Its so ugly, hutton Wilkinson, president of the Elsie de Wolfe Foundation, clarifies that many things de Wolfe hated, such as pickle and plum Morris furniture, are prized today by museums and designers.
“De Wolfe simply didnt like Victorian, the style of her sad childhood, Wilkinson said. Elsie de Wolfes first career choice was that of actress and she originally appeared with The Amateur Comedy Club in New York City as Lady Clara Seymour in A Cup of Tea, and as Maude Ashley in Sunshine, a one act comedy by Fred W. Broughton. Her success led to a theatrical career, making her professional debut in Sardous Thermidor in 1891. In 1894 she joined the Empire Stock Company under Charles Frohman, in 1901 she brought out The Way of the World under her own management at the Victoria Theatre, and toured the United States in the role. On stage, she was neither a failure nor a great success, one critic called her “the leading exponent of the peculiar art of wearing good clothes well. ”She became interested in interior decorating as a result of staging plays. Through her efforts, American homes were introduced to a succession of sophisticated yet simple ideas, generally based on Elsies preference for late 18th century French style.
As de Wolfe claimed, “I opened the doors and windows of America, Elsie de Wolfes taste was practical, eliminating in her schemes the clutter that occupied Victorian homes, enabling people to entertain more guests comfortably. She popularized the chaises longue, faux-finish treatments, and animal print upholstery, in 1905, Stanford White, the architect for The Colony Club and a longtime friend, helped de Wolfe secure the commission for its interior design. The building, located at 120 Madison Avenue, would become the womens social club on its opening two years later, much of its appeal owing to the interiors de Wolfe arranged. The effect centered on the illusion of a garden pavilion. The success of the Colony Club proved a point in her own life and career
Gmunden is a town in Upper Austria, Austria in the district of Gmunden. It is much frequented as a health and summer resort, and has a variety of lake, brine and pine-cone baths and it is an important centre of the salt industry in Salzkammergut. Gmunden covers an area of 63.49 square kilometres and has an elevation of 425 metres. It is situated next to the lake Traunsee on the Traun River and is surrounded by mountains, including the Traunstein, the Erlakogel, the Wilder Kogel. Gmunden is divided into the boroughs, Gmunden-Ort, Traundorf. As of 2001, Gmunden had a population of 13,336, of that,88. 4% were Austrian in nationality,1. 5% are from other European Union states, and 10. 2% are other foreigners. Citizens of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia placed the strongest foreigner portion, followed by Turks, the majority confess themselves to the Roman Catholic Church. Evangelicals are next, which 7. 3% of the associate with. 5. 9% are Muslims and 3. 3% are Orthodox, a settlement was in existence already in the fifth century AC.
By 1186 Gmunden was a place surrounded by walls, although it did not receive a church until about 1300. In 1278 Gmunden became a town, on November 14,1626 an army of rebellious peasants was completely defeated at Gmunden by General Pappenheim, who had been ordered by Maximilian I to suppress the peasant rebellion in Upper Austria. The dead peasant insurgents were buried in nearby Pinsdorf, where an obelisk styled memorial known as the Bauernhügel in their honour can still be seen, Gmunden supplied battleships to Austria during the 17th century and helped wounded soldiers in hospitals in World War I. During World War II, an SS maternity home was located here, the local council consists of 37 members. He became the mayor of Gmunden since 2014 replacing Heinz Köppl, the city council which includes of the mayor, consists of nine members,5 from ÖVP,2 from SPÖ, and 1 each from FPÖ and the Greens. The town hall is a popular tourist destination, in Gmunden there are four kindergartens, four elementary schools and three Hauptschulen.
The three high schools are BG/BRG Gmunden, BRG Schloss Traunsee, and Gymnasium Ort, media related to Gmunden at Wikimedia Commons Gmundens official homepage Schloss Ort Gmunden Pictures of Gmunden
A governess is a woman employed to teach and train children in a private household. In contrast to a nanny, she concentrates on teaching instead of meeting their physical needs. Her charges are of age rather than babies. The position of governess used to be common in well-off European families before World War I, parents preference to educate their children at home—rather than send them away to boarding school for months at a time—varied across time and countries. Governesses were usually in charge of girls and younger boys, when a boy was old enough, he left his governess for a tutor or a school. Governesses are rarer now, except within large and wealthy households or royal families such as the Saudi royal family, There has been a recent resurgence amongst families worldwide to employ governesses or full-time tutors. The reasons for this include personal security, the benefits of an education. Traditionally, governesses taught the three Rs to young children and it was possible for other teachers with specialist knowledge and skills to be brought in, such as, a drawing master or dancing master.
The governess occupied an awkward position in the Victorian household. She worked in the home of the landed gentry or aristocracy. She herself had a background and education, yet was paid for her services. As a sign of this social limbo she frequently ate on her own, away from the rest of the family, by definition, a governess was an unmarried woman who lived in someone elses home, which meant that she was subject to their rules. In any case, she had to maintain a reputation by avoiding anything which could embarrass or offend her employers. If a particular governess was young and attractive, the lady of the house might well perceive a threat to her marriage. As a result of various restrictions, the lifestyle of the typical Victorian governess was often one of social isolation and solitude. The fact that her presence in the household was underpinned by an employment contract emphasized that she could never truly be part of the host family. However, being a governess was one of the few legitimate ways by which a middle class woman could support herself in Victorian society.
Not surprisingly, her position was often depicted as one to be pitied, once a governesss charges grew up, she had to seek a new position, or, might be retained by the grown-up daughter as a paid companion
Simon & Schuster
Simon & Schuster, Inc. a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster. As of 2016, Simon & Schuster publishes 2,000 titles annually under 35 different imprints, in 1924, Richard Simons aunt, a crossword puzzle enthusiast, asked whether there was a book of New York World crossword puzzles, which were very popular at the time. After discovering that none had been published and Max Schuster decided to launch a company to exploit the opportunity, at the time, Simon was a piano salesman and Schuster was editor of an automotive trade magazine. They pooled US$8,000 to start a company to publish crossword puzzles, fad publishing became the business model for the new publishing house, which set out to exploit current fads and trends and publish books with commercial appeal. Instead of signing authors with a manuscript, they came up with their own ideas. In the 1930, the moved to what was known as Publishers Row on Park Avenue in Manhattan.
In 1939, with Robert Fair de Graff, Simon & Schuster founded Pocket Books, in 1942, Simon & Schuster, or Essandess as it is called in the initial announcement, launched the Little Golden Books series in cooperation with the Artists and Writers Guild. Simon & Schusters partner in the venture was the Western Printing and Lithographing Company, Western Printing bought out Simon & Schusters interest in 1958. In 1944, Marshall Field III, owner of the Chicago Sun, purchased Simon & Schuster, following Fields death in 1957, his heirs sold the company back to Richard Simon and Max Schuster, while Leon Shimkin and James Jacobson acquired Pocket Books. In the 1950s and 1960s, many publishers including Simon & Schuster turned toward educational publishing due to the boom market. Pocket Books focused on paperbacks for the market instead of textbooks. By 1964 it had published over 200 titles and was expected to put out another 400 by the end of that year, Books published under the imprint included classic reprints such as Lorna Doone, Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn, and Robinson Crusoe.
In 1966, Max Schuster retired and sold his half of Simon & Schuster to Leon Shimkin, Shimkin merged Simon & Schuster with Pocket Books under the name of Simon & Schuster. Among his many bestsellers was Joseph Hellers Catch-22, in 1976, Gulf+Western headed by Charles Bluhdorn acquired S&S, which was grossing about US$50 million a year for $11 million, most of it in Gulf+Western stock. After the death of Bluhdorn in 1983, Simon & Schuster made the decision to diversify, bluhdorns successor Martin Davis told The New York Times, Society was undergoing dramatic changes, so that there was a greater need for textbooks and educational information. We saw the opportunity to diversify into areas, which are more stable. In 1984, CEO Richard E. Snyder acquired Esquire Corporation, buying everything, Prentice Hall was brought into the company fold in 1985 for over $700 million and Martin Davis said that Prentice Hall became the road map for remodeling the company and a catalyst for change. This acquisition was followed by Silver Burdett in 1986, mapmaker Gousha in 1987, part of the acquisition included educational publisher Allyn & Bacon which according to Michael Korda became the nucleus of S&Ss educational and informational business
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface. A distinguishing characteristic of painting is that the architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into the picture. Some wall paintings are painted on canvases, which are attached to the wall. Whether these works can be accurately called murals is a subject of controversy in the art world. Murals of sorts date to Upper Paleolithic times such as the paintings in the Chauvet Cave in Ardèche department of southern France, many ancient murals have been found within ancient Egyptian tombs, the Minoan palaces and in Pompeii. During the Middle Ages murals were executed on dry plaster. The huge collection of Kerala mural painting dating from the 14th century are examples of fresco secco, in Italy, circa 1300, the technique of painting of frescos on wet plaster was reintroduced and led to a significant increase in the quality of mural painting. In modern times, the became more well-known with the Mexican muralism art movement.
There are many different styles and techniques, the best-known is probably fresco, which uses water-soluble paints with a damp lime wash, a rapid use of the resulting mixture over a large surface, and often in parts. The colors lighten as they dry, the marouflage method has been used for millennia. Murals today are painted in a variety of ways, using oil or water-based media, the styles can vary from abstract to trompe-lœil. Initiated by the works of artists like Graham Rust or Rainer Maria Latzke in the 1980s, trompe-loeil painting has experienced a renaissance in private. The buon fresco technique consists of painting in pigment mixed with water on a layer of wet, fresh. The pigment is absorbed by the wet plaster, after a number of hours. After this the painting stays for a time up to centuries in fresh. Fresco-secco painting is done on dry plaster, the pigments thus require a binding medium, such as egg, glue or oil to attach the pigment to the wall. By the end of the century this had largely displaced the buon fresco method.
This technique had, in reduced form, the advantages of a secco work, in Greco-Roman times, mostly encaustic colors applied in a cold state were used
Madeline is a media franchise that originated as a series of childrens books written and illustrated by Ludwig Bemelmans, an Austrian author. The books have been adapted into numerous formats, spawning telefilms, television series, the adaptations are famous for the closing line, a famous phrase Ethel Barrymore used to rebuff curtain calls, Thats all there is, there isnt any more. The stories take place in a Catholic boarding school in Paris, much of the media start with the line In an old house in Paris that was covered in vines, lived twelve little girls in two straight lines. The stories often are entirely in rhyme, and include simple themes of daily life which appeal to children. Madeline was written by Ludwig Bemelmans and published in 1939, Bemelmans wrote five sequels between 1953 and 1961. Later books in the series were written by Bemelmans grandson John Bemelmans Marciano, the books focus on a group of girls in a Catholic boarding school in Paris. Madeline is the smallest of the girls and she is seven years old, and the only redhead.
She is the bravest and most outgoing of the girls, dell Comics published a Four Color Comics issue in 1942 titled Ludwig Bemelmans Madeline and Genevieve. The earliest appearance in the cinema was in the 1952 animated short Madeline, produced by United Productions of America and it was nominated for the 1952 Academy Award for Best Short Subject, but lost to Tom and Jerrys seventh cartoon Johann Mouse. The short is self is available on DvD, in 1959, William L. Snyders Rembrandt Films produced animated adaptations of Madelines Rescue and the Bad Hat, and Madeline and the Gypsies for the educational film market. The latter two were featured, along other similar adaptations of childrens books, in Snyder and Gene Deitchs 1966 theatrical feature Alice of Wonderland in Paris. A live-action feature adaptation of Madeline, produced in France by Jaffilms and it starred Hatty Jones as the title character, Frances McDormand as Miss Clavel, and a supporting cast with British actors Ben Daniels and Nigel Hawthorne.
Its script encompassed the plots of four of the books, original music was composed by Michel Legrand and Carly Simon sang the theme song In Two Straight Lines. It was directed by Daisy Mayer, the 1998 live action version significantly differed from the TV series. In 1960, the Madeline stories were adapted to a color episode for the NBC series The Shirley Temple Show. In 1988, DIC Entertainment adapted the first book into a television special for HBO. Between 2000 and 2001, DIC produced 26 episodes for Disney Channel, Madeline audiobooks have been appearing since the early 1970s as vinyl records. The record typically consists of a mixture of stories and songs, the first soundtrack for the TV series was Madelines Favorite Songs, released in 1995
Christina O is a private motor yacht that once belonged to billionaire Greek shipowner Aristotle Onassis. At 99.06 metres long she is number 31st among the Top 100 largest yachts in the world as of 2013 and she was originally a Canadian anti-submarine River-class frigate called HMCS Stormont and was launched in 1943. She served as an escort during the Battle of the Atlantic and was present at the Normandy landings. Upon Onassis death, she donated the yacht to the Greek government as a presidential yacht, allowed to decay, the vessel was purchased in 1998 by fellow Greek shipping magnate John Paul Papanicolaou, an Onassis family friend who secured it in a government-sponsored auction. He spent $50 million to retrofit her, restoring her previous name in honor of his departed friend. Since Papanicolaous death in 2010, Christina O can be rented for private charters, HMCS Stormont was purchased as war surplus from the Canadian government for $34,000 in 1947 and converted to a yacht in Germany. Christina O set a new standard for lavish personal yachts, especially as she was rebuilt amidst the austerity of post-war Europe, the yacht was designed by Cäsar Pinnau, and the childrens dining room was designed and painted by the illustrator Ludwig Bemelmans.
After her marriage to Onassis two decades later, Jacqueline Onassis selected the pastel color scheme and decor in all of the cabins. When Aristotle Onassis died in 1975, he left the Christina O yacht to her namesake, rechristened the Argo, she was allowed to decay and eventually put up for sale at US$16 million in the early 1990s, she went unsold. In 1996, a sale to American Alexander Blastos fell through when his deposit check bounced. In 1998 she was purchased by Greek shipowner John Paul Papanicolaou, in 2005, she was placed for charter with Camper & Nicholsons International, the oldest yacht brokerage company in the world. As of 2012 she was available from €455,000 per week, Christina O has a master suite, eighteen passenger staterooms, and numerous indoor and outdoor living areas, all connected by a spiral staircase. The aft main deck has a pool with a minotaur-themed mosaic floor that rises at the push of a button to become a dance floor. The bar stools in Aris Bar retain the original upholstery crafted from a very soft, despite completing renovation in 2001 after an expenditure of 50 million dollars U. S.
the Christina O has been available for purchase since 2013. The asking price has varied between 21 and 32.4 million, the Yacht has continued to be available for weekly charter. Christina O requires a crew and daily oil consumption to maintain her. List of motor yachts by length Yacht
New York World
The New York World was a newspaper published in New York City from 1860 until 1931. The paper played a role in the history of American newspapers. It was a national voice of the Democratic Party. From 1883 to 1911 under publisher Joseph Pulitzer, it became a pioneer in yellow journalism, capturing readers attention, the World was formed in 1860. From 1862 to 1876, it was edited by Manton Marble, in 1864, the World was shut down for three days after it published forged documents purportedly from Abraham Lincoln. But Scott was unable to meet the newspapers growing losses, like Scott, used the paper for his own purposes, employing it to help him take over Western Union. But Gould could not turn the state of the newspaper around. Joseph Pulitzer bought the World in 1883 and began an era of circulation building. Reporter Nellie Bly became one of Americas first investigative journalists, often working undercover, as a publicity stunt for the paper, inspired by the Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days, she traveled around the planet in 72 days in 1889-1890.
In 1890, Pulitzer built the New York World Building, the tallest office building in the world at the time, in 1889, Julius Chambers was appointed by Pulitzer as managing editor of the New York World, he served until 1891. In 1896, the World began using a printing press, it was the first newspaper to launch a color supplement. It joined a battle with William Randolph Hearsts New York Journal American. The World was attacked for being sensational, and its battles with Hearsts Journal American gave rise to the term yellow journalism. The charges of sensationalism were most frequently leveled at the paper by more established publishers, and while the World presented its fair share of crime stories, it published damning exposés of tenement abuses. After a heat wave in 1883 killed a number of poor children. Its coverage spurred action in the city for reform, hearst reproduced Pulitzers approach in the San Francisco Examiner and in the Journal American. Frank Irving Cobb was employed on a basis as the editor of the World in 1904 by publisher Pulitzer.
Cobb was a fiercely independent Kansan who resisted Pulitzers attempts to run the office from his home, the elder man was so invested in the paper that he continually meddled with Cobbs work
The hotel is designed in Art Deco style and was named after Scottish essayist Thomas Carlyle. Owned since 2001 by Rosewood Hotels & Resorts, the Carlyle is a cooperative with 191 rental rooms and suites, the Carlyle was built by Moses Ginsberg, maternal grandfather of Rona Jaffe. Designed by architects Sylvan Bien and Harry M. Prince, it opened as a residential hotel, apartment hotels had become increasingly popular since World War I. As the economy boomed and skyscrapers rose, New York was transforming so quickly that owning a townhouse began to fall out of fashion, however, by the time the Carlyle was ready to open its doors, the 1929 stock market crash had decisively ended the boom times. The new hotel struggled, went into receivership in 1931 and was sold to the Lyleson Corporation in 1932, the new owners kept the original management, which was able to dramatically improve the propertys financial situation through maintaining high occupancy and rates favorable to the hotels costs. However, the reputation at this time was staid rather than ritzy.
The next postwar boom allowed the hotel to take on new high-society prominence, in 1948, New York businessman Robert Whittle Downing purchased the Carlyle and began to transform it from a respectable address to a downright fashionable one, frequented by elegant Europeans. That year, Harry S. Truman became the first president to visit the Carlyle, each of his successors through Bill Clinton followed. The Carlyle became known as the New York White House during the administration of President John F. Kennedy and he stayed at the apartment in a well-publicized visit for a few days just prior to his inauguration in January 1961. Marilyn Monroe was sneaked in through the entrance on East 77th Street. President Kennedy knew more about the tunnels than I did, the Carlyle was the last place John F. Kennedy, Jr. ate breakfast before departing on his ill-fated plane trip to Marthas Vineyard with his wife and her sister. The Council for United Civil Rights Leadership was organized in a meeting held at the Carlyle, malcolm X expressed his concerns with having a white man in charge of this new fundraising organization during a November 10,1963, Message to the Grass Roots.
He described the hotel as being owned by the Kennedy family, in 1967 the hotel was purchased by a partnership of Jerome L. Greene, Norman L. Peck, and Peter Jay Sharp. The hotel is the source of the name for the Carlyle Group, despite its brushes with history, the hotel retained a reputation for discretion, in June 2000, The New York Times called it a Palace of Secrets. The hotels Café Carlyle has featured a number of jazz performers – notably George Feyer from 1955 to 1968. Woody Allen and his band have played weekly at the café since 1996. According to New York Times writer Joe Heller, Mick Jagger maintains a residence at The Carlyle to use when he visits New York. The Café Carlyle is noted for the murals by Marcel Vertès, interior designer Scott Salvator oversaw the renovation and redecoration, the first significant alterations to the café since its debut in 1955