Utah Olympic Park
The Utah Olympic Park is a winter sports park built for the 2002 Winter Olympics, is located 28 miles east of Salt Lake City near Park City, United States. During the 2002 games the park hosted the bobsleigh, luge, ski jumping, Nordic combined events, it still serves a training center for Olympic and development level athletes. Other facilities in addition to the ski jumps and bobsled track located on site include a 2002 Winter Olympics and Ski Museum, day lodge, summer aerial training splash pool, a mountain coaster. Like the Utah Olympic Oval and Soldier Hollow, the park was designed and built for the Olympic games, under the supervision of the Salt Lake Organizing Committee; the 1989 Olympic referendum, passed by Utahns, allowed for tax payer money to fund a winter sports park, which would be used if Salt Lake City won its bid for either the 1998 or 2002 Winter Olympics. In 1990 the Utah Sports Authority announced their plans to build the park, which included ski jumps and a bobsled-luge track, in Bear Hollow near Park City.
Before construction on the park began, it faced criticism from local landowners and citizens of Summit County, concerned over traffic and environmental effects. Construction got underway following a groundbreaking ceremony on May 29, 1991; the original estimated cost of the park was $26.3 million and included the ski jumps, bobsled-luge track, a day lodge, all to be completed by September 1992. The majority of the park was designed and engineered by Eckhoff and Preator Engineering and its joint venture partner, Van Boerum & Frank Associates, all of Salt Lake City. After Salt Lake City lost its bid to host the 1998 Winter Olympics in 1991, the Utah Sports Authority gained permission from the United States Olympic Committee to slowdown construction on the park, extending its planned opening date. Four of the park's ski jumps were completed and opened on December 12, 1992, were formally dedicated in a ceremony on January 9, 1993. On July 31, 1993 the summer training facilities at the park, which included a ski jumping pool, were dedicated.
The park's day lodge, located near the base of the jumps, was completed in late summer 1993. A groundbreaking ceremony on June 3, 1994 signaled the start of construction on the bobsled-luge track; the track was completed December 28, 1996 and its grand opening ceremony was held on January 25, 1997. The first run on the new track was by luger Jon Owen on January 10, 1997. Following the completion of the track it was decided to reintroduce skeleton as an Olympic event during the 2002 Winter Olympics and plans called to use the track to host all three sliding events. While construction was progressing on the track, Salt Lake City won its 1995 bid to host the 2002 Winter Olympics, plans were developed to expand the park. On October 9, 1997 SLOC okayed the plan to spend an additional $48 million to upgrade and expand the completed park; the plans called for replacing and moving the existing 90-meter ski jump, building a brand new 120-meter jump. The construction of starting houses on the track, storage buildings, new access roads, pedestrian bridges, parking lots, sewer and water lines were all part of the expansion plan.
The transform of the park began during the Summer of 1998, with the majority of expansion work completed by fall 2000. Ownership of the park was transferred from the Utah Sports Authority to SLOC on July 14, 1999. Soon after, in Spring 2000, the name "Utah Winter Sports Park" became the "Utah Olympic Park'; the park still serves a training center for Olympic and development level athletes, as well as a recreational highlight in the state. Other facilities in addition to the Nordic jumps and bobsled track located at the park include a 2002 Winter Olympics Museum and Ski Museum in the Joe Quinney Winter Sports Center, a day lodge, summer aerial training jumps and splash pool, a mountain coaster. Located within the Utah Olympic Park is the Joe Quinney Winter Sports Center; the center stands next to the day summer splash pool. For many years the Alf Engen Ski Foundation had desired to construct a museum to honor legendary skier Alf Engen, display his winter sports collection, it was decided to do this inside a future building at the park named for a skier, Joe Quinney.
A site dedication ceremony for the funded Joe Quinney Winter Sports Center was held August 28, 1999, while construction didn't begin until after the actual groundbreaking on March 28, 2000. Following the building's completion, it was temporarily turned over to SLOC during a ceremony on September 18, 2001. During the games the center would be used by Olympic officials, members of the world media and athletes after the games, the building would be turned back over to the foundation; the cost of just the vacant building was $10 million, the majority of, funded, but SLOC did contribute a percentage of construction costs so the building could be used during the games. The completed building was 29,000 square feet in size with three stories, its concrete exterior was covered with Plexiglas. Following the Olympics the building was turned into a ski and Olympic museum at a cost of $2.5 million more, for a total of $12.5 million. The Alf Engen Ski Museum opened in a soft opening on May 20, 2002, with exhibits designed by Academy Studios.
The grand opening ceremony for the center was held July 5, 2002, the building included the Engen Ski Museum, a gift shop, café and a temporary Olympic photo exhibit. On September 27, 2002, two l
Patric-Fritz Leitner is a German luger who competed from 1998 to 2010. Together with Alexander Resch he won the men's doubles event at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, United States, they competed at the 2006 Winter Olympics, finishing sixth. At the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, they won bronze in their last race. In addition they won a dozen medals at the FIL World Luge Championships, including eight golds, two silvers, two bronzes. At the FIL European Luge Championships, they won seven medals with five golds, one silver, one bronze, they won the overall Luge World Cup men's doubles title six times. After retiring from competition, Leitner became involved in luge coaching, he is responsible for a group of German lugers nicknamed the "Sunshine Training Group", alongside Georg Hackl, with Leitner having responsibility for their athletic training. Members of the group include Felix Loch, Natalie Geisenberger, Tobias Wendl and Tobias Arlt, who between them took a clean sweep of the gold medals in luge at the 2014 Winter Olympics.
DatabaseOlympics.com profile on Leitner. FIL-Luge profile Fuzilogik Sports - Winter Olympic results - Men's luge Hickoksports.com results on Olympic champions in luge and skeleton. Hickok sports information on World champions in skeleton. List of men's doubles luge World Cup champions since 1978
Barbara Niedernhuber is a German luger who competed from 1994 to 2006. She won two silver medals in the women's singles event at the Winter Olympics. A favorite to make the 2006 Winter Olympics, she was upset at the national championships by Tatjana Hüfner in late 2005. Niedernhuber won seven medals at the FIL World Luge Championships with one gold, four silvers, two bronzes, she won three bronze medals in the women's singles event at the FIL European Luge Championships. Niedernhuber won the overall Luge World Cup title in women's singles in 2004-5. Niedernhuber retired abruptly prior to the start of the 2006-07 World Cup season to a bacterial infection in her ankle joint that developed after surgery during the summer of 2006. In The Simpsons episode "The Bart of War", Milhouse mentions he feels "like luge silver medalist Barbara Niedernhuber" while riding Flanders' video cart. BSD news on Niedernhuber's 2006 retirement at the Wayback Machine - retrieved June 12, 2007. FIL-Luge profile at the Wayback Machine Fuzilogik Sports – Winter Olympic results – Women's luge at the Wayback Machine Hickoksports.com results on Olympic champions in luge and skeleton.
At the Wayback Machine Hickok sports information on World champions in skeleton. At Archive.today List of European luge champions at the Wayback Machine List of women's singles luge World Cup champions since 1978. At the Wayback Machine SportQuick.com information on World champions in luge. at the Wayback Machine Barbara Niedernhuber at the International Luge Federation
Park City, Utah
Park City is a city in Summit County, United States. It is considered to be part of the Wasatch Back; the city is 32 miles southeast of downtown Salt Lake City and 20 miles from Salt Lake City's east edge of Sugar House along Interstate 80. The population was 7,558 at the 2010 census. On average, the tourist population exceeds the number of permanent residents. After a population decline following the shutdown of the area's mining industry, the city rebounded during the 1980s and 1990s through an expansion of its tourism business; the city brings in a yearly average of $529,800,000 to the Utah Economy as a tourist hot spot, $80,000,000 of, attributed to the Sundance Film Festival. The city has two major ski resorts: Park City Mountain Resort. Both ski resorts were the major locations for ski and snowboarding events at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Although they receive less snow and have a shorter ski season than do their counterparts in Salt Lake County, such as Snowbird resort, they are much easier to access.
In 2015, Park City Ski Resort and Canyons resorts merged creating the largest ski area in the U. S. In all, the resort boasts 14 bowls, 300 trails and 22 miles of lifts. Additionally the city is the main location of the United States' largest independent film festival, the Sundance Film Festival, home of the United States Ski Team, training center for members of the Australian Freestyle Ski Team, the largest collection of factory outlet stores in northern Utah, the 2002 Olympic bobsled/skeleton/luge track at the Utah Olympic Park, golf courses; some scenes from the 1994 film Dumb and Dumber were shot in the city. Outdoor-oriented businesses such as backcountry.com, Rossignol USA, Skullcandy have their headquarters in Park City. The city has many retailers, clubs and restaurants, has nearby reservoirs, hot springs and hiking and biking trails. In the summertime many valley residents of the Wasatch Front visit the town to escape high temperatures. Park City is 20 °F cooler than Salt Lake City, as it lies higher than 7,000 feet above sea level, while Salt Lake City is situated at an elevation of about 4,300 feet.
In 2008, Park City was named by Forbes Traveler Magazine among one of the 20'prettiest towns' in the United States. In 2011, the town was awarded a Gold-level Ride Center designation from the International Mountain Bicycling Association for its mountain bike trails and community; the area was traveled by the early Mormon pioneers on their journey to where they settled and built Salt Lake City. One of their leaders, Parley P. Pratt, explored the canyon in 1848, he was given a charter the following year to build a toll road through it, finished in 1849. The basin at the top of the canyon was good for grazing, a few families settled there. Early on, the area was deeded to Samuel Snyder, Heber C. Kimball and Jedediah Grant; the settlers named it "Parley's Park City", shortened to "Park City" in the early 1900s. The first known discovery of ore in this area was by Colonel Patrick E. Connor, who instigated his men to search the area in bringing non-Mormons to the Utah region; the finding of silver and lead sparked the first silver mines in Park City in the 1860s.
Park City's large mining boom brought large crowds of prospectors setting up camps around the mountain terrain, marking the first mining settlements. Although it was not the first find, the Ontario mine, discovered by Herman Buden in 1872 and purchased by George Hearst, was the first major producer. By 1892 the Silver King Mine and its owners Thomas Kearns and David Keith took the spotlight as one of the most famous silver mines in the world. While silver was thriving in Utah, other mines around the world were depleted, drawing many of these miners to Park City; the town flourished with crowds of miners and wealth. However, the city nearly became a ghost town by the end of the 1950s because of a drop in the price of silver; the transformation of the town into a ski resort is attributed to the silver need during and after World War I economy. The war and Great Depression were crippling the economy. Once the site of the largest silver-mining camp in the country, the town was destroyed by fire in 1898.
Tragedy struck again in 1902. The mining community never recovered and the miners resorted to desperate measures; these desperate measures were based on the need to revive the economy, in doing so the miners gave up their mining heritage, turning to the rising interest in the West and skiing. The silver industry was suffering and the town was hanging by a thread when'Parkite' miners presented to Utahns Inc. a proposal for a ski resort called Treasure Mountain which ended up saving the town. This ski resort opened in 1963 on 10,000 acres of land the miners owned with mineral rights; this is said to be when tourists first began to visit Park City. This marks the beginning of the ski industry promoted by the Utah State Legislation as a destination resort. Since the rise of the skiing and tourist economy, Park City houses more tourists than residents, it has become a place of fame through the 2002 Winter Olympic Games and provides more attractions than before. In the 1950s, Utah began to feed on Park City as a mountain getaway, not until D. James Canon promoted winter sports in Utah, with the promotional scheme of "Ski Utah" and "The Greatest Snow on Earth" did many drive to see the city.
Utah drew in over 648,000 tourists in 1970 and now a yearly average of 4 million tourists. In a small town with a population of 8,000, the average number of tourists in Park City is 600,000 per year; this significant
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912, it is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City; the city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's present population.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on the north-south east-west grid plan developed by early church leaders, with the Salt Lake Temple constructed at the grid's starting point. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought economic growth, the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West, it was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based on skiing, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, it is the industrial banking center of the United States. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One local Shoshone tribe, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the land was treated by the United States as public domain. The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was Jim Bridger in 1825, although others had been in Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley. US Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845; the Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846. The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847, they had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States into Mexican Territory seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States.
Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young claimed to have seen the area in a vision prior to the wagon train's arrival. They found. Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple; the Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893; the temple serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley; the pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah Territory, vastly reducing its size, designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, the name was shortened to Salt Lake City.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake City, he was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball. Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Army, comman
Silke Kraushaar-Pielach is a German luger who competed from 1995 to 2008. In June 2008, she was named sports manager for the luge section of Bob- und Schlittenverband für Deutschland. Competing in three Winter Olympics, Kraushaar-Pielach won a complete set of medals in the women's singles event with a gold in 1998, a silver in 2006, a bronze in 2002, she won ten medals at the FIL World Luge Championships with four golds, four silvers, two bronze. Kraushaar-Pielach won ten medals at the FIL European Luge Championships, including seven golds and three silvers, she won the overall Luge World Cup five times. Kraushaar-Pielach started her last season off with a win in the women's singles event at Lake Placid, New York on November 16, 2007, her last race in Sigulda, Latvia on February 16, 2008 saw her finishing third, the same place where she won her first World Cup event on November 30, 1996. In June 2008, Kraushaar-Pielach was named manager of the luge section of the BSD, the German bobsleigh and skeleton federation.
She married German businessman Michael Pielach on July 7, 2006. It was announced on FIL's website on January 24, 2008 that the sled that she had competed with until 1995 had been auctioned on the German version of eBay from January 19–26. Kraushaar-Pielach stateed; the sled sold for € 1160 and the proceeds went to her sledding club in Oberhof. FIL-Luge August 21, 2006 article on Kraushaar's marriage - accessed November 24, 2007. FIL-Luge January 24, 2008 article on Kraushaar-Pielach's sled donation on E-Bay. - Accessed January 24, 2008. FIL-Luge January 31, 2008 article on Kraushaar-Pielach's sled being sold. - Accessed January 31, 2008. FIL-Luge November 16, 2007 on Kraushaar-Pielach's victory starting her farewell tour. FIL-Luge.org article on Kraushaar-Pielach's last race in Sigulda, Latvia. - accessed February 16, 2008. FIL-Luge June 2, 2008 article on Kraushaar-Pielach's transition from athlete to sports official. - accessed June 13, 2008. FIL-Luge profile Fuzilogik Sports - Winter Olympic results - Women's luge at the Wayback Machine Hickoksports.com results on Olympic champions in luge and skeleton.
At the Wayback Machine Hickok sports information on World champions in luge and skeleton at Archive.today List of European luge champions List of women's singles luge World Cup champions since 1978 at the Wayback Machine NBC Biography Official website SportQuick.com information on World champions in luge at the Wayback Machine
2002 Winter Olympics
The 2002 Winter Olympics the XIX Olympic Winter Games and known as Salt Lake 2002, was a winter multi-sport event, celebrated from 8 to 24 February 2002 in and around Salt Lake City, United States. 2,400 athletes from 78 nations participated in 78 events in fifteen disciplines, held throughout 165 sporting sessions. The 2002 Winter Olympics and the 2002 Paralympic Games were both organized by the Salt Lake Organizing Committee. Utah became the fifth state in the United States to host the Olympic Games and the 2002 Winter Olympics were the last Olympics to be held in the United States until the 2028 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles; these were the first Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of Jacques Rogge. The opening ceremony was held on February 8, 2002, sporting competitions were held up until the closing ceremony on February 24, 2002. Production for both ceremonies was designed by Seven Nielsen, music for both ceremonies was directed by Mark Watters. Salt Lake City became the most populous area to have hosted the Winter Olympics, although the two subsequent host cities' populations were larger.
Following a trend, the 2002 Olympic Winter Games were larger than all prior Winter Games, with 10 more events than the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan. Norway won the most gold medals; the Salt Lake Games faced a bribery scandal and some local opposition during the bid, as well as some sporting and refereeing controversies during the competitions. From sporting and business standpoints, this was one of the most successful Winter Olympiads in history. Over 2 billion viewers watched more than 13 billion viewer-hours; the Games were financially successful raising more money with fewer sponsors than any prior Olympic Games, which left SLOC with a surplus of $40 million. The surplus was used to create the Utah Athletic Foundation, which maintains and operates many of the remaining Olympic venues; the Games were a major factor in the political rise to power of Mitt Romney, elected Governor of Massachusetts in 2002, was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in 2012 and has served as the junior United States Senator from Utah since 2019.
Salt Lake City was chosen over Canada. Salt Lake City had come in second during the bids for the 1998 Winter Olympics, awarded to Nagano and had offered to be the provisional host of the 1976 Winter Olympics when the original host, Colorado, withdrew; the 1976 Winter Olympics were awarded to Innsbruck, Austria. 1Because of the no-commercialization policy of the Olympics, the Delta Center, now the Vivint Smart Home Arena, was labeled as the "Salt Lake Ice Center". The Oxford Olympics Study established the outturn cost of the Salt Lake City 2002 Winter Olympics at US$2.5 billion in 2015-dollars and cost overrun at 24% in real terms. This includes sports-related costs only, that is, operational costs incurred by the organizing committee for the purpose of staging the Games, e.g. expenditures for technology, workforce, security, catering and medical services, direct capital costs incurred by the host city and country or private investors to build, e.g. the competition venues, the Olympic village, international broadcast center, media and press center, which are required to host the Games.
Indirect capital costs are not included, such as for road, rail, or airport infrastructure, or for hotel upgrades or other business investment incurred in preparation for the Games but not directly related to staging the Games. The cost and cost overrun for Salt Lake City 2002 compares with costs of US$2.5 billion and a cost overrun of 13% for Vancouver 2010, costs of US$51 billion and a cost overrun of 289% for Sochi 2014, the latter being the most costly Olympics to date. Average cost for Winter Games since 1960 is US$3.1 billion, average cost overrun is 142%. A total of 78 National Olympic Committees sent athletes to the 2002 Olympics. Cameroon, Hong Kong, Nepal and Thailand participated in their first Winter Olympic Games; the 2002 Winter Olympics featured 78 medal events over 15 disciplines in 7 sports. Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each separate discipline. In the following calendar for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day.
The yellow boxes represent days. The number in each box represents the number of finals. All dates are in Mountain Standard Time * Host nation Several medals records were tied, they included: Norway tied the Soviet Union at the 1976 Winter Olympics for most gold medals at a Winter Olympics, with 13. Germany set a record for most total medals at a Winter Olympics, with 36; the United States set a record for most gold medals at a home Winter Olympics, with 10, tying Norway at the 1994 Winter Olympics. The opening ceremonies included Grammy Award-winning artist LeAnn Rimes singing "Light the Fire Within", the official song of the 2002 Olympics; the Grammy Award-winning Mormon Tabernacle Choir performed the "Star-Spangled Banner", national anthem of the United States, for the opening ceremonies. John Williams composed a five-minute work for orchestra and chorus, "Call of the Champions", that served as the official theme of the 2002 Winter Olympics, his first for a Winter Oly