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Luigi Alamanni

Luigi Alamanni was an Italian poet and statesman. He was regarded as a versatile poet, he was credited with introducing the epigram into Italian poetry. Alamanni was born in Florence, his father was a devoted adherent of the Medici party, but Luigi, smarting under a supposed injustice, joined with others in an unsuccessful conspiracy against Giulio de' Medici, afterwards Pope Clement VII. He was obliged in consequence to take refuge in Venice, and, on the accession of Clement, to flee to France; when Florence shook off the papal yoke in 1527, Alamanni returned, took a prominent part in the management of the affairs of the republic. On the restoration of the Medici in 1530, he had again to take refuge in France, where he composed the greater part of his works, he was a favourite with Francis I, who sent him as ambassador to Charles V after the Peace of Crepy in 1544. As an instance of his tact in this capacity, it is related that when Charles interrupted a complimentary address by quoting from a satirical poem of Alamanni's the words:"l'aquila grifagna, Che per piu devorar, duoi rostri porta", the latter at once replied that he spoke them as a poet, permitted to use fictions, but that he spoke now as an ambassador, obliged to tell the truth.

The ready reply pleased Charles. After the death of Francis, Alamanni enjoyed the confidence of his successor Henry II, in 1551 was sent by him as his ambassador to Genoa, he died at Amboise on 18 April 1556. He wrote a large number of poems, distinguished by the excellence of their style; the best is La Coltivazione, written in imitation of Virgil's Georgics. His Opere Toscane consists of satirical pieces written in blank verse, his use of Horatian epistolary satire is important and his tenth satire was used as a model by Sir Thomas Wyatt in his poem'Mine own John Poyntz' which introduced the form into English literature. An unfinished poem, Avarchide, in imitation of the Iliad, was the work of his old age and has little merit, it has been said by some that Alamanni was the first to use blank verse in Italian poetry, but that distinction belongs rather to his contemporary Giangiorgio Trissino. Isabella di Morra dedicated a sonnet to Alamanni called Non sol il ciel vi fu largo e cortese. Alamanni is a minor speaker in Machiavelli's The Art of War, a book structured as a dialogue between real people known to Machiavelli, set in the gardens of Cosimo Ruccelai.

In this book, Alamanni is present as a loyal friend of the host, is mentioned to be the youngest of Ruccelai's friends present. A poetical romance, Girone il Cortese A tragedy, Antigone A comedy, Flora This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Alamanni, Luigi". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1. Cambridge University Press. P. 468. Russell, Rinaldina. Italian Women Writers: A Bio-bibliographical Sourcebook. Greenwood Publishing Group

1995 Giro d'Italia

The 1995 Giro d'Italia was a Grand Tour cycling stage race that took place in May and June 1995. It was the 78th edition of the event; the Giro began on 13 May with a stage that ended Terni. The race came to a close on 4 June with a stage; the race was won by the Swiss Tony Rominger of the Mapei–GB–Latexco team. Second and third were Latvian rider Piotr Ugrumov. Mario Cipollini was the event's first leg in a bunch sprint, allowing him to be the first rider to don the race leader's maglia rosa; the following stage was an individual time trial, won by Rominger, who gained enough time on Cipollini to take the race lead. Rominger built upon his lead by winning the remaining two time trial stages, along with the hilly stage 4, retained the lead for the duration of the race. By winning the Giro he became the third Swiss rider to win the event. In addition to the general classification, Tony Rominger won the points and intergiro classifications. Brescialat rider Mariano Piccoli won the mountains classification.

Gewiss–Ballan finished as the winners of the team classification. The team points classification, a system in which the teams' riders are awarded points for placing within the top twenty in each stage and the points are totaled for each team, was won by Gewiss-Ballan. A total of 22 teams were invited to participate in the 1995 Giro d'Italia; each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 198 cyclists. Out of the 198 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 122 riders made it to the finish in Milan; the teams entering the race were: The starting peloton included Evgeni Berzin, the 1994 winner. Berzin's team, Gewiss–Ballan brought Latvian Piotr Ugrumov, a two-time Grand Tour runner-up; the two riders had developed a mutual distaste for each other. El País writers Paolo Viberti and Carlos Arribas believed that Swiss rider Tony Rominger and Latvian Piotr Ugrumov were the favorites to win the race, while several named Rominger as the sole favorite.

Author Bill McGann believed that Berzin were in great form coming into the race. Rominger returned to the Giro after a six year absence and, more coming off of a victory at the Tour de Romandie. Urgumov was seen as the primary challenger for Rominger for his performances at previous Giros and his knack for showing great form in the final week after remaining quiet in the first two weeks. Aside from Rominger and Berzin, El Punt's Luis Simon named 1988 winner Andrew Hampsten, Russian Pavel Tonkov, Claudio Chiappucci amongst several other riders that could challenge for the overall title. Italian Marco Pantani was seen by some to be a contender. However, Pantani did not recover in time to participate. Two-time winner Miguel Indurain chose not to enter the race in favor of preparing for the Tour de France. Instead, Indurain rode the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré. Twelve of the UCI Road World Cup top 20 ranked; the route for the 1995 Giro d'Italia was unveiled by race director Carmine Castellano on 12 November 1994 in Milan.

It contained three time trial events. There were thirteen stages containing high mountains, of which five had summit finishes: stage 8, to Massiccio del Sirino; the organizers chose to include one rest day. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 6 km longer, contained one more rest day, the same number of stages; the nineteenth stage was regarded as the queen stage as it featured the climbs of the Col Agnel, Col d'Izoard, Colle di Sampeyre. The race route began in Perugia and traveled throughout the southern half of Italy for the first ten stages. After the stage 10 individual time trial, the riders were transferred to Tuscany by airplane, where the race remained in the northern half of the country and proceeded to cross into the higher and tougher mountains. There were a total of three stages. Stage 15 served as the start for the race's sixteenth stage; the mountainous twentieth stage began in the French city of Briançon. The nineteenth stage was planned to stretch from Mondovì to Briançon over 202 km.

The stage finish was moved to part way up the ascent of the Col Agnel, due to avalanches. The stage finished in Pontechianale where the day's intermediate sprint had been planned after 129.9 km of racing. The avalanche trapped several fans. Ten spectators were injured and two were taken to the hospital. Chiappucci believed that the descents of the mountains included in the race were difficult. An El País writer found the route to be more mountainous than in years past. In addition, the writer mentioned that the increase in mountains within the route coupled with the reduced number of time trial kilometers, including the lack of a prologue, favored Marco Pantani. Three-time winner Gino Bartali believed that the route for the Giro was harder than the same year's Tour de France course. Mario Cipollini won the race's opening stage by several bike lengths to don the race's first maglia rosa. Cipollini lost the lead to Tony Rominger following the stage 2 individual time trial, contested in rainy conditions.

Rominger was able to gain a minute on each of the main general classification contenders including Piotr Ugrumov and Evgeni Berzin. The third stage was Cipollini's second stage victory; the fourth stage

Samuel Hanson Cox

Samuel Hanson Cox was an American Presbyterian minister and a leading abolitionist. Cox was born in New Jersey to Quaker family. After renouncing his religion and serving in the War of 1812, he studied law before entering the ministry, he was pastor of the Presbyterian church in Mendham, New Jersey from 1817 to 1821. He moved to New York City, where he was pastor of two churches from 1821 to 1834. Cox helped found the University of the City of New York, now New York University, in 1832, teaching classes in theology and contributing the college's motto, Perstare et praestare. Due to his anti-slavery stance, he was mobbed, his house and Laight Street church were sacked in the Anti-abolitionist riots of 1834, he was burned in effigy by another mob in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1835. After the riots he moved out of the city, from 1834 to 1837 was professor of pastoral theology in Auburn, New York. Cox was known beyond the church for his skills as an orator, despite or because he was described as "eccentric" and would sometimes lapse from English into Latin.

One speech he made in Exeter Hall in 1833, in which he put the responsibility for slavery in America on the British government, made such a great impression that it was republished. Theodore Ledyard Cuyler described Cox as "one of the most famous celebrities in the Presbyterian Church... famous for his linguistic attainments, for his wit and occasional eccentricities, famous for his bursts of eloquence on great occasions." When awarded the appellation of Doctor of Divinity by the College of New Jersey, which would become Princeton University, he famously derided it as a couple of "semi-lunar fardels". Cox's next seventeen years were passed as pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Brooklyn Heights, while serving as Professor of Ecclesiastical History at the Union Theological Seminary, as a leader of the "New School" Presbyterians. In 1854, owing to a throat infection and loss of his voice, he removed to New York, he died at Bronxville, New York, on October 2, 1880. His son, Arthur Cleveland Coxe, became bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Western New York, another son, Samuel Hanson Coxe, was an Episcopal minister in Utica, New York, who married Eliza Conkling, sister of Republican political boss and Presidential candidate Senator Roscoe Conkling.

His grandson Alfred Conkling Coxe would become a noted federal judge in New York. Quakerism not Christianity Interviews and Useful Notes Bibliography This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Cox, Samuel Hanson". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 353–354

Denby High School

The Edwin C. Denby High School is a public secondary education school located at 12800 Kelly Road in northeastern Detroit, Michigan. Denby High opened in 1930, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005, it is a part of Detroit Public Schools Community District. The school was named for Edwin C. Denby, an attorney and former Michigan legislator. Mr. Denby served as Secretary of the Navy during the administration of Warren G. Harding. Denby was forced to resign his position and narrowly avoided criminal indictment for his role in what came to be known as the Teapot Dome scandal. Denby died in 1929, the Detroit School Board voted to name a new high school after him "at the earliest opportunity."Later in 1929, the school board authorized the construction of this school and hired the firm of Smith, Hinchman & Grylls to design it. The building cost $351,649, with an additional $145,991 for the land the school is sited on; the first unit of the school, containing 19 classrooms, two study halls, an office, opened in 1930 with about 1000 students and 38 teachers.

However, only two months after the school opened, work began on a major addition. The addition, costing $338,121 and containing sixteen additional classrooms and four study halls, was completed in 1931. Enrollment soared to 2600 in 1931, by 1934, Denby adopted double sessions to relieve the overcrowding. A third unit of the school was planned in 1938 and completed in 1939 at a cost of $893,000; this unit contained seventeen additional classrooms and music rooms, "domestic science" classrooms, two machine shops, an auditorium which seated 2,230, a large gymnasium with an indoor track, a swimming pool. The third unit gave Denby a capacity of 2875 students. In 1942, 830 students graduated from the high school, over 800 graduated each year from 1946 through 1960; the school converted to a three-year high school in 1960, with ninth graders moved to junior high schools. The school still averaged about 800 graduates per year through 1975, but the number of students graduating declined in the late 1970s to a low of only 269 in 1980.

At one time it was known for its mathematics department which ranked high in U. S. national rankings. Rochelle Riley of the Detroit Free Press wrote that by 2010 Denby was "known more for its academic decline than" for the said mathematics department. By 2010 Kenyetta "K. C." Wilbourn-Snapp began her term as principal of Denby. Wilbourn, called the "female Joe Clark", was known for carrying a baseball bat which she called the "equalizer" since she witnessed the beating death of a student at Finney High School on April 12, 2007 while serving as that school's assistant principal. In 2016, Wilbourn-Snapp pleaded guilty to felony charges of bribery conspiracy and tax evasion for her role in a kickback scheme during her time at Denby. In 2011, the school completed an $16.5 Million renovation to restore the 1930s auditorium and construct new student meeting areas. The same year, Denby was transferred from Detroit Public School System to the Education Achievement Authority. There was subsequently significant turnover of department heads and school leadership, which cycled through 3 principals between 2012-2015.

The principal of Denby is Tanisha Manningham. DPS has said it will re-assume control of Denby High in fall 2017; the original 1929/1930 Denby High School building is a symmetrical three-story multi-colored brick structure measuring 391 feet long by 117 feet wide. The middle section of the facade is sheathed in concrete, each half of the building features a concrete-sheathed entrance and a projecting wing. Art Deco stylistic elements are applied to the facade of the building; the Parducci tiles include two types of reliefs used throughout the facade. The first is a relief of a lamp with a flame; the tile includes zigzags above and below the lamp. The second is a relief of a warship, symbolizing the naval background of Edwin Denby. Two guns extend below which are zigzags representing waves; the front facade includes strong horizontal lines. The center of the facade is arranged into seven vertical sections, with the central bays projecting farther than outer ones. Terra cotta tiles appear between windows, accentuating the vertical lines, above and below, accentuating the horizontal.

In addition to the Parducci tiles, other decorative elements include arches at the top of the stairwell windows, a small roof parapet, checkerboard brick patterns in the middle section of the building. The 1939 addition to the rear of the building, measuring 232 feet long by 196 feet wide, is three stories, the design is compatible with the original construction; the addition has the same terra cotta tiles around and between windows and concrete surrounding stairwell windows on the sides of the building. However, the terra cotta tiles on the original building do not appear on the addition. On the interior, the floors of the hallways and stairwells are terrazzo covered. Brownish tiles cover the walls to a height of seven feet, lockers line much of the walls. Classrooms have original wood doors and cabinetry; the demographic breakdown of the 725 students enrolled for the 2013-2014 school year was as follows: Male – 50.0% Female – 50.0% Native American/Alaskan – 0.0% Asian/Pacific islander – 0.2% Black – 99.2% Hispanic – 0.0% White – 0.6% Hadley, Mari.

"A principal, a baseball bat? and questions." Detroit Free Press. June 1, 2010. EAA Website - Denby

Simon Barnes

Simon Barnes is an English journalist. He was Chief Sports Writer of The Times until 2014, wrote a wildlife opinion column in the Saturday edition of the same newspaper, he has written three novels. Barnes was educated at Emanuel School, studied English Literature at the University of Bristol, which awarded Barnes an honorary Doctorate in 2007. After beginning his journalism career on local newspapers in Britain, he travelled to Hong Kong, where he wrote for travel magazines and the South China Morning Post. After his return to Britain, he became a sports writer for The Times, being promoted in time to the position of Chief Sports Writer, he is the author of 16 books including three novels. His latest book, Birdwatching With your Eyes Closed: An Introduction to Birdsong, was published in 2011. Barnes has appeared in a number of programmes on BBC Radio 2, including a reading of his book, How to Be a Bad Birdwatcher. Barnes lives in Norfolk, he was on The Times team at the 2012 London Olympics, the seventh summer Games that he has covered for the newspaper.

In March 2009 he was runner-up in the Sports Journalists' Association's'Sports Columnist of the Year' award, an award he won in 2008. In June 2014 Barnes was sacked by The Times after 32 years employment, the newspaper having informed him it could no longer afford to pay his salary. Speculation in some sections of the UK media that the real reason may have been Barnes's outspoken views expressed in his wildlife opinion column; the column blamed illegal activity by red grouse shooting interests on the continued persecution and near extinction of the hen harrier in England. Writing in his new website and blog which he began after leaving The Times in 2014, Simon Barnes wrote: "Certainly I have annoyed some powerful people." With Nik Wheeler. China in focus. Hong Kong: CFW Guidebooks. Pp. 63p.: chiefly col ill. ISBN 962-7031-12-7. Phil Edmonds: a singular man. London: Kingswood. 1986. Pp. xi, 179p, p of plates: ill. Ports. 24cm. ISBN 0-434-98092-7. Eamonn McCabe, photographer. London: Kingswood. 1988. Pp. xxii, 88 p.: ill.

Ports. 29 cm. ISBN 0-434-98147-8. Horsesweat and tears a year in John Dunlop's racing stable. London: Heinemann Kingswood. 1988. Pp. xii, 228p, 8p. of plates, 24cm. ISBN 0-434-98152-4. A la recherche du cricket perdu. London: Macmillan London. 1989. Pp. v, 137p: ill, 21cm. ISBN 0-333-48722-2. Winner of The Cricket Society/MCC Book of the Year A Sportswriter's Year. London: Heinemann London. 1989. Pp. v, 224p: ill, 25cm. ISBN 0-434-98180-X. Flying in the face of nature a year in Minsmere Bird Reserve. London: Pelham. 1992. Pp. xi, 227p, 25cm. ISBN 0-7207-2005-2. With Peter Jackson. Tiger!. London: Boxtree in association with Tigress Productions and Meridian Broadcasting. Pp. 160p, 29cm. ISBN 1-85283-931-7. Rogue Lion Safaris. London: HarperCollins, London. 1997. Pp. 320 p.: col. ill.. 33cm. ISBN 0-00-649849-3. Hong Kong Belongers. London: HarperCollins, London. 1999. Pp. 320 p. 33cm. ISBN 0-00-651195-3. With Alan Marks. Planet Zoo: One Hundred Animals We Can't Afford to Lose. London: Orion Children's. Pp. 264 p.: col. ill.. 28 cm.

ISBN 1-85881-488-X. Miss Chance. London: HarperCollins, London. 2000. Pp. 288 p. 27 cm. ISBN 0-00-651196-1. How to be a bad birdwatcher: To the greater glory of life. London: Short. 2004. Pp. 198 p.: ill. 21 cm. ISBN 1-904095-95-X. A bad birdwatcher's companion --or a personal introduction to Britain's 50 most obvious birds. London: Short. 2005. Pp. 281 p.: ill. 21 cm. ISBN 1-904977-37-5; the meaning of sport. London: Short. 2007. Pp. 365 p. 20 cm. ISBN 1-904977-85-5. With Joseph Barnes. How to be wild. London: Short. Pp. 1 v.: ill. 20 cm. ISBN 1-906021-48-1; the Horsey Life. London: Short. 2008. Pp. 288: ill. 25 cm. ISBN 1-906021-42-2. Birdwatching With your Eyes Closed: An Introduction to Birdsong. London: Short. 2011. P. 288. ISBN 1-907595-47-3. Ten Million Aliens. London: Short. 2014. Pp. 480 p. ISBN 1780721420. Rewild Yourself: 23 Spellbinding Ways to Make Nature More Visible. London: Simon and Schuster UK. 2018. P. 208. ISBN 1471175405. On the Marsh: A Year Surrounded by Wildness and Wet. Simon & Schuster UK. 2019. ISBN 978-1-4711-6849-9.

Official website Bristol University profile

Archery at the 2016 Summer Paralympics – Qualification

There were 140 qualifying places available for archery at the 2016 Summer Paralympics: 80 for men and 60 for women. Each National Paralympic Committee is permitted to enter a maximum of 13 competitors, 8 male, 5 female. NPC can enter a further two female athletes in Women's Compound W1 or Compound Open as World individual or mixed team champion in that event, so a theoretical maximum of fifteen archers is possible across the nine events. NPCs that qualify at least a single individual man and woman in a specific discipline - Compound W1, Compound Open or Recurve Open - are able to enter a two-member mixed team to the relevant team event, while having each member compete in the individual event. If an NPC qualifies multiple archers in each gender in a specific discipline, they remain restricted to a single team in the mixed team event in that discipline. Six places are reserved for Brazil as the host nation, one in each individual event, as a consequence, Brazil will enter a team in each of the Mixed Pairs events.

A further eleven will be decided by the Bipartite Commission. The remaining 123 places are allocated through a qualification process, in which archers earned quota places for their respective NPCs, though not for themselves. To be eligible to participate in the Paralympic Games after the NPC has obtained a quota place, all archers must be classified with a confirmed or review sports status, to ensure Paralympic eligibility, have achieved a minimum qualification score: Men's Ind. Compound W1: 575 Men's Ind. Compound Open: 630 Men's Ind. Recurve Open: 560 Women's Ind. Compound W1: 500 Women's Ind. Compound Open: 600 Women's Ind. Recurve Open: 520The MQS must have been achieved between 1 July 2015 and 1 July 2016. Places are awarded to the NPC, not the individual athlete. Where an athlete's name appears, the athlete's NPC has selected that athlete to take this place in Rio. * extra place available to world champions only. Max 1 per NPC for all other nations. Following the McLaren Report on State sponsored doping in Russia, the Russia Paralympic team was excluded from the Games.

As a consequence, Russian qualifiers in Archery were excluded. There is no direct qualification for the mixed pairs events, an NPC may enter one team per event if they have qualified those archers from individual events. However, since Rio 2016 quota places in individual events were awarded to the top finishers in the equivalent mixed pairs event at the 2015 World Para Archery Championships in Donau, Germany, a minimum number of teams per event is guaranteed. On 5 September 2016, the IPC published the full entry lists for all mixed team events in archery; the following teams will enter