Union Montreal is an inactive municipal political party in Montreal, Canada. It was the governing party in the city from 2001, when it won its first election under mayor Gérald Tremblay, until 2012; the party remained the largest single party caucus in the city government until the 2013 election although it lost its majority in November 2012 due to a number of councillors quitting the party to sit as independents in the wake of Tremblay's resignation. Since 2013, it has no longer been politically active. Union Montreal was established as the Montreal Island Citizens Union in the aftermath of the province-wide municipal merger of 2001 and not long before the municipal election of that same year, it was the product of a merger between the Montreal Citizens' Movement and a group of suburban politicians who backed Gérald Tremblay for mayor. Tremblay was the party's first mayoral candidate and was elected with 49% of the vote over incumbent Pierre Bourque, he was re-elected in 2005 with 54% of the vote against the same candidate, again in 2009 over Vision Montreal's Louise Harel and Projet Montreal's Richard Bergeron.
In May 2007, Tremblay announced. He unveiled a new party logo. Instead of the yellow and blue logo used by the party from 2001 to 2007, a new multicolored symbol that represents Montreal's diversity would take place; the new label consisted of five vertical stripes, each bearing one of the letters of the word UNION. During a hearing at the Charbonneau Commission on October 1, 2012, construction industry contractor Lino Zambito alleged that Union Montreal received a sum equivalent to three per cent of the value of sewerage rehabilitation contracts awarded by the City of Montreal to a mafia-linked cartel. On October 30, 2012, a former Union Montreal party organizer alleged that Mayor Tremblay was involved in illegal financing with the mafia, he claimed that Tremblay knew of these dubious financial practices and did not want to be made aware of them. These statements caused a series of negative reactions from the spokespeople of all the provincial political parties. Following the allegations, Tremblay announced.
On November 5, 2012, Tremblay announced that he was resigning as mayor, was leaving politics. Following his resignation, Union Montreal councillors Frantz Benjamin, Michael Applebaum, Lionel Perez, Susan Clarke, Marvin Rotrand, Christian Dubois, Daniel Bélanger, Ginette Marotte, Alain Tassé and Frank Venneri all left the party to sit as independents. Seven more city and borough councillors resigned in February 2013, including the entire borough council of Anjou; the party selected Richard Deschamps as its new candidate for Mayor of Montreal in the council vote on November 16. However, Deschamps was defeated 31 to 29 by Applebaum, who pledged to run a non-partisan coalition council in which members of all parties, as well as the bloc of independents, would share seats on the Montreal Executive Committee. However, Applebaum was arrested in April 2013 and charged with 14 counts including fraud and breach of trust. Applebaum stepped down the following day and was succeeded by another temporary mayor, not from Union Montreal.
On May 9, 2013, the party declared its intention to apply for dissolution, with the remaining members becoming independents. In the runup to the 2013 municipal election campaign, several of its former members rallied around the candidacy of Denis Coderre, who attracted support from former Vision Montréal councillors and others. Coderre became mayor in November 2013. Union Montreal's initial plan to apply for dissolution was withdrawn by September 2013, as it decided to stay in existence until the resolution of the Charbonneau commission. Quebec's director general of elections proceeded with the dissolution process in September 2013 because the party had neither named a new chief nor provided a list of its members, both of which are mandatory to maintain party status. In November 2013, a Quebec appeals court ruled; the decision was reiterated in February 2015 in Quebec Superior Court. The party is no longer active politically. Victories are indicated with bold fonts. Union Montreal official website
Montreal City Council
The Montreal City Council is the governing body in the mayor–council government in the city of Montreal, Quebec. The head of the city government in Montreal is the mayor, first among equals in the city council; the council is a democratically elected institution and is the final decision-making authority in the city, although much power is centralized in the executive committee. The council consists of 65 members from all boroughs of the city; the council has jurisdiction over many matters, including public security, agreements with other governments, subsidy programs, the environment, urban planning, a three-year capital expenditure program. The city council is required to supervise, standardize or approve certain decisions made by the borough councils. Shed near Pointe a Callieres 1642 - as town hall Chateau Maisonneuve?? Palais de l’Intendance 1698-1713? Chateau Ramezay 1760-1774 Maison Beaujeu Bonsecours Market - home to city hall and council from 1852 to 1878 Old Montreal Courthouse 1922-1926 Montreal City Hall - 1878-1922.
The decision-making powers of the executive committee cover, in particular, the awarding of contracts or grants, the management of human and financial resources and buildings. It may be assigned further powers by the city council. Standing committees are the council's prime instruments for public consultation, they are responsible for the public study of pending matters and for making the appropriate recommendations to the council. They review the annual budget forecasts for departments under their jurisdiction. A public notice of meeting is published in both French and English daily newspapers at least seven days before each meeting. All meetings include a public question period; the standing committees, of which there are seven, have terms lasting two years. In addition, the city council may decide to create special committees at any time; each standing committee is made up of seven to nine members, including a chairman and a vice-chairman. The members are all elected municipal officers, with the exception of a representative of the government of Quebec on the public security committee.
The current city council consists of the mayor and 64 elected city councillors, including borough mayors. Unlike most Canadian cities, the city of Montreal has political parties; each borough is divided into between two and five districts, has a different system of representation depending on its population. Each borough has a five-member borough council, consisting of the borough mayor, any city councillors, in certain boroughs additional borough councillors, as follows: The most recent election was the Montreal municipal election, 2017, in which Valérie Plante's Projet Montréal has won 34 out of 65 available seats, she has become the new mayor of Montréal. November 20, 2017: Jean-François Parenteau, borough mayor of Verdun, leaves Équipe Denis Coderre to sit as an independent, upon taking a position on the executive council. See the members of the Montreal Executive Committee Contact information for city councillors. Ville de Montréal
Valérie Plante is a Canadian politician serving as the 45th and current Mayor of Montreal since 2017. First elected to Montreal City Council in the 2013 election, she has served as leader of the Projet Montréal party since December 2016, she was Projet Montréal's candidate for mayor in the 2017 municipal election, was elected Mayor of Montreal on November 5, 2017. She is the first woman to be elected mayor of Montreal, having been preceded only by councillor Jane Cowell-Poitras's two brief stints as acting mayor following mayoral resignations in the early 2010s and by the ceremonial appointment of Lise Payette as mayor of the city for one day to mark the International Women's Year in 1976. Plante was born in Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec on June 14, 1974, she spent a year in Ontario as a teenager to learn English. In 1994 she moved to Montreal to attend university, receiving a degree in anthropology in 1997, another in museology in 2001, she worked for a number of non-profit organizations, most notably as communications director of the Girls Action Foundation - Fondation Filles d'Action.
In the 1990s she worked as a tour guide at Vimy Ridge in France. In the Montreal municipal election, 2013, Plante was elected councillor for the Sainte-Marie district of the Ville-Marie borough, defeating former provincial minister and 2009 Montreal mayoral candidate Louise Harel, she was named opposition critic for downtown and for women's affairs. She was named vice-president of city council, as well as substitute mayor for Ville-Marie. In the fall of 2016, Plante announced her run for the leadership of Projet Montréal, she went on defeating Guillaume Lavoie. Valérie Plante was elected Mayor of Montreal on November 5, 2017, becoming the first woman to be elected in this position. Few had predicted that Plante would be able to take down the incumbent mayor, Denis Coderre, a former Liberal MP and cabinet minister, at the beginning of the campaign. Plante won over voters on a promise to improve public transit, alleviate traffic woes and make the city more family friendly. On election day, Plante won 51 percent of the vote, compared to 46 percent for Coderre.
Projet Montréal won a majority of seats on the city council. One of Plante's key campaign planks in the 2017 municipal election was the creation of a "Pink Line", a new Montreal Metro line to improve public transit service between downtown and on two axes to the boroughs of Montréal-Nord and Lachine. Plante has two children, she is married to an economist with the Centrale des syndicats du Québec. Valérie Plante, Mayor of Montréal
Marvin Rotrand is a Canadian politician. He serves as a member of Montreal City Council, representing the district of Snowdon. Rotrand has served on Montreal city council since 1982, thus is its dean. Rotrand was a member of the Montreal Citizens Movement, he left for the Coalition Démocratique in 1989. Latterly a member of Gerald Tremblay's Union Montréal political party, Rotrand quit to sit as an independent on November 15, 2012, following the corruption allegations against the party in the Charbonneau commission hearings. In the election of November 3, 2013, he was elected as a councilor for Coalition Montreal - Equipe Marcel Cote, of which he became interim leader. From 2002 to 2017, he served as the Vice-Chair of the Société de transport de Montréal and the president of its finance committee and of its customer service committee. Rotrand was evidently removed from that position without notice on an order from then-mayor Denis Coderre. During a municipal council meeting, Coderre confirmed the dismissal of Rotrand who had decided not to join the Équipe Denis Coderre party.
Coderre replaced Rotrand with Elsie Lefebvre, who had won the last election under the Coalition Montreal party, but left it to join Coderre's party. Both Coderre and Lefebvre lost in the subsequent election. Rotrand was restored in 2017 to the STM's board of directors by then-incoming mayor Valerie Plante. In 2018, Rotrand was ousted from the Société de transport de Montréal board, stated that his termination may be due to opposition to Plante’s Projet Montréal administration. Rotrand was awarded a prize by the Canadian Urban Transit Association for Distinguished Service to Transit in Canada. Born in Montreal, son of a Holocaust survivor, Rotrand holds a Bachelor of Arts in history from Sir George Williams University and a Bachelor of Education from McGill University. Prior to becoming a city councillor, he was a high school history teacher. Marvin Rotrand CDN-NDG Borough council STM Profile: Marvin Rotrand
Michel Bissonnet, MNA is a Canadian politician who served as Liberal member and President of the National Assembly of Quebec. Bissonnet obtained a license in law at Université de Montréal in 1976 and was admitted to the Barreau du Québec the following year. Prior to his years as a lawyer, he worked for the City of Montreal for 17 years in various positions including archivist and assistant office manager. Bissonnet was involved in the federal New Democratic Party and its Quebec wing, the defunct Nouveau Parti démocratique du Québec, he was a candidate in the 1967 federal by-election for that party in the district of Papineau. He finished third with 15% of the vote. Liberal candidate André Ouellet was elected, he ran as an Action Laval candidate for the city council of Laval in 1969 and served as mayor of Saint-Léonard from 1978 to 1981. Bissonnet ran as the Liberal candidate in the district of Jeanne-Mance in the 1981 election, he was re-elected in the 1989, 1994 and 1998 elections. He won re-election in the merged district of Jeanne-Mance–Viger in 2003 and 2007.
He served as Vice-President of the National Assembly during his third term of office from 1989 to 1994, Assistant Whip of the Opposition from 1994 to 1997 and Third Vice-President of the National Assembly during his fifth term from 1999 to 2003. He became the President of the National Assembly after the Liberal victory in 2003. In 2007, Bissonnet was reconfirmed as President of the National Assembly. In July 2008, Bissonnet announced that he would leave provincial politics and run again for the mayoral position of Saint-Léonard, now a borough of Montreal following the 2002 amalgamation, he had become of the longest serving MNA of the 38th National Assembly though he had never been appointed to the Cabinet. Bissonnet ran under Montreal Mayor Gérald Tremblay's Union Montreal label. An election had been called to fill the position in the aftermath of the resignation of Frank Zampino. Bissonnet was elected with 94.3% of the vote in September 2008, against Livio DiCelmo of Projet Montréal. In the 2013 Montreal municipal elections, he was re-elected borough mayor of Saint-Léonard under Équipe Denis Coderre.
National Assembly of Quebec Politics of Quebec "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours. National Assembly of Quebec
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Anjou is a borough of the city of Montreal. Prior to its 2002 merger it was a city known as Ville d'Anjou; the borough is located in the eastern end of the island of Montreal. The borough retained its former municipality logo, although the borough's logo is used on fleet vehicles without Montreal's logo. On fleet vehicles, the text reads "Ville de Montréal, arrondissement Anjou." The borough is bordered to the north and east by Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles, to the south by Mercier—Hochelaga-Maisonneuve and Montréal-Est, to the west by Saint Leonard, at the northwestern corner by Montréal-Nord. It has an area of 13.60 km² and a population of nearly 42,000. The borough is traversed by Autoroute 40 and Autoroute 25. Among other attractions, it contains the large Les Galeries d'Anjou shopping mall; the entire borough is located within the federal riding of Honoré-Mercier, within the provincial electoral district of Anjou. Following the November 5, 2017 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors: The Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île operates French-language public schools.
The secondary school is the École secondaire d'Anjou. Primary schools Albatros Cardinal-Léger Chénier Des Roseraies Jacques-Rousseau St-Joseph Wilfrid-PelletierThe English Montreal School Board operates Anglophone public schools: Dalkeith Elementary SchoolThe borough has two libraries of the Montreal Public Libraries Network: Haut-Anjou and Jean-Corbeil. Municipal reorganization in Quebec