UFC 69: Shootout was a mixed martial arts event held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on Saturday, April 7, 2007 at the Toyota Center in Houston, Texas. UFC 69: Shootout was the first UFC event held in the state of Texas; the card was headlined by heavy favorite Georges St-Pierre defending his welterweight title against The Ultimate Fighter 4 welterweight winner Matt Serra. The co-main event was a rematch held between top welterweight contenders Josh Koscheck and then-undefeated Diego Sanchez. Sanchez defeated Koscheck by split decision in the semi-finals of the original Ultimate Fighter 1 series in the middleweight division. UFC President Dana White announced the signing of former PRIDE FC heavyweight champion Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira during the broadcast. During UFC 69, light heavyweights Tito Ortiz and Rashad Evans were in a brief ringside altercation. Fighters were awarded $30,000 bonuses. Fight of the Night: Roger Huerta vs. Leonard Garcia Knockout of the Night: Matt Serra Submission of the Night: Kendall Grove Ultimate Fighting Championship List of UFC champions List of UFC events 2007 in UFC Official website Official UFC 69 website UFC 69 Fight Card Josh Koscheck Interview UFC 69 Review
The Ultimate Fighter 2
The Ultimate Fighter 2 was the second season of the mixed martial arts reality television series The Ultimate Fighter. The season featured a heavyweight and a welterweight division, with 9 fighters in each division; the UFC coaches for this season were welterweight and middleweight champions Matt Hughes and Rich Franklin. Season 1 coach and former UFC champion Randy Couture hosted and designed the team challenge segments, which if won would allow the winning team to pair a fighter from their team against another in elimination matches; the finale aired on November 5, 2005, it set a ratings record for the UFC with a 2.0 overall rating. This season featured no coaches' fight because Hughes and Franklin had refused to fight each other, owing to their friendship. Although released on DVD in 2005, it has been set for re-release on September 18, 2007. For many years, Season 2 was the only season where all fights that took place were considered as professional MMA bouts by the Nevada State Athletic Commission.
However, this has been changed and they are now considered to be exhibition bouts. Matt Hughes, head coach of blue team Rich Franklin, head coach of green team Team Franklin Welterweights: Jorge Gurgel, Marcus Davis, Anthony Torres, Melvin Guillard Heavyweights: Keith Jardine, Seth Petruzelli, Rashad Evans, Brad Imes Team Hughes Welterweights: Joe Stevenson, Josh Burkman, Sammy Morgan, Luke Cummo Heavyweights: Mike Whitehead, Dan Christison, Rob MacDonald, Tom Murphy Unassigned Kenny Stevens, Kerry Schall, Eli Joslin.* Burkman was replaced by Von Flue due to injury on episode 2. Hosts: Dana White, Randy Couture Narrator: Mike Rowe Episode 1: A New Crop Matt Hughes and Rich Franklin are introduced as the new coaches. Heavyweight Kerry Schall is eliminated due to a knee injury. Eli Joslin chooses to leave the show, citing his reasons as not being able to handle the camera environment at the house. Kenny Stevens calls out Sammy Morgan to fight. Stevens forfeits his match saying. Episode 2: The Teams Are Picked Dan Christison joins the show to replace the injured Schall.
A coin is flipped and Franklin chose to pick the first fighter. Team Hughes wins the welterweight challenge. Josh Burkman defeated Melvin Guillard by unanimous decision after three rounds. Episode 3: No Pain, No Grain Josh Burkman is forced to leave the competition after breaking his arm in the match with Melvin Guillard. Rob MacDonald complains about his shoulder which he claims he injured badly, his constant complaining upsets Team Hughes Hughes himself. Jason Von Flue joins the show to replace Burkman. Team Hughes wins the heavyweight challenge. Brad Imes defeated Rob MacDonald by submission at 4:07 of the first round. Episode 4: Strategy Team Franklin wins the welterweight challenge. Joe Stevenson defeated Marcus Davis by submission at 4:10 of the first round. Episode 5: Leave It In The Octagon Team Hughes wins the heavyweight challenge. Rashad Evans defeated Tom Murphy by unanimous decision after three rounds. Evans causes controversy by "showboating" at various stages of the fight, much to the chagrin of opposing coach Hughes.
White states. Episode 6: Slugfest Hughes expresses disgust at Rashad Evans' actions in the octagon during the previous episode. Evans laments that Hughes was someone that he once respected and quotes Bernie Mac's "be yourself" line from House Party 3. Team Hughes wins the welterweight scarecrow challenge after the green team forfeits to save their fighters. Jason Von Flue defeated Jorge Gurgel by unanimous decision after three rounds. Episode 7: No Respect Hughes does not seem to care about Jason Von Flue winning his fight with Gurgel and is playing cards in the locker room while the doctors look at Von Flue. Matt Hughes says in an interview that if Von Flue had lost, he would not have cared or considered it a loss. Team Franklin wins the heavyweight mud wrestling challenge. After receiving stitches from his fight, Von Flue does not receive any congrats from Team Hughes when he returns to the house. Hughes sends Von Flue over to Team Franklin for reshuffling. Von Flue is upset about this because he won his fight, curses Hughes.
Seth Petruzelli defeated Dan Christison by unanimous decision after three rounds. Episode 8: Knees And Elbows Team Hughes wins the welterweight "Randy Says" challenge after Jason Von Flue and Anthony Torres fail to obey Couture's directions. Franklin sends Brad Imes to Team Hughes for reshuffling. Luke Cummo defeated Anthony Torres by unanimous decision after three rounds. Episode 9: Mental Game Team Hughes wins the heavyweight challenge resoundingly. Brad Imes is passed over for a fight due to a cut over his eye received in training, so Whitehead is chosen to fight instead. Rashad Evans defeats Mike Whitehead by unanimous decision after three rounds; the fight leaves the blue team and White shocked due to Whitehead's lackluster effort. White says that he choked "To the point where there is 10 seconds left and he just stops fighting, I've never seen that."Episode 10: Killer Instinct After his loss to Rashad Evans, Mike Whitehead tells his team that he is done fighting. White asks him what happened because Whitehead was the favorite to win the whole thing and he replies "I guess I'm not a fighter
A triangle choke, or sankaku-jime in judo, is a type of figure-four chokehold that strangles the opponent by encircling the opponent's neck and one arm with the legs in a configuration similar to the shape of a triangle. The technique is a type of lateral vascular restraint that constricts the blood flow from the carotid arteries to the brain; the triangle choke was seen in early kosen judo competition. While details of its origin are unknown, it is associated to Yaichibei Kanemitsu and his apprentice Masaru Hayakawa, who featured the first registered use of the move in a kosen judo tournament in Kobe, Hyogo in November 1921. Earlier names for the technique would have been matsuba-gatame, sankaku-garami or sankaku-gyaku before settling down on sankaku-jime. According to Kanemitsu himself, a primitive version of the move had been shown by Takenouchi-ryū master Senjuro Kanaya around 1890, though it was a simpler form of neckscissors without the posterior triangle action; the sankaku-jime was adopted and endorsed by important judokas like Masami Oyama, soon met plenty of use both in kosen judo and mainstream judo.
Tsunetane Oda, a fellow kosen judoka, demonstrated the technique on video and is credited with the creation of the move in some sources. The first reported variation was the front triangle choke or mae-sankaku-jime, applied from the position known in modern times as guard after a pull down or hikikomi. Another variation was the horizontal yoko-sankaku-jime, performed from the side. Martial arts historian Toshiya Masuda has attributed its innovation to Masahiko Kimura, who would have created it during the Takudai kosen judo tournament at Takushoku University and accomplished prolonged success with it, though he deems probable that Kimura only popularized the variation instead of creating it; the inverted variation or ushiro-sankaku-jime seen in modern judo competition, was the next addition, preceding many others. Among those variations, the front triangle is favored by practitioners of Brazilian jiu-jitsu. According to a popular belief maintained by Romero Cavalcanti, the technique was introduced in Brazilian jiu-jitsu by Rolls Gracie after finding it in a judo book.
Márcio "Macarrão" Stambowsky, named by Rickson Gracie as one of the earliest Brazilian competitors to popularize the concept, has credited Rolls. Other sources, like Toshiya Masuda and Roberto Pedreira, believe it might have been introduced in Brazil much earlier by Yasuichi and Naoichi Ono, disciples of Yaichibei Kanemitsu himself, as well as other judo practitioners like Ryuzo Ogawa. Rolls trainee Mario Tallarico lends credibility to this theory; the triangle choke was first shown in mixed martial arts on December 16, 1994, when Royce Gracie used a front triangle to defeat Dan Severn and win the UFC 4 tournament. This variation has remained as the most seen in MMA, although the side or inverted triangle has been used. More complex holds, like Chris Lytle's inverted mounted triangle/straight armbar combination at UFC 116 in 2010, have surfaced. Tactically speaking, the triangle choke is a effective counterattack employed from the bottom position applied from the guard, or open guard; the choke can be applied in the mount, side mount and back mount positions by more advanced grappling practitioners.
The need for isolation of one arm could be a rationale for the frequency with which it is attempted in mixed martial arts and combat sports due to the brief vulnerability of one arm while executing hand strikes against an opponent in one of the aforementioned positions. To escape a triangle choke, the defending practitioner must first elevate the head so as the preclude the full force of the submission, subsequently the practitioner must bring his arm away from opposition with his own carotid artery. Once out of immediate danger of loss of consciousness, the practitioner can concentrate reversing or escaping the figure-four lock. In mixed martial arts, it is possible for the defender to lift the person applying the choke and slamming them down with a powerbomb to get them to release the hold. In the film Lethal Weapon, Mel Gibson's character Martin Riggs uses the triangle choke on a villain Mr. Joshua played by actor Gary Busey. Rorion Gracie is credited as the film’s special technical advisor: Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
In the film Abduction, Taylor Lautner's character uses the triangle choke on an antagonist. In the film Haywire, Gina Carano's character uses the triangle choke on Michael Fassbender's character. During a school fight in the anime Ikki Tousen, the character Ryomou Shimei uses the triangle choke on another character, Hakufu. In the 2013 film Oblivion, Tom Cruise's character subdues Tech 52 with a triangle choke, to avoid injuring him. Paul Walker, a practitioner of Brazilian Ju Jitsu, attempted to triangle Vin Diesel's character in the Fast and Furious series. In episode 5 of Game of Thrones: A Telltale Game Series, a pit fighter named'Bloodsong' uses this technique while on supine position to choke Asher, one of the 5 playable protagonists in the game. In episode 3 of the God Eater anime, Alisa Illinichina Amiella uses the triangle choke on Lenka Utsugi, the main protagonist. In Assassination Classroom, Nagisa uses the flying triangle on Karma; the Triangle by Rigan Machado with David Meyer ISBN 0-9754768-0-7 Arm triangle choke List of judo techniques Ground fighting Triangle Choke Instructional Videos
Elizabeth, New Jersey
Elizabeth is both the largest city and the county seat of Union County, in New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 124,969, retaining its ranking as New Jersey's fourth most populous city, behind Paterson; the population increased by 4,401 from the 120,568 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 10,566 from the 110,002 counted in the 1990 Census. For 2017, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated a population of 130,215, an increase of 4.2% from the 2010 enumeration, ranking the city the 212th-most-populous in the nation. In 2008, Elizabeth was named one of "America's 50 Greenest Cities" by Popular Science magazine, the only city in New Jersey selected. Elizabeth called "Elizabethtown" and part of the Elizabethtown Tract, was founded in 1664 by English settlers; the town was not named for Queen Elizabeth I as many people may assume, but rather for Elizabeth, wife of Sir George Carteret, one of the two original Proprietors of the colony of New Jersey.
She was the daughter of 3rd Seigneur de Sark and Anne Dowse. The town served as the first capital of New Jersey. During the American Revolutionary War, Elizabethtown was continually attacked by British forces based on Manhattan and Staten Island, culminating in the Battle of Springfield which decisively defeated British attempts to gain New Jersey. After independence, it was from Elizabethtown that George Washington embarked by boat to Manhattan for his 1789 inauguration. There are numerous monuments of the American Revolution in Elizabeth. On March 13, 1855, the City of Elizabeth was created by an act of the New Jersey Legislature and replacing both Elizabeth Borough and Elizabeth Township, subject to the results of a referendum held on March 27, 1855. On March 19, 1857, the city became part of the newly created Union County. Portions of the city were taken to form Linden Township on March 4, 1861; the first major industry, the Singer Sewing Machine Company came to Elizabeth and employed as many as 2,000 people.
In 1895, it saw one of the first car companies, when Electric Carriage and Wagon Company was founded to manufacture the Electrobat, joined soon by another electric car builder, Andrew L. Riker; the Electric Boat Company got its start building submarines for the United States Navy in Elizabeth, New Jersey, beginning with the launch of USS Holland in 1897. These pioneering naval craft were developed at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard in Elizabeth between the years 1896–1903. Elizabeth grew in parallel to its sister city of Newark for many years, but has been more successful in retaining a middle-class presence and was spared riots in the 1960s. On September 18, 2016, a backpack holding five bombs was discovered outside NJ Transit's Elizabeth train station. One bomb detonated accidentally when a bomb squad robot failed to disarm the contents of the backpack. Police were unsure if this event was related to bombs in Seaside Park, New Jersey and Manhattan that had exploded the previous day. On September 19, police arrested Ahmad Khan Rahami, a 28-year-old Afghan-born naturalized U.
S. citizen, for questioning in connection with all three incidents. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 13.464 square miles, including 12.319 square miles of land and 1.145 square miles of water. Elizabeth is bordered to the southwest by Linden, to the west by Roselle and Roselle Park, to the northwest by Union and Hillside, to the north by Newark. To the east the city is across the Newark Bay from Bayonne in Hudson County and the Arthur Kill from Staten Island, New York; the borders of Elizabeth and Staten Island meet at one point on Shooters Island, of which 7.5 acres of the island is owned by Elizabeth, though the island is managed by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. The Elizabeth River is a waterway that courses through the city for 4.2 miles and is channelized, before draining into the Arthur Kill. Midtown occasionally known as Uptown, is the main commercial district and a historic section as well, it includes the First Presbyterian Church and St. John's Episcopal Church, its St. John's Episcopal Churchyard.
The First Presbyterian Church was a battleground for the American Revolution. Located here are the 1931 Art Deco Hersh Tower, the Thomas Jefferson Arts Academy, the Ritz Theatre, operating since 1926. Midtown/Uptown includes the area once known as "Brittanville" which contained many English type gardens. Bayway borders the City of Linden. From US 1&9 and Allen Street, between the Elizabeth River and the Arthur Kill, it has maintained a strong Polish community for years. Developed at the turn of the 20th century, many of the area residents once worked at the refinery which straddles both Elizabeth and Linden. There are unique ethnic restaurants and stores along Bayway, a variety of houses of worship. Housing styles are older and well maintained. There are many affordable two to four-family housing units, multiple apartment complexes; the western terminus of the Goethals Bridge, which spans the Arthur Kill to Staten Island can be found here. A small section of the neighborhood was isolated with both the completion of the Goethals Bridge in 1928 and the construction of the New Jersey Turnpike in the 1950s.
This section known as "Relocated Bayway" will soon be a memory and piece of histor
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
In alternative medicine, urine therapy or urotherapy, is the application of human urine for medicinal or cosmetic purposes, including drinking of one's own urine and massaging one's skin, or gums, with one's own urine. There is no scientific evidence to support its use. Though urine has been believed useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in several traditional systems, mentioned in some medical texts, auto-urine therapy as a system of alternative medicine was popularized by British naturopath John W. Armstrong in the early 20th century. Armstrong was inspired by his family's practice of using urine to treat minor stings and toothaches, by a metaphorical reading of the Biblical Proverb 5:15 "Drink waters out of thine own cistern, running waters out of thine own well", his own experience with ill-health that he treated with a 45-day fast "on nothing but urine and tap water". Starting in 1918, Armstrong prescribed urine-therapy regimens that he devised to many thousands of patients, in 1944 he published The Water of Life: A treatise on urine therapy, which became a founding document of the field.
Armstrong's book sold and in India inspired the writing of Manav mootra by Gandhian social reformer Raojibhai Manibhai Patel, many works. These works reference Shivambu Kalpa, a treatise on the pharmaceutical value of urine, as a source of the practice in the East, they cite passing references to properties and uses of urine in Yogic-texts such as Vayavaharasutra by Bhadrabahu and Hatha Yoga Pradapika by Svatmarama. However, according to medical anthropologist Joseph Atler, the practices of sivambu and amaroli recommended by modern Indian practitioners of urine therapy are closer to the ones propounded by Armstrong than traditional ayurveda or yoga, or the practices described in Shivambu Kalpa. Urine-therapy has been combined with other forms of alternative medicine. For example, in her book Your Own Perfect Medicine: The Incredible Proven Natural Miracle Cure that Medical Science Has Never Revealed!, Martha M. Christy describes homeopathic preparations of urine and their uses, says that they are "extremely potent".
An exhaustive description of the composition of human urine was prepared for NASA in 1971. Urine is an aqueous solution of greater than 95% water; the remaining constituents are, in order of decreasing concentration: urea 9.3 g/L, chloride 1.87 g/L, sodium 1.17 g/L, potassium 0.750 g/L, creatinine 0.670 g/L and other dissolved ions and organic compounds. It has been claimed that Thai people have been practicing urophagia for a long time, although the Department of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine say there is no record of the practice. There is no scientific evidence of a therapeutic use for untreated urine. Urinating on jellyfish, bee stings, sunburn and blood vessel bursts is a common “folk remedy”, however Scientific American reports that it may be counterproductive, as it can activate nematocysts remaining at the site of the sting, making the pain worse. Urine and urea have been claimed by some practitioners to have an anti-cancer effect, urotherapy has been offered along with other forms of alternative therapy in some cancer clinics in Mexico.
According to the American Cancer Society, "available scientific evidence does not support claims that urine or urea given in any form is helpful for cancer patients". Zhang et al report. In 1978, the Prime Minister of India, Morarji Desai, a longtime practitioner of urine therapy, spoke to Dan Rather on 60 Minutes about urine therapy. Desai stated that urine therapy was the perfect medical solution for the millions of Indians who cannot afford medical treatment. Cameroon's Health Minister Urbain Olanguena Awono warned people against drinking their own urine, believed in some circles to be a tonic and cure for a number of ailments. "Given the risks of toxicity associated with ingesting urine", he wrote, "the health ministry advises against the consumption of urine and invites those who promote the practice to cease doing so or risk prosecution."British actress Sarah Miles drank her own urine for over thirty years, in claiming the belief that it immunizes against allergies, amongst other health benefits.
Former Major League Baseball player Moisés Alou urinates on his hands to alleviate calluses, which he claims allows him to bat without using batting gloves. Madonna explained to talk show host David Letterman that she urinates on her own feet in the shower to help cure her athlete's foot problem. Mixed martial arts fighter Lyoto Machida revealed in an interview, his father, Yoshizo Machida, admitted he got Lyoto to start doing that after he couldn't get rid of his cough three years earlier. Boxer Juan Manuel Márquez drank his own urine during a filmed training session for the HBO series 24/7 promoting the Marquez/Mayweather fight, he revealed that he believed the practice was of great nutritional benefit aiding his intensive workouts. List of questionable cancer treatments List of topics characterized as pseudoscience Urinalysis - tests performed on the urine for the sake of medical diagnosis Panchgavya - one of several uses of cow urine in Ayurveda Premarin - a drug manufactured by purification from horse urine Fecal bacteriotherapy Urine therapy, Martin Gardner, Skeptical Inquirer, May–June 1999
UFC Ultimate Fight Night 5
Ultimate Fight Night 5 was a mixed martial arts event held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on June 28, 2006. The event took place at Hard Rock Hotel and Casino, in Las Vegas and was broadcast live on Spike TV in the United States and Canada; the show served as the lead-in for the premiere of Blade: The Series. This event featured the UFC debut of future middleweight champion Anderson Silva and featured the first of 2 fights between future welterweight stars Jon Fitch and Thiago Alves; the disclosed fighter payroll for the event was $197,000. Fight of the Night: Jonathan Goulet vs. Luke Cummo Knockout of the Night: Anderson Silva Submission of the Night: Rob MacDonald Ultimate Fighting Championship List of UFC champions List of UFC events 2006 in UFC