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Lumen (anatomy)

In biology, a lumen is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine. It comes from Latin lumen, meaning'an opening', it can refer to: The interior of a vessel, such as the central space in an artery, vein or capillary through which blood flows. The interior of the gastrointestinal tract The pathways of the bronchi in the lungs The interior of renal tubules and urinary collecting ducts The pathways of the female genital tract, starting with a single pathway of the vagina, splitting up in two lumina in the uterus, both of which continue through the fallopian tubesIn cell biology, a lumen is a membrane-defined space, found inside several organelles, cellular components, or structures: thylakoid, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondrion, or microtubule Transluminal procedures are procedures occurring through lumina, including: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery in the lumina of, for example the stomach, bladder, or colon Procedures through the lumina of blood vessels, such as various interventional radiology procedures: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty Percutaneous transluminal commissurotomy Foramen, any anatomical opening Thylakoid lumen

King Niko

King Niko is an indie rock band from Salt Lake City, composed of Benjamin Moffat, Ransom Wydner, Timothy Rawcliffe, Zachary Sloan and Reid Laitinen. King Niko has played with bands like Loverboy, Say Anything, Thirty Seconds to Mars, Anberlin, Neon Trees and Panic! at the Disco. King Niko first got together in April 2009 when guitarist Benjamin Moffat decided he wanted to start a dance-rock band that would "make chicks dance." Moffat recruited fellow Salt Lake City musicians Tim Rawcliffe and Zachary Sloan, with whom he had played in other bands, Ransom Wydner who he knew through a relative. After their first practice, the band decided that they wanted a more modern feel and brought on Andrew Sullivan to play keys. King Niko's first performance was May 20, 2009, their first EP, "Gorgeous and Gory," was recorded in August 2009 and released in October 2009. The song "Katrina Sleepover" became popular on Salt Lake City's largest rock radio station, X96, the band was offered an opening spot for Say Anything and 30 Seconds to Mars that November.

King Niko played a number of high-profile shows in 2010 before recording their second release, "The French Accent EP," which experienced similar radio success and was well-reviewed by local media. In August 2010, Andrew Sullivan was replaced on keys by Reid Laitinen. In February 2011 King Niko was named the 2011 City Weekly Music Awards Band of The Year by Salt Lake City Weekly; this title got the attention of Rockfish Records who offered King Niko a recording and distribution deal for their song "Intentions" as part of a promotion agreement. "Intentions" is the band's most successful song to date in terms of radio play, prompting King Niko and Rockfish Records to decide to continue recording together. In June 2011, King Niko began touring the Western United States. In October 2011 King Niko performed for an estimated 8,000 attendees of the 2011 X96 Big Ass Show with Panic! at the Disco, Neon Trees, Switchfoot, The Airborne Toxic Event, She Wants Revenge, Sleeper Agent and locals The Suicycles and Brogan Kelby.

With Panic! at the Disco's vocalist Brendon Urie hospitalized, King Niko front man Ransom Wydner joined Tyler Glenn of Neon Trees on stage as guest vocalists. Gorgeous and GorySurvival Tippy Toes Wildfire Casualty Soul Sister Katrina SleepoverThe French Accent EPKink The Comedown French Accent"Intentions"Intentions Official Website

Yuanshan, Yilan

Yuanshan Township is a rural township in the western part of Yilan County, Taiwan. Area: 111.91 km2 Population: 32,377 The township comprises 16 villages: Hubei, Hudong/Hutung, Neicheng, Shangde, Tongle, Yixian, Yuanshan, Zhenshan and Zhonghua. Fushan Botanical Garden Jim and Dad's Brewery Kavalan Distillery Yuanshan Park The nearest train station to the township is Yilan Station of the Taiwan Railway Administration, located in Yilan City. Highway Provincial Highway 7:Northern Cross-Country Highway Prov 7d Bus List of bus routes in Yilan Kamalan Bus Inc. 751 Yilan Transfer Station - Baomin Temple 752 Yilan Transfer Station - Taipei Veterans General Hospital Yuanshan Branch 753 Yilan Transfer Station - Shuanglian Pond 755 Yilan Transfer Station - Wanglongpo Kuo-Kuang Motor Transportation G12 Yilan Transfer Station - Songluo G15 Yilan Transfer Station - Da Jiao Xi 1785 Yilan Transfer Station - Waiyuanshan - Zuntou 1786 Yilan Transfer Station - Shengou - Neicheng 1789 Yilan Transfer Station - Zhensha - Dajiaoxi Yang Li-hua, opera performer Yuanshan Township Office Yuanshan Veterans Hospital

Jungle (Professor Green song)

"Jungle" is a song by British rapper Professor Green, released as the fourth and final single from his debut studio album, Alive Till I'm Dead. The track features vocals from Irish singer Maverick Sabre; the single was released was on 3 January 2011. The track won an award for "Best Dancefloor Filler" at the 2011 NME Awards; the music video for "Jungle" was shot in Green's hometown of London. Green revealed; the video was released on 9 November 2010. The song was remixed by Klashnekoff, Wretch 32 and Malik of MD7; the remix was released on 19 January 2011 as a free download through Green's Twitter as part of his #FridayFreeness series. "Jungle" debuted on the UK Singles Chart on 19 December 2010 at number 62. The following week, the single climbed 7 places to number 55. Upon official release the week after, "Jungle" jumped 22 places to number 33; the single made a debut on the UK R&B Chart on 5 December 2010, where following a further six weeks on the chart reached a peak of number 9. On 16 January, the single climbed a further 2 places to peak at number 31.

Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Christopher Salmon Patterson

Christopher Salmon Patterson was a Canadian Puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Canada. Born in London, the son of John and Ann Patterson, he studied at the Royal Belfast Academical Institution in Ireland. In 1845, he emigrated to Canada West, Canada, he was moved to Toronto in 1856 and practised law. In 1874, he was appointed to the Ontario Court of Appeal. In 1888, he was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada in 1888, he served until his death in 1893. Patterson Township, Ontario is named in his honour. Supreme Court of Canada Biography

Bank Handlowy

Bank Handlowy or Citi Handlowy is a Polish bank based in Warsaw, established in 1870. It is one of the oldest banks in Europe, it is the 10th largest bank in Poland in terms of assets, 18th in terms of number of outlets. It is operating under the brand name Citi and is owned by Citigroup, its current headquarters is in the Jabłonowski Palace. It was founded in 1870 by a group of bourgeoisie financiers and intelligentsia; the initiator was the financier Leopold Stanisław Kronenberg. The first president of the bank was Jozef Zamoyski. By 1872, the bank had branches and offices in St Petersburg, Berlin, Gdańsk, Szczecin and Łódź, representative offices in Włocławek, Płock, Grójec, Guzów, Lublin and Rawa Mazowiecka. In subsequent years, it opened branches in other cities, including Sosnowiec, Częstochowa and Kalisz. In the early years of the twentieth century the bank was the largest private bank in Polish lands and one of the few leading financial services to trade with Russia and Western Europe. During this period, the bank's turnover fluctuated at the level of 2 billion rubles, greater than the sum of the budget of the Russian Empire.

The bank made a significant contribution to the construction of the railway network and major industrial plants in the Polish Kingdom. In the 1920s and 1930s the bank represented the Polish government's assets in numerous international companies, notably the Danzig Shipyard; the bank did not stop its activities during the two world wars, it only limited activity. During World War II, the bank's branches in the areas annexed by Germany were liquidated, while those in the General Government operated under the strict control of the occupation authorities. Reactivated in 1945, the bank was cooperative; as one of the three banks which escaped formal nationalization after the war, it was subjected to controls of a government commissioner and the state took a significant amount of shares. During the People's Republic of Poland it was one of two banks, operating as a joint stock company. After 1945, the bank was the main Polish foreign correspondent bank, in 1964 it received the official monopoly on Polish foreign trade transactions.

This resulted as a consequence of the construction of the then-largest Polish financial institutional network of correspondent banks, opening a branch in London, foreign representative offices in New York City, Belgrade and Berlin, affiliation in Vienna and Frankfurt. After 1989, the bank lost a privileged position in foreign trade and began to transform into a commercial bank, opening a number of branches around the country. During the political transformation, the bank had played a significant role in the scandal of the Foreign Debt Service Fund Zbigniew Masłowski, the Director of the Commercial Bank in Luxembourg in the years 1985 - 1990, tried to oppose this practice. A large number of foreign exchange operations conducted by FOZZ were only through the bank. An inspection of the bank by the Supreme Audit Office, led by Inspector Halina Ładomirska in 1991-1992 revealed numerous irregularities; the report shows that during the period of foreign exchange market control, they were operated to the detriment of the Polish economy with estimated losses during these two years of 5-10 billion dollars.

In 1997, the bank was privatized. In 2001 Bank Handlowy merged with Citibank SA; the largest shareholder is Citibank, NA. Since June 1997, Bank Handlowy has been listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, is listed on the WIG20 index. 1870-1871 – Józef Zamoyski 1872-1878 – Leopold Stanisław Kronenberg 1878-1880 – Juliusz Wertheim 1881-1887 – Stanisław Leopold Kronenberg 1888-1926 – Leopold Julian Kronenberg 1927-1931 – Stanisław Sebastian Lubomirski 1932-1939 – August Zaleski 1939-1944 – Józef Żychliński 1945-1946 – Stanisław Wachowiak 1947-1948 – Jerzy Jurkiewicz 1949-1951 – Zygmunt Karpiński 1951-1956 – Jakub Prawin 1956-1966 – Michał Rola-Żymierski 1967-1968 – Stanisław Majewski 1968-1973 – Henryk Kisiel 1974-1977 – Witold Bień 1978-1980 – Marian Krzak 1981-1986 – Witold Bień 1986-1988 – Andrzej Dorosz 1989-1990 – Janusz Sawicki 1991-1996 – Andrzej Olechowski 1996-1998 – Grzegorz Wójtowicz 1998-2000 – Andrzej Olechowski 2000-2012 – Stanisław Sołtysiński 2012- – Andrzej Olechowski Zbigniew Landau, Jerzy Tomaszewski: Bank Handlowy w Warszawie S.

A. Zarys dziejów 1870-1995, MUZA S. A. Warszawa 1995 Citi Handlowy homepage