Lund is a city in the province of Scania, southern Sweden. The town had 91,086 inhabitants in 2017, out of a municipal total of 121,510 in 2018, it is the seat of Skåne County. Lund is believed to have been founded around 990. From 1103 it was the see of the Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Lund, the towering Lund Cathedral, built circa 1090–1145, still stands at the centre of the town; the city was ceded to Sweden in the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, its status as part of Sweden was formalised in 1720. Lund University, established in 1666, is today one of Scandinavia's oldest and largest institutions for education and research; the university and its buildings dominate much of the centre of the city, have led to Lund becoming a centre for high-tech industry in the south of Sweden. Lund is sometimes mentioned as the oldest town or city in present-day Sweden, although it has only been a formal Swedish city for 300 years of its at least thousand year long history. It's so old that its origins are unclear, but was existing by the end of the Viking Age.
Until the 1980s, the town was thought to have been founded around 1020 by either Sweyn I Forkbeard or his son Canute the Great of Denmark. The area was part of the kingdom of Denmark. But, recent archaeological discoveries suggest that the first settlement dated to circa 990 the relocation of settlers at Uppåkra; the Uppåkra settlement dates back to the first century B. C. and its remains are at the present site of the village of Uppåkra. King Sweyn I Forkbeard moved Lund to a distance of some five kilometres; the new location of Lund, on a hill and across a ford, gave the new site considerable defensive advantages in comparison with Uppåkra, situated on the highest point of a large plain. The city was made a see in 1048 and united with Dalby in 1060, in 1103 became the see of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Lund, whose ecclesiastical province comprised Scandinavia and Garðar on Greenland; the diocese of nearby Dalby was absorbed in 1066. Lund Cathedral was founded in or shortly after 1103. In 1152, the Norwegian archdiocese of Nidaros was founded as a separate province of the church, independent of Lund.
In 1164 Sweden acquired an archbishop of its own, although he was nominally subordinate to the archbishop of Lund. It is still, as the diocese of Lund, a diocese in the Church of Sweden. Lund Cathedral School was founded in 1085 by the Danish king Canute the Saint; this is one of the oldest in Northern Europe. Many prominent people were educated there, among them the actor Max von Sydow and several high-ranking politicians. Lund was ceded to Sweden in 1658 as part of the terms of the Treaty of Roskilde, it was recaptured by Denmark in 1676 during the early phases of the Scanian War. The exceptionally bloody Battle of Lund was fought just north of the city in 1679, ended in a decisive Swedish victory. Sweden's control over Scania, hence Lund, was formalised by treaty in 1720. Scandinavia's first University, the Academy of Lund was founded in 1425, it was suppressed during the Danish Reformation in 1536. The present Lund University was established in 1666. In 1943, during the Second World War, Lund was accidentally bombed by a British aircraft.
No deaths were reported. Over the second half of the 20th century the population of Lund more than doubled, driven in large part by the growth of the university and high-tech industries. For example, Tetra-Pak, the food packaging and processing company, was founded in Lund in 1952. Suburbs were added to the outer edges of the city: Klostergården, Norra fäladen and Linero in the 1960s, Norra Nöbbelöv in the 1970s, Gunnesbo in the 1980s and Värpinge in the 1990s. Lund is located in Sweden's largest agricultural district, in the south-west of Scania, less than ten kilometres from the sandy shore of the Öresund Strait, its location on the south-facing slope of the Romeleåsen horst leads to the city rising from the low-lying Höje River in the south to 86 metres above mean sea level in the north. From the top of the Sankt Hans Hill it is possible to see the capital of Denmark; the nearest large Swedish city, Malmö, is about 15 kilometres to the south-west. Other Swedish cities are more distant: Gothenburg is 250 kilometres away, the capital Stockholm is 600 kilometres distant, Umeå lies 1,200 kilometres to the north.
The central region of Lund retains its medieval street layout. A few buildings from the Middle Ages remain, including Lund Cathedral, Liberiet, St. Peter's Priory, the restaurant Stäket and Krognoshuset. Many of the buildings in the centre today were constructed in the late 1800s, including Katedralskolan, the Grand Hotel and the main building and library of Lund University. Lund city contains a number of squares; the main city square, Stortorget contains numerous shops. Mårtenstorget, located south-east of the main square, hosts a market during the daytime and is otherwise used for parking. In earlier times the square was known as Oxtorget. Alongside the railway and associated station are Bantorget, Knut den Stores Torg and Clementstorg; the latter hosts a small market and is planned to be the central terminus of the tramway under construction. Lund's most central park is Lundagård, together with the adjoining University square forms the centre of the University; the park is dominated by historic buildings including Lu
Lund University is a public university ranked among the world's top 100 universities. The university, located in the city of Lund in the province of Scania, arguably traces its roots back to 1425, when a Franciscan studium generale was founded in Lund next to the Lund Cathedral. After Sweden won Scania from Denmark in the 1658 Treaty of Roskilde, the university was founded in 1666 on the location of the old studium generale next to Lund Cathedral. Lund University has eight faculties, with additional campuses in the cities of Malmö and Helsingborg, with 40,000 students in 270 different programmes and 1 300 freestanding courses; the University has some 600 partner universities in nearly 70 countries and it belongs to the League of European Research Universities as well as the global Universitas 21 network. Two major facilities for materials research are in Lund University: MAX IV, a world-leading synchrotron radiation laboratory – inaugurated in June 2016, European Spallation Source, a new European facility that will provide up to 100 times brighter neutron beams than existing facilities today, to be opened in 2023.
The university centers on the Lundagård park adjacent to the Lund Cathedral, with various departments spread in different locations in town, but concentrated in a belt stretching north from the park connecting to the university hospital area and continuing out to the northeastern periphery of the town, where one finds the large campus of the Faculty of Engineering. The city of Lund has a long history as a center for learning and was the ecclesiastical centre and seat of the archbishop of Denmark. A cathedral school for the training of clergy was established in 1085 and is today Scandinavia's oldest school; the university traces its roots back to 1425, when a Franciscan studium generale was founded in Lund next to the Lund Cathedral, making it the oldest institution of higher education in Scandinavia followed by studia generalia in Uppsala in 1477 and Copenhagen in 1479. After Sweden won Scania from Denmark in the 1658 Treaty of Roskilde, the university was founded in 1666 on the location of the old studium generale next to Lund Cathedral.
The studium generale had not survived the Lutheran Reformation of 1536, why the university is considered a separate institution when founded in 1666. After the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, the Scanian lands came under the possession of the Swedish Crown, which founded the University in 1666 as a means of making Scania Swedish by educating teachers in Swedish, to culturally integrate the Scania region with Sweden; the university was named Academia Carolina after Charles X Gustav of Sweden until the late 19th century, when Lund University became the widespread denomination. It was the fifth university under the Swedish king, after Uppsala University, the University of Tartu, the Academy of Åbo, the University of Greifswald; the university was at its founding granted four faculties: law, theological and philosophy. They were the cornerstones, for more than 200 years this system was in effect. Towards the end of the 17th century, the number of students hovered around 100; some notable professors in the early days were a juridical historian.
The Scanian War in 1676 led to a shut-down, which lasted until 1682. The university was re-opened due to regional patriots, but the university was not to enjoy a high status until well into the 19th century. Lecturing rooms were few, lectures were held in the Lund Cathedral and its adjacent chapel; the professors were underpaid. In 1716, Charles XII of Sweden entered Lund, he stayed in Lund in between his warlike expeditions. Lund and the university attracted a temporary attention boost; the most notable lecturer during this time was Andreas Rydelius. Peace was restored with the death of Charles XII in 1718, during the first half of the 18th century the university was granted added funds; the number of students was now well around 500. Despite not being on par with Uppsala University, it had still built a solid reputation and managed to attract prominent professors. Around 1760 the university reputation dropped as the number of students fell below 200, most of whom hailed from around the province.
However, by 1780 its reputation was restored, continued to rise through the 1820s. This was owing to popular and well-educated lecturers in philology. He, in turn, attracted others towards Lund. One of these was the young theological student C. G. Brunius, who studied ancient languages under Tegnér and were to become professor of Greek. With time he was to devote himself to architectures and he redesigned several of Lund's buildings, as well as churches of the province. In 1845 and 1862 Lund co-hosted Nordic student meetings together with the University of Copenhagen. A student called. In the early 20th century, the university had a student population as small as one thousand, consisting of upper-class pupils training to become civil servants and doctors. In the coming decades it started to grow until it became one of the country's largest. In 1964 the social sciences were split from the Faculty of Humanities. Lund Institute of Technology was established in 1961 but was merged with Lund University eight years later.
In recent years, Lund University has been popular amon
Lund, British Columbia
Lund is a small craft harbour and unincorporated village in Powell River District, British Columbia, Canada. It is along the northern part of the Strait of Georgia on the mainland BC coast; the main landmark in the village is the Lund Hotel, established in 1905. By boat from Lund, the Copeland Islands and Desolation Sound, are nearby. Lund is home to many shops and services including a general store, a restaurant overlooking the water and adventure tourism stores, Nancy's Bakery, a favourite of locals and tourists. Lund was named by brothers Frederick and Charles Thulin, who came from Tryserum near Valdemarsvik, Sweden; when they settled at the harbour in December 1889, they named it after Lund, because it was Swedish and easy for non-Scandinavians to pronounce. When they arrived, there were native homes around the harbour; the Thulins built a store and in 1892 a post office was added followed by the first licensed hotel north of Vancouver two years later. Logging and fishing were the source of income in the early years.
Transportation was by water. A second hotel, called the Malaspina, was built by the Thulins; when the original hotel was destroyed by a forest fire in 1918, the newer hotel, which continues to operate in the village, was renamed the Lund Hotel. A paved road leading south to Vancouver was completed in 1954 and coastal steamer service ended two years later; the original wharf built by the Thulins was damaged by a storm in 1954 and replaced by a government wharf. Lund is the northern terminus of Highway 101; the highway is locally known as the Sunshine Coast Highway. Powell River is 22 kilometres south by road, from where BC Ferries offers service to Comox on Vancouver Island to the west across the Strait of Georgia. Transportation is available from Powell River by private aircraft or scheduled service with Pacific Coastal Airlines, which offers half-hour flights to Vancouver. Road access to Vancouver to the south involves two ferry crossings of fjords along the Sunshine Coast. Lund harbour provides marine vessel access including regular water taxi service to Savary Island and is accessible by chartered float plane.
As an unincorporated community, municipal government is provided by the Powell River Regional District. Lund is a part of the North Island-Powell River federal riding. Rachel Blaney, of the New Democratic Party of Canada, is the Member of Parliament, she was elected to represent the riding in the 2015 federal election. Nicholas Simons of the NDP was elected to represent Lund as part of the Powell River-Sunshine Coast constituency in the 2005 BC general election and re-elected in 2009 and in 2013. Lund, British Columbia travel guide from Wikivoyage Lund Harbour Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Small Craft Harbour, Retrieved October 1, 2006 Lund, Harbour Authority Association of BC Retrieved October 1, 2006 Lund Hotel, retrieved October 1, 2006 and see their history page
Lund is a borough and district in the city of Kristiansand in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is the second largest borough in the city after Vågsbygd. In 2015, the population was about 30,000. Lund is divided into 4 districts: Lund, Justvik, Ålefjær. Lund lies to the East of the river Otra; the borough of Oddernes lies to the east and the boroughs of Kvadraturen and Grim lie to the west. North of the borough is the municipality of Vennesla; the University of Agder is located at Lund along with Kristiansand Cathedral School. The Church of Norway has three churches in Lund: Lund Church, Justvik Church, Oddernes Church. Oddernes Church was one of the first churches to be built in Kristiansand. There are two bridges connecting Lund to Kvadraturen: "Lundsbroa" and "Oddernesbrua". Before Oddernesbrua was built, the Lundsbroa the main way to the east. Today, the Oddernesbrua is a part of the European route E18 highway, the bridge ends in a tunnel; the Lundsbroa is a part of Fylkesvei 471, which joins up with the E18.
Public transportation is available by bus, all local buses headed eastbound have more than one stop at Lund. There are buses that go "deeper" into Lund. Line 13 Grimsmyra-Lund goes to Kuholmen in Lund, a place south of Lund, while Line 19 Suldalen-Lund UiA, follows Riksvei 471 to the University. Lund Church is a church at Valhalla in the Lund district; the church has a capacity of 600 people and there is no graveyard with the church. It is built out of bricks. Oddernes Church is located with the university, it was built when Lund was a part of the former municipality Oddernes, which today is a borough in the city. Though Oddernes church is not located at Oddenres, it has kept the name such as other landmarks around the city where Oddernes used to be; the church was built in 1630 but a new roof was built in 1788. The church has a capacity of 510 people and there is a graveyard located with the church, it is the oldest building in Kristiansand and Vest-Agder. Justvik Church was built in 1996 with no graveyard with the church.
European route E18 is a highway. While other roads like County Road 471 goes from the University to downtown Kristiansand; as for County Road 1 ends in Lund centrum. County Road 1 goes next to Otra river
Lunds & Byerlys
Lunds & Byerlys are upscale supermarkets in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metro area of Minnesota, they are operated by Lund Food Holdings, Inc.. As of 2018, there are 27 locations in the Twin Cities area as well as another in St. Cloud, MN, its services include Caribou Coffee. Lunds and Byerly's were competing companies until 1997, they continued to operate under their individual names until April 2015, when the stores were rebranded Lunds & Byerlys. In 2006, they launched its online grocery shopping service. Shoppers have the option of either picking up their groceries at certain stores or having it delivered to their home. Lunds was founded as Hove's in the early twentieth century at the corner of Lake Street and Hennepin Avenue in the Uptown neighborhood of Minneapolis. Russell Lund, Sr. an employee, took an equity stake in the cheese and cracker department in 1922 and after founding a popcorn business, a larger stake in 1939. The chain took the Lunds name in 1964. 1939 Minneapolis 1942 Edina 1967 Richfield 1969 Minnetonka 1983 St. Paul 1984 Wayzata 1994 Bloomington 2001 Plymouth 2006 Orono 2006 Minneapolis 2012 Minneapolis 2013 Prior Lake 2014 Wayzata 2014 St. Paul The company was founded in 1968 by Don Byerly, who opened the first store in Golden Valley, Minnesota.
Byerly's opened fourteen other stores in the metro area. Byerly's stores, which range in size from 50,000 to 90,000 square feet, were open 24 hours a day. Store hours are now open 6 am to 12 am. Byerly's locations offer in-store United States Post Offices, full-service banks, coffee shops, floral departments, wines & spirits shops, in-store Byerly's restaurants. All Byerly's branded restaurants have now closed, but a restaurant named "Minnesota Grill" still operates out of the Roseville store location offering limited Lund's and Byerly's food items; the store is known for its deli and bakery. Byerly's is viewed as high-end grocery shopping, prices are therefore similar to other retail stores selling the same brands. Product quality however is the core focus of Lunds & Byerlys and the prices reflect higher quality products. In April 1997, the company was purchased by Lund Food Holdings, Inc. parent company of Edina-based Lunds. 1968 Golden Valley 1971 St. Paul 1973 Edina 1977 St. Cloud 1980 St. Louis Park 1982 Minnetonka 1986 Bloomington 1987 Roseville 1988 Burnsville 1994 Chanhassen 1996 Eagan 1999 Maple Grove 2006 Minneapolis 2014 Woodbury 2014 Eden Prairie.
2015 Minnetonka 2018 White Bear Lake Lunds & Byerlys website
Lund Highway is a road connecting Cedar City to the ghost town of Lund in Iron County, Utah. Although it is classified as a minor collector, it was once an important connection between the Union Pacific Railroad at Lund and the national parks of southern Utah and northern Arizona; the Lund Highway begins at an intersection with SR-56 in western Cedar City. It travels north through farmland before turning northwesterly through wide open terrain with only a few small access roads intersecting the highway before it comes to its end in the ghost town of Lund; the State Road Commission designated a state highway connecting Cedar City with Lund in August 1912. The purpose was to connect Cedar City with the nearest railroad station, that of the Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad at Lund. A connecting road—now known as Gap Road—running west from the county seat at Parowan through Hieroglyphic Canyon to the Cedar City–Lund road was added to the state highway system in December 1915. In 1919, the state legislature redefined the state highway system to include only a short list of roads and any federal aid projects.
The road to Cedar City was kept since it was improved with federal aid, the road to Parowan was dropped, but restored in 1921. The Union Pacific Railroad began to promote a "circle tour" connecting Bryce Canyon National Park, Cedar Breaks National Monument, Zion National Park, the North Rim of the Grand Canyon National Park in 1922. A new Cedar City Branch from Lund shortened the off-railroad distance, allowing the Utah Parks Company, a Union Pacific subsidiary that operated the tour buses and park lodging, to begin at Cedar City. Passenger trains on the branch operated only during the summer, while railroad-operated bus service on the Lund-Cedar City state highway ran year round; the state legislature designated the roads connecting Lund to SR-1 at both Cedar City and Parowan as State Route 19 in 1927, in 1931 the Parowan branch was split off, first as SR-128 and in 1933 as State Route 127. A second connection between SR-19 and SR-1, following Midvalley Road past Enoch, became State Route 199 in 1935 but was given back to the county in 1943.
SR-127 was removed from the state highway system in 1953 and SR-19 in 1969, automobiles having supplanted railroads as the preferred method of vacation travel. The entire route is in Iron County
Lund Municipality is a municipality in Skåne County, southern Sweden. Its seat is located in the city of Lund; as most municipalities in Sweden, the territory of Lund Municipality consists of a lot of former local government units, united in a series of amalgamations. The number of original entities is 22. At the time of the nationwide municipal reform of 1952 the number had been reduced to six. In 1967 the rural municipality Torn (itself created in 1952 was added to Lund; the City of Lund was made a unitary municipality in 1971 and amalgamated with Dalby, Genarp, Södra Sandby and Veberöd in 1974 completing the process. Dalby Söderskog, one of Sweden's national parks, is located within the municipality between Dalby and Lund. There are nine urban areas in Lund Municipality. In the table the urban areas are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2010; the municipal seat is in bold characters. The municipality is twinned with the following local government areas: Statistics Sweden Lund Municipality - Official site