The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Lasers is the third studio album by American rapper Lupe Fiasco, released on March 7, 2011 by Atlantic Records. Production for the album took place between 2008 and 2010. Lasers features production by The Audibles, The Neptunes, Alex da Kid and long-time collaborator Soundtrakk, among others. Trey Songz, John Legend, Skylar Grey, Matt Mahaffey, MDMA, Eric Turner and Sarah Green contribute vocals to the album. Lasers was preceded by the lead single "The Show Goes On" and its follow-up "Words I Never Said" featuring Skylar Grey; the former became Fiasco's highest charting song on the Billboard Hot 100 and has been certified double Platinum in the US. The latter, only achieved moderate success on the Hot 100; the album has received "mixed reviews" from most major music critics, having a score of 57 out of 100 at the review aggregator Metacritic. It fared better commercially however, debuting at number one on the US Billboard 200 with first-week sales of over 200,000 copies sold, making the album Fiasco's second top ten album as well as his highest entry on the chart.
Lupe Fiasco was going to release a triple album, titled LupE. N. D. as his third and final record, but his contract with Atlantic Records prevented him from doing so. From he postponed LupE. N. D. Indefinitely and intended on releasing an album tentatively titled The Great American Rap Album in June 2009. Instead, the album was postponed and he announced that a new album was in the works titled We Are Lasers and changed to Lasers. "Lasers" is a backronym for "Love Always Shines Everytime, Remember 2 Smile". Referring to the title of the album, Fiasco has stated: "I've always had that word in my head, I'm a word guy, and I thought'lasers' would be a dope name for an album, so when I came up with it I just put it in my'think-tank' and let it evolve and came up with different meanings for it. That’s why I made it an acronym to give it a new mould, a new understanding, but still playing off the idea that it's bringing light to different circumstances, what I try and do - bringing understanding and light and awareness to different projects that are going on in the world, and'L.
A. S. E. R. S' is no different. In 2010, to promote the message of the album, Fiasco released a viral video onto the internet titled "The L. A. S. E. R. S. Manifesto", which can be found on the official website; the manifesto reads: On January 4, 2011, Billboard revealed two guest appearances on Fiasco's album Lasers. The guests confirmed were British rapper Sway. In the interview with Billboard, Fiasco expressed his thoughts on music piracy and fighting track leaks on various blogs. Speaking about the problems with his record label, Fiasco has stated: "I think I set the precedent for record labels — showed everyone that you can have rappers that don't fit the format and still have a presence You look at a person like me, or Kanye, it was sort of a shock to the system. I think I was part of changing that, an influence to a lot dudes that are coming out today."In a 2011 interview with MTV UK, Fiasco said that the album "doesn’t have a storyline, whereas The Cool was a concept album and this is more just a collection of songs that share some of the same tones, just positivity and consciousness.
Some of the records are controversial, but it’s less cohesive than The Cool." Talking about the album with Details, Fiasco has stated that he wanted to make "a popular record but by my definition of popular an uprising of the people". He has stated that the creation of the album was "a painful, fucked-up process."In a February 2011 interview with Complex, Fiasco has stated: Speaking about the album with the Chicago Sun-Times, Fiasco has stated: "Lasers is a great album. I'm happy with the record. I feel I got to say what I wanted with -- It doesn't make up for what it took to get through it. It's still being argued and debated upon.... The climate of this record was weird, in some instances surreal. I became abstract. I had to create this commercial art. I had to acquiesce to certain forces. Within that I snuck in some things I wanted to say any way I can." In an interview with The Guardian, Fiasco has expressed that during the recording process of the album he has dealt with depression and suicidal thoughts: "It was mentally destructive.
I say it with a certain laissez-faire. I was super-depressed suicidal, at moments medium suicidal – and if not suicidal, willing to just walk away from it all completely." Lupe Fiasco had announced on Twitter that the album was complete and was waiting for Atlantic Records to release it. A fan awaiting the release of the album, put together an online petition with the help of Rhymestyle from the "LupEND Blog" fan site, demanding that Atlantic Records release Lasers, due to the fact that the album was announced for a 2010 release and at the time still did not have a release date; the petition garnered considerable attention on hip hop blog sites and attained over 5,000 signatures on its first day. In response to the petition, Lupe Fiasco released a song titled "B. M. F." as a gift for his fans. The story was featured on many websites, including CNN and MTV. On October 7, 2010, Lupe Fiasco posted a picture of himself with Atlantic president, Julie Greenwald. On October 8, Atlantic Records revealed that the release date for Lasers would be March 8, 2011.
Though the release date of the album had been confirmed prior, a number of fans protested outside Atlantic Records' offices in New York City on October 15, 2010. Protest co-organizer Matthew La Corte has told The
Atlantic Recording Corporation is an American record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson. Over its first 20 years of operation, Atlantic earned a reputation as one of the most important American labels, specializing in jazz, R&B, soul by Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, Wilson Pickett and Dave, Ruth Brown and Otis Redding, its position was improved by its distribution deal with Stax. In 1967, Atlantic became a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, now the Warner Music Group, expanded into rock and pop music with releases by Led Zeppelin and Yes. In 2004, Atlantic and its sister label. Craig Kallman is the chairman of Atlantic. Ahmet Ertegün served as founding chairman until his death on December 14, 2006, at age 83. In 1944, brothers Nesuhi and Ahmet Ertegun remained in the United States when their mother and sister returned to Turkey after the death of their father Munir Ertegun, Turkey's first ambassador to the U. S; the brothers were fans of jazz and rhythm & blues, amassing a collection of over 15,000 78 RPM records.
Ahmet ostensibly stayed in Washington to undertake post-graduate music studies at Georgetown University but immersed himself in the Washington music scene and entered the record business, enjoying a resurgence after wartime restrictions on the shellac used in manufacture. He convinced the family dentist, Dr. Vahdi Sabit, to invest $10,000 and hired Herb Abramson, a dentistry student. Abramson had worked as a part-time A&R manager/producer for the jazz label National Records, signing Big Joe Turner and Billy Eckstine, he had no interest in its most successful musicians. In September 1947, he sold his share in Jubilee to his partner, Jerry Blaine, invested $2,500 in Atlantic. Atlantic was run by Abramson and Ertegun. Abramson's wife Miriam ran the label's publishing company, Progressive Music, did most office duties until 1949 when Atlantic hired its first employee, bookkeeper Francine Wakschal, who remained with the label for the next 49 years. Miriam gained a reputation for toughness. Staff engineer Tom Dowd recalled, "Tokyo Rose was the kindest name some people had for her" and Doc Pomus described her as "an extraordinarily vitriolic woman".
When interviewed in 2009, she attributed her reputation to the company's chronic cash-flow shortage: "... most of the problems we had with artists were that they wanted advances, and, difficult for us... we were undercapitalized for a long time." The label's office in the Ritz Hotel in Manhattan proved too expensive, so they moved to a room in the Hotel Jefferson. In the early fifties, Atlantic moved from the Hotel Jefferson to offices at 301 West 54th St and to 356 West 56th St. Atlantic's first recordings were issued in late January 1948 and included "That Old Black Magic" by Tiny Grimes and "The Spider" by Joe Morris. In its early years, Atlantic concentrated on modern jazz although it released some country and western and spoken word recordings. Abramson produced "Magic Records", children's records with four grooves on each side, each groove containing a different story, so the story played would be determined by the groove in which the stylus happened to land. In late 1947, James Petrillo, head of the American Federation of Musicians, announced an indefinite ban on all recording activities by union musicians, this came into effect on January 1, 1948.
The union action forced Atlantic to use all its capital to cut and stockpile enough recordings to last through the ban, expected to continue for at least a year. Ertegun and Abramson spent much of the late 1940s and early 1950s scouring nightclubs in search of talent. Ertegun composed songs under the alias "A. Nugetre", including Big Joe Turner's hit "Chains of Love", recording them in booths in Times Square giving them to an arranger or session musician. Early releases included music by Sidney Bechet, Barney Bigard, The Cardinals, The Clovers, Frank Culley, The Delta Rhythm Boys, Erroll Garner, Dizzy Gillespie, Tiny Grimes, Al Hibbler, Earl Hines, Johnny Hodges, Jackie & Roy, Lead Belly, Meade Lux Lewis, Professor Longhair, Shelly Manne, Howard McGhee, Mabel Mercer, James Moody, Joe Morris, Art Pepper, Django Reinhardt, Pete Rugolo, Pee Wee Russell, Bobby Short, Sylvia Syms, Billy Taylor, Sonny Terry, Big Joe Turner, Jimmy Yancey, Sarah Vaughan, Mal Waldron, Mary Lou Williams. In early 1949, a New Orleans distributor phoned Ertegun to obtain Stick McGhee's "Drinking Wine, Spo-Dee-O-Dee", unavailable due to the closing of McGhee's previous label.
Ertegun knew Stick's younger brother Brownie McGhee, with whom Stick happened to be staying, so he contacted the McGhee brothers and re-recorded the song. When released in February 1949, it became Atlantic's first hit, selling 400,000 copies, reached No. 2 after spending six months on the Billboard R&B chart – although McGhee himself earned just $10 for the session. Atlantic's fortunes rose rapidly: recorded 187 songs were recorded in 1949, more than three times the amount from the previous two years, received overtures for a manufacturing and distribution deal with Columbia, which would pay Atlantic a 3% royalty on every copy sold. Ertegun asked about artists' royalties, which he paid, this surprised Columbia executives, who did not, the deal was scuttled. On the recommendation of broadcaster Willis Conover and Abramson visited Ruth Brown at the Crystal Caverns club in Washington and invited her to audition for Atlantic, she was injured in a car accident en route to New York City, but Atlantic supported her for nine months and signed her.
Patrick Martin Stumph, known professionally as Patrick Vaughn Stump, is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actor. He is the lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist for the rock band Fall Out Boy from Wilmette, Illinois, his solo work has been described as "funky and R&B infused", while Billboard noted him as "one of the best voices in pop punk". Fall Out Boy has achieved four top ten singles on the US Billboard Hot 100 and four number one albums on the Billboard 200, firstly with Infinity on High in 2007, again in 2013 with Save Rock and Roll, 2015 with American Beauty/American Psycho, 2018 with Mania. Stump has collaborated with other artists and has produced albums for artists including Cobra Starship and Gym Class Heroes. After Fall Out Boy's hiatus in late 2009, Stump released his debut solo album, Soul Punk, on October 18, 2011, it was preceded by the six-song EP titled Truant Wave on February 22, 2011. He toured in the Europe in support, he returned to Fall Out Boy in 2013 with the album Save Rock and Roll, the EP PAX AM Days.
In January 2015, the sixth album American Beauty/American Psycho was released, while in January 2018 their seventh album Mania was released, both debuting at No.1 on the Billboard 200. Stump was born in Evanston, Illinois to David, a folk singer, Patricia Stumph, an accountant, he is the youngest of three children. He grew up in Glenview and attended Glenbrook South High School, his parents divorced. He grew up with a passion for music stating, "I was always playing music... it was always kind of present." He played the drums in various local Chicago power violence and hardcore punk bands, including Public Display Of Infection, Xgrinding processX, and, for two shows, Arma Angelus. His musical idols growing up included Michael Jackson, Elvis Costello, Tom Waits, Nat King Cole. Fall Out Boy's founding guitarist Joe Trohman met Stump over a mutual musical interest, introduced Stump to bassist Pete Wentz. After auditioning as the drummer, Stump became the lead singer and guitarist for the band. Trohman and Stump switch between lead and rhythm guitar in recording sessions and at live shows, although Stump views himself as more of a rhythm guitarist because of his drumming background.
He is the lead vocalist and primary composer for the band, with bassist Pete Wentz taking lyrical duties. The band's first mini-LP, Fall Out Boy's Evening Out with Your Girlfriend, was released in March 2003 on Uprising Records, they released their first full-length album, Take This to Your Grave on Fueled by Ramen on May 6, 2003. In the same year, Stump decided to professionally drop the "h" in his surname to reduce mispronunciations. In 2003, Stump and his fellow band members went on to sign with Island Records, released the acoustic-based EP My Heart Will Always Be the B-Side to My Tongue CD and DVD in 2004 to hold fans over while the group recorded their major label debut; the EP debuted at No. 153 on Fall Out Boy's first entry on that chart. It peaked at No. 5 on the Billboard Heatseeker Albums and No. 10 on the Billboard Independent Albums. This was followed by their third studio album, From Under the Cork Tree released on May 3, 2005, the band's mainstream breakthrough, it has since been certified double platinum by the RIAA, with a sales total of more than 2.5 million.
It peaked at No. 9 on the Billboard 200, becoming the band's first top-10 album. The chart-topping lead single "Sugar, We're Goin Down" reached No. 8 on the Hot 100 and received heavy airplay rotation at Pop and Alternative radio. The album's second single, "Dance, Dance" enjoyed mainstream success, peaking at No. 9 on the Hot 100 and becoming Fall Out Boy's second top-10 hit. It was certified platinum; the band toured in 2005 and 2006 in support of From Under the Cork Tree, including headlining Warped Tour, the Nintendo Fusion Tour, the Black Clouds And Underdogs tour, as well as playing a secret show under the name of Saved Latin at a small venue. Fall Out Boy was nominated for the Best New Artist Grammy Award in 2005. Fall Out Boy's third studio effort, Infinity on High, was released to major chart success in 2007, it debuted at No. 1 on the Billboard 200 chart with 260,000 sales, becoming the group's first No. 1 album and second top 10 release. It debuted atop other various Billboard charts and charted in the top five worldwide.
Infinity was spurred on by the lead single, "This Ain't a Scene, It's an Arms Race", which hit No. 2. "Thnks fr th Mmrs", the second single from the album, peaked at No. 11. Fall Out Boy toured all year worldwide in support of it, with arena gigs in the US. Folie à Deux was released in December 10, 2008, its sales were less than stellar in comparison to Infinity on High, but gave the band its third consecutive top 10 album and peaking at No. 8 on the Billboard 200 with 150,000 opening week sales. The lead single, "I Don't Care", went Platinum; the band was the opening act for Blink-182's reunion tour in 2009. They released their first greatest hits album, Believers Never Die – Greatest Hits that year, featuring all of their previous single releases, two new songs, including the single "Alpha Dog", two rarities. In late 2009 the band took an indefinite break to "decompress", with the band members embarking on various side projects, with Stump going solo and Hurley forming heavy metal supergroup The Damned Things, Wentz starting the electropop/experimental group Black Cards.
On February 4, 2013, Fall Out
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, developed from roots in blues and ragtime. Jazz is seen by many as "America's classical music". Since the 1920s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression, it emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African-American and European-American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes and response vocals and improvisation. Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms"; as jazz spread around the world, it drew on national and local musical cultures, which gave rise to different styles. New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles, biguine and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation.
In the 1930s arranged dance-oriented swing big bands, Kansas City jazz, a hard-swinging, improvisational style and Gypsy jazz were the prominent styles. Bebop emerged in the 1940s, shifting jazz from danceable popular music toward a more challenging "musician's music", played at faster tempos and used more chord-based improvisation. Cool jazz developed near the end of the 1940s, introducing calmer, smoother sounds and long, linear melodic lines; the 1950s saw the emergence of free jazz, which explored playing without regular meter and formal structures, in the mid-1950s, hard bop emerged, which introduced influences from rhythm and blues and blues in the saxophone and piano playing. Modal jazz developed in the late 1950s, using the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s, combining jazz improvisation with rock music's rhythms, electric instruments, amplified stage sound. In the early 1980s, a commercial form of jazz fusion called smooth jazz became successful, garnering significant radio airplay.
Other styles and genres abound in the 2000s, such as Afro-Cuban jazz. The origin of the word "jazz" has resulted in considerable research, its history is well documented, it is believed to be related to "jasm", a slang term dating back to 1860 meaning "pep, energy". The earliest written record of the word is in a 1912 article in the Los Angeles Times in which a minor league baseball pitcher described a pitch which he called a "jazz ball" "because it wobbles and you can't do anything with it"; the use of the word in a musical context was documented as early as 1915 in the Chicago Daily Tribune. Its first documented use in a musical context in New Orleans was in a November 14, 1916 Times-Picayune article about "jas bands". In an interview with NPR, musician Eubie Blake offered his recollections of the slang connotations of the term, saying, "When Broadway picked it up, they called it'J-A-Z-Z', it wasn't called that. It was spelled'J-A-S-S'; that was dirty, if you knew what it was, you wouldn't say it in front of ladies."
The American Dialect Society named it the Word of the Twentieth Century. Jazz is difficult to define because it encompasses a wide range of music spanning a period of over 100 years, from ragtime to the rock-infused fusion. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions, such as European music history or African music, but critic Joachim-Ernst Berendt argues that its terms of reference and its definition should be broader, defining jazz as a "form of art music which originated in the United States through the confrontation of the Negro with European music" and arguing that it differs from European music in that jazz has a "special relationship to time defined as'swing'". Jazz involves "a spontaneity and vitality of musical production in which improvisation plays a role" and contains a "sonority and manner of phrasing which mirror the individuality of the performing jazz musician". In the opinion of Robert Christgau, "most of us would say that inventing meaning while letting loose is the essence and promise of jazz".
A broader definition that encompasses different eras of jazz has been proposed by Travis Jackson: "it is music that includes qualities such as swing, group interaction, developing an'individual voice', being open to different musical possibilities". Krin Gibbard argued that "jazz is a construct" which designates "a number of musics with enough in common to be understood as part of a coherent tradition". In contrast to commentators who have argued for excluding types of jazz, musicians are sometimes reluctant to define the music they play. Duke Ellington, one of jazz's most famous figures, said, "It's all music." Although jazz is considered difficult to define, in part because it contains many subgenres, improvisation is one of its defining elements. The centrality of improvisation is attributed to the influence of earlier forms of music such as blues, a form of folk music which arose in part from the work songs and field hollers of African-American slaves on plantations; these work songs were structured around a repetitive call-and-response pattern, but early blues was improvisational.
Classical music performance is evaluated more by its fidelity to the musical score, with less attention given to interpretation and accompaniment. The classical performer's goal is to play the composition. In contrast, jazz is characterized by the product of i
Carl Terrell Mitchell, better known by his stage name Twista, is an American recording artist. He is best known for his chopper style of rapping and for once holding the title of fastest rapper in the world according to Guinness World Records in 1992, being able to pronounce 598 syllables in 55 seconds. In 1997, after appearing on Do or Die's hit single "Po Pimp", produced by The Legendary Traxster, Twista signed with Big Beat and Atlantic Records, where he released his third album Adrenaline Rush and formed the group Speedknot Mobstaz, in 1998, his 2004 album Kamikaze reached the top of the US Billboard 200 album chart, after the success of the Billboard Hot 100 #1 single "Slow Jamz". Carl Mitchell grew up in the K-Town area of the North Lawndale neighborhood on the West Side of Chicago and began rapping when he was 12. In 1992, Mitchell released his first album called Runnin' Off at da Mouth under the name Tung Twista, his second album, titled Resurrection, was set to be released in 1994, but due to problems with his record label at the time Atlantic Records and marketing issues involving fellow Chicago rapper Common's album of the same name, the album was only released in the city of Chicago and thus got little national attention.
In 1996 he teamed with Chicago producer The Legendary Traxster and Cwal's Do or Die on the track "Po Pimp" produced by The Legendary Traxster, which became a hit single. This led to a Cwal's label deal with Atlantic Records, which released Adrenaline Rush in 1997. Twista had by dropped the "Tung" from his stage name. Adrenaline Rush became Twista's first charting album, as it peaked at #77 on the Billboard Hot 200; the album spawned a Billboard Hot 100 hit in "Get It Wet" produced by The Legendary Traxster, which peaked at #96. In 1998 Twista teamed with other Chicago area rappers to form the Speedknot Mobstaz, they released their first album, Mobstability produced by The Legendary Traxster, in 1998. Twista formed his own Legit Ballin' label, which released two compilation albums: Legit Ballin' in 1999 and Legit Ballin' Vol. 2: Street Scriptures in 2001. The label released Respect The Game, Vol. 3 in 2002 and Volume 4: Tha Truth in 2006. In 2000, Twista collaborated with Ruff Ryders and Drag-On on the Ruff Ryders: Ryde or Die Vol. 2 album, on the track "Twisted Heat."
Beginning in 2002, Twista began recording his album Kamikaze with rappers like Kanye West and Ludacris. Kamikaze debuted at the top spot of the American Billboard 200 album chart, its first single "Slow Jamz", featured West and Jamie Foxx and became a number-one hit in the US. Other singles included "Overnight Celebrity" and "So Sexy"; the remix of the song "Jook Gal" by Elephant Man featured Twista and the YoungBloodZ. The Kamikaze album and its singles gave Twista a new level of success and rose his profile within the rap community. Twista's album The Day After was released in 2005, it featured the hit singles "Girl Tonite" featuring Trey Songz, "Hit the Floor" featuring Pitbull, "So Lonely" featuring Mariah Carey. His next album, Adrenaline Rush 2007 came out in 2007, its singles were "Give it Up" featuring Pharrell and "Creep Fast" featuring T-Pain. This album sold poorly compared to Twista's earlier albums. Twista appeared on the single "Hell No" from Monica's album fall 2006 The Makings of Me.
In 2008, Twista launched a new record label called "Get Money Gang Entertainment" and the album Category F5 with the hit, "Wetter". In 2009, Twista appeared on the single "Legendary" with fellow Chicago rappers AK47 of Do or Die and Saurus and Bones. Twista released his eighth solo album entitled, The Perfect Storm on Nov 9, 2010; the first single from the album, "Make a Movie" produced by The Legendary Traxster, featuring Chris Brown, was released on August 24, 2010. Two buzz singles were released, "I Do" produced by Traxster and "Heat" produced by fellow Chicago producers NO I. D. and The Legendary Traxster. The album features artists such as Waka Flocka Flame, Tia London, Ray J, others. Production on the album is by The Legendary Traxster along with Streetrunner, Tight Mike and NO I. D.. Twista discussed his new documentary, directed by Vlad Yudin and the making of The Perfect Storm, including his belief that artists need to do more than just record songs and that they need to become more involved with the community around them.
A documentary film, Mr. Immortality: The Life and Times of Twista, was released in November 2010. In January 2013, Twista was featured in a remix of Lil Reese's song "Traffic"; as of 2013, Twista was working on his ninth studio album entitled Dark Horse. He was rumored to be in the works of signing a record deal with Kanye West's music label GOOD Music, although in an interview with HipHopDX Twista denied the rumor; the first single was "Throwin My Money", featuring R. Kelly and produced by Chris Millionaire. Twista appeared on the song "Jewels N Drugs" by Lady Gaga on the album ARTPOP. "It's Yours" featuring Tia London was released on May 6, 2014 as the second single of the aforementioned album. It was serviced to urban contemporary radio in the United States on May 2014 by Capitol Records. Dark Horse released on August 12, 2014. Twista is featured on the song "Gossip" from When Music Worlds Collide released in May 2015. Twista appeared on ABC's To Tell the Truth in 2017. Twista had a daughter with his ex-wife.
During the holiday season in 2010, Twista and his GMG team worked together with Chicago Food Bank's Produce mobile program to feed hungry people in the community. On March 24, 2016 Twista was arrested on a misdemeanor charge of marij
Christopher Ryan Goss is an American record producer and musician. Best known for producing records for Kyuss and Queens of the Stone Age, he is regarded as an important figure in the development of stoner rock and desert rock genres. Goss is the lead singer and guitarist of the hard rock band Masters of Reality; as well as being the founding member of influential desert rock outfit Masters of Reality, Goss is well known for his production work on albums by Kyuss and Queens of the Stone Age. Credited as the Godfather of desert rock, Goss has on several occasions played down the importance of his role in this musical movement. In 1999 he stated, “I can't make any claim at all to inventing desert rock, or stoner rock, or whatever you want to call it. I make rock n roll records, try to make the listener feel like I did when I heard my favourite music.”In 2004, Goss highlighted what kind of music he created, “There's a bunch of weirdos that I work with all the time, we make what I call "out of whack" Rock records.
That's. When people want an "out of whack" weird Rock record, they call me, I take an "out of whack" amount of money to do it, I'm glad to be there. It's cool.”In late 2004, Chris Goss had to be hospitalized due to severe internal infection and the European leg of his tour in support of the new Masters of Reality album Give Us Barabbas had to be postponed indefinitely. After his recuperation, he joined Jeordie White and Zach Hill to release I Got a Brand New Egg Layin' Machine, a "mini LP" released under the name Goon Moon. Goss appeared with his longtime friend Josh Homme of Queens of the Stone Age as "The 5:15ers" at the "winter edition" of ArthurFest, performing an intimate set, "crafted in less than a month as the duo was a rather late addition to the Arthurball line-up as Sunday's headliner". Continuing with Goon Moon, Goss and Hill released a full-length album in May 2007 entitled Licker's Last Leg containing many guest artists synonymous with the desert rock scene. Goss joined Queens of the Stone Age and Billy Gibbons to perform "Burn the Witch" on Late Night with Conan O'Brien.
In 2014, filming completed in Las Vegas for Death in the Desert, a full-length movie for which Goss wrote an original song titled Only the Lonely, performed by singer Roxy Saint, who plays the character Corey in the full-length film, directed and produced by Saint's husband, Josh Evans. It stars Shayla Beesley and Paz de la Huerta; the movie is inspired by the book Death in the Desert by Cathy Scott, with the screenplay by John Steppling. Throughout his career Goss has worked with a wide range of musicians in various genres. 1989 – Masters of Reality by Masters of Reality 1992 – Blues for the Red Sun by Kyuss 1993 – Sunrise on the Sufferbus by Masters of Reality 1994 – Welcome to Sky Valley by Kyuss 1994 – All of Us by I Love You 1995 –... And the Circus Leaves Town by Kyuss 1995 – Marie Mozege by Les Super Stars 1996 – Dust by Screaming Trees 1996 – Leave the Story Untold by Soulwax 1996 – Daaly by Thione Seck 1996 – Tiny Music... Songs from the Vatican Gift Shop by Stone Temple Pilots 1996 – Amusing the Amazing by Slo Burn 1997 – How High the Moon: Live at the Viper Room by Masters of Reality 1998 – Holiday Man by The Flys 1998 – Gaslight by 30 Odd Foot of Grunts 1998 – Volumes 3 & 4 by Desert Sessions 1998 – Queens of the Stone Age by Queens of the Stone Age 1999 – Kimi No Oto Ga Kikoeru Basho by Bird 1999 – Welcome to the Western Lodge by Masters of Reality 2000 – Spirit\Light\Speed by Ian Astbury 2000 – Cocaine Rodeo by Mondo Generator 2000 – Rated R by Queens of the Stone Age 2000 – Muchas Gracias: The Best of Kyuss by Kyuss 2000 – Outta My Way by The Flys 2001 – Toasted by Fatso Jetson 2001 – Volumes 7 & 8 by The Desert Sessions 2001 – Deep in the Hole by Masters of Reality 2002 – Songs for the Deaf by Queens of the Stone Age 2003 – Flak'n' Flight by Masters of Reality 2003 – Tell Them Hi by Campfire Girls 2003 – Vol. 9&10 by The Desert Sessions 2003 – Atomic Ritual by Nebula 2003 – Here Comes That Weird Chill by Mark Lanegan Band 2003 – The Underground Personality Tapes by Roxy Saint 2004 – Never, Never Land by UNKLE 2004 – Give Us Barabbas by Masters of Reality 2004 – Bubblegum by the Mark Lanegan Band 2004 – Auf der Maur by Melissa Auf der Maur 2004 – Demon Crossing by Yellow #5 2004 – Mister Mental by The Eighties Matchbox B-Line Disaster 2005 – I Got a Brand New Egg Layin' Machine by Goon Moon 2005 – Lullabies to Paralyze by Queens of the Stone Age 2005 – Ocean of Confusion: Songs of Screaming Trees 1989–1996 by Screaming Trees 2007 – Licker's Last Leg by Goon Moon 2007 – The Cool by Lupe Fiasco 2007 – Era Vulgaris by Queens of the Stone Age 2007 – War Stories by UNKLE 2008 – It's OK to be Happy by Smith & Pyle 2008 – Neptune by The Duke Spirit 2008 – More Stories by UNKLE 2008 – End Titles...
Stories for Film by UNKLE 2009 – Pine/Cross Dover by Masters of Reality 2010 - Out of Our Minds by Melissa Auf der Maur 2010 – Where Did the Night Fall by UNKLE 2010 – Everyman and Woman Is a Star by The Cult 2011 – Enjoy Your Psychosis by Drums Are For Parades 2014 – Sonic Highways by Foo Fighters 2016 - Your Desert My Mind by The Mutants Goon Moon Masters of Reality Palm Desert Scene The Desert Sessions Chris Goss' homepage Chris Goss on Twitter 2006 Chris Goss interview with Brian D. Holland of Modernguitars.com. 2010 Extensive Audio Interview with Chris Goss on the Jekyll and Hyde Show, 106FM Jerusalem