Inner Ring Road (Shanghai)
Inner Ring Road known as Inner Ring Elevated Road, is an elevated expressway loop in the city of Shanghai. It was the first ring road around the city of Shanghai; the Puxi section of the road was grade-separated and complete in 1994, while the Pudong section of the road was grade-separated in 2009. Before the grade separation in Pudong, the road ran at street level, with traffic lights at intersections; the maximum speed on the expressway is 80 kilometres per hour, with two lanes in each direction. The Inner Ring Road crosses the Huangpu River twice, using the Nanpu bridges. Zhongshan S Road Lujiabang Road Nanchezhan Road, Xizang S Road North-South Elevated Road Dapu Rd, Ruijin S Rd, Rihui E Road Longhua Caoxi N Rd Humin Elevated Road Wuzhong Rd Xinhua Rd Yan'an Elevated Road East Yan'an Elevated Rd West Yuping S Rd, Wuyi Rd, Tianshan Rd Ningxia Rd, Jinshajiang Rd Wuning Rd Zhenping Rd Hutai Rd N-S Elevated Rd North N-S Elevated Rd North Xizang N Rd Guangzhong Rd Yixian Elevated Rd Yixian Rd, Guangling 4th Rd Siping Rd Huangxing Rd Zhoujiazui Rd Hejian Rd Pudong Ave Yanggong M Rd Jinxiu E Rd Luoshan Elevated Road, Longdong Ave Fangdian Rd Pujian Rd Yanggong S Rd Pudong S Rd S20 Outer Ring Expressway: Another ring road in Shanghai
The Xupu Bridge, is a cable-stayed bridge over the Huangpu River in Shanghai, China, so named because it connects the city's Xuhui and Pudong districts. It carries 8 lanes of the S20 Outer Ring Expressway. List of tallest bridges in the world List of largest cable-stayed bridges Media related to Xupu Bridge at Wikimedia Commons
The Chaotianmen Bridge, is a road-rail bridge over the Yangtze River in the city of Chongqing, China. The bridge, which opened on 29 April 2009, is the world's longest through arch bridge; the continuous steel truss arch bridge with tie girders has a height of 142 m from middle supports to arch top, main span of 552 m and a total length of 1,741 m. It carries 6 lanes in a pedestrian lane on each side on the upper deck; the lower deck has 2 traffic lanes on each side with a reservation in the middle for the Chongqing Metro Loop Line. Yangtze River bridges and tunnels List of longest arch bridge spans Chaotianmen Bridge at Structurae
North–South Elevated Road (Shanghai)
North–South Elevated Road is an elevated expressway in the city of Shanghai. It begins to the south at Jiyang Road in Pudong New Area, crosses the Huangpu River into Puxi using the Lupu Bridge, traverses through Puxi to the Outer Ring Expressway in Baoshan District. Construction on the first phase of the expressway, from the Lupu Bridge to Liuying Road started on 25 October 1993 and was completed on 10 December 1995. Construction of the second phase, from Liuying Road to Outer Ring Expressway coincided with the northern extension of Shanghai Metro Line 1; the metro line is the first level above street level, while the expressway is the second level above street level. This phase was completed on 4 December 2002. Yaohua Rd Tongyao Rd Inner Ring Road Xujiahui Rd Huaihai M Rd Yan'an Elevated Road Weihai Rd Beijing W Rd, Xinzha Rd Tianmu W Rd, Tianmu M Rd Zhongxing Rd Inner Ring Rd CW Inner Ring Rd CCW Yanchang Rd Middle Ring Road Wenshui Rd Jiangchang W Rd Linfen Rd Gongjiang Rd, Changjiang W Rd, Huma Rd Lianyi Rd S20 Outer Ring Expressway Taihe Rd, Taihe W Rd
Huangpu District, Shanghai
Huangpu District, makes up the eastern part of Shanghai's traditional urban core and is today the most central of Shanghai's 16 districts. Huangpu district is the seat of municipal government, includes key attractions such as The Bund and the Old City God Temple, as well as popular shopping districts such as Nanjing Road and Huaihai Road; the Huangpu District is one of the most densely populated urban districts in the world. The Huangpu District is located in central Shanghai, People's Republic of China on the left bank of Huangpu River, after which the district is named, it is bounded by Suzhou Creek to the north. Today's Huangpu District is sometimes referred to as "new Huangpu" to distinguish it from the pre-merger Huangpu District which existed before 2000. In 2000, the pre-merger Huangpu and Nanshi districts were combined to form a new district called Huangpu. In June 2011, the existing Huangpu District was combined with Luwan District to form a further new district, again called Huangpu.
As a result of this merger, it has an area of 20.43 square kilometres and 678,670 inhabitants. Of the three previous districts that make up today's Huangpu, the pre-merger Huangpu District is located to the north, bounded by Suzhou Creek in the north and the Huangpu River to the east. South of the per-merger Huangpu District was Nanshi District, bounded by the Huangpu River to the east. West of Nanshi District was Luwan District, bounded by the Huangpu River to the south. Huangpu District has ten subdistricts. Note: Nanshi District and Luwan District were merged with the former Huangpu District in June 2000 and June 2011 to form the current Huangpu District Today's Huangpu District is the result of the merger of three long-standing districts of Shanghai: Nanshi and Luwan; each of these have a distinct character. The former Nanshi District "southern city", was the historical core of Shanghai, it included the walled city as well as the nearby docklands on both sides of the Huangpu River. Shanghai County was established at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty.
A city wall was built to repel the Wokou, this Ming Dynasty wall defined the extent of urban Shanghai for the next few centuries. In 1842, the area north of the old city was established as the British concession in Shanghai, which became the Shanghai International Settlement. At the time, the concession was referred to by locals as the "northern city" while the walled Chinese city was the "southern city". From this reference was derived the name Nanshi. Upon the defeat of Japan at the end of World War II, a unified municipal administration was established over urban Shanghai for the first time since the mid 19th century. In 1945, after the Republic of China government took control, the old city was divided into the Third District and the Fourth District. In 1959 these were merged to form Nanshi District; the pre-merger Huangpu District was located in the former Shanghai International Settlement. In the part of the 19th century and the early 20th century, this area became the commercial centre of Shanghai.
The International Settlement was handed back to the Chinese government in 1943. In 1945, after the Republic of China government took control, the south eastern part of the former International Settlement was divided into the First District and the Second District. Of these, the First District lay on the bank of the Huangpu River, so was named after the river. In 1956, the two districts were expanded Huangpu District. Since 1943, the Shanghai Municipal Government has always been located in Huangpu District – first at the old Shanghai Municipal Council building in the old HSBC Building, presently in a purpose-built building on People's Square; the former Luwan District occupied most of the eastern part of the former Shanghai French Concession and some nearby areas. This area was long regarded as the premier high end commercial area of Shanghai, it is known for its leafy streets lined with London planes and restaurants, high end retail and historical houses. In 1945, after the Republic of China government took control, the eastern-central part of the former French Concession was divided into the Fifth District and the Sixth District, separated by South Chongqing Road and Luban Road.
Of these, the Sixth District was named after Lokawei, "Lu's Bay", an area named after a bend on the Zhaojiabang creek. The main police depot and prison of the French concession was located here. In 1947, Taishan District was renamed "Songshan District". In 1950, Lujiawan District was renamed "Luwan District". In 1956, Songshan District was merged into Luwan District. In 1959, part of former Yimiao District was merged into Luwan District; the district boundaries remained unchanged between 1959 and 1993. In 1993, the part of Nanshi east of the Huangpu River was merged into the Pudong New District. In 2000, the Shanghai Municipal Government abolished Nanshi District merging it into Huangpu District. In 2011, the merger of Luwan District with Huangpu District was announced. On June 8, 2011, it was announced that the proposed plan of merging Luwan and Huangpu Districts had been approved by the State Council. Despite the mergers, the three previous districts which make up today's Huangpu District retain their distinct characters.
The pre-merger Huangpu District was long the commercial centre of Shanghai. Along the Huangpu riverfron
A roundabout interchange is a type of interchange between a controlled access highway, such as a motorway or freeway, a minor road. The slip roads to and from the motorway carriageways converge at a single roundabout, grade-separated from the motorway lanes with bridges. A roundabout interchange is similar to a rotary interchange, which uses a rotary rather than a roundabout. Roundabouts may be used in conjunction with other interchange types such as a standard or folded diamond interchange, but such use should not be confused with a roundabout interchange. Roundabout interchanges are common in the United Kingdom and Ireland with hundreds on the motorway network alone. However, recent cost cutting has meant that dumbbell interchanges are used instead; these are diamond interchanges with roundabouts instead of signals or stop signs where the slip roads meet the minor road. They are cheaper than roundabout interchanges. Roundabout interchanges are much less common in North America but have been built more since 1995, to improve safety, to reduce traffic delays and bridge widening costs.
However, many of the older and more dangerous rotary-style overpass interchanges have been signalized to improve throughput and safety, such as the former Drum Hill Rotary in Chelmsford, Massachusetts in New England, where such interchanges are unusually common. A divided diamond, in which the minor road is separated into four intersections, rather than two acts like a roundabout interchange, but it is more square in shape and has traffic light control. M1 & M69, Leicestershire, is an English style signalized roundabout interchange. 52.60056°N 1.19500°W / 52.60056. 42.10694°N 75.96639°W / 42.10694. 51.56111°N 0.49583°W / 51.56111. S. Route 9 & New York State Route 2, New York, is a roundabout interchange with U-turn lanes for the freeway. 42.74806°N 73.76083°W / 42.74806. Washington Circle, in Foggy Bottom, Washington, DC, is another example of a roundabout interchange similar to the one in Dupont Circle. Here, K Street traverses beneath the intersection. A roundabout is used as an interchange between Quebec Autoroute 20 and Quebec Autoroute 520 in Montreal, Quebec.
The roundaboat is known as the Dorval Circle. Ramps to side streets are added as well; the interchange is being replaced. The three-level stacked roundabout is a variation on the roundabout interchange in which both roads are grade-separated, it is similar to the three-level diamond interchange except that the small square of that latter interchange is enlarged to a true roundabout. Causeway Boulevard and Airline Highway, Louisiana, has the traffic circle between the two roads. 29.97472°N 90.15639°W / 29.97472. 51.57111°N 0.23194°W / 51.57111. Three-level stacked roundabouts are quite common in Britain because they use less land than other four-way junctions where both roads are grade separated. However, they have lower capacity for turning movements – some have had direct-linking slip roads added in an attempt to solve this problem. Examples of such junctions are found at Lofthouse, West Yorkshire 53.73194°N 1.51306°W / 53.73194.
Fayetteville, West Virginia
Fayetteville is a town in and the county seat of Fayette County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 2,892 at the 2010 census. Fayetteville was listed as one of the 2006 "Top 10 Coolest Small Towns in America" by Budget Travel Magazine, as "Best River Town 2013" by Blue Ridge Outdoors magazine. Fayetteville was founded by a Revolutionary War veteran and local farmer; the town was named Vandalia. The Fayette County Courthouse is located on part of the original Vandal farm; the town’s name was changed to Fayetteville after the Revolutionary War hero, Marquis de Lafayette who toured the US in 1824–25. During the Civil War, the majority of the people in Fayetteville were in sympathy with the Southern cause. With neighboring counties being predominately Unionist, Fayetteville changed hands several times during the war and was destroyed during the fighting. In 1897, the Fayette County Courthouse was completed and is a remarkable example of the Romanesque Revival architectural style; the Altamont Hotel was built the same year.
Both are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, along with the E. B. Hawkins House; the Fayetteville Historic District was designated in 1990. Fayetteville grew in the late 19th century thanks to the coal industry; the mining industry declined in the late 20th century. Fayetteville’s economy now is completely based on the tourism industry. Popular activities include white water rafting, mountain biking, rock climbing in the region; the New River Gorge Bridge hosts annual celebration, "Bridge Day,", held on the third Saturday of October. The New River Gorge Bridge is the longest arch bridge in the western hemisphere; the New River is one of the five oldest major rivers in the world. Fayetteville is located at 38°3′4″N 81°6′25″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.47 square miles, of which, 5.46 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Located less than a mile away from Fayetteville is the New River Gorge, which attracts outdoor recreation enthusiasts.
The scenic cliffs that line the New River Gorge are popular for rock climbing. The New River offers Class I-IV whitewater kayaking. Hiking and biking trails in the area are available; the New River Gorge National River, managed by the U. S. National Park Service, operates a visitors center and offers many educational programs in the area; as of the census of 2010, there were 2,892 people, 1,245 households, 813 families residing in the town. The population density was 529.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,366 housing units at an average density of 250.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 3.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population. There were 1,245 households of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.7% were non-families.
29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.79. The median age in the town was 44.4 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 48.3% male and 51.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,754 people, 1,151 households, 766 families residing in the town; the population density was 934.8 people per square mile. There were 1,257 housing units at an average density of 426.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.88% White, 4.58% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population. There were 1,151 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families.
29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.82. In the town, the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $35,043, the median income for a family was $44,444. Males had a median income of $35,603 versus $20,909 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,710. About 9.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over. Tunney Hunsaker - Professional boxer and longtime Fayetteville police chief The five Sodder children – Pronounced dead after a fire destroyed the family home on Christmas Eve 1945, their parents and all but one surviving sibling came to believe they had instead disappeared.
They erected a billboard on the outskirts of town to publicize the reward t