Dennis William Egan is a Democratic member of the Alaska Senate. He has represented Juneau, he served as the Mayor of Juneau from February 13, 1995, to October 3, 2000, was a member of the local assembly prior to that. Egan was born in Juneau, Territory of Alaska on March 3, 1947, he is the son of Bill Egan, a politician active in Alaska Territory who would go on to service as the state's first and fourth governor, Neva Egan, who served as First Lady of Alaska during her husband’s time as governor. He lived in Washington, D. C. while his father lobbied for full Alaskan statehood. At the age of eleven he appeared on I've Got a Secret when Alaska entered the Union in 1959. During high school and after broadcast engineer training, he worked at KINY in the 1960s. In 1967, Egan graduated from radio operation engineering school, he served in the Alaska Army National Guard 910th Engineer Company from 1967-1974. He worked on the construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System as an employee of Caterpillar Inc..
He worked in various positions for the State of Alaska government. In 1980, he began to host Problem Corner, a Juneau-area call-in show on KINY, he would continue to host the show until January 2010. He was the manager of Alaska-Juneau Communications, Inc. which owns the Juneau-area radio stations KINY and KSUP. Dennis's first attempt at politics happened in the 1980s, when he ran a primary election bid for a seat in the Alaska House of Representatives. On the suggestion of friends, Egan ran for the Assembly of the City and Borough of Juneau in 1989, he won and served nearly two full three-year terms in the Assembly from October 3, 1989, to February 13, 1995. Egan was deputy mayor of Juneau in 1995, he was appointed mayor when Byron Mallott resigned in order to become executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation. Dennis Egan won reelection in 1995 and 1997; the 1997 race was a landslide victory for Egan. His opponent, Cory Mann, was a "newcomer to politics", according to the Juneau Empire, had not filed for election until October 2, five days before the vote was held.
An effective mayor, Egan helped mediation efforts to end an August 1997 Alaska Native Brotherhood boycott of the 51st Golden North Salmon Derby.. Bob Tkacz of the Anchorage Press had an unfavorable view of the Empire's support of the Derby and Egan's efforts to end the boycott. In September 1997 Egan helped keep 200 United States Forest Service jobs from being moved from Juneau to Ketchikan. Egan declined to run for re-election in 2000, he was succeeded by Sally Smith. In April 2009, Kim Elton resigned his seat in the Alaska Senate to accept presidential appointment as Director of Alaska Affairs at the U. S. Department of the Interior. Governor Sarah Palin chose to appoint Tim Grussendorf, Chief of Staff to Senator Lyman Hoffman, to the seat over State Representative Beth Kerttula, the preferred choice of local Democratic Party. In April 2009, Egan was appointed to the Alaska Senate by Governor Sarah Palin to replace Kim Elton, who resigned in March 2009. Subsequently, the Democratic caucus in the Senate refused to confirm Grussendorf and subsequently two other Palin nominees.
Egan was appointed as a compromise candidate and confirmed by the Senate Democrats with support from Beth Kerttula, Cathy Muñoz, Bruce Botelho and the Juneau Democrats. In the 2010 election, Egan ran against token write-in opposition, winning a full term with 96% of the vote. In the 2014 general election, he defeated Republican Tom Williams. Egan joined the Republican-led Senate majority in the 28th Senate, from 2013 to 2014, earning the chairmanship of the Transportation Committee, he continued to vote with Democrats on several major bills, including Governor Sean Parnell's oil tax initiative in 2013, was not invited to an organizational meeting for the majority caucus after the 2014 election. In the 29th Senate, which began in 2015, he is a member of the Democratic minority caucus. Biography and Legislative Information at Alaska Legislature Dennis Egan at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature Profile at Vote Smart
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Haines is a census-designated place located in Haines Borough, United States. It is near Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve; as of the 2010 census, the population of the Haines CDP was 1,713, out of a total 2,508 in Haines Borough. The area around present-day Haines was called Dtehshuh or "end of the trail" by the Chilkat group of Tlingit, it received this name because they could portage their canoes from the trail they used to trade with the interior, which began at the outlet of the Chilkat River, to Dtehshuh and save 20 miles of rowing around the Chilkat Peninsula. The first European, George Dickinson, an agent for the North West Trading Company, settled at Dtehshuh in 1879. In 1881, the Chilkat asked Sheldon Jackson to send missionaries to the area. Samuel Hall Young, a Presbyterian minister, was sent. Jackson built the Chilkat Mission and school at Dtehshuh in 1881, on land given to the church by the Chilkat; the Mission was renamed "Haines" in 1884 in honor of Francina E. Haines, the chairwoman of the committee that raised funds for its construction.
At the time, the boundary between Canada and the U. S. was vaguely defined. There were overlapping land claims from the United States' purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867 and British claims along the coast. Canada had requested a survey after British Columbia united with it in 1871, but the idea was rejected by the United States as being too costly given the area's remoteness, sparse settlement, limited economic or strategic interest; the Klondike Gold Rush of 1898–1899 changed the region greatly. Haines became a supply center for the Dalton Trail from Chilkat Inlet offered a route to the Yukon for prospectors. Gold was discovered 36 miles from Haines in 1899 at the Porcupine District. During this time the name "Haines" came into use for the area around the mission and not for just the mission itself; the sudden importance of the region increased the urgency of fixing an exact boundary. There were reports that Canadian citizens were harassed by the U. S. as a deterrent to making any land claims.
In 1898 the national governments agreed on a compromise, but the government of British Columbia rejected it. U. S. President McKinley proposed a permanent lease of a port near Haines, but Canada rejected that compromise; the economy continued to diversify. Four canneries were constructed around the mission by 1900. However, the completion of the White Pass and Yukon Route railway in neighboring Skagway that same year led to the Dalton Trail's eventual abandonment and Haines' economic decline. In 1903, the Hay-Herbert Treaty entrusted the border decision to arbitration by a mixed tribunal of six members, three American and three Canadian–British, who determined in favor of the United States, resulting in the present-day border. Fort William H. Seward, a United States Army installation, was constructed south of Haines and completed by 1904, on property donated by the mission from its holdings. In 1922, the fort was renamed Chilkoot Barracks, it was the only United States Army post in Alaska before World War II.
During World War II, it was used as a supply point for some U. S. Army activities in Alaska; the fort was deactivated in 1946 and sold as surplus property to a group of investors who called it "Port Chilkoot", thus forming the Port Chilkoot Company. Port Chilkoot was incorporated as a city in 1956. In 1970, Port Chilkoot merged with Haines into one municipality. Heinmiller was Port Chilkoot's mayor for the majority of its existence as a separate city. In 1972, the fort was designated a National Historic Landmark and the name, Fort William H. Seward, was restored. Haines was the southern terminal of the Haines-Fairbanks Pipeline, which provided refined petroleum products to Fort Greely, Eielson Air Force Base, Ladd Air Force Base; this 626-mile, 8-inch pipeline carried diesel, automotive gas, jet fuel and aviation gas from Haines to Fairbanks from 1955 until it was retired by the U. S. Army in 1973, due to deterioration and prohibitive repair costs. An Army facility with storage tanks existed alongside the Haines Terminal, maintained by the Army for another decade.
The construction and maintenance of the terminal and storage facility were a significant factor in the Haines economy for four decades. The last of the canneries closed in 1972 due to declining fish stocks, though commercial fishing remains an important part of the local economy. Logging and sawing timber has been an industry around Haines but has declined in recent years. In October 2002, voters approved a measure consolidating the city of Haines and Haines Borough into a home rule borough; the Haines CDP is located in the north-central part of Haines Borough at 59°14′02″N 135°26′49″W. The CDP is situated on the Chilkat Peninsula at a narrow spot called the Deshu Isthmus; the community is bounded by Portage Cove of Chilkoot Inlet to the east and by the Chilkat River at its mouth into the Chilkat Inlet to the west. To the south, down the Chilkat Peninsula, Haines is bordered by the CDP of Mud Bay, to the north it is bordered by the Lutak CDP. Alaska Route 7, the Haines Highway, terminates at Haines and leads northwest 39 miles to the Canadian border near Pleasant Camp, British Columbia.
The Haines Highway continues north to a junction with the Alaska Highway at Haines Junction, Yukon, 147 miles from Haines. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Haines CDP has a total area of 20.6 square miles, of which 13.2 square miles are land and 7.5 square miles, or 36.02%, are
The Chilkoot River is a river in Southeast Alaska, United States, that extends about 20 miles from its source and covers a watershed area of 100 square miles. The source of the river is in the Takshanuk Mountains to the west and the Freebee glacier and unnamed mountains to the east. From its source, the upper reach of the river extends 16 miles to the point where it enters Chilkoot Lake. From the downstream end of the lake, the lower reach of the river flows for about 1.5 miles until it enters the Chilkoot Inlet, a branch at the northern end of the Lynn Canal. At the head of the lower reach of the river, on the shore of the lake, lies a prehistoric village, a Chilkoot Indian settlement; the names of the village — Tschilkut, Tananel, or Chilcoot — have been given to the river and to the lake. The river and its precincts, known as the Chilkoot River Corridor, have been brought under the monitoring of the Chilkoot River Corridor Strategic Planning Project to preserve its ecological and historical heritage.
A fishing weir has been constructed on the river to monitor and count fish moving from the lake into the lower reaches of the Chilkoot River and the Chilkoot Inlet. The Chilkoot River near Haines has a short length of about 20 miles from the source covering a watershed area of 100 square miles; the source of the river is in the Takshanuk Mountains to the west and the Ferebee glacier and unnamed mountains to the east. There are three stretches of the river from its source; these are: the "Upper Reach of the Chilkoot River" from the lake's mouth upstream to the glacier head, about 30 miles. The Upper Chilkoot River originates from the glacier flows in a southeasterly direction, it is a braided river and has a bed slope of 1 ft in 50 ft in the first 5 miles stretch from the lake and about 1 ft in 100 ft in the balance reach of the river. The river is blocked with debris, log jams and boulders. Hence, the upper reach of the river is not navigable; the upstream reaches of the Chilkoot River and all other streams which flow into the lake are barred for fishing.
The Chilkoot Lake, which forms the middle stretch of the Chilkoot River, is marked on the quadrant map of the Skagway B 2 USGS in the Heines County at an altitude of 30 feet. The lake is about 2.5 miles long, about 1 mile in width and maximum depth of water in the lake is about 300 feet. It has been declared as navigable; the land around the lake is under the control of the State. The lake area is windy. Canoes are the best form of boating facility for fishing on the lake as the shore line is considered difficult; the lower reach of the Chilkoot River below the outlet from the Chilkoot Lake at 60°23′N 151°18′W is 1.5 miles (a figure of 1 mile is mentioned in some sources} long till it meets the Lynn Canal of the Chilkoot Inlet. The river runs in northwest-northeast direction and is only a small stream, it has a depth of 2 feet on an average. It is navigable up to about 0.5 miles upstream of the Lynn Canal, extending to the fish and game weir site, when under the influence of tides. The river, in its first one eighth mile has formed a pool, flows through a number of rapids strewn with boulders covered with moss in some stretches and the remaining part is flat but with rocky bed.
The estimated average discharge in the river varies from a minimum of 59 cubic feet per second in February to a maximum of 2,490 cubic feet per second in August. The river, the recreation area on the southern shores of the Chilkoot Lake and the Lake are approached by road along the Lukat-Chilkoot River Roads popularly known as the'Bear Highway', as brown bears frequent this road in search of pink and coho salmon; the Chilkoot Lake and the Chilkoot River outlet are about 10 miles away from the town of Haines. The river stretch is popular for coho fishing during September–October, pink salmon fishing during late July and August, fish species of chum salmon, Dolly Varden and sockeye all through the summer and fall; the L’uknax Adi clan of Tlingit Indians, whose principal symbol is the red salmon or sockeye, traditionally owned the Chilkoot River and the Chilkoot Lake. Another group of inhabitants of the Heines/Chilkoot River area are the Jilkoot Kwaan, they are a clan of the Tlingits who owned land in the vicinity.
The history of the Chilkoot River and the Chilkoot Lake is directly linked to the Chilkoot village, where the Tlingits lived, after which the river and the lake are named. This village existed near the outlet of the Chilkoot River and was divided into two parts by the river, it was an important location for the southeast Alaskan Tlingits who settled here during pre-historic days when they became occupied in salmon and hooligan fishing. They used hooligan fish to make fish oil, their cooking medium, by cooking the fishes in a canoe lined with hot rocks. Chilkoot is derived from the Tlingit phrase chíl-li-koo-t; the name refers to the legendary destruction of a village named X’āastayeekwáan. The village is said to have been located near the head of the lower Chil
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party; the Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism, while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive Party, beginning a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party over the coming decades, leading to Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform, supporting social justice. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist anti-business wings.
The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most Southern whites and many Northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level; the once-powerful labor union element became less supportive after the 1970s. White Evangelicals and Southerners became Republican at the state and local level since the 1990s. People living in metropolitan areas, women and gender minorities, college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Jewish Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Arab Americans and African Americans, tend to support the Democratic Party much more than they support the rival Republican Party; the Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.
It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, affordable college tuitions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy. Fifteen Democrats have served as President of the United States; the first was President Andrew Jackson, the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was President Barack Obama, the 44th president and held office from 2009 to 2017. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats held a majority in the House of Representatives, "trifectas" in 14 states, the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco, Portland and Washington, D. C. Twenty-three state governors were Democrats, the Party was the minority party in the Senate and in most state legislatures; as of March 2019, four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court had been appointed by Democratic presidents.
Democratic Party officials trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues, they have been more liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times; the Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. The party favored republicanism; the Democratic-Republican Party came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the Federalists disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans.
The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until the early 1830s, when the Whig Party became a national political group to rival the Democratic-Republicans. However, the Democratic-Republican Party still had its own internal factions, they split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Jacksonians believed the people's will had prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president; the Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party and tight party organization became the hallmark of nineteenth-century American politics. Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party; the Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery.
In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Dem
Excursion Inlet, Alaska
Excursion Inlet is a census-designated place in Haines Borough in the U. S. state of Alaska. The population was 12 at the 2010 census, up from 10 in 2000; the community of Excursion Inlet is located in southern Haines Borough at 58°24′41″N 135°24′31″W, on the east side of Excursion Inlet, an arm of the Icy Strait. The CDP extends north to the boundary of Glacier Bay National Park near the head of Excursion Inlet, south to the mouth of Excursion Inlet, east to the crest of the Chilkat Range. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 55.4 square miles, of which 55.3 square miles are land and 0.2 square miles, or 0.25%, are water. Excursion Inlet first appeared on the 1940 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it did not reappear until the 2000 U. S. Census when it was made a census-designated place; as of the census of 2000, there were 10 people, 8 households, 2 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.2 people per square mile. There were 85 housing units at an average density of 1.5/sq mi.
The racial makeup of the CDP was 100.00% White. There were 8 households out of which none had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.0% were married couples living together, 75.0% were non-families. 75.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.25 and the average family size was 2.00. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 30.0% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 50.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 60 years. For every 100 females, there were 400.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 400.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $16,250, the median income for a family was $10,000. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $0 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $18,188. Below the poverty line were 25.0% of the population, 50.0% of families, none of those under 18 and 40.0% of those over 64. Excursion Inlet was an Alaska Native village.
Excursion Inlet has had a fishing cannery since 1891. The current plant, constructed in 1918, still functions to this day, it processes pink and chum salmon, as well as salmon roe, salmon caviar and sablefish. It is located near the mouth of the inlet, about 40 miles west of Juneau, its seasons run from late June to mid-September. Excursion Inlet Cannery is one of the largest fish canneries in the world and was acquired by Ocean Beauty Seafoods in 2003. During the early stages of American involvement in World War II, the United States Army built a major barge terminal at Excursion Inlet. Capable of handling large ocean-going cargo ships and intended to be manned by thousands of soldiers, the terminal was built to serve as a logistics base for the Army's efforts to liberate the Aleutian Islands from their Japanese invaders. However, by the time the terminal was completed in late 1943, the Aleutian Campaign was over, the terminal had no evident future purpose; when the facility's existence became public knowledge in early 1945, newspapers decried it as a wasteful boondoggle, the Army opted to shut it down.
German prisoners of war were brought in to dismantle the base and salvage usable materials. The docks and some of the buildings were sold to the cannery and remain standing today
The Chilkoot Lake, in the Tlingit Indians region of Alaska, is spelt Chilcoot Lake. Its other local names are the Akha Lake and Tschilkut S, meaning “Chilkoot Lake”, it is in Alaska. Chilkoot means "big fish"; the lake has a ‘Recreation Site’ at its southern end near the outlet to the Chilkoot River, set amidst the Sitka spruce trees. Chilkoot River flows from the lake for a short length and debouches into the Lutak Channel at the head of the Chilkoot inlet near Haines. Chilkoot village, a settlement of Chilkoot Indians existed at the outlet of the lake, called Tschilkut or Tananel or Chilcoot; this village is now a camping area developed by the State Parks and Outdoor Recreation Division of the Alaska Department of Natural Resources. The lake is a popular location for Kayaking; the Lake, approached from the park area, offers one of the best red salmon fishing locations in Southeast Alaska. Salmon fishing in the lake during the spawning period is done in four runs starting with mid-June and ending in mid-October when it is the time for Bears to frequent the lake precincts to hunt for its favorite salmons.
The Chilkoot Lake's commercial fishing of Sockeye salmon is worth about $1 million annually. The Chilkoot Lake is marked on the quadrant map of the Skagway B 2 USGS in the Heines County at an altitude of 30 feet; the lake is about 3.6 miles long, about 1 mile in width and maximum depth of water in the lake is about 300 feet. It is located at the foot of the Takshanuk Mountains to the west and the Freebee glacier and unnamed mountains to the east, it has been declared as navigable. The lake is in the upper part of the Chilkoot Watershed that spans 100 square miles of land 20 miles in length and 5 miles in width; the waters of the lake display turquoise color. The lake is glacial fed; the lake is deep water body with maximum depth of 300 feet. The 1,600 acres of land around the lake is under the control of the State; the Upper reach of the river from its mouth at the lake up to the glacier head is about 16 miles and the land is with the State. The lake area is windy; the Upper Chilkoot River originates from a glacier and flows in southeasterly direction for 16 miles.
As a braided river, it has a bed slope of 1% in the first 5 miles stretch from the lake and about 2% in the balance reach of the river. The river is blocked with debris, log jams and boulders. Hence, the upper reach of the river is not navigable; the upstream reaches of the Chilkoot River and all other streams which flow into the lake are barred for fishing. Canoes are the best form of boating facility for fishing on the lake as the shore line is considered difficult; the Lower reach of the Chilkoot River below the outlet from the Chilkoot Lake is about 1.5 miles long up to Lutak Inlet, about 75 yards wide and2 feet deep on an average. It is navigable up to about 0.5 miles upstream of the Lutak Inlet extending to the fish and game weir site, when under the influence of tides. The river in its first 1⁄8 mi has formed a pool, flows through a number of rapids strewn with boulders in some stretches and the remaining part is flat but with rocky bed; the estimated average discharge in the river varies from a minimum of 59 cubic feet per second in February to a maximum of 2,490 cubic feet per second in August.
As the lake thaws during April and May, when fishing for Dolly Varden and sockeye salmon is common. The lake and the recreation area on the southern shores of the lake are approached by road along the Lukat-Chilkot River Roads only up to the southern shores of the Lake; the lake is 10 miles away from the town of Heines. However, building of any new or additional structures and/or road above the Chilkoot Lake has been banned to prevent any harmful effects that may be caused due to the road access and sewage disposal as that would jeopardize the sensitive salmon spawning grounds in the lake watershed; the Chilkoot Watershed Coalition monitors this to prevent any such development. A healthy upper watershed 5 by 1.5 miles covers the Chilkoot Lake is considered essential to propagate sockeye, hooligan, bears and many other species of wild life. L’uknax Adi clan of Tlingit Indians, whose principal symbol is red salmon or sockeye, traditionally owned Chilkoot Lake and Chilkoot river called by the English names after their crest animal as Sockeye Clan, Coho Clan and Salmon Clan.
Tlingit clans "historically owned areas of economic production that were most also places of importance in the Spiritual geography of the region". The history of the lake is directly linked to the Chilkoot village, where the Tlingits lived, after which the lake has been named; this village existed near the outlet of the Chilkoot Lake and was divided into two parts by the river. It was an important location for the southeast Alaskan Tlingits who settled here during pre-historic days when they subsisted on salmon and hooligan fishing. Chilkoot is derived from the Tlingit phrase chíl-li-koo-t; the name refers to the legendary destruction of a village named X’āastayeekwáan [Under the Waterfall P