Geneva is the second-most populous city in Switzerland and the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Canton of Geneva; the municipality has a population of 200,548, the canton has 495,249 residents. In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France. Within Swiss territory, the commuter area named "Métropole lémanique" contains a population of 1.26 million. This area is spread east from Geneva towards the Riviera area and north-east towards Yverdon-les-Bains, in the neighbouring canton of Vaud. Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, a worldwide centre for diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many agencies of the United Nations and the Red Cross. Geneva hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world, it is where the Geneva Conventions were signed, which chiefly concern the treatment of wartime non-combatants and prisoners of war.
In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the world's fifteenth most important financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres Index, fifth in Europe behind London, Zürich and Luxembourg. In 2019 Geneva was ranked among the ten most liveable cities in the world by Mercer together with Zürich and Basel; the city has been referred to as the world's most compact metropolis and the "Peace Capital". In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the seventh most expensive city in the world. Geneva was ranked third in purchasing power in a global cities ranking by UBS in 2018; the city was mentioned in Latin texts, by Caesar, with the spelling Genava from the Celtic *genawa- from the stem *genu-, in the sense of a bending river or estuary. The medieval county of Geneva in Middle Latin was known as pagus major Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis. After 1400 it became the Genevois province of Savoy; the name takes various forms in modern languages, Geneva in English, French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh: Genevra.
The city shares the origin of * genawa "estuary", with the Italian port city of Genoa. Geneva was an Allobrogian border town, fortified against the Helvetii tribe, when the Romans took it in 121 BC, it became Christian under the Late Roman Empire, acquired its first bishop in the 5th century, having been connected to the Bishopric of Vienne in the 4th. In the Middle Ages, Geneva was ruled by a count under the Holy Roman Empire until the late 14th century, when it was granted a charter giving it a high degree of self-governance. Around this time, the House of Savoy came to at least nominally dominate the city. In the 15th century, an oligarchic republican government emerged with the creation of the Grand Council. In the first half of the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation reached the city, causing religious strife, during which Savoy rule was thrown off and Geneva allied itself with the Swiss Confederacy. In 1541, with Protestantism on the rise, John Calvin, the Protestant Reformer and proponent of Calvinism, became the spiritual leader of the city and established the Republic of Geneva.
By the 18th century, Geneva had come under the influence of Catholic France, which cultivated the city as its own. France tended to be at odds with the ordinary townsfolk, which inspired the failed Geneva Revolution of 1782, an attempt to win representation in the government for men of modest means. In 1798, revolutionary France under the Directory annexed Geneva. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, on 1 June 1814, Geneva was admitted to the Swiss Confederation. In 1907, the separation of Church and State was adopted. Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the seat of many international organizations. Geneva is located at 46°12' North, 6°09' East, at the south-western end of Lake Geneva, where the Rhône flows out, it is surrounded by three mountain chains, each belonging to the Jura: the Jura main range lies north-westward, the Vuache southward, the Salève south-eastward. The city covers an area of 15.93 km2, while the area of the canton is 282 km2, including the two small exclaves of Céligny in Vaud.
The part of the lake, attached to Geneva has an area of 38 km2 and is sometimes referred to as petit lac. The canton has only a 4.5-kilometre-long border with the rest of Switzerland. Of 107.5 km of border, 103 are shared with France, the Département de l'Ain to the north and west and the Département de la Haute-Savoie to the south and east. Of the land in the city, 0.24 km2, or 1.5%, is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.5 km2, or 3.1%, is forested. The rest of the land, 14.63 km2, or 91.8%, is built up, 0.49 km2, or 3.1%, is either rivers or lakes and 0.02 km2, or 0.1%, is wasteland. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 3.4%, housing and buildings made up 46.2% and transportation infrastructure 25.8%, while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 15.7%. Of the agricultural land, 0.3% is used for growing crops. Of the water in the municipality, 0.2 % is composed of lakes and 2.9 % streams. The altitude of Geneva is 373.6 metres, corresponds to the altitude of
Sweden national basketball team
The Swedish national basketball team is controlled by the Swedish Basketball Federation SBBF. Sweden qualified for the EuroBasket finals nine times where their best result was 11th place at the 1995 event; the Scandinavian squad entered the Olympic Basketball Tournament in 1980. They have yet to qualify for the Basketball World Championship. Sweden's European championship debut came at EuroBasket 1953 in Moscow; the Swedes did not fare well in their first tournament, losing all 7 games to finish in last place of the 17 teams. Sweden's first EuroBasket win came against Luxembourg in the preliminary round of EuroBasket 1955 in Budapest, they lost three in that round as well and took 4th of the 5 teams and found themselves in the classification rounds. They again finished the pool with a 1 -- 3 record. Two losses in the classification 13–16 semifinals and the 15/16 final put Sweden at 16th place of the 18 teams. Sweden qualified for the final round of the EuroBasket on more occasions and earned some more victories but the squad lacked the depth to become a serious medal contender.
At some events, the country displayed potential. E.g. at the 2013 EuroBasket it beat the favored former champion Russia by 19 points difference. Roster for EuroBasket 2017 qualification. 1953 EuroBasket: finished 17th among 17 teams Åke Larsson, Lars Olsson, Lars-Erik Keijser, Per-Åke Hallberg, Erik Sundell, Erik Gustavsson, Staffan Widen, Bo Widen, Örjan Widen, Rune Erkers, Kjell Eliasson, Sture Herrman 1955 EuroBasket: finished 16th among 18 teams Staffan Widen, Bo Widen, Örjan Widen, Jan Oldenmark, Anders Renner, Gustaf Ragge, Lars Helgostam, Sture Herrman, Per-Åke Hallberg, Nils af Trolle, Jan Holmberg, Alvin Tornblom, Palle Cardell, Bengt Gustafsson 1961 EuroBasket: finished 18th among 19 teams Staffan Widen, Udo Tohver, Bo Widen, Örjan Widen, Gunars Kraulis, Lars Andersson, Curt Wennström, Lennart Dahllöf, Alvin Törnblom, Bjorn Lundberg, Torbjörn Langemar, Svante af Klinteberg 1965 EuroBasket: finished 16th among 16 teams Björn Lundberg, Rune Leinas, Per-Olof Svensson, Ulf Lindelöf, Anders Grönlund, Lars Cullert, Per-Olof Lefwerth, Hans Albertsson, Jörgen Hansson, Egon Håkanson, Torbjörn Langemar, Kaj Håkansson 1969 EuroBasket: finished 12th among 12 teams Per-Olof Lefwerth, Anders Grönlund, Ulf Lindelöf, Arturs Veigurs, Kjell Rannelid, Hans Albertsson, Ebbe Edström, Janos Fugedi, Jörgen Hansson, Kjell Gunna, Bo Lundmark, Jan Hjorth 1980 Olympic Games: finished 10th among 12 teams Roland Rahm, Peter Andersson, Sten Feldreich, Thomas Nordgren, Peter Gunterberg, Jon-Olof "Jonte" Karlsson, Jan Enjebo, Torbjörn Taxen, Leif Yttergren, Åke Skyttevall, Göran Unger, Bernt Malion 1983 EuroBasket: finished 12th among 12 teams Göran Eriksson, Roland Rahm, Sten Feldreich, Bill Magarity, Kenny Grant, Jon-Olof "Jonte" Karlsson, Peter Nyström, Bernt Malion, Thomas Nordgren, Jerry Sehlberg, Åke Skyttevall, Bo Faleström 1993 EuroBasket: finished 13th among 16 teams Mattias Sahlström, Anders Marcus, Per Stumer, Jens Tillman, Olle Håkanson, Magnus Tegel, Henrik Gaddefors, Peter Borg, Torbjörn Gehrke, Henrik Evers, Martin Jansson, Örjan Andersson 1995 EuroBasket: finished 14th among 14 teams Mattias Sahlström, Joakim Blom, Christian Larsson, Henrik Evers, Henrik Gaddefors, Jonas Larsson, Vincent Lundahl, Oscar Lefwerth, Torbjörn Gehrke, Anders Marcus, Olle Håkanson, Örjan Andersson 2003 EuroBasket: finished 16th among 16 teams Joakim Blom, Paul Burke, Håkan Larsson, John Pettersson, Daniel Dajic, Oluoma Nnamaka, Jens Johnsson, Mats Levin, Jonas Larsson, Lesli Myrthil, Christian Maråker, Fredrik Jönzen 2013 EuroBasket: finished 13th among 24 teams Anton Gaddefors, Viktor Gaddefors, Kenny Grant, Ludvig Håkanson, Jonas Jerebko, Joakim Kjellborn, Brice Massamba, Thomas Massamba, Dino Pita, Erik Rush, Jonathan Skjöldebrand, Jeffery Taylor Official Website FIBA profile EuroBasket.com – Sweden Men Current Squad Archived records of Sweden team participations
Belgium national basketball team
The Belgian national basketball team is governed by the Royal Belgian Basketball Federation. They have qualified for the EuroBasket 13 times, having their best result at the EuroBasket 1947 when they finished 4th. Further, they entered the Summer Olympics on three occasions, in 1936, 1948, 1952, their best result was 11th place at the 1948 Olympic Games, in London. Their qualification for the EuroBasket 2011, marked their first EuroBasket appearance since 1993. Though, the national team has yet to qualify for the FIBA World Cup; the team is nicknamed and represents itself as Belgian Lions. The Belgian side came in sixth place at the first European basketball championship, the EuroBasket 1935 held by the International Basketball Federation's FIBA Europe continental federation, they lost to Spain in the preliminary round. In the 5th to 8th place classification match, the Belgians defeated Bulgaria to advance to the 5th/6th place final. There they were defeated by France, 49–30; the next European championship that Belgium contested was EuroBasket 1946.
In the most competitive of the preliminary groups, Belgium lost close contests to Switzerland and eventual champions Czechoslovakia. Their third-place finish in the group relegated them to the 7th–10th place semifinals, where they defeated Poland handily. In the 7th/8th place final, the Belgians were victorious over Luxembourg to finish in 7th place. Belgium's third EuroBasket was at the EuroBasket 1947; the national team went 2 -- 1 in the preliminary round. Czechoslovakia gave Belgium their only loss in the semifinal round; this put Belgium in a rematch with this time with the bronze medal on the line. Egypt won again. EuroBasket 1951 was the next competition, they defeated medal favorite (and in fact eventual silver medallists Czechoslovakia in the preliminary round on their way to winning the group with a 3–0 record. That record was reversed in the semifinal round, though, as Belgium lost all three of their games, by 10 points or fewer in each contest, their losses continued. But Belgium did finish with a win over Greece, in the classification 7th/8th place final 39-28.
Belgium competed again at EuroBasket 1953 in Moscow. Their preliminary round group included both the eventual gold medallist Soviet Union and runner-up Hungary; the national team lost to both but defeated Denmark to finish third place in the group with a 1–2 record. In a less competitive classification round pool, Belgium finished on top with a 3–1 record, losing only to Romania, they won their 9th–12th place classification match, but lost to Bulgaria in their final game to finish in 10th place of the 17 team field. Four years Belgium competed at EuroBasket 1957 in Sofia, they lost all three of their preliminary games, taking fourth position in the group and being sent to the classification round. There, they again lost three games but this time it was out of seven games in the round instead of three, their 4–3 record in the classification pool put them in 12th place overall. The EuroBasket 2011 was the first appearance for the national team at the tournament in 20 years, it was an forgettable performance by the Lions, where they finished 0-5 with their only competive match coming against Bulgaria 68-65.
At the EuroBasket 2013 the national team looked to avenge their last EuroBasket performance with a better showing this go around. After losing an hard fought battle to the Ukraine in their first match, they rebounded in the second game pulling off a stunner at the hands of Germany in overtime 77-73. It marked the first win for the Lions at the tournament since EuroBasket 1993. From there they went on to win one more match in the preliminary stage against Great Britain to finish with a 2-3 record, enough to qualify for the second round. There the national team ran into trouble against Euro heavyweights in Serbia, eventual runner-up in Lithuania and the eventual tournament champion France; the Lions could only squeeze out one victory in the round before being eliminated. On several occasions, Belgium qualified for events. Yet, the country's major performances there date back to the 1940s/1950s; the national team had its best performance at the 1948 Summer Olympics where they won 5 out of 8 games.
Roster for the EuroBasket 2017. The following is the squad in the EuroBasket 2017. Other current notable players from Belgium: Eddy Casteels – since 2005 1935 EuroBasket: finished 6th among 10 teams Robert Brouwer, Gaston de Houwer, Louis Levaux, Rene Demanck, Emile Laermans, Pierre van Basselaere, Gustave Vereecken 1936 Olympic Games: finished 19th among 21 teams Robert Brouwer, Gustave Crabbe, Rene Demanck, Emile Laermans, Guillaume Merckx, Pierre van Basselaere, Gustave Vereecken, Raymond Gerard 1946 EuroBasket: finished 7th among 10 teams Pierre van Basselaere, Louis Vandegoor, Armand van Wambeke, Henri Hollanders, Emile Kets, Marcel de Haeck, Auguste Wijns, Georges Baert, Augustin Bernaer, Henri Hermans, Ange Hollanders, Julien Meuris, Fernand Rossius, Henri Servaes 1947 EuroBasket: finished 4th among 14 teams Emile Kets, Georges Baert, Henri Hermans, Fernand Rossius, Joseph Pirard, Julien Meuris, Henri Coosemans, Guillaume van Damme, Henri Hollanders, Gustave Poppe, Ange Hollanders, Rene Steurbaut, Francois de Pauw, Armand van Wambeke 1948 Olympic Games: finished 11th among 23 teams Emile Kets, Henri Hollanders, Ange Hollanders, Gustave Poppe, Henri Hermans, Francois de Pauw, Julien Meuris, Rene Steurbaut, Armand van
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion and the arts; the City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €681 billion in 2016, accounting for 31 percent of the GDP of France, was the 5th largest region by GDP in the world. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, ahead of Zurich, Hong Kong and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong-Kong, in 2018; the city is a major rail and air-transport hub served by two international airports: Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly.
Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily, is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro. Gare du Nord is the 24th busiest railway station in the world, the first located outside Japan, with 262 million passengers in 2015. Paris is known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the Louvre was the most visited art museum in the world in 2018, with 10.2 million visitors. The Musée d'Orsay and Musée de l'Orangerie are noted for their collections of French Impressionist art, the Pompidou Centre Musée National d'Art Moderne has the largest collection of modern and contemporary art in Europe; the historical district along the Seine in the city centre is classified as a UNESCO Heritage Site. Popular landmarks in the centre of the city include the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris and the Gothic royal chapel of Sainte-Chapelle, both on the Île de la Cité. Paris received 23 million visitors in 2017, measured by hotel stays, with the largest numbers of foreign visitors coming from the United States, the UK, Germany and China.
It was ranked as the third most visited travel destination in the world in 2017, after Bangkok and London. The football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris; the 80,000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros. Paris will host the 2024 Summer Olympics; the 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cups, the 2007 Rugby World Cup, the 1960, 1984, 2016 UEFA European Championships were held in the city and, every July, the Tour de France bicycle race finishes there. The name "Paris" is derived from the Celtic Parisii tribe; the city's name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. Paris is referred to as the City of Light, both because of its leading role during the Age of Enlightenment and more because Paris was one of the first large European cities to use gas street lighting on a grand scale on its boulevards and monuments.
Gas lights were installed on the Place du Carousel, Rue de Rivoli and Place Vendome in 1829. By 1857, the Grand boulevards were lit. By the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps. Since the late 19th century, Paris has been known as Panam in French slang. Inhabitants are known in French as Parisiens, they are pejoratively called Parigots. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. One of the area's major north–south trade routes crossed the Seine on the île de la Cité; the Parisii minted their own coins for that purpose. The Romans began their settlement on Paris' Left Bank; the Roman town was called Lutetia. It became a prosperous city with a forum, temples, an amphitheatre. By the end of the Western Roman Empire, the town was known as Parisius, a Latin name that would become Paris in French. Christianity was introduced in the middle of the 3rd century AD by Saint Denis, the first Bishop of Paris: according to legend, when he refused to renounce his faith before the Roman occupiers, he was beheaded on the hill which became known as Mons Martyrum "Montmartre", from where he walked headless to the north of the city.
Clovis the Frank, the first king of the Merovingian dynasty, made the city his capital from 508. As the Frankish domination of Gaul began, there was a gradual immigration by the Franks to Paris and the Parisian Francien dialects were born. Fortification of the Île-de-la-Citie failed to avert sacking by Vikings in 845, but Paris' strategic importance—with its bridges prevent
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
England men's national basketball team
The England national basketball team is organised by Basketball England, the sport's governing body in England. England's direct membership of FIBA ended in September 2016, when its national teams were merged into Great Britain teams, so England no longer play in FIBA competitions. England competed in the 2018 Commonwealth Games. England's biggest success were its four qualifications to EuroBasket, the European championship in basketball; the team won the bronze medal at the 2006 Commonwealth Games. England's first European championship appearance was at Eurobasket 1946, they lost all four of the games that they played, subsequently finished last in the field of ten teams. A few years England qualified for the Eurobasket 1955 in Budapest, where the English Team had a couple of strong showings. After losing their preliminary round games they beat Switzerland, a major player at the global stage until the mid-50s; the victory marked England's first victory at a major international basketball event.
England outscored Austria as well. The team placed second in the five teams of the classification group, moving to the 9–12 classification semifinals. There, England could not take advantage of the gained self-confidence and lost the next two games. Overall, England finished in 12th place out of the 18 teams, a considerable improvement from its last eurobasket appearance in 1946. Despite the improvements in the preceding years, Team England did not do well at the Eurobasket 1961 or the Eurobasket 1981 and lost most games, its lone victory, came in 1981 when they beat the elite team of Greece. This victory still stands as one of the major surprises in the history of the tournament; the men's and women's teams were competing for the first time as England in a major multi-sport event, it was the first Commonwealth Games in which basketball was featured. The men's team included Steve Bucknall, the second Englishman to play in the NBA. John Amaechi, who played 284 games in the NBA, came out of retirement to participate in Melbourne.
Having lost to Australia in the semi-finals, they faced Nigeria in the Bronze medal match. The teams were tied at 15 points to end the first quarter. Robert Reed and Andrew Bridge led the way as England found their stride in the second phase, they pulled away in the second half of play. Reed played like a snake possessed and was the top scorer for England with 16 points and dominating the Nigerians who had no answer to his all action style. Michael Martin contributed with 13 points. England won the game 80–57 to claim the first Bronze medal in Commonwealth Games basketballTeam Antony Burns Jermaine Forbes Andrew Bridge Ronnie Baker Delme Herriman Andrew Sullivan Fabulous Flournoy Mike Martin Robert Reed John Amaechi Julius Joseph Richard WindleCoaching Staff Coach – Peter Scantlebury Assistant Coach – Michael Hayles Assistant Coach – Tim Lewis At the FIBA EuroBasket 2003 qualification: 1946 EuroBasket: finished 10th among 10 teams Colin Hunt, Douglas Legg, John Hart, Ronald Legg, Frank Cole, Arthur Lee, Derius Hewitt, Stanley Weston, Ken Dight, Charles Watson 1948 Olympic Games: finished 20th among 23 teams Colin Hunt, Douglas Legg, Ronald Legg, Frank Cole, Robert Norris, Stanley Weston, Lionel Price, Trevor Davies, Malcolm Finlay, Stanley McMeekan, Sydney McMeekan, Alexander Eke, Harry Weston 1955 EuroBasket: finished 12th among 18 teams Arthur Cladingboel, Reg Fearn, William James, Gordon Cook, Dennis Wilkinson, Colin Wedge, Alan Bruce, Ugo Agnelli, Wilf Byrne, Keith Ledbrook, Michael Roblou, Ronald Rix, N.
Smith 1961 EuroBasket: finished 19th among 19 teams Raymond Kirk, Kornel Tober, Alan Wardle, Peter Creasey, Wilfred Byrne, Alan Tillot, Alan Hildyard, Ronald Hextall, Geoffrey Kaiser, Dennis Wakefield, George Whitmore, Terry Keogh 1981 EuroBasket: finished 12th among 12 teams David Lloyd, Neville Hopkins, David Berry, Martin Clark, Paul Richards, Nick Burns, Clive Hartley, Jim McCauley, Ian Day, Paul Stimpson, Dan Lloyd, Karl Tatham England women's national basketball team Basketball at the 2006 Commonwealth Games England at the 2006 Commonwealth Games England national under-19 basketball team Basketball In England FIBA profile Archived records of England team participations
Switzerland the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities; the sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2. While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of 8.5 million people is concentrated on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the late medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria and Burgundy. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648; the country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation.
It pursues an active foreign policy and is involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to numerous international organisations, including the second largest UN office. On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably not part of the European Union, the European Economic Area or the Eurozone. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties. Spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French and Romansh. Although the majority of the population are German-speaking, Swiss national identity is rooted in a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy, Alpine symbolism. Due to its linguistic diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names: Schweiz. On coins and stamps, the Latin name – shortened to "Helvetia" – is used instead of the four national languages.
Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Switzerland ranks at or near the top globally in several metrics of national performance, including government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic competitiveness and human development. Zürich and Basel have all three been ranked among the top ten cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the first ranked second globally, according to Mercer in 2018; the English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, an obsolete term for the Swiss, in use during the 16th to 19th centuries. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse in use since the 16th century; the name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, one of the Waldstätten cantons which formed the nucleus of the Old Swiss Confederacy. The Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for "Confederates", used since the 14th century.
The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes perhaps related to swedan ‘to burn’, referring to the area of forest, burned and cleared to build; the name was extended to the area dominated by the canton, after the Swabian War of 1499 came to be used for the entire Confederation. The Swiss German name of the country, Schwiiz, is homophonous to that of the canton and the settlement, but distinguished by the use of the definite article; the Latin name Confoederatio Helvetica was neologized and introduced after the formation of the federal state in 1848, harking back to the Napoleonic Helvetic Republic, appearing on coins from 1879, inscribed on the Federal Palace in 1902 and after 1948 used in the official seal.. Helvetica is derived from the Helvetii, a Gaulish tribe living on the Swiss plateau before the Roman era. Helvetia appears as a national personification of the Swiss confederacy in the 17th century with a 1672 play by Johann Caspar Weissenbach.
Switzerland has existed as a state in its present form since the adoption of the Swiss Federal Constitution in 1848. The precursors of Switzerland established a protective alliance at the end of the 13th century, forming a loose confederation of states which persisted for centuries; the oldest traces of hominid existence in Switzerland date back about 150,000 years. The oldest known farming settlements in Switzerland, which were found at Gächlingen, have been dated to around 5300 BC; the earliest known cultural tribes of the area were members of the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures, named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchâtel. La Tène culture developed and flourished during the late Iron Age from around 450 BC under some influence from the Gree