John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician and journalist who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. He served at the height of the Cold War, the majority of his presidency dealt with managing relations with the Soviet Union. A member of the Democratic Party, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in the U. S. House of Representatives and Senate prior to becoming president. Kennedy was born in Brookline, the second child of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Kennedy. He graduated from Harvard University in 1940 and joined the U. S. Naval Reserve the following year. During World War II, he commanded a series of PT boats in the Pacific theater and earned the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his service. After the war, Kennedy represented the 11th congressional district of Massachusetts in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953, he was subsequently elected to the U. S. Senate and served as the junior Senator from Massachusetts from 1953 to 1960.
While in the Senate, he published his book Profiles in Courage, which won a Pulitzer Prize for Biography. In the 1960 presidential election, Kennedy narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, the incumbent vice president. At age 43, he became the second-youngest man to serve as president, the youngest man to be elected as U. S. president, as well as the only Roman Catholic to occupy that office. He was the first president to have served in the U. S. Navy. Kennedy's time in office was marked by high tensions with communist states in the Cold War, he increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over President Dwight D. Eisenhower. In April 1961, he authorized a failed joint-CIA attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro in the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he subsequently rejected Operation Northwoods plans by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to orchestrate false flag attacks on American soil in order to gain public approval for a war against Cuba.
However his administration continued to plan for an invasion of Cuba in the summer of 1962. In October 1962, U. S. spy planes discovered. Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and supported the civil rights movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated in Texas. Pursuant to the Constitution, Vice President Lyndon Johnson automatically became president upon Kennedy's death. Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was killed by Jack Ruby two days and so was never prosecuted. Ruby was sentenced to death and died while the conviction was on appeal in 1967. Both the FBI and the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups challenged the findings of the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy. After Kennedy's death, Congress enacted many of his proposals, including the Civil Rights Act and the Revenue Act of 1964.
Kennedy continues to rank in polls of U. S. presidents with historians and the general public. His personal life has been the focus of considerable public fascination following revelations regarding his lifelong health ailments and alleged extra-marital affairs, his average approval rating of 70% is the highest of any president in Gallup's history of systematically measuring job approval. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at 83 Beals Street in suburban Brookline, Massachusetts, to businessman/politician Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy and philanthropist/socialite Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy, his paternal grandfather P. J. Kennedy was a member of the Massachusetts state legislature, his maternal grandfather and namesake John F. Fitzgerald served as a U. S. Congressman and was elected to two terms as Mayor of Boston. All four of his grandparents were children of Irish immigrants. Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr. and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Eunice, Robert and Edward.
As of 2019, he has been the only Catholic U. S. President. Kennedy lived in Brookline for the first ten years of his life and attended the local St. Aidan's Church, where he was baptized on June 19, 1917, he was educated at the Edward Devotion School in Brookline, the Noble and Greenough Lower School in nearby Dedham and the Dexter School through the 4th grade. His father's business had kept him away from the family for long stretches of time, his ventures were concentrated on Wall Street and Hollywood. In September 1927, the family moved from Brookline to the Riverdale neighborhood of New York City. Young John attended the lower campus of Riverdale Country School, a private school for boys, from 5th to 7th grade. Two years the family moved to suburban Bronxville, New York, where Kennedy was a member of Boy Scout Troop 2 and attended St. Joseph's Church; the Kennedy family spent summers and early autumns at their home in Hyannis Port and Christmas and Easter holidays at their winter retreat in Palm Beach, Florida purchased in 1933.
In September 1930, Kennedy—then 13 years old—attended the Canterbury School in New Milford, for 8th grade. In April 1931, he had an appendectomy, after which he withdrew from Canterbury and recuperated at home. In September 1931, Kennedy started attending Choate, a prestigious board
Mamaroneck High School
Mamaroneck High School is a public school located in Mamaroneck, New York. The school is part of the Mamaroneck Union Free School District. Students residing in neighboring Larchmont attend this school; the present campus is located half a mile southwest of Mamaroneck's Harbor Island Park and spans the distance between Boston Post Road and Palmer Avenue. It comprises two primary buildings, one facing the Boston Post Road, the other facing Palmer Avenue, with an enclosed footbridge connecting them. Prior to the construction of the Hommocks Middle School, the Boston Post Road building, built in 1926, was used as the district's junior high school, until it was annexed by the high school. There has been added a new science wing to the Boston Post Road building. A wooden gazebo stands near the Palmer end of the footbridge, it was designed by an architectural-drawing-student, Brian Blum, built by volunteer members of that year's class with support from architectural-drawing teacher Nick Cucchiarella.
The high school is one of the few in the area that has a open campus. Students are not obligated to stay on campus during free periods; this has given rise to some safety concerns by parents, but by and large the community is supportive of the policy. The open campus policy has been threatened to be suspended several times in wake of a string of bomb threats and false fire alarms in the late 1990s, although the campus remained open; the open campus policy was suspended in 2008 due to another string of bomb threats. Being two separate, independent school buildings, MHS has a wealth of facilities, including three computer labs, two gymnasiums, a football field, a baseball field, two parking areas, a TV studio, a large auditorium and a smaller theater, it offers a variety of educational and extracurricular activities, including architectural and engineering drawing, golf and fencing. MHS has extensive programs to support students with disabilities. A new library and cafeteria were added to the school in 2006.
This section of the complex connects the Post Road buildings. The 28,000 square-foot three-story addition cost $15.8 million to construct. It was designed by Brian Snyder, AIA, of The Geddis Partnership, Southport, CT. Mamaroneck High school is unranked in U. S. News & World Report List of Best High School of 2012. However, its score of 55.2 in terms of college readiness places it with the same rating as a rank of #262. In the U. S. News & World Report List of Best High Schools in 2017, it is Ranked #242 in National High Schools Mamaroneck High School offers a variety of Advanced Placement classes to upperclassmen. Students are allowed to take AP US History, AP English Language and AP Physics 1 as early as their junior year. Seniors can select from AP European History, AP Macroeconomics, AP Government, AP English Literature, AP Physics C, AP Biology, AP Environmental Science, AP Computer Science A, AP Calculus AB, AP Calculus BC, AP French, AP Spanish Language. Students have the option to submit an AP Studio Art portfolio in either Drawing and Painting, Photography, or Clay.
In 2010, 2.415 AP tests were taken per graduating senior, this garnered a ranking of 452 on Newsweek's annual list of Americas Best High Schools. In addition, the High School offers a large number of dual-enrollment courses; these include Introduction to Sociology administered by Syracuse University, College Composition by Iona College, as well as Intermediate Spanish/French, Introduction Creative Writing, a three-year program in Original Science Research with SUNY Albany. English, science, social studies, physical education are required in each grade level. Three electives, such as digital photography, art, performing arts, or video, are required for graduation. French and Chinese are offered in each grade level; the MHS baseball team won the New York class AA state championship in 2015 adding to the two other titles won back to back in 2008 and 2009. The MHS Field Hockey Team were the Class A 2004 State Champions and again in 2014 and 2015, they were runners-up in the New York State championships in 2005, 2009, 2010, 2011.
The high school's ice hockey team and baseball team and field hockey team have won state championships in the state of New York, with the ice hockey team making it to states a second consecutive year in 2017. The 2016 ice hockey team won Westchester County's first NYSPHSAA Div. 1 State Championship. Anima Banks, a former member of the track team, has won the 800 M race state championship 3 times. Youssif Hemida, a former member of the wrestling team, won the New York State Wrestling Championship in the 220 pound division; the school has teams for golf, fencing, hockey, soccer, skiing, basketball and track & field. Fred Berger - movie producer Gerald B. Appel - celebrity nephrologist Elizabeth Berridge - actress Kevin Dillon - actor Matt Dillon - actor Dan Futterman - actor Al Giordano - journalist Tor Hyams - musician Bennett Miller - director Jill Novick - actress Michael O'Keefe - actor Norman Rockwell - artist Susan Dentzer - journalist David O. Russell - director Elizabeth Kolbert - journalist Scott Leius - professional Major League Baseball player for Twins and Royals.
Jeff Weiner - CEO of LinkedIn Emily Wickersham - Actress Rob Gardner - The original drummer and one of the founding members of the rock band, "Guns N' Roses" a founding member of "LA Guns"
Ossining High School
Ossining High School is a comprehensive public high school located in Ossining, New York, United States, along the Hudson River in northern Westchester County, New York. Serving grades 9 through 12, it is the sole high school within the Ossining Union Free School District; the school serves the entirety of the village of Ossining, portions of the Village of Briarcliff Manor, Town of Ossining, Town of New Castle, as well as a small southern portion of the Town of Yorktown. Its building is a historical contributing property within the Downtown Ossining Historic District, added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1989; the present Ossining High School building was designed by James Gamble Rogers in a Collegiate Gothicstyle, with a warm-toned blend of brick and stone. Construction was finished the following year; the school was built by Rafael Paiva. The school building has been enlarged in the years since. Between 1968 and 1974, the town of Ossining experienced a string of four race-related disturbances.
The final one, on March 13, 1974, began in the school's cafeteria and resulted in several days of school closure, 15 student suspensions, 19 injuries. This disturbance took place just days after the district's announcement of a plan to redraw elementary school boundaries. Many believed this elementary school segregation to be an underlying cause of these racial disturbances; this resulted in the implementation of the "Ossining Plan" for elementary school desegregation in 1981, which assigned each elementary school within the district by grade level instead of neighborhood. Ossining High School has each 41 minutes long. A normal school day ends at 2:45 pm; the school offers optional extra help time from 2:45-3:15pm. Classes run on an A/B day schedule, so that days alternate, some electives or labs may occur every other day; the school operates an open campus for students above the ninth grade. The school's current full-time principal is Stephen Hancock, the school's three full-time assistant principals are Christopher DeMattia, Katiana Simon, Francesco Fiorillo.
As of the 2016-2017 school year, the school had an enrollment of 1,378 students and 97.8 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 14:1. 135 students were classified as English Language Learners, 217 were classified as Students with Disabilites, 775 were Economically Disadvantaged. The school graduation rate in 2016 was 76%. Half of the student population is Hispanic or Latino, with large White and Black minorities and a smaller Asian minority. In 2012, OHS was named a School of Distinction finalist by Intel in the High School Science category; the award, only one of, granted annually, came with a prize of $100,000. The award recognizes K-12 schools that "provide a rich, rigorous science or mathematics curriculum by incorporating hands-on investigative experiences that prepare students for future jobs." OHS was recognized on the basis of the success of its long-running Science Research program, as well as the surprising success of the school's robotics program, founded that year. In 2016, the school was named a "School of Opportunity" by the National Education Policy Center for its efforts in closing the achievement gap.
OHS has been recognized by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools as a School of Distinction for its programs in music, school counseling, world languages. As of the 2018-2019 school year, Ossining High School offers 41 college-level classes in partnership with the University at Albany, SUNY and Westchester Community College, although a few are offered in partnership with Iona College, SUNY at Oneonta, Syracuse University. Labeled the "SUNY Early College Program," they allow OHS students who plan to attend SUNY or WCC schools to complete a significant portion of their college curriculum at OHS. A notable SUNY class offered is "SUNY Racism and Sexism," started in 2005 with the intention of drawing more nonwhite students to advanced courses; the school offers 14 Advanced Placement classes, which include AP English Language and Composition, English Literature and Composition, Spanish Language and Culture, Studio Art levels 1 and 2, U. S. History, U. S. Government and Politics, World History, Environmental Science, Calculus AB and BC, Computer Science, Statistics.
For the 2014-2015 school year, 38% of 12th-graders took at least one AP exam at any point during high school, 57% of AP exams taken were passed. OHS offers foreign language classes in Spanish and Italian, as well as American Sign Language classes.9% of the OHS student population were English Language Learners in 2017, the school has received acclaim from the National Education Policy Center for its academic programs to help this population. These students are taught using an Integrated Co-Teaching Model, in which an English as a New Language Teacher and a c
Westchester County, New York
Westchester County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. It is the second-most populous county on the mainland of New York, after the Bronx, the most populous county in the state north of New York City. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a population of 949,113, estimated to have increased by 3.3% to 980,244 by 2017. Situated in the Hudson Valley, Westchester covers an area of 450 square miles, consisting of six cities, 19 towns, 23 villages. Established in 1683, Westchester was named after the city of England; the county seat is the city of White Plains, while the most populous municipality in the county is the city of Yonkers, with an estimated 200,807 residents in 2016. The annual per capita income for Westchester was $67,813 in 2011; the 2011 median household income of $77,006 was the fifth highest in New York and the 47th highest in the United States. By 2014, the county's median household income had risen to $83,422. Westchester County ranks second in the state after New York County for median income per person, with a higher concentration of incomes in smaller households.
Westchester County had the highest property taxes of any county in the United States in 2013. Westchester County is one of the centrally located counties within the New York metropolitan area; the county is positioned with Nassau and Suffolk counties, to its south. Westchester was the first suburban area of its scale in the world to develop, due to the upper-middle-class development of entire communities in the late 19th century and the subsequent rapid population growth; because of Westchester's numerous road and mass transit connections to New York City, as well as its shared border with the Bronx, the 20th and 21st centuries have seen much of the county the southern portion, become nearly as densely developed as New York City itself. At the time of European contact in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Native American inhabitants of present-day Westchester County were part of the Algonquian peoples, whose name for themselves was Lenape, meaning the people, they called the region Lenapehoking, which consisted of the area around and between the Delaware and Hudson Rivers.
Several different tribes occupied the area, including The Manhattans, the Weckquaesgeek and Siwanoy bands of the Wappinger in the south, Tankiteke and Kitchawank Wappinger in the north. The first European explorers to visit the Westchester area were Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524 and Henry Hudson in 1609. Dutch settlers began arriving in the 1620s, followed by settlers from England in the 1640s. Westchester County was one of the original twelve counties of the Province of New York, created by an act of the New York General Assembly in 1683. At the time it included present-day Bronx County, abutted then-Dutchess County to the north. By 1775, Westchester was the richest and most populous county in the colony of New York. Although the Revolutionary War devastated the county, recovery after the war was rapid. In 1788, five years after the end of the war, the county was divided into 20 towns. In 1798, the first federal census recorded a population of 24,000 for the county. Two developments in the first half of the 19th century – the construction of the first Croton Dam and Aqueduct, the coming of the railroad – had enormous impacts on the growth of Westchester.
The Croton Dam and Aqueduct was begun in 1837 and completed in 1842. In the 1840s, the first railroads were built in Westchester, included the New York and Harlem Railroad, the Hudson River Railroad, the New York and New Haven Railroad; the railroads determined the growth of a town, the population shifted from Northern to Southern Westchester. By 1860, the total county population was 99,000, with the largest city being Yonkers; the period following the American Civil War enabled entrepreneurs in the New York area to create fortunes, many built large estates, such as Lyndhurst, in Westchester. During the latter half of the 19th century, Westchester's transportation system and labor force attracted a manufacturing base along the Hudson River and Nepperhan Creek. In 1874, the western portion of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County, in 1895 the remainder of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County; these would split from Manhattan to form a county. During the 20th century, the rural character of Westchester would transform into the suburban county known today.
The Bronx River Parkway, completed in 1925, was the first modern, multi-lane limited-access roadway in North America. The development of Westchester's parks and parkway systems supported existing communities and encouraged the establishment of new ones, transforming the development pattern for Westchester. With the need for homes expanding after World War II, multistory apartment houses appeared in the urbanized areas of the county, while the market for single-family houses continued to expand. By 1950, the total County population was 625,816. Major interstate highways were constructed in Westchester during the 1960s; the establishment of these roadways, along with the construction of the Tappan Zee Bridge, led to further growth in the county. Westchester County is located in southern New York known as Downstate, it shares its southern boundary with its northern border with Putnam County. It is bordered on the west
Hastings High School (New York)
Hastings High School is a public high school and only high school of the Hastings-on-Hudson Union Free School District in Westchester County, New York. The principal is Louis A. Adipietro; the class of 1908 was the first graduating class of Hastings High School. In 1949, the school adopted the coat of arms of England. Hastings High School was ranked 162nd on Newsweek's ranking of the top US high schools Hastings High School was a recipient of the U. S. Department of Education's National Blue Ribbon Award for excellence for 2001–2002 and for 2016-2017. Hastings is a member of the New York State Public High School Athletic Association; the Hastings Athletics Department has been recognized by the Journal News as recipients of the NHSCSA Sportsmen Medallion for their outstanding efforts in both Crowd Attendance and Spirit. The Student Section known as the "Cochran Crazies," has been awarded the TFS Scholar Creative Minds Award recognized by the Section 1 Athletic Committee in 2006. Hastings High School's curling team won both the County and Section titles during the'05 and'06 Campaigns.
Hastings 2015 Boys Varsity Soccer team made a New York State Final Four run after winning both the league and the section. Hastings 2016 Boys Varsity Soccer returned to the Final Four and the team won the New York State Class B Championship after winning their league and region; this was Hastings' first state championship win in any sport. Hastings High School's newspaper, The Buzzer, is one of the most successful clubs at the school, it has been represented by its Editorial Staffs at the Columbia Scholastic Press Association’s Annual Conference at Columbia University, the Young Author's Conference of 2007, "Journalism That Matters: The DC Sessions" at The George Washington University. The Buzzer has featured interviews with Owen Wilson, Larry David, Cheryl Hines, Jeff Garlin, Jeff Daniels, as well as various prominent bloggers. Guy Adami, trader, TV personality Stephen Collins, actor Libby Copeland, reporter for the Washington Post Ricki Lake, television presenter and producer Ali Marpet, American Football center for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League Robert Meeropol, son of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Dave Rice, college football coach Benh Zeitlin, filmmaker and animatorThe Hastings High School Alumni Association was established in 2000 and can be found at https://hohalumni.org/.
"HHS Home Page" "HHS Newspaper"
State schools are primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. While such schools are to be found in every country, there are significant variations in their structure and educational programs. State education encompasses primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary educational institutions such as universities and technical schools that are funded and overseen by government rather than by private entities; the position before there were government-funded schools varied: in many instances there was an established educational system which served a significant, albeit elite, sector of the population. The introduction of government-organised schools was in some cases able to build upon this established system, both systems have continued to exist, sometimes in a parallel and complementary relationship and other times less harmoniously. State education is inclusive, both in its treatment of students and in that enfranchisement for the government of public education is as broad as for government generally.
It is organised and operated to be a deliberate model of the civil community in which it functions. Although provided to groups of students in classrooms in a central school, it may be provided in-home, employing visiting teachers, and/or supervising teachers, it can be provided in non-school, non-home settings, such as shopping mall space. State education is available to all. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to attend school up to a certain age, but the option of attending private school is open to many. In the case of private schooling, schools operate independently of the state and defray their costs by charging parents tuition fees; the funding for state schools, on the other hand, is provided by tax revenues, so that individuals who do not attend school help to ensure that society is educated. In poverty stricken societies, authorities are lax on compulsory school attendance because child labour is exploited, it is these same children whose income-securing labour cannot be forfeited to allow for school attendance.
The term "public education" when applied to state schools is not synonymous with the term "publicly funded education". Government may make a public policy decision that it wants to have some financial resources distributed in support of, it may want to have some control over, the provision of private education. Grants-in-aid of private schools and vouchers systems provide examples of publicly funded private education. Conversely, a state school may rely on private funding such as high fees or private donations and still be considered state by virtue of governmental ownership and control. State primary and secondary education involves the following: compulsory student attendance. In some countries, private associations or churches can operate schools according to their own principles, as long as they comply with certain state requirements; when these specific requirements are met in the area of the school curriculum, the schools will qualify to receive state funding. They are treated financially and for accreditation purposes as part of the state education system though they make decisions about hiring and school policy, which the state might not make itself.
Government schools are free to attend for Australian citizens and permanent residents, whereas independent schools charge attendance fees. They can be divided into two categories: selective schools; the open schools accept all students from their government-defined catchment areas. Government schools educate 65% of Australian students, with 34% in Catholic and independent schools. Regardless of whether a school is part of the Government or independent systems, they are required to adhere to the same curriculum frameworks of their state or territory; the curriculum framework however provides for some flexibility in the syllabus, so that subjects such as religious education can be taught. Most school students wear uniforms. Public or Government funded; these schools teach students from Year 1 to 10, with examinations for students in years 5, 8, 10. All public schools follow the National Board Curriculum. Many children girls, drop out of school after completing the 5th Year in remote areas. In larger cities such as Dhaka, this is uncommon.
Many good public schools conduct an entrance exam, although most public schools in the villages and small towns do not. Public schools are the only option for parents and children in rural areas, but there are large numbers of private schools in Dhaka and Chittagong. Many Bangladeshi private schools teach their students in English and follow curricula from overseas, but in public schools lessons are taught in Bengali. Per the Canadian constitution, public-school education in Canada is a provincial responsibility and, as such, there are many variations among the provinces. Junior kindergarten exists as an official program in only Ontario and Quebec while kindergarten is available in every province, but provincial funding and the level of ho
Eastchester High School
Eastchester High School is located in Westchester County, New York in the town of Eastchester. It is a former U. S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon school with 905 students. Graduates have gained acceptance to schools such as Bucknell University, The Johns Hopkins University, UCLA, UC Berkeley, Georgia Tech, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Chicago, Cornell University, Notre Dame, the University of Virginia, the University of Miami, Haverford College, Stanford. Eastchester High School is accredited by the New York State Board of Regents and the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. A junior high school was added to the High School in 1955, two years another wing was constructed to make up what is now known as Eastchester Middle School; the original gym and an auditorium were built at the High School in 1932, a second gym was opened there in 1985. In 2011, Eastchester High School students received an average combined SAT score of 1624; that same year, Eastchester sent 90.1% of its graduating class to a college.
Eastchester offers 16 AP classes as well as several courses for college credit in conjunction with colleges in New York State. Eastchester High School offers a number of varsity sports team competing in New York State's Section 1 including football, baseball, basketball and field, hockey swimming, cross-country and wrestling. Eastchester's athletes have achieved considerable success. Eastchester's girls tennis team captured the New York State singles title in 2002 and 2004. Eastchester's Varsity Softball Team won New York State Championships in 1990 and 1991, with their head coach, Thomas "Skip" Walsh, First Base/Pitcher, Bonnie Bell, Pitcher Jennifer Satriale, all subsequently inducted into the New York State High School Softball Hall of Fame.. Notable Players: John Doherty - MLB Pitcher, Detroit Tigers and Boston Red Sox, EHS Class of 1985. Notable Coaches: Ron Rothstein – Coach of the several NBA teams was both a physical education teacher and the varsity basketball coach in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Jill Cornell Tarter, Class of 1961 Eric Naposki, Former NFL player, convicted of murder, Class of 1984. Kenneth Posner, Tony Award-winning Lighting Designer, Class of 1983. Chuck Traynor, Class of 1955. Betty Broderick, High-profile murderer convicted of the killing of her ex-husband and his new wife in 1989, Class of 1965. Bobby Moynihan, Cast Member of Saturday Night Live, Class of 1995 Jimmy Fink, New York radio personality, Class of 1967 Eastchester High School was used as a filming location in the 1982 film The World According to Garp. Many students from the graduating classes of 1981–1984 appeared in the film that featured Robin Williams