click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

Lycoming County is a county located in the U. S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; as of the 2010 census, the population was 116,111. Its county seat is Williamsport. Lycoming County comprises the Williamsport, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located about 130 miles northwest of Philadelphia and 165 miles east-northeast of Pittsburgh, Lycoming County is the largest county in Pennsylvania by area. Lycoming County was formed from Northumberland County on April 13, 1795; the county was larger. It took up most of the land, now north central Pennsylvania; the following counties have been formed from land, once part of Lycoming County: Armstrong, Centre, Clinton, Jefferson, McKean, Sullivan, Venango, Forest and Cameron. Lycoming County was named Jefferson County in honor of Thomas Jefferson; this name proved to be unsatisfactory. The name change went through several steps. First a change to Lycoming County was rejected, next the name Susquehanna County was struck down as was Muncy County, before the legislature revisited and settled on Lycoming County for Lycoming Creek, the stream, the center of the pre-Revolutionary border dispute.

1615: The first European in Lycoming County was Étienne Brûlé. He was a voyageur for New France. Brule descended the West Branch Susquehanna River and was held captive by a local Indian tribe near what is now Muncy before escaping and returning to Canada.1761: The first permanent homes were built in Muncy. Three log cabins were built by Bowyer Brooks, Robert Roberts and James Alexander.1772: The first gristmill is built on Muncy Creek by John Alward1775: The first public road is built along the West Branch Susquehanna River. The road followed Indian trails from Fort Augusta in what is now Sunbury to Bald Eagle Creek near modern-day Lock Haven.1786: The first church built in the county was Lycoming Presbyterian church in what was known as Jaysburg and is now the Newberry section of Williamsport.1792: The first sawmill was built on Lycoming Creek by Roland Hall.1795: The first elections for Lycoming County government are held soon after the county was formed from Northumberland County. The elected officers were Samuel Stewart, county sheriff and the first county commissioners were John Hanna, Thomas Forster and James Crawford.

Andrew Gregg was elected to represent Lycoming County in the United States Congress, William Hepburn was voted to the Pennsylvania State Senate and Flavel Roan, Hugh White and Robert Martin served as representatives in the Pennsylvania General Assembly.1823: The county government funded the construction of the first bridges over Loyalsock and Lycoming Creeks.1839: The first railroad is built. It connected Williamsport with Ralston in northern Lycoming County; the railroad followed Lycoming Creek. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,244 square miles, of which 1,229 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water. Lycoming County is the largest county in second-largest by total area; the county has a humid continental climate, warm-summer except in lower areas near the river which are hot-summer. Average monthly temperatures in downtown Williamsport average from 26.5 °F in January to 72.4 °F in July, while in Trout Run they average from 25.5 °F in January to 71.2 °F in July.

Lycoming County is divided between the Appalachian Mountains in the south, the dissected Allegheny Plateau in the north and east, the valley of the West Branch Susquehanna River between these. The West Branch of the Susquehanna enters Lycoming County from Clinton County just west of the borough of Jersey Shore, on the northwest bank of the river; the river flows east and a little north with some large curves for 15 miles to the city of Williamsport, followed by the borough of Montoursville as well as the boroughs of Duboistown and South Williamsport. The river flows just north of Bald Eagle Mountain through much of its course in Lycoming County, but it passes the end of the mountain and turns south just before the borough of Muncy, it continues south past the borough of Montgomery and leaves Lycoming County, where it forms the border between Union and Northumberland Counties. From there the West Branch merges with the North Branch Susquehanna River at Northumberland and flows south to the Chesapeake Bay.

The major creeks of Lycoming County are all tributaries of the West Branch Susquehanna River. On the north or left bank of the river they are: Pine Creek which the river receives just west of Jersey Shore. Loyalsock and Muncy Creeks are the major watersheds of Sullivan County. There is White Deer Hole Creek, the only major creek in Lycoming County on the right bank of the river, it is south of Bald Eagle Mountain, flows from west to east. The river receives it at the village of Allenwood in Gregg Township in Union County. Other creeks found on the right bank of the West Branch Susquehanna River in Lycoming County are minor, including Antes Creek in the Nippenose valley, Mo

Sunday Bloody Sunday (film)

Sunday Bloody Sunday is a 1971 British drama film written by Penelope Gilliatt, directed by John Schlesinger and starring Murray Head, Glenda Jackson, Peter Finch and Peggy Ashcroft. It tells the story of a free-spirited young bisexual artist and his simultaneous relationships with a divorced female recruitment job consultant and a gay male Jewish doctor; the film is significant for its time in that Finch's homosexual character is depicted as successful and well-adjusted, not upset by his sexuality. In this sense, Sunday Bloody Sunday was a considerable departure from Schlesinger's previous film Midnight Cowboy, which portrayed its queer characters as alienated and self-loathing, as well as other gay-themed films of the era, including The Boys in the Band and Some of My Best Friends Are.... Set in London, the film tells the story of a middle-aged gay Jewish doctor, Daniel Hirsh, a divorced woman in her mid-30s, Alex Greville, who are both involved in an open love triangle with sculptor Bob Elkin, a younger man in his mid-20s.

Not only are Daniel and Alex each aware that Bob is seeing the other but they know one another through common friends. Despite this, they are willing to put up with the situation through fear of losing Bob, who switches between them. Bob has his own coterie of artist friends. Alex and Daniel are both close friends with the Hodsons, who are a conventional middle-class family living somewhere in a leafy London suburb, they alternate having Sunday dinner with the Hodsons, who are quite aware of their relationships but don't talk about them, though the Hodson children are inclined to snicker. Alex has a depressed friend who has lost his job to age discrimination, they sleep together at Alex's flat, Bob announces his arrival, forcing them to pretend to be having a casual drink. Bob tells Alex, they are, in his words, "free". There are minor crises in the narrative; the Hodson's family dog is run over by a truck. Daniel has to deal with a former lover, a heroin addict. After unsuccessfully trying to fill a heroin prescription for him at a pharmacy, being unable to prove he is a doctor, Daniel finds that his medical bag has been stolen from his car.

For Alex, the relationship is bound up with growing disillusion about her professional life, failed marriage and uneasy childhood. For Daniel, it represents an escape from the repressed nature of his Jewish upbringing. Both realise the lack of permanence about the situation; when Bob decides to leave the country to settle in New York City, after receiving an offer to open his own art gallery, they both come face to face for the first time in the narrative. Despite their opposed circumstances and Alex come to realise that it is time to move on; the film ends with an unconventional speech from Daniel directly to the audience. He muses on his relationship with Bob, his friends' concern for his happiness, declares "I am happy, except for missing him", his last remark is "I only came about my cough" a punch line to a joke about a man going to the doctor and getting unexpected news. Schlesinger had the idea for the movie, he approached Penelope Gilliatt, who had done a novel A Statement of Change about a love triangle involving a doctor, asked if she would write a script.

They had extensive discussions and she wrote the first draft in London over ten days. The movie took five years of development. "There were endless delays," said the director. "No one was keen about our doing the film." There were casting problems. For what it is it ended up being expensive."The relationship between Schlesinger and Gilliatt was difficult and David Sherwin did an extensive uncredited rewrite. The original choices for the leads were Vanessa Redgrave. Both turned them down. John Schlesinger said he wanted Peter Finch for the role of the gay doctor; however he was meant to star in a film of Man's Fate. He cast Alan Bates but Bates was held up filming The Go-Between so Ian Bannen was cast. Schlesinger was thinking of casting Jean Simmons until he saw Glenda Jackson in Women in Love and decided to offer her the role. Several actresses politely refused the part of Glenda Jackson's mother, Mrs. Greville, because they thought the project was too risqué. Peggy Ashcroft accepted after the director explained to her the elements of the story and she gladly signed on.

Filming took place from March to August 1970. Ian Bannen was fired from the role of Daniel Hirsh shortly after filming began, he was so nervous about what kissing another actor on screen might do to his career, he could not concentrate enough to get going with the part. He said that losing the role set back his career, regretted it till his death, he was replaced by Finch. Daniel Day-Lewis made his film debut in an uncredited role as a vandal, he described the experience as "heaven", for getting paid £2 to vandalise expensive cars parked outside near St Alfege Church, Greenwich. The sequence showed children walking alongside a line of parked cars, casually scraping the cars' paintwork with keys and coins. Of the kiss scene between Head and Finch, Schlesinger said. Both Peter and Murray were involved in their parts and they were less shocked by the kiss than some of the technicians.""We were eager to make a tender film," sai

It Takes a Thief (2005 TV series)

It Takes a Thief is an American reality television series that aired on the Discovery Channel from February 2, 2005 to April 13, 2007. The program stars and is hosted by Matt Johnston and Jon Douglas Rainey, two former thieves who use their unique expertise to teach people in an unusual way to protect their properties. With the owners' permission, the hosts stage a full-fledged burglary as their victims watch on closed-circuit television, either live during the break-in or in real time with pre-recorded video playback. Rainey assumes the burglar role and plans and executes the break-ins while Johnston acts as mentor to the security-challenged owners. Following the burglary and Rainey meet with the residents to return their stolen goods and explain to them what they have been doing wrong. Johnston organizes a complete security makeover and provides additional safety tips. Weeks Johnston and Rainey return and attempt another break-in to test whether the homeowners are using their new security system properly.

Although most thefts on the show occur in suburban homes, some places such as businesses, college houses, a police station have been burglarized. The last episode of It Takes a Thief premiered on April 13, 2007; the Discovery Channel has not produced a third season. On Discovery Science, reruns air on Saturdays and Sundays at 8 AM E/P, Mondays at 6 PM E/P, Tuesdays and Wednesdays at 12 PM E/P. On the Discovery Channel, reruns began to air on Tuesday, September 29, 2009, after the last rerun aired the year before; until November 9, 2009, a marathon of six reruns aired on Mondays. It Takes. Monday-Friday at 7am. All episodes are available to watch on-demand on Discovery GO as of 2018. Shown in the beginning of the program, the disclaimer states: This program is for entertainment purposes only. Please consult with a home security expert before taking any action to protect your home. In the introduction, the title sequence states: Jon Douglas Rainey: burglar, thief... Matt Johnston: thief, intruder...

They were a couple of housebreakers...but they turned their lives around.... Private eye... Schoolteacher... Now they're back...for one last job...because to catch a thief... It Takes a Thief. After the title sequence in the introduction of the Season-1 episodes and narrator Matt Johnston explains: I'm Matt Johnston, this is my partner Jon Douglas Rainey. We used to be burglars, over the next hour, we're going to use our experience to test the security of one of these properties. You'll watch as Jon breaks into someone's place and steals thousands of dollars' worth of goods, while I sit with the owners and watch on closed-circuit TV.... After the break in, I'll use my knowledge to set them straight with a top-to-bottom security makeover. Weeks we'll put their new security to the test when we come back unannounced and try to break in, all over again. Before the title sequence in the introduction of the Season-2 episodes and narrator Matt Johnston explains: I'm Matt Johnston, this is my partner Jon Douglas Rainey.

It's been a while. Now, we're here to help law-abiding citizens avoid this.... First, we find a property that's just begging to get hit.... Our producers tell the owners we could strike at any day or night. They'll have no idea like the real thing. We rig the place with cameras that track Jon's every move, stealing thousands of dollars' worth of goods...or getting caught red-handed. After the break in, a top-to-bottom security makeover.... The format of each episode of the series consists of stages, or phases; the first and second seasons differ from each other in format. Season 1 Season 2 The first season of It Takes a Thief consisted of 40 episodes and aired from February 2, 2005 to December 5, 2005. Matt Johnston and Jon Douglas Rainey survey a neighborhood for a suitable house to burglarize. Homes that appear to have security weaknesses or security-lax owners are targeted. Rainey, who does the actual break-ins, looks for unlocked doors and windows, alarm systems, any available tools or ladders that can be used to gain entry).

He determines how visible the house is from the street or to the neighbors. After selecting a house, Rainey leaves to plan the burglary while Johnston meets with the owners to obtain their permission, offering a free security renovation following the break-in. Johnston tours the home to identify unsecured entry points, inventory valuables, determine what security measures the homeowners use. None of this information is relayed to Rainey, Johnston is unaware just how the actual break-in will be executed. Cameras are installed throughout the house, the family locks up as normal when leaving, they join Johnston in a nearby van to watch the live break-in on TV monitors. Johnston provides commentary as the burglary is happening. Rainey treats each break-in as a real heist, ransacking rooms while identifying the most valuable items as as possible, searching in what many consider secure hiding places. Cars are taken as well, assuming Rainey can locate the keys. Rainey uses accomplices, nearly every break-in employs a different strategy.

The entire burglary take less than 15 minutes, resulting in property loss that can total thousands of dollars. Not all break-ins are successful; the producers notify local authorities about the show beforehand. Once the burglary is over, Johnston takes the owners back into the house to survey the aftermath firsthand, they th

John Henry Dallmeyer

John Henry Dallmeyer, Anglo-German optician, was born at Loxten, the son of a landowner. On leaving school at the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to an Osnabrück optician, in 1851 he came to London, where he obtained work with an optician, W Hewitt, who shortly afterwards, with his workmen, entered the employment of Andrew Ross, a lens and telescope manufacturer. Dallmeyer's position in this workshop appears to have been an unpleasant one, led him to take, for a time, employment as French and German correspondent for a commercial firm. After a year he was, however, re-engaged by Ross as scientific adviser, was entrusted with the testing and finishing of the highest class of optical apparatus; this appointment led to his marriage with Ross's second daughter, to the inheritance, at Ross's death, of a third of his employer's large fortune and the telescope manufacturing portion of the business. Turning from astronomical work to the design and making of photographic lenses, he introduced improvements in both portrait and landscape lenses, in object-glasses for the microscope and in condensers for the optical lantern.

An important invention was the Rapid Rectilinear camera objective. In connection with celestial photography he constructed photo-heliographs for the Wilna observatory in 1863, for the Harvard College Observatory in 1864, and, in 1873, several for the British government. Dallmeyer's instruments achieved a wide success in Europe and America, taking the highest awards at various international exhibitions; the Russian government gave him the order of St Stanislaus, the French government made him chevalier of the Legion of Honour. He was for many years upon the councils of both the Royal Astronomical Society and Royal Photographic Society. About 1880 he was advised to give up the personal supervision of his workshops, to travel for his health, but he died on board ship, off the coast of New Zealand, on 30 December 1883, his second son, Thomas Rudolphus Dallmeyer assumed control of the business on the failure of his father's health. Works by or about John Henry Dallmeyer at Internet Archive

Immaculate High School

Immaculate High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Danbury, United States. Overseen by the Diocese of Bridgeport, IHS serves residents of 23 towns in the greater Danbury area. Immaculate High School, established in 1962, enrolls 400 to 500 female students. In 2013 32% were Danbury residents, 5% residents of the nearest parts of New York, the residue from Connecticut towns surrounding Danbury. Additional demographics that help define the student body identify 13% as non-Catholic, 2% as Eastern Orthodox and 85% Catholic. Student ethnicity includes 2.5% Hispanic. 4% of the student body are international exchange. The international student exchange program at Immaculate works with students from various countries such as China, France, Germany and South Korea; the Mustang athletic program belongs to the South West Conference and competes in class "S" in most sports. There are 13 varsity sports for women; the school's campus features the "Mustang Valley" multiuse field. This turf field, installed in 2006, is used for football, track, field hockey and physical education class when weather permits.

A new track is available. The school facility houses a 950-seat gymnasium, a weight room, a designated wrestling area; the school has won 24 state championships since the school opened its doors in 1962. Connecticut State Champions: Men's Basketball 1976, 2012, 2016 Women's Soccer 1995, 2003-2006, 2008-2012 2014 Men's Soccer 1996, 1997 Men's Ice Hockey 1986, 2007 Men's Baseball 2001, 2003, 2004 Football 1986 Women's Cross Country 1997, 2013 Women's Lacrosse 2009Southwestern Connecticut Conference Champions: Men's Ice Hockey 2000, 2003, 2007 Men's Basketball 1997, 2012 Women's Soccer 1995, 2004, 2005 Women's Indoor Track 2012 Women's Cross Country 2011Southern Connecticut Conference Champions: Men's Ice Hockey 2014, 2016 Abby Elliot - actress Chris Palmer - NFL coach Neil Cavuto - TV commentator Ian K. Smith - TV personality and physician Ralph Scozzafava - CEO of Dean Foods School Website Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport

Attachment therapy

Attachment therapy is a pseudoscientific child mental health intervention intended to treat attachment disorders. It is found in the United States, much of it is centered in about a dozen clinics in Evergreen, where Foster Cline, one of the founders, established his clinic in the 1970s; the practice has resulted in adverse outcomes for children, including at least six documented child fatalities. Since the 1990s there have been a number of prosecutions for deaths or serious maltreatment of children at the hands of "attachment therapists" or parents following their instructions. Two of the most well-known cases are those of Candace Newmaker in 2000 and the Gravelles in 2003. Following the associated publicity, some advocates of attachment therapy began to alter views and practices to be less dangerous to children; this change may have been hastened by the publication of a Task Force Report on the subject in January 2006, commissioned by the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, critical of attachment therapy.

In April 2007, ATTACh, an organization set up by attachment therapists, formally adopted a White Paper stating its unequivocal opposition to the use of coercive practices in therapy and parenting, promoting instead newer techniques of attunement and regulation. Attachment therapy is a treatment used with fostered or adopted children who have behavioral difficulties, sometimes severe, but including disobedience and perceived lack of gratitude or affection for their caregivers; the children's problems are ascribed to an inability to attach to their new parents, because of suppressed rage due to past maltreatment and abandonment. The common form of attachment therapy is holding therapy, in which a child is held by therapists or parents. Through this process of restraint and confrontation, therapists seek to produce in the child a range of responses such as rage and despair with the goal of achieving catharsis. In theory, when the child's resistance is overcome and the rage is released, the child is reduced to an infantile state in which he or she can be "re-parented" by methods such as cradling, bottle feeding and enforced eye contact.

The aim is to promote attachment with the new caregivers. Control over the children is considered essential, the therapy is accompanied by parenting techniques which emphasize obedience; these accompanying parenting techniques are based on the belief that a properly attached child should comply with parental demands "fast and right the first time" and should be "fun to be around". These techniques have been implicated in other harmful effects; this form of therapy, including diagnosis and accompanying parenting techniques, is not scientifically validated, nor is it considered to be part of mainstream psychology. It is, despite its name, not based on attachment theory, it is based on Robert Zaslow's rage-reduction therapy from the 1960s and'70s and on psychoanalytic theories about suppressed rage, regression, breaking down of resistance and defence mechanisms. Zaslow, Martha Welch and other early proponents used it as a treatment for autism, based on the now discredited belief that autism was the result of failures in the attachment relationship with the mother.

This form of treatment differs from evidence-based attachment-based therapies, talking psychotherapies such as attachment-based psychotherapy and relational psychoanalysis or the form of attachment parenting advocated by the pediatrician William Sears. Further, the form of rebirthing sometimes used within attachment therapy differs from the unrelated breathing therapy known as Rebirthing; the controversy, as outlined in the 2006 American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children Task Force Report, has broadly centered around "holding therapy" and coercive, restraining, or aversive procedures. These include deep tissue massage, aversive tickling, punishments related to food and water intake, enforced eye contact, requiring children to submit to adult control over all their needs, barring normal social relationships outside the primary caretaker, encouraging children to regress to infant status, attachment parenting, or techniques designed to provoke cathartic emotional discharge. Variants of these treatments have carried various labels.

They may be known as "rebirthing therapy", "compression therapy", "corrective attachment therapy", "the Evergreen model", "holding time", "rage-reduction therapy" or "prolonged parent-child embrace therapy". Some authors critical of this therapeutic approach have used the term Coercive Restraint Therapy, it is this form of treatment for attachment difficulties or disorders, popularly known as "attachment therapy". Advocates for Children in Therapy, a group that campaigns against attachment therapy, give a list of therapies they state are attachment therapy by another name, they provide a list of additional therapies used by attachment therapists which they consider to be unvalidated. Matthew Speltz of the University of Washington School of Medicine describes a typical treatment taken from The Center's material as follows: "Like Welsh, The Center induces rage by physically restraining the child and forcing eye contact with the therapist. In a workshop handout prepared by two therapi