Lycus is a genus of net-winged beetles belonging to the Lycidae family. Lycus ampliatus Lycus arizonensis Green, 1949 Lycus dentipes Dalmann, 1817 Lycus fernandezi Dugés, 1878 Lycus foliaceus Dalman, 1817 Lycus fulvellus LeConte, 1881 Lycus icarus Bourgeois, 1889 Lycus lecontei Green, 1949 Lycus loripes Chevrolat, 1835 Lycus minutus Green, 1949 Lycus palliatus Fabric. Lycus rostratellus Bourgeois Lycus rostratus Lycus rubescens Schaeffer, 1908 Lycus sagittatus Green, 1949 Lycus sanguineus Gorham, 1884 Lycus sanguinipennis Say, 1823 Lycus simulans Schaeffer, 1911 Lycus subtrabeatus Lycus trabeatus Guérin-Méneville, 1835 Lycus vittatus Gahan, 1909 Media related to Lycus at Wikimedia Commons Biolib
Kourion or Latin: Curium, was an important ancient city-state on the southwestern coast of Cyprus. In the twelfth century BCE, after the collapse of the Mycenaean palaces in Greece, Greek settlers arrived on this site and it become an important city state. In the fourth century, Kourion suffered from five heavy earthquakes, but the city was rebuilt; the acropolis of Kourion, located 1.3 km southwest of Episkopi and 13 km west of Limassol, is located atop a limestone promontory nearly one hundred metres in height along the coast of Episkopi Bay. The Kourion archaeological area lies within the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia and is managed by the Cyprus Department of Antiquity; the earliest identified occupation within the Kouris River valley is at the hilltop settlement of Sotira-Teppes, located 9 km northwest of Kourion. This settlement dates to the Ceramic Neolithic period. Another Ceramic Neolithic hilltop settlement has been excavated at Kandou-Koupovounos on the east bank of the Kouris River.
In the Chalcolithic period settlement shifted to the site of Erimi-Pamboules near the village of Erimi. Erimi-Pamboules was occupied from the conclusion of the Ceramic Neolithic through the Chalcolithic period. Occupation in the Early Cypriot period is uninterrupted from the preceding Chalcolithic period, with occupation continuing along the Kouris River Valley and the drainages to the west. Sotira-Kaminoudhia, located to the northwest of Sotira-Teppes, on the lower slope of the hill, was settled, it dates from the Late Chalcolithic to EC I. In the ECIII-LC IA a settlement was established 0.8 km east of Episkopi at Episkopi-Phaneromeni. The Middle Cypriot is a transitional period in the Kouris River Valley; the settlements established during the MC flourished into urban centres in the Late Cypriot II-III Episkopi-Bamboula. In the Late Cypriot I-III the settlements of the Middle Cypriot period developed into a complex urban centre within the Kouris Valley, which provided a corridor in the trade of Troodos copper, controlled through Alassa and Episkopi-Bamboula.
In the MCIII-LC IA a settlement was occupied at Episkopi-Phaneromeni. Episkopi-Bamboula, located on a low hill 0.4 km west of the Kouris and east of Episkopi, was an influential urban centre from the LC IA-LCIII. The town flourished in the 13th century BCE before being abandoned c.1050 BCE. The Kingdom of Kourion was established during the Cypro-Geometric period though the site of the settlement remains unidentified. Without Cypro-Geometric settlement remains, the primary evidence for this period is from burials at the Kaloriziki necropolis, below the bluffs of Kourion. At Kaloriziki, the earliest tombs date to the 11th century BCE. with most burials dating to the Cypriot-Geometric II. These tombs McFadden's Tomb 40, provide a picture of an prosperous community in contact with mainland Greece. Although Cyprus came under Assyrian rule, in the Cypro-Archaic period the Kingdom of Kourion was among the most influential of Cyprus. Damasos is recorded as king of Kourion on the prism of Esarhaddon from Nineveh.
Between 569 and ca. 546 BCE Cyprus was under Egyptian administration. In 546 BCE Cyrus I of Persia extended Persian authority over the Kingdoms of Cyprus, including the Kingdom of Kourion. During the Ionian Revolt, king of Kourion, aligned himself with Onesilos, king of Salamis, the leader of a Cypriot alliance against the Persians. In 497 Stasanor betrayed Onesilos in battle against the Persian general Artybius, resulting in a Persian victory over the Cypriot poleis and the consolidation of Persian control of Cyprus. In the Classical Period the earliest occupation of the acropolis was established, though the primary site of settlement is unknown. King Pasikrates of Kourion is recorded as having aided Alexander the Great in the siege of Tyre in 332 BCE. Pasikrates ruled as a vassal of Alexander but was deposed in the struggles for succession amongst the diadochi. In 294 BCE the Ptolemies consolidated control of Cyprus, Kourion came under Ptolemaic governance. In 58 BCE the Roman Council of the Plebs passed the Lex Clodia de Cyprus, annexing Cyprus to the province of Cilicia.
Between 47 and 31 BC, Cyprus returned to Ptolemaic rule under Marc Antony and Cleopatra VII, reverting to Roman rule after the defeat of Antony. In 22 BC, Cyprus was separated from the province of Cilicia, being established an independent senatorial province under a proconsul. Under the Romans, Kourion possessed a civic government functioning under the oversight of the provincial proconsul. Inscriptions from Kourion attest elected offices that including: Archon of the City, the Council, Clerk of the Council and People, the Clerk of the Market, various priesthoods including priests and priestesses of Apollo Hylates, priesthoods of Rome. In the first to third centuries, epigraphic evidence attests a thriving elite at Kourion, as indicated by a floruit of honorific decrees and dedications in honor of the emperor, civic officials and provincial proconsuls. In the first and second centuries, Mitford suggests excessive expenses by the Council of the City and Peoples of Kourion on such honors, resulting in the sanctions and oversight of expenditures by the proconsul during the Trajanic restorations of the Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates.
Local participation in the imperial cult is demonstrated not only by the presence of a high priesthood of
Sauron is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. An enemy of the X-Men, Sauron is the alter ego of physician Karl Lykos. In his initial appearances Karl Lykos was portrayed as an evil man and Sauron was Lykos in a different physical form, but stories depicted Sauron as sharing a Jekyll and Hyde relationship with Lykos, he is an energy vampire. He inhabits the hidden prehistoric jungle of the Savage Land; the character was created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Neal Adams, though the two differ in their accounts of which of them were responsible for specific aspects of the character. He first appeared as Sauron in X-Men #60. Thomas and Adams envisioned Sauron as a bat-like creature, but when they consulted with the Comics Code Authority, they were told that an energy vampire with a bat body might fall under the Code's prohibition on the use of vampires. To get around this problem and Adams tweaked his appearance to that of the most bat-like animal they could think of—a pterodactyl—which in turn led them to have Sauron inhabit the hidden prehistoric jungle of the Savage Land.
Karl Lykos was the son of an explorer's guide. As a teenager, he accompanied his father to Tierra del Fuego as the elder Lykos guided a wealthy client named Mr. Anderssen and Anderssen's young daughter, Tanya. While defending Tanya from mutant pterodactyls, Karl was bitten by one of the creatures. During his recovery, he discovered, he found himself tempted to use his new power, feeling that he needed to drain life energy from other humans or animals to survive. When Karl's father died, Mr. Anderssen took Karl into his home in thanks for rescuing Tanya; as the years passed and Tanya fell in love, but Tanya's wealthy father would not allow her to date Karl because of his lack of wealth. In an effort to win Mr. Anderssen's support, Karl went to medical school and became a physician and hypnotherapist, he treated patients through hypnosis. Dr. Lykos became a colleague of Professor Charles Xavier, first encountered the X-Men when they sought treatment for Havok. Absorbing Havok's mutant energy transformed him into a vampiric, pterodactyl-like monster with human intelligence and superhuman hypnotic powers.
He named himself Sauron, after J. R. R. Tolkien's villain, battled the X-Men, as a would-be conqueror; when he realized that his transformation would threaten Tanya, he fled to Tierra del Fuego. Without energy to absorb, Sauron turned back into Karl; when Tanya tracked him down, Karl threw himself off a cliff to avoid harming her. Karl had survived unconscious on a ledge below, he survived in human form by only draining less developed animals. He used his medical skills over many months to care for Ka-Zar's allies, but when several X-Men were stranded in the Savage Land, Lykos was overwhelmed with the desire to absorb the powerful life energy of mutants. He transformed into Sauron once again after absorbing Storm's energy, he reverted to human form during a battle with the X-Men, Ka-Zar explained that Lykos was an ally. Tanya learned, she joined Peter Parker on a journey to find Karl in the Savage Land. They found Karl, however the Savage Land Mutates used a Genetic Transformer to mutate Angel, Spider-Man and Tanya into animal-like forms.
The destruction of the machine forced Lykos to drain energy from the three in an attempt to restore their true forms. Although his gambit succeeded, he subsequently reverted to his Sauron form and joined the Mutates and Zaladane; the X-Men traveled to the Savage Land, Sauron helped to capture them. However, the X-Men defeated Sauron and the Mutates, they brought Lykos back to the United States, at the X-Mansion Professor X cured Lykos of his condition. Karl and Tanya decided to resume a normal life. Lykos was again transformed into Sauron when the Toad used a device of his own design to force Lykos to drain the life energy of Tanya, which killed her in the process. Sauron joined the Toad's Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, despite the fact that he is not a mutant. Alongside them, he battled X-Force, slew Cannonball. Sauron was shot dead by Cable, his body was thrown by Cable to the Morlocks. Sauron was revealed to have survived the gunshot wound, battled X-Factor. Sauron went on to menace the other heroes on a number of occasions.
Sauron had the Savage Land Mutates kidnap Havok, hoping to use his energy to satiate his hunger. When his teammates Cyclops and Polaris came to the rescue, Sauron had both Summers brothers placed in an energy-transferring machine, the mix of energy mutated Sauron further, making him larger and stronger than ever. Phoenix tried to engage Sauron on the Astral Plane, but it was Lykos' personality who prevailed, making a suicide leap into the abyss of his own mind, taking his hated alter ego with him; as a result, Sauron's mind appeared to be stuck in an animalistic state. Sauron became a prisoner of the Weapon X program jumpstarted by director Malcolm Colcord. Being held there against his will, Sauron started up a revolution with fellow agent Brent Jackson and dethroned Colcord as director, giving that position to Jackson. Sauron in return became a more powerful villain on the team, but vanished after Weapon X rival John Sublime launched an attack on Weapon X, the group had to go underground. After being imprisoned in the Raft for re
The Platani, known in ancient Greek as the Λύκος or Ἁλυκός, is a river in southern Sicily, Italy. It is the fifth longest in the island after Imera Meridionale, Simeto and Dittaino, with a course of 103 km, the third for drainage basin with 1,785 km², after the Simeto and Imera Meridionale, it flows through the provinces of Palermo and Agrigento, marking the boundary between the latter and that of Caltanissetta. The river generates at the confluence of Platani di Lercara and Platani di Castronuovo, which springs in the comuni of Lercara Friddi and Santo Stefano Quisquina. From the confluence to the mouth it runs for c. 83 km. Along its course the Platani receives the waters of several affluents, including the Gallo d'Oro, Vallone Morella, Vallone Tumarrano and Vallone di Aragona; the river flows into the Strait of Sicily, near Capo Bianco, on the boundary of the comuni of Ribera and Cattolica Eraclea
Lycus Sulci is a feature in the Amazonis quadrangle on Mars, with its location centered at 24.6° north latitude and 141.1° west longitude. It is named after a classical albedo feature name; the term "sulci" is applied to subparallel furrows and ridges
Ares (DC Comics)
Ares is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Based on the Greek mythological figure of the same name, he is the Greek god of war and serves as the nemesis of the superhero Wonder Woman within the DC Universe; the character has appeared in various forms of media. Alfred Molina voiced him in the 2009 direct-to-video animated movie Wonder Woman. Ares made his live-action debut in the 2017 film Wonder Woman, where he was portrayed by English actor David Thewlis. Thewlis make a small cameo as Ares in a flashback scene in the film Justice League. Ares first appeared in Wonder Woman #1, volume 1, published in the summer of 1942, written and created by Wonder Woman creator William Moulton Marston as the embodiment of all abnormal emotions and all that Wonder Woman was against. In the next issue, he reappeared under Mars, he retained this name until February 1987, when comics writer/artist George Pérez restored the Greek name Ares as part of his reboot of the Wonder Woman mythos.
As the narrative continuity of Wonder Woman comics has been adjusted by different writers throughout the years, various versions of Mars/Ares, with various personalities and physical appearances, have been presented, though most have been depicted wearing Greek hoplite or Roman gladiator armor. The character's longest-running look, designed by George Pérez, is that of a red-eyed Greek warrior clad in black and indigo battle armor, face hidden by an Attic helmet. After DC's continuity was again rebooted in 2011, the character cycled through several divergent visual interpretations before returning to his Pérez-inspired warrior design. During most of the Golden Age, Silver Age, Bronze Age, Ares was called Mars and was one of the most recurrent enemies of Wonder Woman, he was depicted as a Greco-Roman warrior in orange armor. Ares, who became known as Mars, sought to realize his vision of eternal war and conflict in the world of man, he was chiefly opposed by Aphrodite, goddess of love, who sought to realize a contrary vision of loving civilization.
Meanwhile, the men who worshipped Ares killed each other and their weaker brothers, selling women cheaper than cattle. When Ares taunted Aphrodite with the success of his plans, Aphrodite created a new race of women, the Amazons, whom she modeled from clay, who built a city-state called Amazonia, where they created a women-centered civilization for spreading the gospel of Aphrodite's Way, they were stronger than Ares's men. Hippolyte was granted a golden girdle. Mars created a home base on the planet of Mars, with its superpowerful population enslaved to serve him and his chief deputies, the Duke of Deception, Lord Conquest, the Earl of Greed. Mars's aid-de-camp is General Destruction, he used Mars as an interplanetary headquarters, supplementing the enslaved Martian population with the spirits of the dead he collected from war zones on multiple planets, including Saturn and Earth. Slave spirits became embodied after being ferried to the planet Mars, where they were subjected to strength tests to determine how they would best be used, whether as gladiators in slave games, personal slaves in the retinue of Mars himself, or employees in the War Factories, one of which included the Lie Factory run by the Duke of Deception.
The strongest would be trained and given new bodies to be sent to wage future wars on earth. He set up the Injustice Court for humiliating slaves and meting out punishments. Mars's Earth base was beneath Mount Olympus and run by Lord Conquest. From this base, he sought to defeat the Allied cause in World War II, sending thoughts of conquest and greed into the Axis leaders with the use of astral projection, but he found himself thwarted by the Amazon champion Wonder Woman; when Wonder Woman rescued Steve Trevor from Mars, the War God ordered his three lieutenants to capture her. The Earl of Greed was sent and enlisted German aid, along with convincing the Dean of Holiday College to rob it, but failed and was imprisoned; the Duke of Deception gained Japanese help and captured Wonder Woman, but failed, as she escaped before she left Earth and he was imprisoned. The Count of Conquest gained Italian help and by trickery succeeded in shackling Wonder Woman and Steve Trevor and bringing them to Mars.
Greed and Deception were released. However, with the help of Etta Candy's spirit form, Wonder Woman was able to escape and overpower Mars, whose Iron Palace was destroyed by his weapons, though he survived; the Duke of Deception tried many times to defeat Wonder Woman, but failed despite his cunning and incredible technology, Mars stripped him of his mighty appearance, showing him to be a weak, toothless man. The Duke, after being set with the female slaves, caused them to rebel and ruled Mars. Mars tangled with Wonder Woman on Earth-One and Earth-Two. During a period when Diana abandoned her powers to live among the world of men, as the Amazons retreated temporarily to another dimension and his children Phobos and Eris battled the Amazons to secure from Hippolyta the secret to domination of all dimensions of existence, he enlisted his descendant Helen Alexandros to become the Silver Swan. His final scheme before the history-changing battle of the Crisis on Infinite Earths was to ally himself with Hades and the Anti-Monitor to subdue the Gods of Olympus.
As Wonder Woman engaged him in final battle, Steve Trevor freed the gods and Hades's wife Kore appealed to her husband with a message of love, leaving Mars isolated. Despite being Zeus's son, Ares never fit in with the other gods of Olympus and created his own r
The Great Zab or Upper Zab is an 400-kilometre long river flowing through Turkey and Iraq. It joins the Tigris in Iraq south of Mosul; the drainage basin of the Great Zab covers 40,300 square kilometres, during its course, the rivers collects the water from many tributaries. The river and its tributaries are fed by rainfall and snowmelt – as a result of which discharge fluctuates throughout the year. At least six dams have been planned on the Great Zab and its tributaries, but construction of only one, the Bekhme Dam, has commenced but was halted after the Gulf War; the Zagros Mountains have been occupied since at least the Lower Palaeolithic, Neanderthal occupation of the Great Zab basin has been testified at the archaeological site of Shanidar Cave. Historical records for the region are available from the end of the third millennium BCE onward. In the Neo-Assyrian period, the Great Zab provided water for irrigation for the lands around the capital city of Nimrud; the Battle of the Zab – which ended the Umayyad Caliphate – took place near a tributary of the Great Zab, the valleys of the river provided shelter for refugees from the Mongol conquest of Iraq.
During the 19th and 20th centuries, the Great Zab basin saw frequent uprisings of local Kurdish tribes striving for autonomy. The Great Zab rises in Turkey in the mountainous region east of Lake Van at an elevation of 3,000 metres amsl and joins the Tigris on its left bank in Iraq. In Turkey, the Great Zab traverses the provinces of Van and Hakkâri, whereas in Iraq it flows through Duhok Governorate and Erbil Governorate, both part of the Kurdistan Region. Together with the Tigris, the Great Zab forms the boundary between Erbil Governorate and Ninawa Governorate. In its upper reaches, the Great Zab flows through rocky gorges; the stretch between Amadiya and the Bekhme Gorge, where the Bekhme Dam remains unfinished, has been called the Sapna valley and will have a large portion of it inundated with water if the project is completed. Numerous mountain wadis join the Great Zab on its right and left banks; the Great Zab receives most of its waters from the left-bank tributaries. The length of the Great Zab has been variously estimated at 473 kilometres.
300 kilometres of the river's course are located within Iraq. The average discharge of the Great Zab is 419 cubic metres per second, but peak discharges of up to 1,320 cubic metres per second have been recorded; the average annual discharge is 13.2 cubic kilometres. Because of its torrential nature, Medieval Arab geographers have described the Great Zab – together with the Little Zab – as "demoniacally possessed". Estimates of the drainage basin of the Great Zab vary – from a low 25,810 square kilometres to a high figure of 40,300 square kilometres. 62 percent of the basin is located in Iraq. To the south, the Great Zab basin borders on that of the Little Zab while on the east it adjoins the Tigris basin; the Zagros consists of parallel limestone folds rising to elevations of over 3,000 metres amsl. The valleys – including that of the Great Zab – and the south-western foothill zone are filled with gravel and sandstone; the Amadiya valley within the Great Zab drainage basin is the third-largest valley in the Iraqi Zagros, after the Shahrazor and the Ranya Plain.
The Great Zab rises in the highlands of the Zagros Mountains, where a climate with cold winter and annual precipitation in excess of 1,000 millimetres prevails. From there, the river flows into the foothill zone of the Zagros, where rainfall drops to less than 300 millimetres per year at the confluence with the Tigris. Average summer temperature in the foothill zone are higher in the foothill zone than in the mountains; the high Zagros is characterized by three different ecozones: the area above the treeline at 1,800 metres where shrubs and herbs dominate, the area between 1,800 and 610 metres, in the past dominated by open oak forest, the wetter and sometimes marshy river valleys. Other trees besides oak that can be found in the forested zone including juniper at higher elevations. In the foothill zone, many areas are now cultivated, but there remain small patches of natural vegetation dominated by herbs of the genus Phlomis. To date, one large dam has been constructed on the Great Zab: Iraq's Bekhme Dam and Turkey's 24 MW weir-controlled run-of-the-river Bağışlı Hydroelectric Power Plant.
Five others have been planned in the Great Zab basin by both Iraq. Turkey's State Hydraulic Works plans to construct the Çukurca and Doğanlı Dams near Çukurca and the Hakkâri Dam near the city of Hakkâri; the Hakkâri Dam with a 245 MW power station is in final design and the Çukurca and Doğanlı Dams will support 245 MW and 462 MW power stations, respectively. Iraq has commenced construction of the Bekhme and Deralok Dams and planned two others – the Khazir-Gomel and Mandawa Dams. Plans to build a dam in the Great Zab at the Bekhme Gorge for flood control and irrigation were first proposed in 1937. A feasibility study determined that the site was not suited for dam construction and the plan was abandoned. In 1976, another study proposed three dif