A slam-door train or slammer is a set of diesel multiple units or electric multiple units that were designed before the use of automatic doors on railway carriages was common. The name came about because of the characteristic noise passengers slamming the doors made when the train was about to depart; some slam-door train designs featured doors that could only be opened from the outside, so it was common for passengers to lean out of the window to reach the outside door handle. Slam-door trains had many more doors than newer trains; some units had individual compartments, each with its own door and no access to any other part of the train. The term "slam-door" could refer to locomotive-hauled railway coaches that did not have automatic doors, but this usage is less common; the term "slam-door train" applies to BR Mark 1 EMUs and DMUs. Slam-door EMU and DMU trains were commonplace since the introduction of electrification. While there were early examples of the type, which are beyond the scope of this example, they became commonplace on the Southern Railway in the 1930s when it electrified its main routes around the South of London at 750 VDC, in particular, the line to Brighton.
Slam-door diesel multiple units became common in the 1950s when British Railways sought to modernise its network and do away with steam locomotives. Many one and three coach units were built for non-electrified lines all around the country, in particular, these were popular on branch lines where it was uneconomic to electrify; these units were classified in the Class 101 – 129 series, dependent on the design. Meanwhile, large new fleets of electric slam-door trains were being built for use around the country. AC units were built for the newly electrified routes to Southend-on-Sea and Clacton; these AC units were classified as British Rail Class 302 through to British Rail Class 312, again dependent on the design. AC units for Glasgow, however had power operated sliding doors. In the Southern region, the early units were replaced in the 1950s and 60s with new slam-door third-rail electric units, first of all the compartment commuter units'4-SUB' and'4-EPB' and the much more comfortable longer distance trains which survived in use until the early years of the 21st century.
These included the'4-CIG' British Rail Class 421),'4-CEP' and'4-VEP'. On the Southern division of British Rail, new slam-door diesel multiple units were introduced in the late 1950s, these were classified as British Rail Class 201 and similar and were affectionately named'Thumpers' due to the distinctive noise they made; the slam-door trains have had a long and robust service life, but have been replaced by newer units with automatic doors. These newer units are safer; this facility, via a form of central locking has now been fitted to surviving public rail line units. In the past, slam-door trains' doors could be opened at any time while the train was moving; the introduction of the British Rail Class 313 AC EMUs and derivatives of this class in the late 1970s and early 1980s saw the beginning of the end for the AC slam door trains. The similar British Rail Class 455 trains around London displaced the 4-EPBs while introduction of the'5-WES"Wessex Electrics' in 1988 and electrification of the line to Weymouth saw the end of yet more slam-door trains.
At the same time, BR had introduced a new type of DMU, the British Rail Class 150'Sprinter', which competed with slam-door DMUs. The development of a new generation of multiple units in the early 2000s enabled the now-privatised train operators to replace the slam-door trains with modern, new units; these included Bombardier Voyager and Turbostar DMUs and Electrostar and Siemens Desiro and Pendolino EMUs. However, many InterCity125 slam-door trains still remain in use, but are due to be withdrawn in the next 10 years. Due to a number of high-profile accidents in the 1990s, the manually-locked slam doors were supplemented with electronic, driver-operated central locking before they were phased out in favour of sliding doors through the 2000s, resulting in a sharp decline in the number of deaths per year from passengers falling from trains; the last units were withdrawn from the mainline railway network in November 2005, South West Trains ran slam-door trains on the Lymington branch line in Hampshire until 22 May 2010.
It had taken two'3-CIG' units and installed central locking and ran the service as a'heritage line'. South West Trains has retained a complete'4-VEP' unit, in storage. Other examples of slam door trains are held by various museums and private groups, however there are no remaining examples of some types of the units, with the AC electric units having fared badly. Slam-door electric trains are unattractive to preserved railways as they are unable to run under their own power while diesel units remain in service on many preserved railways around the UK. One British Rail Class 121 "Bubblecar" single coach DMU was still in use on the mainline railway network until 19th May
Basingstoke railway station
Basingstoke railway station, in the town of Basingstoke in the county of Hampshire in England, is on the South Western Main Line from London Waterloo, with local and fast services operated by South Western Railway. It is the terminus of Great Western Railway local services on the Reading to Basingstoke Line. Long distance cross-country services operated by CrossCountry to Bournemouth from Birmingham and further north, join the main line from the branch there, it is 47 miles 61 chains down the line from London Waterloo, 51 miles 39 chains from London Paddington. The station was opened by the London and South Western Railway as a temporary terminus when its line to Southampton reached Basingstoke from London, it became a through station when the section running north from Southampton was completed in 1840. The intention to build a line from near Basingstoke to Bristol was dropped when the Great Western Railway was approved; the L&SWR did, however plan a line to Salisbury from Basingstoke but this was delayed by financial difficulties.
It was built reaching Andover in 1854 and Salisbury three years before being extended to become the West of England Main Line. The Great Western Railway opened its broad gauge line from Reading on 1 November 1848 with a separate station north of the L&SWR station. After its conversion to mixed gauge on 22 December 1856 through services could run between Southampton and Reading; the broad gauge rail was removed on 1 April 1869. The GWR station was closed on 1 January 1932 demolished in 1932, since which trains from Reading have used the main station. Basingstoke station was the terminus of the Basingstoke and Alton Light Railway, opened in 1901 to prevent the GWR from building a line on this route towards Portsmouth; the line was never profitable. During the First World War some of the track was sold off. After the war, Southern Railway had the line reopened, but it was closed in 1932. In the 1980s Platform 5 was converted to a bay platform to permit an entrance on the northern side by British Rail.
In 1993, an explosive device planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army was found in a toilet, soon after a bomb scare at Reading railway station. In 2001 a suitcase was left outside the station containing the mutilated body of a man in his twenties, he had been stabbed to death. Anglia Railways ran the London Crosslink service from Ipswich to Basingstoke via Stratford and the North London Line using Class 170s between May 2000 and September 2002. South West Trains ran a local service from Reading to Brighton until timetable changes on 9 December 2007. Southern railway services from Southampton and Portsmouth to Brighton were improved to compensate for that; the station has five platforms. They are accessed via stairs and lifts from the booking hall and subway. There is a secondary entrance on Platform 4. Platform 1: Terminating slow services to and from London Waterloo. Westbound CrossCountry services to Southampton and Bournemouth and regional services to Southampton and Poole. Westbound freight trains pass through here.
Platform 2: Westbound services on the South Western Main Line and West of England Main Line Platform 3: Fast and semi-fast trains to London Waterloo. Platform 4: Northbound CrossCountry services to Reading and onwards to the north. A few trains to London Waterloo use this platform. Northbound freight trains pass through here. Platform 5: Bay platform for stopping services to Reading on the Reading to Basingstoke Line, operated by Great Western Railway; the station has two entrances. The main entrance to the south has access to a taxi rank, some car parks and a bus stop, with steps down to The Malls shopping centre. A bridge over Churchill Way leads to the bus station. Festival Place can be accessed from The Malls or the bus station, while Festival Square and the Top of Town are located beyond the bus station; the northern entrance on Platform 4 gives access to a car park. The south booking hall has information and a small shop; the station is staffed all day, both entrances have ticket barriers. There is a small café on the central island platform and another on Platform 4, as well as indoor waiting rooms.
The station area and its various routes have been controlled by colour light signalling since the mid-1960s. The 1966 panel box was located on the north side of the line to the east of the station, but this was superseded by a new facility in 2007 when the area was resignalled, it was announced in 2013 that a new Network Rail signalling operating centre would be built in Basingstoke. Twelve such regional control centres were to be built in the following 15 to 30 years, which will be responsible for all the signalling in the Wessex & South West England area. Several routes have had their signal control moved to Basingstoke, including the West of England main line Salisbury to Exmouth Jn in 2012 and the Poole - Wareham - Wool section of the line to Weymouth in 2015. On 19 December 2008 an over-height container on a freight train struck and damaged 140 yards of the canopy of platform 1; the train was stopped. The London and South Western Railway opened a locomotive shed on the south side of the main line, to the west of the station in 1839.
This was closed in 1909 to make way for station enlargement. It was replaced by a larger structure on the north side of the line; this was cl
South Western Railway (train operating company)
South Western Railway is an English train operating company owned by FirstGroup and MTR Corporation that operates the South Western franchise. It operates commuter services from its Central London terminus at London Waterloo to South West London. SWR provides suburban and regional services in the counties of Surrey and Dorset, as well as regional services in Devon, Somerset and Wiltshire, its subsidiary Island Line operates services on the Isle of Wight. SWR was awarded the South Western franchise in March 2017, took over from South West Trains on 20 August 2017. After failing to negotiate an extension of the South Western franchise with the operator of the time South West Trains, the Department for Transport announced in July 2015 that the franchise would be relet. In February 2016, the DfT announced FirstGroup and Stagecoach had been shortlisted to bid for the next South Western franchise. In June 2016, MTR Corporation took a 30% shareholding in the FirstGroup bid. In July 2016, the DfT issued the Invitation to Tender.
In March 2017, the franchise was awarded to First/MTR, operating from 20 August 2017 to 18 August 2024, with an option for the DfT to extend for a further 48 weeks. In July 2017, the Competition & Markets Authority sought undertakings from SWR that it would not abuse its monopoly on services to the West of England and Somerset, as FirstGroup operated the Greater Western franchise in those regions; the CMA accepted a concession from FirstGroup and MTR that unregulated fares between London and Exeter would be capped. In April 2018, concerns began to grow over South Western Railway's performance over previous months after the number of delays and cancellations began to rise; the Transport Secretary, Chris Grayling, announced an independent review into the performance of South Western Railway and Network Rail. This was welcomed by Steve Brine. In July 2018, it was reported that FirstGroup/MTR were renegotiating the SWR contract due to the operator's inability to deliver on many of its promised improvements, as well as its declining performance and history of industrial action.
South Western Railway is the main operator for western Surrey and Dorset, serves London, Wiltshire and Devon. Most SWR services run on electrified lines using the 750 V DC third-rail system. There is a diesel fleet for services on the West of England line to Salisbury and Bristol, using the unelectrified track beyond Worting Junction just west of Basingstoke, for Salisbury to Southampton via Romsey services which serve Eastleigh. SWR operates 1,700 train services per day. From London Waterloo, SWR's London terminus, long-distance trains run to southern England, including the major coastal population centres of Portsmouth, Bournemouth and Weymouth. There are trains to Reading and Bristol, but these are not the principal fast services from London to those cities, which are operated from London Paddington by Great Western Railway; the majority of its passengers are on suburban commuter lines in inner and south-west London, east Berkshire, north-east Hampshire. As with most rail companies, non-folding bicycles are banned from peak-time trains to and from London.
However, these restrictions apply only to cyclists boarding or alighting in the area bounded by Hook, Guildford and Dorking, in order to maximise available passenger space on the most crowded trains. South Western Railway operates regular services on four mainline routes: The South Western Main Line runs between London and the town of Weymouth. South Western Railway operates trains along the entire length of the line. All trains operated by the company start from or terminate at London Waterloo. There are trains to and from Portsmouth. In addition to the South Western Railway services, CrossCountry operates regular passenger services on the line between Basingstoke and Bournemouth; the Portsmouth Direct Line branches off the SWML at Woking and runs to Portsmouth via Guildford, Haslemere and Havant. South Western Railway operates all passenger trains on this route; the West of England Main Line is the only mainline route, not electrified. It leaves the SWML at Basingstoke and runs to Exeter via Andover, Salisbury and Yeovil.
South Western Railway is the only operator on the line, with most services running between London and either Salisbury or Exeter St Davids. Some peak-time services terminate at various other destinations on the line, including Gillingham and Andover. On Summer Saturdays, there is a daily return service to Weymouth, which leaves the WEML at Yeovil Junction and continues via the Heart of Wessex Line; the Alton Line runs to Alton via Aldershot and Farnham. It is the shortest of the four mainline routes and as such it is sometimes considered an outer suburban route instead. Services us
Whitchurch railway station (Hampshire)
Whitchurch railway station serves the town of Whitchurch in Hampshire, England. It is 59 miles 8 chains down the line from London Waterloo; the station is operated by South Western Railway. A ticket office is open during the morning peak. Off peak services: West of England Main Line 1 train per hour to London Waterloo - South Western Railway 1 train per hour to Salisbury - South Western RailwayAdditional services call at peak times, with extensions westward to either Yeovil Pen Mill or Exeter St Davids. Sunday trains call every two hours each way
Lymington Pier railway station
Lymington Pier railway station serves the harbour area of Lymington in Hampshire, England. It is 98 miles 15 chains measured from London Waterloo and is the terminus of the Lymington Branch Line from Brockenhurst and provides a connection with ferry services to Yarmouth on the Isle of Wight, it has one platform. The station is served by South Western Railway; until 22 May 2010, the Lymington Branch Line was operated as a "heritage" service using restored slam-door trains
Ampress Works Halt railway station
Ampress Works Halt was a halt station on the Lymington Branch Line which, between 1956 and 1989, served the Wellworthy engineering works near Lymington in Hampshire, England. Sited near the bridge over the A337 Lymington to Brockenhurst road, the station closed when the engineering works ceased operation; the station never appeared in any public timetable. Opened by the Southern Region of British Railways in 1956, the station was served by Network SouthEast from the introduction of sectorisation until its closure, it was situated 1 mile from Lymington Town station near a bridge over the A337, it was intended for workers at the nearby Wellworthy factory. Constructed of concrete with chain-link fencing, it never appeared in any timetables and its demise came with the closure of the Wellworthy factory in 1989. Trains on the electrified Lymington branch line still pass the site. However, as of June 2006 the new Lymington Hospital is being built on part of the old Wellworthy site, the town of Lymington has grown northwards to surround the location.
The idea of reopening the halt, which still physically exists, has been discussed. The station's former sign now hangs on the wall of the train shed at Eastleigh Lakeside Railway at the Lakeside Country Park. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Station on navigable O. S. map. Station site is south of main road near Ampress Farm
Lymington branch line
The Lymington branch line is a railway that runs from Brockenhurst to Lymington Pier, both in the New Forest. The railway line is around 9 km long, is single track throughout its length, it diverges from the South Western Main Line at Lymington Junction. The Lymington branch line is electrified using the 750 V DC third-rail system as is usual in the former Southern Region of British Railways; the line had been constructed by the Lymington Railway Company, authorised on 7 July 1856, with a capital of £21,000. It was to be built from the South Western Railway at Brockenhurst to Lymington Town Quay; the company was authorised to purchase the Quay and the Town Bridge, to build a jetty. The short line was constructed and an inaugural passenger train ran on 8 May 1858; however this was before the visit of the Board of Trade inspecting officer, when he made he inspection, he expressed his satisfaction, but now the LSWR required additional work on the track before it would start operations. After this work was done, the line opened on 12 July 1858, with the LSWR working it.
Goods traffic started on 23 July 1858. The jetty was not opened until 1 June 1861. Independent ferry operators crossed from Lymington to the Isle of Wight, the Company tried to interest the LSWR in using Lymington as a ferry terminal, but without success. At the time there was bitter competition between the LSWR and the London and South Coast Railway, resulting in cheap fares via Portsmouth. A further Act of 21 July 1859 authorised the Company to purchase the river ferry to Boldre, to charge tolls on Lymington Bridge. A further £11,800 capital was authorised: at this time, the original Lymington station was dilapidated and was said to be dangerous, a new Lymington station was opened on 19 September 1860. A station was opened at Shirley Holms, about a mile from Lymington Junction, was opened on 10 October 1860. In 1878 agreement was reached for the LSWR to purchase the line, this took effect on 21 March 1879. Lymington's own commercial activity declined steeply during the existence of the railway, the steamers that ran to the Isle of Wight assumed an increasing importance.
When the Freshwater and Newport Railway got its authorising Act in 1880, the LSWR determined to extend the Lymington line to reach a deep water berth. On 22 August 1881 they obtained powers to extend the line to a deep water location; the principal ferry operator had been the Solent Steam Packet Company. In 1967, the Lymington line was the last steam-hauled branch on the British Rail system, was very operated by diesel units before electric services began on 10 July; the branch line celebrated the 150th anniversary of its opening in July 2008. Between 2005 and 2010, it was promoted as a'heritage' route, making use of older rolling stock, retired from elsewhere on the UK rail network. Services on the line are operated by South Western Railway using stock based at Bournemouth depot. Rolling stock had been restricted to Classes 411, 412, 421 and 423. Following the withdrawal of slamdoor stock from the rest of the SWT network in 2005 it was expected that by May 2005 at the latest the operation of the line would have been taken over by the new Class 450 "Desiro" units.
However, SWT considered that due to the self-contained nature of the branch it would be more cost effective to continue Mk 1 operation. On this basis SWT bought and refurbished two British Rail Class 421 units to operate services on the line. Work carried out on the units included the fitting of central door locking and other safety features to allow them to remain in service beyond the November 2005 deadline for the withdrawal of slam-door stock and the reduction of the 4 carriage units to 3 carriages to address the extreme height difference between the train and the platform at Lymington Town; the final two units of this type to work the line were numbered 1497 and 1498 and named Freshwater and Farringford at a ceremony at Brockenhurst railway station on 12 May 2005. They were repainted into an approximation of their original liveries; the "heritage" service commenced on 12 May 2005 and an exemption was obtained to enable the use of the 3Cig units until 2013, at which point they were estimated to be life expired.
A Lymington Flyer headboard was made by Malcolm Ellis of Parkstone station, for use on the slam-door stock by local traincrew. In Summer 2009 South West Trains announced plans to replace the heritage EMUs with more modern units; this change took place on 23 May 2010, with the final 3Cig service departing from Lymington Pier on 22 May 2010 at 22:14 and arriving at Brockenhurst at 22:24. As of Dec 2018 a Class 450 is now used all week. Lymington-Brockenhurst Community Rail Partnership Fan website of line Line route map Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, platform and st