Lyuban Offensive Operation

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Lyuban Operation
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Defensive pincers in battle of Volkhov.png
Battle of the Volkhov, 10 January – 28 June 1942
Date7 January 1942 – 30 April 1942
(3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
Location
Southern shore of Lake Ladoga, near Lyuban
Result German victory
Belligerents
 Germany  Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders
Georg von Küchler Kirill Meretskov
Mikhail Khozin
Units involved

Army Group North

Volkhov Front

Leningrad Front

Strength
Approximately 200,000 men

7 January:


Volkhov Front:
327,700 men[1][2]
Casualties and losses

56,768 men[3]

11,642 killed
43,869 wounded
1,257 missing

Volkhov Front:
308,367 men[1][2]

95,064 killed or captured
213,303 wounded or sick

Lyuban Offensive Operation (7 January 1942 – 30 April 1942) (Russian: Любанская наступательная орерация) was a Soviet offensive operation during the Battle of the Volkhov. It was conducted by the Volkhov and Leningrad Fronts of the Red Army with the goal of relieving the siege of Leningrad and encircling and destroying the German forces carrying out the siege.[4]

The offensive used no tanks because of the terrain, therefore it was down to the infantry and the artillery; the attacking Soviet forces found themselves under intense fire from German defensive positions, and the Red Army lacked proper artillery support against the German lines. The offensive had been stalled and the Soviets were up to the defensive. Field Marshal Georg von Küchler counterattacked with an operation called 'Wild Beast" and the Soviet 2nd Shock Army was cut off and surrounded, it was destroyed in June 1942 and its commander Andrey Vlasov was taken prisoner.[5]

Aftermath[edit]

Analysis[edit]

The Volkhov and Leningrad Fronts lacked the armored vehicles, artillery ammunition, manpower reserves, fuel and food to mount sustained offensive operations against the German 18th Army.[6][7][8] Inadequate Soviet firepower could not reduce the German system of fortified strongpoints in the forests;[9] the Germans inflicted heavy losses on the attacking Soviet forces and forced the exhausted Red Army to the defensive.[9] According to general Mikhail Khozin, Soviet armored forces and artillery firepower did not exist in sufficient quantities to exploit penetrations and defeat German counterattacks.[8]

Casualties[edit]

Out of 327,700 men deployed into battle from 7 January – 30 April 1942, the Volkhov Front lost 308,367, including 95,064 killed or missing and 213,303 wounded or sick.[1][2]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Glantz 2000, p. 184.
  2. ^ a b c Krivosheev 1997, p. 108.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 May 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Glantz 2000, p. 130.
  5. ^ Glantz 2000, p. 129.
  6. ^ Forczyk 2009, p. 36.
  7. ^ Glantz 2000, p. 154.
  8. ^ a b Glantz 2000, p. 186.
  9. ^ a b Glantz 2000, p. 161.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Forczyk, Robert (2009). Leningrad 1941–44: the epic siege. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-84603-441-1.
  • Glantz, David M. (2000). "Forgotten Battles of the German-Soviet War (1941-45), Part 5: The Winter Campaign (5 December 1941‐April 1942): The Leningrad Counteroffensive". Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 13 (4): 127–192.
  • Krivosheev, Grigoriy (1997). Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the Twentieth Century. London: Greenhill Books. ISBN 1-85367-280-7.