M&GN Class C

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M&GN Class C
LNER Classes D52, D53 & D54
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerS. W. Johnson
BuilderSharp, Stewart & Co.
Beyer, Peacock & Co.
Serial numberSS: 3988–4013, 4190–6
BP: 4066–72
Build dateMay 1894–November 1899
Total produced40
 • Whyte4-4-0
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia.3 ft 3 12 in (1,003 mm)
Driver dia.6 ft 6 12 in (1,994 mm)
Wheelbase43 ft 4 14 in (13.214 m)
Length52 ft 9 12 in (16.091 m)
Loco weightD52: 42.9 long tons (43.6 t)
D53: 44.35 long tons (45.06 t)
D54: 49.9 long tons (50.7 t)
Tender weight33.55 long tons (34.09 t)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity3 long tons (3.0 t)
Water cap2,953 imp gal (13,420 l)
 • Firegrate area
D52, D53: 17.5 sq ft (1.63 m2)
D54: 21 sq ft (2.0 m2)
Boiler pressureD52, D53: 160 psi (1,100 kPa)D54: 175 psi (1,210 kPa)
Heating surfaceD52, D53: 1,078 sq ft (100.1 m2)
D54: 1,384 sq ft (128.6 m2)
CylindersTwo, inside
Cylinder size18 12 by 26 inches (470 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gearStephenson
Valve typeslide valves
Loco brakeSteam
Train brakesVacuum
Performance figures
Tractive effortD52, D53: 15,416 lbf (68.57 kN)
D54: 16,862 lbf (75.01 kN)
OperatorsMidland and Great Northern Joint Railway
London and North Eastern Railway
ClassM&GN: C;
LNER: D52, D53, D54
Axle load classRA 4
WithdrawnNovember 1936–January 1945
DispositionAll scrapped

The M&GN Class C was a class of 4-4-0 steam tender locomotives of the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway.


The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway (M&GN) was formed in 1893; the M&GN possessed insufficient locomotives to work all of its services, and so a number of locomotives were loaned by the railway's two co-owners, the Great Northern Railway and the Midland Railway (MR). To avoid the necessity for such loans, the MR's Locomotive Superintendent, Samuel W. Johnson, designed a class of 4-4-0 tender locomotives specifically for use on the M&GN. These had much in common with the MR's 1808 class,[1] which had first appeared in 1888.[2] 26 locomotives of the new design were built by Sharp, Stewart & Co. in 1894, with a further seven following in 1896; a final seven were built by Beyer, Peacock & Co. in 1899 bringing the total to 40.[1] Their numbers on the M&GN were 1–7, 11–14, 17, 18, 36–39, 42–57, 74–80, and they formed M&GN Class C.[1] Ten more were built to the same design by Beyer, Peacock in 1900, but these were for the MR, where they formed the 2581 class.[3][4]

As built, the engines had round-topped fireboxes, and the boiler barrel had a maximum diameter of 4 ft 3 in (1.30 m). When boilers became due for replacement, the replacement boilers were of various types, some of which had Belpaire fireboxes, and some were larger, being 4 ft 9 in (1.45 m) diameter.[5]

When they passed to the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) on 1 October 1936, it was decided to add a zero prefix to their M&GN numbers, to avoid duplication with existing LNER engines, so M&GN no. 1 became LNER no. 01;[6] but 14 locomotives were withdrawn before the prefix could be applied.[7] The remaining 26 had their numbers altered between October 1936 and December 1937.[8]

On the LNER they initially retained the M&GN class C, but this was soon subdivided into C/1, C/2 and C/3 according to boiler design, they were reclassified as D52, D53 and D54 in July 1942:[3]

  • C/1, D52 Round-top firebox
  • C/2, D53 Small Belpaire firebox
  • C/3, D54 Large Belpaire firebox

When the LNER post-war numbering scheme was prepared, it was based on the locomotive stock on 4 July 1943,[9] by which time 19 more had been withdrawn, leaving seven:[8] of these, class D52 nos. 038 & 076 were allotted 2050–1, class D53 nos. 050, 06 & 077 were to become 2052–4, and D54 nos. 055–6 were allotted 2055–6.[7] However, by the time that the scheme was issued in December that year,[9] a further four had been withdrawn, leaving just the three D53 in the final list; and before the renumbering actually began in January 1946, all three of those had also been withdrawn, the last in January 1945.[10]


None were preserved however a boiler does survive and there are talks of a static locomotive being built with the boiler.[11]


  1. ^ a b c Boddy et al. 1968, p. 117.
  2. ^ Baxter 1982, p. 127.
  3. ^ a b Boddy et al. 1968, p. 118.
  4. ^ Baxter 1982, p. 129.
  5. ^ Boddy et al. 1968, pp. 118,119–120.
  6. ^ Boddy et al. 1963, p. 36.
  7. ^ a b Boddy et al. 1968, p. 119.
  8. ^ a b Boddy et al. 1968, pp. 123–4.
  9. ^ a b Boddy et al. 1963, p. 37.
  10. ^ Boddy et al. 1968, pp. 119,123–4.
  11. ^ Steam railway magazine 359


  • Baxter, Bertram (1982). Baxter, David (ed.). Volume 3A: Midland Railway and its constituent companies. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825-1923. Ashbourne: Moorland Publishing.
  • Boddy, M.G.; Brown, W.A.; Fry, E.V.; Hennigan, W.; Manners, F.; Neve, E.; Tee, D.F.; Yeadon, W.B. (April 1968). Fry, E.V. (ed.). Part 4: Tender Engines - Classes D25 to E7. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-01-0.
  • Boddy, M.G.; Fry, E.V.; Hennigan, W.; Proud, P.; Yeadon, W.B. (July 1963). Fry, E.V. (ed.). Part 1: Preliminary Survey. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R. Potters Bar: RCTS.

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