Sirocco is a 1951 American film noir directed by Curtis Bernhardt and written by A. I. Bezzerides and Hans Jacoby, it is based on the novel Coup de Grace written by Joseph Kessel. The drama features Märta Torén, Lee J. Cobb, among others. In 1925 Damascus, the Syrians are engaged in a guerrilla war against the French rule of Syria. Harry Smith is an amoral American black marketeer secretly selling them weapons; as the situation deteriorates, French General LaSalle orders that civilians be executed each time his soldiers are killed, but his head of military intelligence, Colonel Feroud, persuades him to rescind the plan. Feroud presses for negotiations with rebel leader Emir Hassan instead. LaSalle reluctantly lets him try to arrange a meeting, but refuses to let Feroud make contact directly; the young officer sent in his place is found with his throat cut. To complicate matters, Harry makes a pass at Feroud's unhappy mistress, but she rejects him, she informs Feroud she wants to leave him, but he refuses to let her go.
By applying pressure to Balukjian, one of Harry's friendly rivals, Feroud finds out about Harry's gun running. Harry is tipped off, just as Violetta begs him to take her back to Cairo. Needing to flee himself, he agrees to take her along. However, a French patrol nearly captures Harry, he gets away, but has to leave behind his money, without that, he is soon betrayed to the French. Facing execution, Harry agrees to help Feroud meet with Hassan. Hassan calls the colonel a fool and dismisses his plea for negotiations, but decides to spare his life when Harry and Feroud's aide Major Leon show up offering a £10,000 ransom; the officers are allowed to leave. The rebels are angered that he has revealed the location of their headquarters to the French and fear he has sold them out, so they kill him; as Feroud and Leon walk back, they notice that explosions have stopped. Feroud wonders aloud. Humphrey Bogart as Harry Smith Märta Torén as Violetta Lee J. Cobb as Col. Feroud Everett Sloane as Gen. LaSalle Gerald Mohr as Major Leon Zero Mostel as Balukjiaan Nick Dennis as Nasir Aboud, Harry's assistant Onslow Stevens as Emir Hassan Ludwig Donath as Flophouse proprietor David Bond as Achmet Vincent Renno as Arthur Film critic Bosley Crowther lambasted the film and wrote, "Except for a few moody moments in a plaster night-club, called the Moulin Rouge, some shadowy shots of sloppy Syrians lying around in dingy catacombs, the scene is no more suggestive of Damascus than a Shriners' convention in New Orleans, on which occasion you would see more fezzes than show up in this film.
For the most part—indeed, for the sole part—Sirocco wafts a torpid tale of a slick, sneering gun-runner proving a painful thorn in a nice French colonel's side."Critic Leonard Maltin gave the film a mixed review, writing, "I’d always read that it was a half-baked attempt to rekindle some of the ingredients that made Casablanca such a success, that’s true. The setting is Damascus in 1926, when the French Army is battling Syrian insurgents... Sirocco is formula stuff, but it’s a perfect example of how Hollywood could take ordinary material and still make it entertaining, through sheer professional polish in the writing, art direction, casting. Zero Mostel, Gerald Mohr, Nick Dennis head the colorful supporting cast, who perform well under Curtis Bernhardt’s direction." Sirocco on IMDb Sirocco at AllMovie Sirocco at the TCM Movie Database Sirocco film trailer on YouTube
Carver Dana Andrews was an American film actor and a major Hollywood star during the 1940s. He continued acting in less prestigious roles into the 1980s, he is remembered for his roles as a police detective-lieutenant in the film noir Laura and as war veteran Fred Derry in The Best Years of Our Lives, the latter being the role for which he received the most critical praise. Andrews was born on a farmstead near Collins in southern Mississippi in Covington County, the third of 13 children of Charles Forrest Andrews, a Baptist minister, his wife, the former Annis Speed; the family relocated subsequently to Huntsville in Walker County, the birthplace of his younger siblings, including future Hollywood actor Steve Forrest. Andrews attended college at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville and studied business administration in Houston. During 1931, he traveled to California, to pursue opportunities as a singer, he worked such as working at a gas station in the nearby community of Van Nuys. To help Andrews study music at night, "The station owners stepped in... with a deal: $50 a week for full-time study, in exchange for a five-year share of possible earnings."
Andrews signed a contract with Samuel Goldwyn, nine years after arriving in Los Angeles was offered his first movie role in Lucky Cisco Kid at 20th Century Fox. He was in Sailor's Lady, sold to Fox. Andrews was loaned to Edward Small to appear in Kit Carson, before Goldwyn used him for the first time in a Goldwyn production: William Wyler's The Westerner, featuring Gary Cooper. Fox liked Andrews and since Goldwyn did not make films often, he agreed to share his contract with Andrews with that studio. Andrews had support parts in Fox films Tobacco Road, directed by John Ford, his next film for Goldwyn was Ball of Fire, again teaming with Cooper, where Andrews played a gangster. Back at Fox, Andrews was given his first lead, in the B-movie Berlin Correspondent, he was second lead to Tyrone Power in Crash Dive and appeared in the 1943 film adaptation of The Ox-Bow Incident with Henry Fonda, in a role cited as one of his best in which he played a lynching victim. Andrews went back to Goldwyn for The North Star, directed by Lewis Milestone.
He worked on a government propaganda film December 7th: The Movie was used by Goldwyn again in Up in Arms, supporting Danny Kaye. Andrews was reunited with Milestone at Fox for The Purple Heart was in Wing and a Prayer for Henry Hathaway. One of his most famous roles was as an obsessed detective in Laura with Gene Tierney at Fox, directed by Otto Preminger, he co-featured with Jeanne Crain in the movie musical State Fair, a huge hit, was reunited with Preminger for Fallen Angel. Andrews did another war movie with Milestone, A Walk in the Sun was loaned to Walter Wanger for a western, Canyon Passage. Andrews's second film with William Wyler for Goldwyn, was his most successful: The Best Years of Our Lives, both a popular and a critical success and became the role for which Andrews is best known. Andrews appeared in Boomerang!, directed by Elia Kazan. In 1947, he was voted the 23rd most popular actor in the U. S. Andrews starred in the anti-communist The Iron Curtain, reuniting him with Gene Tierney Deep Waters.
He made a comedy for Lewis Milestone at Enterprise Pictures, No Minor Vices went to England for Britannia Mews. Andrews went to Universal for Sword in the Desert Goldwyn called him back for My Foolish Heart with Susan Hayward, he played a brutal police officer in Where the Sidewalk Ends with Tierney and Preminger. Around this time, alcoholism began to damage Andrews's career, on two occasions it nearly cost him his life as he drove a car. Edge of Doom for Goldwyn was a flop, he went to RKO to make Sealed Cargo, the only film he made with his brother, Steve Forrest. At Fox, he was in The Frogmen. Goldwyn cast him in I Want You, an unsuccessful attempt to repeat the success of The Best Years of Our Lives. From 1952 to 1954, Andrews was featured in the radio series, I Was a Communist for the FBI, about the experiences of Matt Cvetic, an FBI informant who infiltrated the Communist Party of the United States of America. Andrews's film career struggled in the 1950s. Assignment: Paris was not seen, he did Elephant Walk in Ceylon, a film better known for Vivien Leigh's nervous breakdown and replacement by Elizabeth Taylor.
Duel in the Jungle was an adventure tale. By the middle 1950s, Andrews was acting exclusively in B-movies. However, his acting in two movies for Fritz Lang during 1956, While The City Sleeps and Beyond A Reasonable Doubt, two for Jacques Tourneur, Night of the Demon and The Fearmakers, is well regarded. Around this time he appeared in Spring Reunion, Zero Hour!, Enchanted Island. In 1952, Andrews toured with his wife, Mary Todd, in The Glass Menagerie, in 1958, he replaced Henry Fonda on Broadway in Two for the Seesaw. Andrews began appearing on television on such shows as Playhouse 90, General Electric Theatre, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, The DuPont Show of the Week
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end
The Man Who Watched Trains Go By
The Man Who Watched Trains Go By is a crime drama film, based on the 1938 novel by Georges Simenon and directed by Harold French. It has an all-European cast, including Claude Rains in the lead role of Kees Popinga, infatuated with Michele Rozier; the film was released in the United States in 1953 under the title The Paris Express. In the Dutch city of Groningen, Kees Popinga has worked for 18 years as chief clerk and bookkeeper for a 300-year-old trading company, now run by Julius de Koster Jr.. Kees's life is stodgy. One day a man named Merkemans, who had managed a company that went bankrupt due to another man's embezzlement, pleads with de Koster for a job. De Koster refuses because his own firm has too impeccable a reputation to be connected with such a scandal, Merkemans had had the responsibility to prevent the fraud. A French police inspector named Lucas arrives to talk to de Koster about Dutch money, turning up illegally in Paris; that night, Kees happens to see de Koster kissing a woman goodbye at a station.
Lucas questions Kees and de Koster about the woman, showing a picture. De Koster lies; that night his fears are confirmed when he finds de Koster burning the books. De Koster says. Kees follows de Koster to a canal. De Koster shows him a suicide note. Kees is trying to stop him jumping in the water when De Koster's briefcase comes open, revealing 100,000 Dutch guilders in cash; the suicide note was a fake. Enraged, Kees attacks de Koster, who hits his head on a boat. In the briefcase is a train ticket to Paris and the address of the woman, whose name is Michele Rozier. Kees takes boards the train, abandoning his family. On board he is surprised to meet Lucas; as they approach Paris, Kees jumps off the train. He goes to Michele, not realizing he has the money. Lucas explains what has happened, he says de Koster is alive, but Kees does not know this, Lucas fears he will now do something desperate. As Lucas hopes, Michele wants the money enough to trace Kees, the police follow her to him, but she helps him get away and stay with Louis, her lover, who lives in over a garage near train tracks.
She tells Kees that within a couple of days Louis will provide Kees with fake papers so he can leave the country. Kees is suspicious enough to hide the money, in an abandoned car near the tracks, before Louis is able to search his effects. Bored with hiding out and tired of belittling remarks about his status, he decides to "live dangerously" and takes Michele out on the town, she seems to warm to him and he is seduced into trusting her. Drunk and infatuated, he phones Lucas to taunt him, promises Michele they will go away together, tells her where the money is, she goes there, but Lucas has found it. He offers her immunity. Kees gets away from Lucas, steals a knife from a shop window, goes to the garage. At knifepoint, Louis phones asks her to come. Kees confronts Michele and threatens to prove his worth by killing her—and he does. With Lucas in pursuit, he runs directly toward an approaching train. At the last moment it crosses onto another track. Kees rambles deliriously as Lucas arrests him. Claude Rains as Kees Popinga Marius Goring as Lucas Märta Torén as Michele Rozier Ferdy Mayne as Louis Herbert Lom as Julius de Koster, Jr. Lucie Mannheim as Maria Popinga Anouk Aimée as Jeanne Eric Pohlmann as Goin Felix Aylmer as Mr. Merkemans Gibb McLaughlin as Julius de Koster, Sr. Michael Nightingale as Popinga's Clerk TV Guide wrote that the film "boasts good performances from Rains and Lom, but is hampered by the static direction of Harold French".
Directed by Harold French, a British stalwart, this little thriller is worth every one of the 82 minutes you'll spend with it." The Man Who Watched Trains Go By on IMDb
Ride Tonight! is a 1942 Swedish historical drama film directed by Gustaf Molander and starring Lars Hanson, Oscar Ljung, Gerd Hagman and Eva Dahlbeck. It is an adaptation of the 1941 novel Ride This Night by Vilhelm Moberg; the film, like the original novel, alluded directly to events in occupied Europe during the Second World War and helped to bolster anti-Nazi sentiment in neutral Sweden. In 17th century Southern Sweden a peasant uprising takes place against German landowners. Lars Hanson as Jon Stånge Oscar Ljung as Ragnar Svedje of Svedjegaarden Gerd Hagman as Annika Eva Dahlbeck as Botilla Erik'Bullen' Berglund as Lars Borre Hilda Borgström as Mother Sigga Nils Lundell as Ygge, the thief of Bläsemåla Erik Hell as Hans of Lenhovda Hugo Björne as Petrus Magni Sven Bergvall as Archbishop Carl Ström as Klas Bock Gunnar Sjöberg as Foreign peasant Hampe Faustman as Bo Eriksson Josua Bengtson as Danjel, inn-keeper Axel Högel as Ola of Klavmo Gunnar Collin as Matts Elling, peasant Winkel, Roel Vande & Welch, David.
Cinema and the Swastika: The International Expansion of the Third Reich. Palgrave MacMillan, 2011. Ride Tonight! on IMDb
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Deported is a 1950 American film noir crime film directed by Robert Siodmak starring Märta Torén and Jeff Chandler about an American gangster sent back to his home country who falls in love with a widowed countess. A U. S. gangster deported back to his native to Italy woos a countess in a plot to bring loot into the country. Märta Torén as the Countess di Lorenzi Jeff Chandler as Vittorio Mario Sparducci alias "Vic Smith" Claude Dauphin as Bucelli Marina Berti as Gina Richard Rober as Bemardo Gervaso Silvio Mindotti as Armando Sparducci Carlo Rizzo as Guido Caruso Mimi Aguglia as Teresa Sparducci Adriano Ambrogi as Father Genaro Michael Tor as Ernesto Pampilone Erminio Spalla as Benjamino Barda Dino Nardi as Donadi Guido Celano as Aldo Brescia Tito Vuolo as Postal clerk The movie was called Paradise Lost'49 and was to star Dana Andrews, in Sword in the Desert produced by Robert Buckner, Andrews became unavailable and Victor Mature and John Garfield were discussed as possible alternatives.
The lead role was assigned to Jeff Chandler after he had impressed Universal Studios with his performance in Sword of the Desert, his successful loanout to 20th Century Fox for Broken Arrow. "I don't know why I got it," Chandler said of the role, joking that "maybe it's because I'm saving them money."Chandler had to secure a three-week leave of absence from Our Miss Brooks on radio to make the film. Much of the film was shot in Italy on location in Naples and Tuscany over five weeks in late 1949. Only two actors were imported from America, Chandler and Märta Torén, with the rest coming from either Italy or France. Filming began early in 1950. Chandler's second daughter was born during the making of the film. Writer-producer Robert Buckner praised filming on location in Italy, he said Universal had set aside $300,000 in frozen currency to make the film, but he ended up using only $117,000. He said that if Chandler had not been required to return to the US to fulfil a radio commitment, requiring three weeks filming in a studio in Hollywood, another $100,000 could have been saved.
The movie is said to be based on Lucky Luciano. Chandler denied this, saying the character he played was a small-time gangster, "and what happens after he lands is quite different from what happened to Luciano. I understand Luciano was disappointed when our producer, Robert Buckner, mentioned this to him." List of American films of 1950 Deported on IMDb