Mérida is the capital and largest city in Yucatan state in Mexico, as well as the largest city of the Yucatán Peninsula. The city is located in the northwest part of the state, about 35 kilometres off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico; the city is the municipal seat of the Municipality of Mérida, which includes the city and the areas around it. According to the 2015 census, the population of Mérida was 892,363, ranking 14th among the most populous Mexican cities; the Greater Mérida metropolitan area includes the municipalities of Mérida, Umán and Kanasín and had a population of 1,035,238 in the 2010 census. The municipality's area is 858.41 km2. Among the four cities that share the same name around the world, it is the largest -the other three being in Spain and the Philippines; the city, like much of the state, has heavy Mayan, French, Lebanese and to a lesser extent Dutch influences. Mérida has the highest percentage of indigenous population within any large city in Mexico; the Maya are 60% of the population.
There were three Spanish conquistadors named "Francisco de Montejo": Francisco de Montejo "el Adelantado". Mérida was founded in 1542 by Montejo y León and named after the town of Mérida in Extremadura, Spain, it was built on the site of the Maya city of T'hó, called Ichkanzihóo or Ichcaanzihó in reference to its pyramids. Carved Maya stones from ancient T'ho were used to build the Spanish colonial buildings which are numerous in downtown Mérida. Much of Mérida's architecture from the colonial period through the 18th century and 19th century is still standing in the centro historico of the city. From colonial times through the mid-19th century, Mérida was a walled city intended to protect the Peninsular and Criollo residents from periodic revolts by the indigenous Maya. Several of the old Spanish city gates survive, but modern Mérida has expanded well beyond the old city walls. Late in the 19th century and the early 20th Century, the area surrounding Mérida prospered from the production of henequén.
For a brief period, around the turn of the 20th century, Mérida was said to house more millionaires than any other city in the world. The result of this concentration of wealth can still be seen today. Many large and elaborate homes still line the main avenue called Paseo de Montejo, though few are occupied today by individual families. Many of these homes have been restored and now serve as office buildings for banks and insurance companies. Korean immigration to Mexico began in 1905 when more than a thousand people arrived in Yucatán from the city of Incheon; these first Korean migrants settled around Mérida as workers in henequen plantations. Mérida has one of the largest centro histórico districts in the Americas. Colonial homes line the city streets in various states of disrepair and renovation. In August 1993, Pope John Paul II visited the city on his third trip to Mexico; the city has been host to two bilateral United States – Mexico conferences, the first in 1999 and the second in 2007.
In June 2007, Mérida moved its city museum to the renovated Post Office building next to the downtown market. The Museum of the City of Mérida houses important artifacts from the city's history, as well as an art gallery. Mérida hosted the VI Summit of Association of Caribbean States, in April 2014. Mérida is the cultural and financial capital of the Yucatán Peninsula, as well as the capital city of the state of Yucatán. In recent years, important science competitions and World events have been held in Mérida – FITA Archery World Cup Finals, the International Cosmic Ray Conference, a Physics Olympiad, etc; the Yucatan Peninsula, in particular the capital city Merida, is in a prime location which allows for economic growth. Merida has been a popular location for investment. This, in turn, has allowed the Yucatan economy to grow at three times the rate of the national average. Since Merida is the capital city of Yucatan and one of the largest cities in this section of Mexico, region-based urbanization is influential, in comparison to city-based urbanization.
As the capital city of the state of Yucatan, Merida has its advantages, "Cities capital cities, are where the vast majority of modern productive activities are concentrated in the developing world and where the vast majority of paid employment opportunities are located." Many resources have been allocated to this region, but not everyone prospers with the influx of these resources. High rates of urban poverty can be attributed to the rapid development of these cities and resource and service allocation can be disproportionate between the rich and the poor of the area. Due to the rapid expansion of these cities, there is uneven distribution of services among members of the community. Due to the developing economy, based on urbanization of the city, high rates between the social classes are present. Mérida is located in the northwest part of the state of Yucatán, which occupies the northern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula. To the east is the state of Quintana Roo, to the west is the state of Campeche, to the north is the Gulf of
Charles Friedel was a French chemist and mineralogist. A native of Strasbourg, France, he was a student of Louis Pasteur at the Sorbonne. In 1876, he became a professor of mineralogy at the Sorbonne. Friedel developed the Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation reactions with James Crafts in 1877, attempted to make synthetic diamonds, his son Georges Friedel became a renowned mineralogist. Friedel's wife's father was Charles Combes; the Friedel family is a rich lineage of French scientists: Georges Friedel, French crystallographer and mineralogist. "La découverte de la réaction de Friedel et Crafts". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série IIC. 1: 293–296. Doi:10.1016/S1387-160980048-0. Crafts, J. M.. "Friedel Memorial Lecture". Journal of the Chemical Society; the Society. 77: 993–1019. Doi:10.1039/ct9007700993. Willemart, Antoine. "Charles Friedel". Journal of Chemical Education. 26: 3–9. Bibcode:1949JChEd..26....3W. Doi:10.1021/ed026p3. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Friedel, Charles". Encyclopædia Britannica.
Gina-Lisa Lohfink is a German beauty pageant titleholder, model and media personality, fashion designer and singer. Lohfink was born on 23 September 1986 in Hesse. After finishing school, she worked as a fitness trainer, she has heterochromia. In 2015, Lohfink revealed. Lohfink won Miss Frankfurt 2005, Miss Darmstadt 2006 and Queen of the World/Internet 2007, she was Miss Supermodel at Miss Hawaiian Tropic International 2007. In 2006, Lohfink modelled for clothing label Southpole. In 2008, she participated on the third cycle of Germany's Next Topmodel, being selected as one of the nineteen finalists. Despite being a fan favorite, she finished in twelfth place, she has shot for numerous men's magazines such as Playboy, Penthouse and FHM. In 2008, she starred in an ad campaign for Sixt alongside centenarian actor Johannes Heesters. In February 2010, she walked in New York Fashion Week for Heatherette designer Richie Rich for his collection A*MUSE. In 2012, she starred in a campaign for Redcoon with fellow Germany's Next Topmodel contestant and model Micaela Schäfer.
Lohfink has appeared in television shows such as Taff, Gülcan und Collien ziehen aufs Land, mieten, wohnen, Das perfekte Promi-Dinner, Die Alm, Bauer sucht Frau and Big Brother Germany as well as her own web series Gina-Lisa's Welt and Gina-Lisa's Best Buddy. She made her acting debut in 2008 in the television comedy show Putzfrau Undercover. Since she has appeared in the comedy show Marienhof, The Vampire Club, a short film by Marc Terenzi, she starred in the 2011 production of Grease in Frankfurt. She appeared in the music video for Loona's single "El Tiburón". In 2009, Lohfink founded a brand of sunglasses. In 2010, Lohfink released her debut single, "Alles Klar". In 2012, she was the face of an erotic fair, promoting safer sex. In January 2016, Lohfink was ordered to pay a €24,000 fine, when the Amtsgericht Tiergarten court in Berlin ruled that she had falsely accused two men of raping her, after a video of a sexual encounter with them surfaced on the Internet. Lohfink appealed the decision, but to no avail