Carlos Encinas Bardem is a Spanish actor. He is brother of actors Mónica and Javier Bardem. Carlos Bardem won the 2008 Spanish Actors Union's "Newcomer Award for a Male" for La zona. Carlos Bardem on IMDb
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
Biblioteca Nacional de España
The Biblioteca Nacional de España is a major public library, the largest in Spain, one of the largest in the world. It is located on the Paseo de Recoletos; the library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library. The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance. At the same time, it was renamed the Biblioteca Nacional. During the 19th century, confiscations and donations enabled the Biblioteca Nacional to acquire the majority of the antique and valuable books that it holds. In 1892 the building was used to host the Historical American Exposition. On March 16, 1896, the Biblioteca Nacional opened to the public in the same building in which it is housed and included a vast Reading Room on the main floor designed to hold 320 readers.
In 1931 the Reading Room was reorganised, providing it with a major collection of reference works, the General Reading Room was created to cater for students and general readers. During the Spanish Civil War close to 500,000 volumes were collected by the Confiscation Committee and stored in the Biblioteca Nacional to safeguard works of art and books held until in religious establishments and private houses. During the 20th century numerous modifications were made to the building to adapt its rooms and repositories to its expanding collections, to the growing volume of material received following the modification to the Legal Deposit requirement in 1958, to the numerous works purchased by the library. Among this building work, some of the most noteworthy changes were the alterations made in 1955 to triple the capacity of the library's repositories, those started in 1986 and completed in 2000, which led to the creation of the new building in Alcalá de Henares and complete remodelling of the building on Paseo de Recoletos, Madrid.
In 1986, when Spain's main bibliographic institutions - the National Newspaper Library, the Spanish Bibliographic Institute and the Centre for Documentary and Bibliographic Treasures - were incorporated into the Biblioteca Nacional, the library was established as the State Repository of Spain's Cultural Memory, making all of Spain's bibliographic output on any media available to the Spanish Library System and national and international researchers and cultural and educational institutions. In 1990 it was made an Autonomous Entity attached to the Ministry of Culture; the Madrid premises are shared with the National Archaeological Museum. The Biblioteca Nacional is Spain's highest library institution and is head of the Spanish Library System; as the country's national library, it is the centre responsible for identifying, preserving and disseminating information about Spain's documentary heritage, it aspires to be an essential point of reference for research into Spanish culture. In accordance with its Articles of Association, passed by Royal Decree 1581/1991 of October 31, 1991, its principal functions are to: Compile and conserve bibliographic archives produced in any language of the Spanish state, or any other language, for the purposes of research and information.
Promote research through the study and reproduction of its bibliographic archive. Disseminate information on Spain's bibliographic output based on the entries received through the legal deposit requirement; the library's collection consists of more than 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 600,000 sound recordings, 510,000 music scores, more than 500,000 microforms, 500,000 maps, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 90,000 audiovisuals, 90,000 electronic documents, 30,000 manuscripts. The current director of the Biblioteca Nacional is Ana Santos Aramburo, appointed in 2013. Former directors include her predecessors Glòria Pérez-Salmerón and Milagros del Corral as well as historian Juan Pablo Fusi and author Rosa Regàs. Given its role as the legal deposit for the whole of Spain, since 1991 it has kept most of the overflowing collection at a secondary site in Alcalá de Henares, near Madrid; the Biblioteca Nacional provides access to its collections through the following library services: Guidance and general information on the institution and other libraries.
Bibliographic information about its collection and those held by other libraries or library systems. Access to its automated catalogue, which contains close to 3,000,000 bibliographic records encompassing all of its collections. Archive consultation in the library's reading rooms. Interlibrary loans. Archive reproduction. Biblioteca Digital Hispánica, digital library launched in 2008 by the Biblioteca Nacional de España List of libraries in Spain Media related to Biblioteca Nacional de España at Wikimedia Commons Official site Official web catalog
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Kika is a 1993 Spanish language film directed by Pedro Almodóvar and starring Verónica Forqué as the title character. Forqué won the Goya Award for the second female lead on an Almodóvar film to do so. Kika, a naïve make-up artist, recalls, she had given her phone number to his step-father, American writer Nicholas Pierce, he had called her not for sex as she had hoped but to make up the younger man's corpse. He was however catatonic and awoke. Ramón is a fashion photographer with voyeuristic tendencies, traumatised by his mother's suicide after several attempts, he lets Nicholas, who has returned to Madrid, live above their flat and the two discuss whether to sell the family home outside of town, Casa Youkali, which they jointly own. Ramón proposes to Kika, who accepts but feels conflicted as she has been cheating on him with Nicholas. Nicholas is working on a novel about a lesbian serial killer, but he makes ends meet by freelancing discreetly for an outrageously exploitative television show which focuses on bizarre and macabre events.
The show is devised and presented by Andrea Caracortada, who wears over-the-top outfits and a persona to match. Andrea used to be a psychologist, Ramón was once her patient her lover, he tells Nicholas that she scarred her own face when he left she is now stalking him. On her show, Andrea reports that Paul Bazzo, a dim-witted sex maniac and former pornographic actor jailed for rapes has escaped while attending a religious procession, he turns up at Ramón and Kika's flat because their maid Juana is his long-suffering sister. Juana instructs him to tie her up, knock her unconscious and steal valuables hide at a cousin's place. Paul however rapes her at knife point. An unseen voyeur peeping at Kika's room notifies the police and two incompetent inspectors turn up, shoot up the door and with great difficulty interrupt the rape. Paul escapes and bumps into Andrea, kitted out in a futuristic reporter's outfit complete with helmet-mounted video camera, she wants an interview but he pushes her off and steals her motorcycle.
She enters the flat and harasses Kika. The police are puzzled at her presence, because although they tip her off, they did not in this case. Andrea credits an unknown peeping tom for alerting her and broadcasts video footage of the rape on her show, causing Kika to break down. In the aftermath, Kika finds Ramón to be no help and she overhears him confess to Nicholas that it was he who called the police: he liked to peep on her from his photographic studio's window, she leaves him in silence. Ramón meanwhile tells Nicholas that he has held on to his mother's diaries but never found the strength to read them, he does so however, after Nicholas has moved back to Casa Youkali, discovers that the farewell letter to him that Nicholas had passed on was ripped from an old entry. Ramón accuses him of murdering his mother. Meanwhile, it turns out that Ramón both spied on the flat from separate addresses. While reviewing footage of the upper floor, Andrea realises that Nicholas appears to have murdered one of his several girlfriends, Susana when she visited him.
Connecting this to his latest book, she goes to Casa Youkali armed with a pistol and finds a freshly dug grave in the garden. Nicholas barricades himself but she breaks in aggressively and offers to interview him and let him run away before the broadcast, they shoot each other. Kika turns up and Nicholas confesses with his dying breath that his novel about a lesbian serial killer is a disguised autobiography, as Andrea had worked out. Kika finds the bodies of Andrea and Ramón, but she is able to resurrect the latter a second time with electric shocks. Ramón had gone into shock after finding Susana's body in the bathroom. While Ramón is taken to hospital, Kika picks up a stranded motorist and takes an instant interest in him, stating that she might need a new direction. Verónica Forqué as Kika Peter Coyote as Nicholas Victoria Abril as Andrea Caracortada Àlex Casanovas as Ramón Rossy de Palma as Juana Santiago Lajusticia as Pablo Anabel Alonso as Amparo Bibiana Fernández as Susana Jesús Bonilla as Policía Karra Elejalde as Policía Manuel Bandera as Chico Carretera Charo López as Rafaela Francisca Caballero as Dña.
Paquita Mónica Bardem as Paca Joaquín Climent as Asesino Blanca Li as Asesinada Claudia Aros as Modelo Perez Prado's "Concierto para Bongó" serves as background music for some scenes, including the Pica'os self-flagellation scenes, a car chase and Kika's rape scene. Tite Curet Alonso's song "Teatro", as sung by La Lupe, is the film's musical theme. Kika on IMDb Kika at Rotten Tomatoes Kika at Box Office Mojo Kika, Pedro Almodóvar – official website Janet Maslin, Kika – Another Sly, Dizzy Romp With Pedro Almodovar, NY Times, 6 May 1994 Kevin Thomas, Almodovar's'Kika': Freewheeling Parable, LA Times, 6 May 1994
Not Love, Just Frenzy
Not Love Just Frenzy is a 1996 adventure and drama film, directed by a triumvirate of Alfonso Albacete, Miguel Bardem and David Menkes. They have a collective name of Peliculas Freneticas, it is Miguel Bardem's first feature film with Alfonso Albacete, using Carlos Bardem, the youngest cousin of Miguel, in his acting debut. The style of the film is reminiscent of works by Pedro Almodóvar, according to a New York Times review. Más que amor, frenesí brought Bardem and Menkes a Goya Award nomination for Best Newcomer Director; the cast includes many of Spain's top young actors, including early appearances by Penélope Cruz, Javier Bardem and Bibi Andersen as a high-class lesbian pimp. It is set in Madrid; the film is similar in plot to Perdona bonita, pero Lucas me quería a mí released in 1997, with both films having gay characters chasing straight men and murdered flatmates. The film is known due a gay sex scene, early in the plot. Gigolo Max returns to town is suspected of having murdered one of his clients.
He seeks help from a madam with a taste for young fresh girls. Max tries to get himself back into the life of his former lover Yeye, who still has some feelings for him. Yeye shares an apartment with 2 flatmates, Monica, a waitress in a gay club, called Frenzy and lovelorn Maria. Maria is in love with nerdy neighbor Carlos. Another friend is gay art student Alberto, who in the opening section of the film has some steamy gay sex under the shower with Alex, but he soon sadly finds out his Mr. Right is a husband and father, which quenches his desire, leaving him to get his kicks from some chaste flirtation with straight art-school model David; the group of hot and horny twenty-something friends head out one night to a disco and crowded dance clubs to find love and adventure. They meet flashy drag queens, self-absorbed gigolos and a whole host of other characters, including an overtly masculine lesbian lover, whilst having wild sex and gunfights; as they friends try to avoid psycho cop from infiltrate the group to get at Max.
Más que amor, frenesí was seen by 251,865 people by end of 1996 and around 50,000 in 1997, according to Spanish Ministry of Culture. It was in the top fifty of box office takings in 1996; the film has a 60% audience rating on Rotten Tomatoes out of 23 views. David Rooney of Variety said in 1996, "Blithely derivative but bubbling nonetheless with energy, freshness and exuberant humor" and a "flashy, rather modish debut". Robert Strohmeyer of contactmusic said of the film, "a frantic, Chasing Amy-esque tale of seven young hipsters rampaging through Madrid on a coke-charged humping spree" and "these characters are about as predictable as they are crude". A. O. Scott of The New York Times review in 2000 stated "the a plot that scrambles together elements of farce and film noir" and "the best parts of "Not Love, Just Frenzy" present the casual outrageousness of the characters and their milieu with humor and tact; the rest is just frenzy". Not Love, Just Frenzy was released on Region 1 DVD on Jan. 1 2016, Not Love, Just Frenzy on IMDb
Javier Ángel Encinas Bardem is a Spanish actor. Bardem won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the psychopathic assassin Anton Chigurh in the 2007 Coen Brothers film No Country for Old Men, he has received critical acclaim for roles in films such as Jamón, jamón, Carne trémula, Vicky Cristina Barcelona, Boca a boca, Los lunes al sol, Mar adentro, Skyfall, for which he received both a BAFTA and a SAG nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Bardem has won a Screen Actors Guild Award, a BAFTA, five Goya Awards, two European Film Awards, a Prize for Best Actor at Cannes and two Volpi Cups at Venice for his work, he is the first Spanish actor to be nominated for an Oscar, as well as the first Spaniard to win one, for Best Supporting Actor in No Country for Old Men, 2008. He received his third Academy Award nomination, second Best Actor nomination, for the film Biutiful. Bardem was born in the Canary Islands, Spain, his mother, Pilar Bardem, is an actress, his father, José Carlos Encinas Doussinague, was a businessman involved in environmental work.
The two separated shortly after his birth and his mother raised him alone. Bardem comes from a long line of filmmakers and actors dating back to the earliest days of Spanish cinema. Both his older brother and sister, Carlos and Mónica, are actors, he comes from a political background, as his uncle Juan Antonio was imprisoned by Franco for his anti-fascist films. Bardem was brought up in the Roman Catholic faith by his grandmother; as a child, he spent time on film sets. At age six, he made his first film appearance, in Fernando Fernán Gómez's El Pícaro, he played rugby for the junior Spanish National Team. Though he grew up in a family full of actors, Bardem did not see himself going into the family business. Painting was his first love, he went on to study painting for four years at Madrid's Escuela de Artes y Oficios. In need of money he took acting jobs to support his painting, but he says he was a bad painter and abandoned that career pursuit. In 1989, for the Spanish comedy show El Día Por Delante, he had to wear a Superman costume for a comedic sketch, a job that made him question whether he wanted to be an actor at all.
Bardem has confessed to having worked as a stripper during his struggling acting career. Bardem came to notice in a small role in his first major motion picture, The Ages of Lulu, when he was 20, in which he appeared along with his mother, Pilar Bardem. Bigas Luna, the director of Lulu, was sufficiently impressed to give him the leading male role in his next film, Jamón Jamón in 1992, in which Bardem played a would-be underwear model and bullfighter; the film, which starred a teenaged Penélope Cruz, was a major international success. He starred again in Luna's next film Golden Balls. Bardem's talent did not go unnoticed in the English-speaking world. In 1997, John Malkovich was the first to approach him a 27-year-old, for a role in English, but the Spanish actor turned down the offer because his English was still poor, his first English-speaking role came that same year, in with director Álex de la Iglesia's Perdita Durango, playing a santería-practicing bank robber. After starring in about two dozen films in his native country, he gained international recognition in Julian Schnabel's Before Night Falls in 2000, portraying Cuban poet Reinaldo Arenas.
He received praise from his idol Al Pacino. For that role, he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor, the first for a Spaniard. After, he turned down the role of Danny Witwer in Minority Report which went to Colin Farrell. Instead, in 2002, Bardem starred in The Dancer Upstairs. Malkovich had Bardem in mind for the role of the detective's assistant, but the movie's taking so long to obtain financing gave Bardem time to learn English and take on the lead role of the detective. "I will always be grateful to him because he gave me my first chance to work in English", has said Bardem of Malkovich. Bardem won Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival for his role in Mar Adentro, released in the United States as The Sea Inside, in which he portrayed the quadriplegic turned assisted suicide activist Ramón Sampedro, he made his Hollywood debut in a brief appearance as a crime lord who summons Tom Cruise's hitman to do the dirty work of dispatching witnesses in the crime drama Collateral.
He stars in Miloš Forman's 2006 film Goya's Ghosts opposite Natalie Portman, where he plays a twisted monk during the Spanish Inquisition. In 2007, Bardem acted in two film adaptations: the Coen Brothers' No Country for Old Men, the adaptation of the Colombian novel Love in the Time of Cholera with Giovanna Mezzogiorno by Gabriel García Márquez. In No Country for Old Men, he played Anton Chigurh. For that role, he became the first Spaniard to win an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, he won a Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actor, the Critics' Choice Award for Best Supporting Actor, the 2008 British Academy of Film and Television Arts Award for Best Supporting Actor. Bardem's rendition of Chigurh's trademark word, "What business is it of yours where I'm from, friendo?" (in respo