click links in text for more info

Imperium (1990 video game)

Imperium is a computer game published by Electronic Arts in 1990 for the Amiga, Atari ST and MS-DOS. Imperium is a space adventure in which the goal is to either dominate the entire galaxy or live to be 1,000 years of age; the player controls all elements, from political to military, endeavoring not only to spread the empire's influence but to prevent other empires from influencing the player's territory. The player maintains invasion forces, the building of fleets, ensuring subordinates remain loyal, can have the computer control the empire's economics and diplomacy. Imperium is icon- and window-driven. Icons allow the player to save and load games, establish alliances and embargoes, review wealth, deploy forces and fight, check maps, gather news and reports; the players can set windows around the screen, which contain selection areas to either type in data or click a button to retrieve additional data. All icons and all but one window, with attendant information, are displayed in monochrome.

The game was reviewed in 1991 in Dragon #165 by Hartley and Kirk Lesser in "The Role of Computers" column. The reviewers gave the game 4 out of 5 stars. Computer Gaming World in 1991 criticized Imperium's production values as "not what would be expected in an American game", but praised the gameplay and the computer opponent; the magazine concluded that "due to its strategic complexity and depth of play, it is certain to give any strategic gamer plenty of hours of enjoyment". In a 1992 survey of science fiction games the magazine gave the title four of five stars, stating that the game "seemed to disappear from the market, yet its rich texture and gameplay deserve a second look". A 1994 survey of strategic space games set in the year 2000 and gave the game three-plus stars. Imperium at MobyGames Imperium at GameSpot Imperium at GameFAQs

Benzoyl peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is a medication and industrial chemical. As a medication, it is used to treat mild to moderate acne. For more severe cases, it may be used with other treatments; some versions are sold mixed with antibiotics such as clindamycin. Other uses include bleaching flour, hair bleaching, teeth whitening, textile bleaching, it is used in the plastic industry. Common side effects are skin dryness, or peeling. Use in pregnancy is of unclear safety. Benzoyl peroxide is in the peroxide family of chemicals; when used for acne, it works by killing bacteria. Benzoyl peroxide came into medical use in the 1930s, it is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. Benzoyl peroxide is available over the counter. In the United Kingdom, 150 ml of a 10% solution cost the NHS about £4. In the United States, a month of treatment costs less than US$25. Benzoyl peroxide is effective for reducing the severity of acne lesions, it has a bactericidal effect on Cutibacterium acnes bacteria associated with acne and does not induce antibiotic resistance.

It may be combined with salicylic acid, erythromycin or clindamycin, or adapalene. Two common combination drugs include benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin and adapalene/benzoyl peroxide, an unusual formulation considering most retinoids are deactivated by peroxides. Combination products such as benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide/salicylic acid appear to be more effective than benzoyl peroxide alone for the treatment of acne lesions. Benzoyl peroxide for acne treatment is applied to the affected areas in gel, cream, or liquid, in concentrations of 2.5% increasing through 5.0%, up to 10%. No strong evidence supports the idea that higher concentrations of benzoyl peroxide are more effective than lower concentrations. Benzoyl peroxide causes initial dryness and sometimes irritation, although the skin develops tolerance after a week or so. A small percentage of people are much more sensitive to it and liable to suffer burning, itching and swelling. Applying the lowest concentration and building up as appropriate is most logical.

Once tolerance is achieved, increasing the quantity or concentration and gaining tolerance at a higher level may give better subsequent acne clearance. Irritation can be reduced by avoiding harsh facial cleansers and wearing sunscreen prior to sun exposure. Other common uses for benzoyl peroxide include: Bleaching hair Tooth whitening systems The preparation of bleached flour As a convenient oxidant in organic chemistry An initiator and catalyst for polyester thermoset resins, as an alternative to the much more hazardous methyl ethyl ketone peroxide A hardener to start the polymerization process in resins, for instance, PMMA resins can be polymerized with benzoyl peroxide. Removing ink and dye stains on vinyl dolls and other playscale figures. In the U. S. the typical concentration for benzoyl peroxide is 2.5% to 10% for both prescription and over-the-counter drug preparations that are used in treatment for acne. Higher concentrations are used for hair bleach and teeth whitening. Benzoyl peroxide, like most peroxides, is a powerful bleaching agent.

Contact with fabrics or hair can cause permanent color dampening immediately. Secondary contact can cause bleaching. Benzoyl peroxide is used as a radical initiator to induce chain-growth polymerization reactions, is the most important among the various organic peroxides used for this purpose, its application to the skin may result in redness and irritation. This side effect is dose-dependent. Skin sensitivity resolves after a few weeks of continuous use. One in 500 people experience hypersensitivity and about one-third of people experience phototoxicity to UVB, it can bleach fabric if it has not dried thoroughly. Concentrated benzoyl peroxide is explosive like other organic peroxides, can cause fires without external ignition; the hazard is acute for the pure material, so the compound is used as a solution or a paste. For example, cosmetics contain only a small percentage of benzoyl peroxide and pose no explosion risk; the carcinogenic potential of benzoyl peroxide has been investigated. A 1981 study published in the journal Science found that although benzoyl peroxide is not a carcinogen, it does promote cell growth when applied to an initiated tumor.

The study concluded, "caution should be recommended in the use of this and other free radical-generating compounds". In a 1977 study using a human maximization test, 76% of subjects acquired a contact sensitization to benzoyl peroxide. Formulations of 5% and 10% were used; the U. S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has developed criteria for a recommended standard for occupational exposure to benzoyl peroxide. Classically, benzoyl peroxide is thought to have a three-fold activity in treating acne, it is sebostatic and inhibits growth of C. acnes. In general, acne vulgaris is a hormone-mediated inflammation of sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Hormone changes cause an increase in sebum production, leading to blocked drainage. C. acnes has many lytic enzymes that break down the proteins and lipids in the sebum, leading to an inflammatory response. The free-radical reaction of benzoyl peroxide can break down the keratin, therefore unblocking the drainage of sebum, it can cause nonspecific peroxidation of C. acnes, making it bactericidal, it was thought to decrease sebum production, but disagreement ex


Hooters is the registered trademark used by two American restaurant chains: Hooters, Inc. based in Clearwater and Hooters of America, Inc. based in Atlanta and owned by two private investment firms, TriArtisan Capital Advisors and Nord Bay Capital. The Hooters name is a double entendre referring to both its owl logo, a bird known for its "hooting" calls, an American slang term for women's breasts popularized by comedian Steve Martin on the hit comedy series Saturday Night Live. Hooters had an airline, Hooters Air, with a normal flight crew and flight attendants and scantily clad "Hooters Girls" on every flight; the waiting staff at Hooters restaurants are young women referred to as "Hooters Girls", whose revealing outfits and sex appeal are played up and are a primary component of the company's image. The company employs men and women as cooks, hosts and managers; the menu includes hamburgers and other sandwiches, seafood entrees and the restaurant's specialty, chicken wings. All Hooters restaurants hold alcoholic beverage licenses to sell beer and wine, where local permits allow, a full liquor bar.

Hooters T-shirts and various souvenirs and curios are sold. In 2015, Hooters announced that it is planning to open more than 30 restaurants in Southeast Asia over the next six years; as of 2016, there were more than 430 Hooters locations and franchises around the world and Hooters of America LLC. owns 160 units. There are Hooters locations in 44 US states, the US Virgin Islands, in 28 other countries. Hooters, Inc. was incorporated in Clearwater, Florida, on April 1, 1983, by six Clearwater businessmen: Lynn D. Stewart, Gil DiGiannantonio, Ed Droste, Billy Ranieri, Ken Wimmer and Dennis Johnson; the date was an April Fools' Day joke because the original six owners believed that their prospect was going to fail. Their first Hooters restaurant was built on the site of a former rundown nightclub, purchased at a low price. So many businesses had folded in that particular location that the Hooters founders built a small "graveyard" at the front door for each that had come and gone before them; the first restaurant opened its doors on October 1983, in Clearwater.

This original location was decorated with memorabilia from Waverly, hometown to some of the original Hooters 6. In 1984 Hugh Connerty bought the rights to Hooters from the Original Hooters 6. Robert H. Brooks and a group of Atlantan investors bought out Hugh Connerty. In 2002, Brooks became chairman; the Clearwater-based company retained control over restaurants in the Tampa Bay Area, Chicago metropolitan area, one in Manhattan, New York, while all other locations were under the aegis of Hooters of America, which sold franchising rights to the rest of the United States and international locations. Under Brooks's leadership, the collective Hooters brand expanded to more than 425 stores worldwide. Brooks died on July 2006, in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, of a heart attack. Brooks's will gave most of Hooters of America Inc. to his son Coby Brooks and daughter Boni Belle Brooks. The Hooters Casino Hotel was opened February 2006, off the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada; this hotel has 696 rooms with a 35,000-square-foot casino.

The hotel is owned and operated by 155 East Tropicana, LLC. It is adjacent to the Tropicana, across the street from the MGM Grand Las Vegas; as of 2014, it is the only Hooters facility offering lodging since a Hooters Inn motel located along Interstate 4 in Lakeland, was demolished in 2007. As part of their 25th anniversary, Hooters Magazine released its list of top Hooters Girls of all time. Among the best-known were Lynne Austin, the late Kelly Jo Dowd, Bonnie-Jill Laflin, Leeann Tweeden, Holly Madison. After Brooks' death in 2006, 240 buyers showed interest in Hooters of America Inc. and 17 submitted bids, with that number being reduced to eight, three, before the selection of Wellspring Capital Management. Chanticleer Holdings LLC of Charlotte, North Carolina, which had the right to block the sale after a $5 million loan made in 2006, did so in a December 1, 2010, letter to the court; as a result and other investors bought the company from the Brooks Family In January 2011 Chanticleer Holdings LLC of Charlotte, North Carolina and others completed the purchase of Hooters of America Inc. from the Brooks family.

As of July 2013 Hooters of America owns 160 restaurants and operates or franchises over 430. The company's first overseas location was in Singapore, there are Hooters restaurants in Aruba, Austria, Bolivia, China, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Lithuania, Panama, South Africa, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and one in the United Kingdom, following the closure of the remaining UK franchises; the three largest Hooters restaurants are in Singapore, São Paulo. On July 1, 2019 Hooters was sold to TriArtisan Capital Advisors. Full details of the sale were not disclosed, what was disclosed is, the Hooters' previous owners, Chanticleer Holdings and H. I. G. Capital, will both retain stakes in the casual-dining chain. In 2013, the company announced a plan to remodel every restaurant in the chain; the prototype restaurant first remodeled was the location in Houston, located off the Southwest Freeway at Kirby Drive near Downtown Houston.

The new design will feature more windows and outdoor dining and upgraded audio-vi

Yellow-blotched map turtle

The yellow-blotched map turtle, or yellow-blotched sawback, is a species of turtle in the family Emydidae. It is part of the narrow-headed group of map turtles, is endemic to the southern United States; this species is listed as threatened under the US Endangered Species Act due to a recent decline. This can be attributed to a low reproductive frequency as compared with most other map turtles. A high level of nest mortality due to fish crow predation and river flooding are attributed to endangerment. Unexpectedly high occurrences of nesting in shaded areas could be attributed to human disturbances on and near sandbars, which raises mortality rates, its habitat suffers from pollution and agricultural changes to water levels, affecting nesting beaches. "Turtle plinking", shooting turtles for casual target practice, kills significant portions of this endangered turtle's population each year. Its distribution is limited to most of its tributaries. Males have a mean home range length of 1.8 km. Females have a mean home range area of 5.75 ha, due to nesting activities, a mean home range length of 1.5 km.

Yellow-blotched map turtles are medium- to small-sized turtles, with males ranging from 3.5 to 4.5 in in carapace length as adults. Adult females about 5 to 7.5 in in carapace length. The yellow-blotched map turtle has the highest central keel of all map turtles. Yellow-blotched map turtles feed on insects, but are opportunistic feeders, so consume crustaceans and some fresh plant matter. Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group 1996. Graptemys flavimaculata. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 29 July 2007. Cagle, F. R. 1954. Two New Species of the Genus Graptemys. Tulane Studies in Zoology 1: 165-186. Smith, H. M. and E. D. Brodie Jr. 1982. Reptiles of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. Golden Press. New York. 240 pp. ISBN 0-307-13666-3

Limited-edition book

A limited-edition book is a book released in a limited-quantity print run fewer than 1000 copies. The term connotes exclusivity; the higher the quantity printed the less the book will become scarce and thus increase in value. Limited editions were introduced by publishers in the late 19th century; the term implies that no further additional printings of the book with the same design treatment will take place, unlike open-ended trade editions wherein further copies may be released in more print runs as the first and subsequent printings sell out. Limited-edition books may be numbered or lettered to distinguish in that set each book. For example, a numbered, limited book could have a marking such as "Copy 1 of a limited edition of 250 copies" or "1/250". Much less common is the lettered limited-edition book that could have denotations such as "1 of 26" or "1/26" or "A of 26" or "Copy A", etc. Sometimes a copy of a limited-edition book is stated as being "out of series": this is an unnumbered copy a review copy.

Limited-edition books are sometimes signed by the author, illustrator and/or other contributors to make them more exclusive and collectible. In some instances, the limited-edition version contains additional material not found in the mass-market version of the book, they are sometimes housed in slipcases. Collecting Book collecting