M10 and M20 buses

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m10, m20
Eighth Avenue Line
NYC Transit logo.svg
MTA Bway 57 St 01.jpg
An M10 bus entering northbound service at 57th Street in Midtown.
Overview
SystemMTA New York City Bus
OperatorNew York City Transit Authority
GarageManhattanville
VehicleDaimler Buses Orion VII
Began service1852[1] (train)
1936[2] (bus)
2010 (current alignment)
Route
LocaleManhattan
StartM10: Harlem159th Street
M20: Lincoln Center - 66th Street
ViaDoulgass Boulevard (M10)
Central Park West (M10)
7th, 8th Avenues (M20)
EndM10: 57th Street / Broadway
M20; South Ferry
LengthM10: 5.3 miles (8.5 km)[3]
Service
Operates4:50 AM – 1:50 AM
Annual patronage2,112,069 (M10, 2017); 714,299 (M20, 2017)[4]
Fare$2.75 (MetroCard or coins)
CashCoins only (exact change required)
TransfersYes
TimetableM10 M20
← M9  {{{system_nav}}}  M11 →

The Eighth Avenue Line is a public transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along Eighth Avenue from Lower Manhattan to Harlem. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the M10 bus route and the M20 bus route, operated by the New York City Transit Authority. The M10 bus now only runs north of 57th Street (near Columbus Circle), and the M20 runs south of 66th Street. The whole line was a single route, the M10, until 2000 when the M20 was created.

Route description[edit]

A South Ferry-bound M20 in Lower Manhattan.

The M10 and M20 bus routes serve the northern and southern and southern halves of the Eighth Avenue corridor, respectively. The routes intersect in Upper Midtown Manhattan, between Lincoln Center and Columbus Circle.[5] Until 2000, the two routes were a single M10 route, running 10 miles (16 km) between Harlem and Lower Manhattan.[6]

M10[edit]

The M10 bus begins in Harlem at Frederick Douglas Boulevard (Eighth Avenue) roughly where 158th Street would be located, on the east side of the Polo Grounds Towers housing complex. There is no actual intersection with 158th Street at this point. The route travels south Frederick Douglas Boulevard, which becomes Central Park West at West 110th Street and Frederick Douglass Circle. At West 63rd Street in Lincoln Center, southbound buses turn west, then turn south on Broadway, terminating at 57th Street and Broadway just south of Columbus Circle. Northbound buses travel along the entire length of Eighth Avenue towards Harlem.[5][7] Prior to 2010, the M10 continued south to Penn Station at 34th Street.[8]:79

M20[edit]

The M20 begins service at Broadway and West 63rd Street in Lincoln Center, at Dante Park. Southbound, the route travels through Columbus Circle, east along 59th Street, and south along Seventh Avenue, which becomes Seventh Avenue South and then Varick Street. At the end of Varick Street in Tribeca, the M20 runs south on West Broadway, then west along Chambers Street past West Street into Battery Park City. The route then travels along North End Avenue, Vesey Street, a short stretch of West Street, South End Avenue, Battery Place, and State Street. The route terminates at Whitehall Street along the Staten Island Ferry Whitehall Terminal bus loop.[5][9]

Northbound M20 buses follow essential the same route through Battery Park City, except using Murray Street instead of Vesey Street. At Chambers Street and West Street, the route turns north onto West Street, east on Harrison Street, then north onto Hudson Street. At Abingdon Square Park and Bleecker Park, Hudson Street feeds into Eighth Avenue, which the M20 follows into Midtown. At West 66th Street, the M20 turns west, then turns south on Broadway, terminating at West 63rd Street.[5][9]

History[edit]

Eighth Avenue horsecar, 1895

Streetcar service[edit]

The Eighth Avenue Railroad opened the line from the north end of the trackage shared with the Sixth Avenue Railroad's Sixth Avenue Line at Canal Street and Varick Street along Canal Street, Hudson Street, and Eighth Avenue to 51st Street on August 30, 1852.[1] It was eventually extended north to 159th Street, with a branch along Macomb's Lane to 154th Street, and another branch to the south along Canal Street east to Broadway.[citation needed]

Bus service[edit]

Buses were substituted for streetcars by the Eighth Avenue Coach Corporation in March 1936, a company owned by Fifth Avenue Coach Company.[2][10] The New York City Omnibus Corporation took over operations in 1951, and in 1956 it was renamed Fifth Avenue Coach Lines; the Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority replaced it in 1962. In 1962, when the Surface Company bought 8 Avenue they put one bus service for the entire length. This was given the route number 10, which then became bus M10.[citation needed]

In January 1999, the MTA issued a performance report on the M10 route, calling the route "extremely long and unreliable", with high headway times between buses.[6] On January 16, 2000, the M10 was split into two routes, with the northern section from Harlem to Penn Station still operating under the M10 designation, and the southern segment from Columbus Circle to Battery Park City being renamed the M20.[6] The two routes overlaped between Penn Station and Columbus Circle. Riders transfering between the M10 and the M20 were given an additional free transfer. Since the M10 no longer served Abingdon Square, westbound M14 service was increased during the afternoon.[11]

Due to a budget crisis, M10 buses' southern terminus was truncated to Columbus Circle on June 27, 2010. On the same day, the M20 was extended to South Ferry, replacing the section of the M9 south of City Hall.[8]:73, 74, 79 The truncation, which saved $1.1 million annually, resulted in a significant drop in ridership, with riders instead using the M7, M20 and the subway. M20 ridership increased with the truncation of M10 service and its extension to South Ferry.[12]:B-38, 39, 46 On April 3, 2011, however, M10 service was restored to West 57th Street, with the final southbound stop at West 58th Street and Broadway and the first northbound stop at West 57th Street and Eighth Avenue.[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Eighth-Avenue Railroad". The New York Times. August 30, 1852. p. 1. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "5 Bus Franchises Are Under Inquiry; Windels Is Studying 25-Year Grants Made by Tammany Board in Final Hours. $300,000 Rumor Is Basis Report That Money 'Changed Hands' Spurs Action -- Awards Lack Recapture Clause". The New York Times. January 4, 1934. p. 1. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  3. ^ Google (May 8, 2017). "M10" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 28, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Kirby, David (May 16, 1999). "Neighborhood Report: West Side; Riders Try to Curb New Bus Route". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  7. ^ "MTA Bus Time: M10 Harlem - Columbus Circle". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  8. ^ a b "2010 NYC Transit Service Reductions - Revised March 19, 2010" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 19, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "MTA Bus Time: M20 Lincoln Center - South Ferry". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  10. ^ "Buses To Run Soon On 8th And 9th Avs.; Estimate Board Awards Ten-Year Franchise to Company -- 100 New Vehicles Ready". The New York Times. October 5, 1935. p. 17. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  11. ^ "We're splitting the M10 in two. The route, not the bus". New York Daily News. January 14, 2000. p. 95. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  12. ^ "Evaluation of 2010 Service Reductions" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. September 23, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  13. ^ "M10 Bus Timetable Effective April 3, 2011" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 3, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 2, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  14. ^ Compare:

External links[edit]