Las Cruces, New Mexico
Las Cruces is the seat of Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 97,618, in 2017 the estimated population was 101,712, making it the second largest city in the state, after Albuquerque. Las Cruces is the largest city in southern New Mexico; the Las Cruces metropolitan area had an estimated population of 213,849 in 2017. It is the principal city of a metropolitan statistical area which encompasses all of Doña Ana County and is part of the larger El Paso–Las Cruces combined statistical area. Las Cruces is the economic and geographic center of the Mesilla Valley, the agricultural region on the floodplain of the Rio Grande which extends from Hatch to the west side of El Paso, Texas. Las Cruces is the home of New Mexico's only land-grant university; the city's major employer is the federal government on nearby White Sands Test Facility and White Sands Missile Range. The Organ Mountains, 10 miles to the east, are dominant in the city's landscape, along with the Doña Ana Mountains, Robledo Mountains, Picacho Peak.
Las Cruces lies 225 miles south of Albuquerque, 48 miles northwest of El Paso, Texas and 46 miles north of the Mexican border at Santa Teresa. Spaceport America, which has corporate offices in Las Cruces, operates from 55 miles to the north, has completed several successful manned, suborbital flights; the city is the headquarters for Virgin Galactic, the world's first company to offer sub-orbital spaceflights. The area where Las Cruces rose was inhabited by the Manso people, with the Mescalero Apache living nearby; the area was colonized by the Spanish beginning in 1598, when Juan de Oñate claimed all territory north of the Rio Grande for New Spain and became the first governor of the Spanish territory of New Mexico. The area remained under New Spain's control until September 28, 1821, when the first Mexican Empire claimed ownership; the area was claimed by the Republic of Texas during this time until the end of the Mexican–American War in 1846–48. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 established the United States as owner of this territory, Las Cruces was founded in 1849 when the US Army laid out the town plans.
Mesilla became the leading settlement of the area, with more than 2,000 residents in 1860, more than twice what Las Cruces had. When the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway reached the area, the landowners of Mesilla refused to sell it the rights-of-way, instead residents of Las Cruces donated the rights-of-way and land for a depot in Las Cruces; the first train reached Las Cruces in 1881. Las Cruces was not affected as by the train as some other villages, as it was not a terminus or a crossroads, but the population did grow to 2,300 in the 1880s. Las Cruces was incorporated as a town in 1907. Pat Garrett is best known for his involvement in the Lincoln County War, but he worked in Las Cruces on a famous case, the disappearance of Albert Jennings Fountain in 1896. New Mexico State University was founded in 1888, it has grown as Las Cruces has grown. Growth of Las Cruces has been attributed to the university, government jobs, recent retirees; the establishment of White Sands Missile Range in 1944 and White Sands Test Facility in 1963 has been integral to population growth.
Las Cruces is the nearest city to each, they provide Las Cruces' work force many high-paying, government jobs. In recent years, the influx of retirees from out of state has increased Las Cruces' population. In the 1960s Las Cruces undertook a large urban renewal project, intended to convert the old downtown into a modern city center; as part of this, St. Genevieve's Catholic Church, built in 1859, was razed to make way for a downtown pedestrian mall; the original covered walkways are now being removed in favor of a more traditional main street thoroughfare. The exact origin of the city's name is unknown. In the 18th century, a party consisting of a priest, colonel, captain, 4 trappers and 4 choir boys were attacked at the nearby Rio Grande. Multiple crosses were erected in their honor, providing for the name of El Pueblo del Jardin de Las Cruces, which evolved and shortened to Las Cruces. A group of about 40 travelers coming along the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro died nearby, resulting in a similar group of crosses.
Crosses on a hillside marking the graves of bandits echo an old tale of the valley of "Los Hermanos". The name may be a mistranslation of the Spanish for "crossing" or "crossroads", as cruce, the singular form of "crossroad", is masculine and the phrase would be Los Cruces; the Las Cruces Bowling Alley Massacre occurred in Las Cruces on February 10, 1990. The approximate elevation of Las Cruces is 3,908 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 76.6 square miles, of which 76.5 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 0.18%, is water. Las Cruces is the center of the Organ Caldera, its major eruption was 32 Ma. Doña Ana County lies within the Chihuahuan Desert ecoregion, the vegetation surrounding the built portions of the city are typical of this setting; the Rio Grande bisects the Mesilla Valley and passes west of Las Cruces proper, supplying irrigation water for the intensive agriculture surrounding the city. However, the Rio Grande fills its b
Al Jazeera English
Al Jazeera English is a Qatari pay television news channel owned and operated by Al Jazeera Media Network, headquartered in Doha, Qatar. It is the first English-language news channel. Instead of being run centrally, news management rotates between broadcasting centres in Doha and London; the channel was launched on 15 November 2006 at 12:00 GMT. It had aimed to begin broadcasting in June 2006 but had to postpone its launch because its HDTV technology was not ready; the channel was due to be called Al Jazeera International, but the name was changed nine months before the launch because "one of the Qatar-based channel's backers decided that the broadcaster had an international scope with its original Arabic outlet". The channel had expected to reach around 40 million households, but it far exceeded that launch target, reaching 80 million homes; as of 2009, Al Jazeera's English-language service can be viewed in every major European market and is available to 130 million homes in over 100 countries via cable and satellite, according to Molly Conroy, a spokeswoman for the network in Washington.
The channel is noted for its poor penetration in the American market, where it was carried by only one satellite service and a small number of cable networks. Al Jazeera English began a campaign to enter the North American market, including a dedicated website, it became available to some cable subscribers in New York in August 2011, having been available as an option for some viewers in Washington, D. C. Ohio and Los Angeles; the channel reaches the United States via its live online streaming. It is available on most major Canadian television providers including Rogers and Bell TV after the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved the channel for distribution in Canada on 26 November 2009. Al Jazeera English and Iran's state-run Press TV were the only international English-language television broadcasters with journalists reporting from inside both Gaza and Israel during the 2008–2009 Israel-Gaza conflict. Foreign press access to Gaza has been limited via either Israel.
However, Al Jazeera's reporters Ayman Mohyeldin and Sherine Tadros were inside Gaza when the conflict began and the network's coverage was compared to CNN's initial coverage from inside Baghdad in the early days of the 1991 Gulf War. The channel may be viewed online, it recommends online viewing at its channel on YouTube. Al Jazeera English HD launched in the United Kingdom on Freeview on 26 November 2013, began streaming in HD on YouTube in 2015. On 3 January 2013, Al Jazeera Media Network announced that it had purchased Current TV in the United States and would be launching an American news channel. 60% of the channel's programming would be produced in America while 40% would be from Al Jazeera English. That was changed at the request of pay-television providers to 100% American programing. Regardless Al Jazeera America maintained a close working relationship with Al Jazeera English; the channel aired Newshour in the morning and midday hours and cut to live Al Jazeera English coverage of large breaking international news stories outside of that.
Al Jazeera English programmes Witness, Listening Post, Talk To Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Correspondent and 101 East along with Al Jazeera Investigates aired on Al Jazeera America. On January 13, 2016, Al Jazeera America announced that the network would be terminated on April 12, 2016, citing the "economic landscape". In 2014, Al Jazeera moved its UK London operations including its newsroom and shows from Knightsbridge to its new space on floor 16 of The Shard; the last day of broadcasting from the Knightsbridge studios was September, 12th 2014. The space was opened on November 3, 2014, with the first Newshour broadcast on October 10, 2014; the new facility is capable of running an entire channel, independently of the Doha hub. In 2013 Al Jazeera Media Network began planning a new channel called Al Jazeera UK. If launched, the British channel would broadcast for five hours during prime time as cut-in UK content aired on Al Jazeera English, it would in effect function much like RT UK and RT America does in the United States.
In addition to those listed below, Al Jazeera English runs various programmes that are either non-recurrent or consist of just a limited number of parts. All programmes, including former shows are shown in their entirety on Al Jazeera's website and YouTube. Current programmes on the channel are: 101 East — the weekly documentary series for issues of particular importance in Asia. Presenters or hosts have included Teymoor Nabili and Fauziah Ibrahim Al Jazeera Investigates — documentaries arising from the work of the Al Jazeera Investigative Unit. Counting the Cost |Counting the Cost — the weekly look at business and finance. Hosted by Kamahl Santamaria. Empire — a monthly programme exploring global powers and their policies. A discussion with host Marwan Bishara and his guests Fault Lines — the documentary series focused on the forgotten and the unreported aspects of life in the United States. Presented by: Josh Rushing, Sebastian Walker, Wab Kinew and by Zeina Awad. Head To Head – A debate programme hosted by Mehdi Hasan.
Inside Story — the daily investigation and analysis of a topical issue, with the aid of three guests from within and outside of the country in question. Jane Dutton and Shiulie Ghosh are regular hosts, but most of the Doha-based news-presenters have taken the chair, including: Dareen Abughaida, Stephen Cole, Adrian Finighan, David Foster, Divya Gopalan, Veronica Pedrosa, Kamahl Santamaria, Folly Bah Thibault. Listening Post — analysis of how the other news organiz
Columbia is a city in the U. S. state of Missouri. It is home to the University of Missouri. Founded in 1821, it is the principal city of the five-county Columbia metropolitan area, it is Missouri's fourth most-populous and fastest growing city, with an estimated 121,717 residents in 2017. As a Midwestern college town, Columbia has a reputation for progressive politics, persuasive journalism, public art; the tripartite establishment of Stephens College, the University of Missouri, Columbia College, which surround the city's Downtown to the east and north, has made the city a center of learning. At its center is 8th Street known as the Avenue of the Columns, which connects Francis Quadrangle and Jesse Hall to the Boone County Courthouse and the City Hall. An agricultural town, the cultivation of the mind is Columbia's chief economic concern today. Never a major center of manufacturing, the city depends on healthcare and technology businesses. Companies such as Shelter Insurance and Slackers CDs and Games, were founded in the city.
Cultural institutions include the State Historical Society of Missouri, the Museum of Art and Archaeology, the annual True/False Film Festival. The Missouri Tigers, the state's only major college athletic program, play football at Faurot Field and basketball at Mizzou Arena as members of the rigorous Southeastern Conference; the city rests upon the forested hills and rolling prairies of Mid-Missouri, near the Missouri River valley, where the Ozark Mountains begin to transform into plains and savanna. Limestone forms bluffs and glades while rain dissolves the bedrock, creating caves and springs which water the Hinkson, Roche Perche, Bonne Femme creeks. Surrounding the city, Rock Bridge Memorial State Park, Mark Twain National Forest, Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge form a greenbelt preserving sensitive and rare environments; the first humans who entered the area at least twelve thousand years ago were nomadic hunters. Woodland tribes lived in villages along waterways and built mounds in high places.
The Osage and Missouria nations were expelled by the exploration of French traders and the rapid settlement of American pioneers. The latter arrived by the Boone's Lick Road and hailed from the culture of the Upland South Virginia and Tennessee. From 1812 on the Boonslick area would play a pivotal role in Missouri's early history and the nation's westward expansion. German and other European immigrants soon joined; the modern populace is unusually diverse, over eight percent foreign-born. While White and Black remain the largest ethnicities, people of Asian descent are now the third-largest group; the city has been called the "Athens of Missouri" for its classic beauty and educational emphasis, but is more called "CoMo". Columbia's origins begin with the settlement of American pioneers from Kentucky and Virginia in an early 1800s region known as the Boonslick. Before 1815 settlement in the region was confined to small log forts because of the threat of Native American attack during the War of 1812.
When the war ended settlers came on foot and wagon moving entire households along the Boone's Lick Road and sometimes bringing enslaved African Americans. By 1818 it was clear that the increased population would necessitate a new county be created from territorial Howard County; the Moniteau Creek on the west and Cedar Creek on the east were obvious natural boundaries. Believing it was only a matter of time before a county seat was chosen, the Smithton Land Company was formed to purchase over 2,000 acres to established the village of Smithton near the present-day intersection of Walnut and Garth. In 1819 Smithton was a small cluster of log cabins in an ancient forest of hickory. In 1820 Boone County was formed and named after the deceased explorer Daniel Boone; the Missouri Legislature appointed John Gray, Jefferson Fulcher, Absalom Hicks, Lawrence Bass, David Jackson as commissioners to select and establish a permanent county seat. Smithton never had more than twenty people, it was realized that well digging was difficult because of the bedrock.
Springs were discovered across the Flat Branch Creek, so in the Spring of 1821 Columbia was laid off and the inhabitants of Smithton moved their cabins to the new town. The first house in Columbia was built by Thomas Duly in 1820 at what would become Fifth and Broadway. Columbia's permanence was ensured when it was chosen as county seat in 1821 and the Boone's Lick Road was rerouted down Broadway; the roots of Columbia's three economic foundations—education and insurance— can be traced to the city's incorporation in 1821. Original plans for the town set aside land for a state university. In 1833, Columbia Baptist Female College opened, which became Stephens College. Columbia College, distinct from today's and to become the University of Missouri, was founded in 1839; when the state legislature decided to establish a state university, Columbia raised three times as much money as any competing city, James S. Rollins donated the land, today the Francis Quadrangle. Soon other educational institutions were founded in Columbia, such as Christian Female College, the first college for women west of the Mississippi, which became Columbia College.
The city benefited from being a stagecoach stop of the Santa Fe and Oregon trails, from the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad. In 1822, William Jewell set up the first hospital. In 1830, the first newspaper began.
El Paso, Texas
El Paso is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County, United States, in the far western part of the state. The 2017 population estimate for the city from the U. S. Census was 683,577, its metropolitan statistical area covers all of El Paso and Hudspeth counties in Texas, has a population of 844,818. El Paso stands on the Rio Grande across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juárez, the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua with 1.4 million people. Las Cruces, in the neighboring U. S. state of New Mexico, has a population of 215,579. On the U. S. side, El Paso metropolitan area forms part of the larger El Paso–Las Cruces CSA, with a population of 1,060,397. Bi-nationally, these three cities form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or the Borderplex; the region of 2.5 million people constitutes the largest bilingual and binational work force in the Western Hemisphere. The city is home to three publicly traded companies, former Western Refining, now Andeavor. as well as home to the Medical Center of the Americas, the only medical research and care provider complex in West Texas and Southern New Mexico, the University of Texas at El Paso, the city's primary university.
The city hosts the annual Sun Bowl college football post-season game, the second oldest bowl game in the country. El Paso has a strong military presence. William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Biggs Army Airfield, Fort Bliss call the city home. Fort Bliss is one of the largest military complexes of the United States Army and the largest training area in the United States. Headquartered in El Paso are the DEA domestic field division 7, El Paso Intelligence Center, Joint Task Force North, United States Border Patrol El Paso Sector, the U. S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group. In 2010 and 2018, El Paso received an All-America City Award. El Paso ranked in the top three safest large cities in the United States between 1997 and 2014, including holding the title of safest city between 2011 and 2014; the El Paso region has had human settlement for thousands of years, as evidenced by Folsom points from hunter-gatherers found at Hueco Tanks. The evidence suggests 10,000 to 12,000 years of human habitation.
The earliest known cultures in the region were maize farmers. When the Spanish arrived, the Manso and Jumano tribes populated the area; these were subsequently incorporated into the Mestizo culture, along with immigrants from central Mexico, captives from Comanchería, genízaros of various ethnic groups. The Mescalero Apache were present. Spanish explorer Don Juan de Oñate was born in 1550 in Zacatecas, Zacatecas and was the first New Spain explorer known to have observed the Rio Grande near El Paso, in 1598, celebrating a Thanksgiving Mass there on April 30, 1598. However, the four survivors of the Narváez expedition, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Alonso del Castillo Maldonado, Andrés Dorantes de Carranza, his enslaved Moor Estevanico, are thought to have passed through the area in the mid-1530s. El Paso del Norte was founded on the south bank of the Río Bravo del Norte, in 1659 by Fray Garcia de San Francisco. In 1680, the small village of El Paso became the temporary base for Spanish governance of the territory of New Mexico as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, until 1692 when Santa Fe was reconquered and once again became the capital.
The Texas Revolution was not felt in the region, as the American population was small. However, the region was claimed by Texas as part of the treaty signed with Mexico and numerous attempts were made by Texas to bolster these claims. However, the villages which consisted of what is now El Paso and the surrounding area remained a self-governed community with both representatives of the Mexican and Texan government negotiating for control until Texas irrevocably took control in 1846. During this interregnum, 1836–1848, Americans nonetheless continued to settle the region; as early as the mid-1840s, alongside long extant Hispanic settlements such as the Rancho de Juan María Ponce de León, Anglo settlers such as Simeon Hart and Hugh Stephenson had established thriving communities of American settlers owing allegiance to Texas. Stephenson, who had married into the local Hispanic aristocracy, established the Rancho de San José de la Concordia, which became the nucleus of Anglo and Hispanic settlement within the limits of modern-day El Paso, in 1844: the Republic of Texas, which claimed the area, wanted a chunk of the Santa Fe trade.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo made the settlements on the north bank of the river part of the US, separate from Old El Paso del Norte on the Mexican side. The present Texas–New Mexico boundary placing El Paso on the Texas side was drawn in the Compromise of 1850. El Paso remained the largest settlement in New Mexico as part of the Republic of Mexico until its cession to the U. S. in 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the border was to run north of El Paso De Norte around the Ciudad Juárez Cathedral which became part of the state of Chihuahua. El Paso County was established in March 1850, with San Elizario as the first county seat; the United States Senate fixed a boundary between Texas and New Mexico at the 32nd parallel, thus ignoring history and topography. A military post called "The Post opposite El Paso" was established in 1849 on Coons' Rancho beside the settlement of Franklin, which became the nucleus of the future El Paso, Texas.
Charleston is a city in and the county seat of Coles County, United States. The population was 21,838, as of the 2010 census; the city has close ties with its neighbor, Mattoon. Both are principal cities of the Charleston–Mattoon Micropolitan Statistical Area. Native Americans lived in the Charleston area for thousands of years before the first European settlers arrived. With the great tallgrass prairie to the west, beech-maple forests to the east, the Embarras River and Wabash Rivers between, the Charleston area provided semi-nomadic Indians access to a variety of resources. Indians may have deliberately set the "wildfires" which maintained the local mosaic of prairie and oak–hickory forest. Streams with names like'Indian Creek' and'Kickapoo Creek' mark the sites of former Indian settlements. One village is said to have been located south of Fox Ridge State Park near a deposit of flint; the early history of settlement in the area was marked by uneasy co-existence between Indians and European settlers.
Some settlers lived peacefully with the natives. After Indians harassed surveying crews, an escalating series of poorly documented skirmishes occurred between Indians and the Illinois Rangers. Two pitched battles occurred just south of Charleston along "the hills of the Embarrass," near the entrance to Lake Charleston park; these conflicts did not slow American settlement, Indian history in Coles County ended when all natives were expelled by law from Illinois after the 1832 Black Hawk War. With the grudging exception of Indian wives, the last natives were driven out by the 1840s. First settled by Benjamin Parker in 1826, Charleston was named for Charles Morton, its first postmaster; the city was established in 1831, but not incorporated until 1865. When Abraham Lincoln's father moved to a farm on Goosenest Prairie south of Charleston in 1831, Lincoln helped him move left to start his own homestead at New Salem in Sangamon County. Lincoln was a frequent visitor to the Charleston area, though he spent more time at the Coles County courthouse than at the home of his father and stepmother.
One of the famous Lincoln-Douglas debates was held in Charleston on September 18, 1858, is now the site of the Coles County fairgrounds and a small museum. Lincoln's last visit was in 1859, when the future President visited his stepmother and his father's grave. Although Illinois was a solidly pro-Union, anti-slavery state, Coles County was settled by many Southerners with pro-slavery sentiments. In 1847, the county was divided when prominent local citizens offered refuge to a family of escaped slaves brought from Kentucky by Gen. Robert Matson. Abe Lincoln, by a young railroad lawyer, appeared in the Coles County Courthouse to argue for the return of the escaped slaves under the Fugitive Slave Act in a case known as Matson v. Ashmore; as in the rest of the nation, this long-simmering debate broke out into violence during the American Civil War. On March 28, 1864 a riot—or a small battle—erupted in downtown Charleston when armed Confederate sympathizers known as Copperheads arrived in town to attack half-drunk Union soldiers preparing to return to their regiment.
In 1895, the Eastern Illinois State Normal School was established in Charleston, which became Eastern Illinois University. This led to lasting resentment in nearby Mattoon, which had led the campaign to locate the proposed teaching school in Coles County. A Mattoon newspaper printed a special edition announcing the decision with the derisive headline "Catfish Town Gets It." Thomas Lincoln's log cabin has been restored and is open to the public as the Lincoln Log Cabin State Historic Site, 8 mi. south of Charleston. The Lincoln farm is maintained as a living history museum where historical re-enactors depict life in 1840s Illinois. Thomas and Sarah Bush Lincoln are buried in the nearby Shiloh Cemetery. On May 26, 1917, a tornado ripped through Charleston, killing 38 and wounding many more along with destroying 220 homes. Charleston is located at 39°29′5″N 88°10′41″W. According to the 2010 census, Charleston has a total area of 9.63 square miles, of which 8.92 square miles is land and 0.71 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 21,472 people, 7,972 households, 3,329 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,632.2 people per square mile. There were 8,794 housing units at an average density of 1,019.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.4% White, 5.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population. There were 7,972 households out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 56.6% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.75 and the average family size was 2.44. In the city, the population was spread out with 9.8% under the age of 18, 44.1% from 18 to 24, 18.7% from 25 to 44, 13.7% from 45 to 64, 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 21.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $21,849, the median income for a family was $49,625. Males had a median income of $30,906 versus $21,822 for females; the per capita income f
Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation
The Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation is an Ethiopian public service broadcaster. It is headquartered in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and it is the country's oldest and largest broadcaster. EBC was established by the order of Emperor Haile Selassie and operated by a British firm, Thomson. It's 100% owned by the Ethiopian government, its programming includes news, sport and other entertainment. A majority of the programming is broadcast in Amharic, the official federal language of the government of Ethiopia. In addition, some news segments are broadcast in other languages such as Afaan Oromo, Tigrinya, Harari, as well as English. EBC has entertainment programs like Ethiopian Idol, which features similar content to American talent show American Idol. In recent years, ETV has transmitted a few matches per week from some European Football Leagues, plus some international matches. EBC transmits its programmes on 4 satellite stations. Ethiopian Television was established during Haile Selassie reign era with assistance from the British firm, Thomson.
It was created to highlight the Organization of African Unity meeting that took place in Addis Ababa that same year. Color television broadcast began in 1984 in commemoration of the founding of Workers' Party of Ethiopia; the current structure and goals of were established 1987 with Proclamation 114/87. In 2014, the channel changed its name from ETV to EBC changing its logo in the process. In 2015, EBC and other regional channels upgraded their news studios with more modern equipment. In March 2018, EBC's logo was transferred to etv and made a new transmission of frequency and sister's channel contents and its now broadcasting on Ethiosat and Nilesat. ETV News is the main news channel with 24 hours coverage, with content on culture, politics and economy. Broadcast in Amharic with the exception of some news segments which are broadcast in other languages. ETV Languages is a channel which focuses on news in the varies languages of Ethiopia along with 3 international languages. ETV Entertainment is a channel, as well as lifestyle programming.
The channel is most known for Betoch. This channel airs a lot of popular foreign content including soap operas and Hollywood films. ETV Sport only focuses on sport related activities like English Primere League, European leagues and Ethiopian Leagues and many other sports game in the world. ETV East is a channel that focuses news, sports and documentary for viewers in eastern parts of Ethiopia. ETV West is a channel that focuses news, sports and documentary for viewers in western parts of Ethiopia. ETV North is a channel that focuses news, sports and documentary for viewers in northern parts of Ethiopia. ETV South is a channel that focuses news, sports and documentary for viewers in southern parts of Ethiopia. ETV representative is a channel that live stream. Ethiopian National Radio 93.1 FM Addis 97.1 EBC FM 104.3 OBN HD Addis TV HD Amhara TV HD Tigray TV HD Ethiopian Somali TV Dire TV Debub TV HD Harar TV Ethiopian Radio and Television Agency Ethiopian Live TV - EBC
Youngstown is a city in and the county seat of Mahoning County in the U. S. state with small portions extending into Trumbull County. According to the 2010 Census, Youngstown had a city proper population of 66,982, while the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area it anchors contained 565,773 people in Mahoning and Trumbull counties in Ohio, Mercer County in Pennsylvania. Youngstown is located on the Mahoning River 65 miles southeast of Cleveland and 61 miles northwest of Pittsburgh. Despite having its own media market, Youngstown is included in commercial and cultural depictions of both Northeast Ohio as well as the Greater Pittsburgh Region due to these proximities. Youngstown is the midway between New York City and Chicago via Interstate 80; the city was named for John Young, an early settler from Whitestown, New York, who established the community's first sawmill and gristmill. Youngstown is in a region of America, referred to as the Rust Belt. Traditionally known as a center of steel production, Youngstown was forced to redefine itself when the U.
S. steel industry fell into decline in the 1970s, leaving communities throughout the region without major industry. The city has experienced a decline of over 60% of its population since 1959. Youngstown falls within the Appalachian Ohio region, among the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. Youngstown was named for New York native John Young, who surveyed the area in 1796 and settled there soon after. On February 9, 1797, Young purchased the township of 15,560 acres from the Western Reserve Land Company for $16,085; the 1797 establishment of Youngstown was recorded on August 19, 1802. The area including present-day Youngstown was part of the Connecticut Western Reserve, a section of the Northwest Territory that Connecticut did not cede to the Federal government. Upon cession, Connecticut retained the title to the land in the Western Reserve, which it sold to the Connecticut Land Company for $1,200,000. While many of the area's early settlers came from Connecticut, Youngstown attracted a significant number of Scots-Irish settlers from neighboring Pennsylvania.
The first European Americans to settle permanently in the area were Pittsburgh native James Hillman and wife Catherine Dougherty. By 1798, Youngstown was the home of several families who were concentrated near the point where Mill Creek meets the Mahoning River. Boardman Township was founded in 1798 by a member of the Connecticut Land Company. Founded in 1798 was Austintown by John McCollum, a settler from New Jersey; as the Western Reserve's population grew, the need for administrative districts became apparent. In 1800, territorial governor Arthur St. Clair established Trumbull County, designated the smaller settlement of Warren as its administrative center, or "county seat". In 1813, Trumbull County was divided into townships, with Youngstown Township comprising much of what became Mahoning County; the village of Youngstown was incorporated in 1848, in 1867 Youngstown was chartered as a city. It became the county seat in 1876, when the administrative center of Mahoning County was moved from neighboring Canfield.
Youngstown has been Mahoning County's county seat to this day. The discovery of coal by the community in the early 19th century paved the way for the Youngstown area's inclusion on the network of the famed Erie Canal; the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal Company was organized in 1835, the canal was completed in 1840. Local industrialist David Tod, Ohio governor during the Civil War, persuaded Lake Erie steamboat owners that coal mined in the Mahoning Valley could fuel their vessels if canal transportation were available between Youngstown and Cleveland; the arrival of the railroad in 1856 smoothed the path for further economic growth. Youngstown's industrial development changed the face of the Mahoning Valley; the community's burgeoning coal industry drew hundreds of immigrants from Wales and Ireland. With the establishment of steel mills in the late 19th century, Youngstown became a popular destination for immigrants from Eastern Europe and Greece. In the early 20th century, the community saw an influx of immigrants from non-European countries including what is modern day Lebanon, Palestine/Israel, Syria.
By the 1920s, this dramatic demographic shift produced a nativist backlash, the Mahoning Valley became a center of Ku Klux Klan activity. The situation reached a climax in 1924, when street clashes between Klan members and Italian and Irish Americans in neighboring Niles led Ohio Governor A. Victor Donahey to declare martial law. By 1928 the Klan was in steep decline. Despite the prevalence of Irish Americans in Youngstown, their presence wasn't always evident; when radio personality Pete Gabriel, came to Youngstown, he found out at the time that there was no St Patrick's Day parade there, so he started one. The growth of industry attracted people from within the borders of the United States, from Latin America. By the late 19th century, African Americans were well represented in Youngstown, the first local congregation of the African Methodist Episcopal Church was established in 1871. In the 1880s, local attorney William R. Stewart was the second African American elected to the Ohio House of Representatives.
A large influx of African Americans in the early 20th century owed much to developments in the industrial sector. During the national Steel Strike of 1919, local industrialists recruited thousands of workers from the South, many of whom were Black; this move inflamed racist sentiment