Keshet Media Group
Keshet Media Group known as Keshet, is a private Israeli mass media company, headquartered in Tel Aviv. The company has operated Keshet Broadcasting, a television broadcast operator and a franchisee of Israel’s Channel 2, since 1993 and up until November 2017. Since November 2017's licensing reform, it was rebranded in Israel as a separate channel. Keshet shows original drama series, current affairs, lifestyle shows, foreign programs. Keshet’s global production and distribution arm is Keshet International, the company's digital branch is Mako, one of the top three most-visited websites in Israel. Keshet is one of Israel's largest media companies. Avi Nir has been serving as the chief executive officer of Keshet Media Group since 2002; as a leading network in Israel, Keshet is responsible for shows including Prisoners of War, Rising Star and When Heroes Fly. Keshet was founded in 1993 when Israel’s Channel 2 was formed along with two other operators and Reshet; the company was started by Alex Gilady, the current president of Keshet and a former vice president at NBC International in London.
The first drama series Keshet produced was in 1996 called Bat Yam, New York. That same year, Channel 2 became the most watched channel in Israel. What a Wonderful Country, a TV series similar to Saturday Night Live, aired its first season in 2003 and has since become one of the most popular shows on Israeli TV. In 2005, a committee formed by the Second Israeli Broadcasting Authority selected two of the three operators to run the next phase of Channel 2, one of only two channels allowed to run commercials. Keshet was awarded four broadcasting days per week; the other two days were awarded to Reshet. That same year, Keshet purchased the rights to Uvda, an investigative and current affairs program hosted by Ilana Dayan; the show was launched in 1993 and has been the only continuously running program since the launch of commercial television in Israel. In 2007, Keshet launched, it became the most-watched television show of the year and remains one of the highest rated shows in Israel. In 2010, Keshet launched Hatufim, sold to Showtime and developed into Homeland a year with Keshet as an executive producer.
Keshet runs the Israeli Music 24, Netex New Media, a Hebrew-language website directory, the comedy outlet Bip, all integrated under news and entertainment portal, Mako. In 2012, Keshet hosted the inaugural Innovation in Television confab, a two-day conference in Jerusalem that included Ari Emanuel, CEO of William Morris Endeavor, Josh Berger, Warner Bros. Entertainment U. K. President; the third annual Innovation in Television confab was hosted by Keshet in 2015. Speakers included guests such as Richard Plepler, CEO of HBO, the co-creators of “The Affair,” Sarah Treem and Hagai Levi. On 28 November 2018, the organization of the Israeli Sign Language interpreters, appealed Keshet for ceasing interpreting its advertisements by an employee, who worked in Keshet as a video editor. Malach claimed that the employee has not studied interpreting, it was impossible for Deaf people to follow her signs. Malach did not accept the response of Keshet, which stated that Keshet was permitted by the law to use uncertified employee for interpreting.
Shirley Pinto, a Deaf Israeli activist and the chairwoman of "I sign, I am equal" requested the CEO of Keshet to replace the employee. Keshet has been selling formats under Keshet Formats since 2000. In 2012, Keshet International was established as the global production and distribution branch of Keshet Media Group, it has operations in the United Kingdom and the United States through a partnership with Dick Clark Productions. Mako is an Israeli news and entertainment portal owned and operated by Keshet which offers video on demand content from Keshet shows, Channel 2 news programs and Music 24. In addition, it hosts user-created content in Haambatia, provides written content covering news, sports, music, TV, comedy, "Home & Family", "Digital", "Spirit" and "Women and Men". Keshet Broadcasting is one of two operators which ran the main Israeli commercial television channel, Channel 2, from 1993 to 2017, providing two to four days of broadcast per week, it shows original drama series, news and lifestyle shows, foreign programs.
On November 2017, Channel 2 closed down, while Keshet Broadcasting is rebranded and relaunched as Keshet 12, a new TV channel broadcasting 24/7, unlike Channel 2, which broadcast Keshet content for a few days per week. Big Brother – Keshet and Kuperman productions aired the Israeli version of Big Brother ten years after the show debuted on worldwide TV; the show became a phenomenon, topping the charts for 16 weeks in a row and averaging a 31% share of ratings. Keshet aired a celebrity Big Brother VIP season 1 & 2. Polishuk – An Israeli version of The Thick Of It, first aired in 2009. Scripted and directed by the playwright Shmuel Hasfari, the show tells the story of a politically clueless man, who entered politics by accident, but becomes the minister of Social Services when a scandal in his party forces the resignation of the previous minister. Hatufim – A drama about two POW who are released from prison in Lebanon and have to find their way back into society and a normal life while accepting all the changes that have happened in the lives of their loved ones.
Directed by Gidi Raff and sold to Fox, it has been adapted into Homeland for Showtime in the United States. Ramzor (He
An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages. They differ from chat rooms in that messages are longer than one line of text, are at least temporarily archived. Depending on the access level of a user or the forum set-up, a posted message might need to be approved by a moderator before it becomes publicly visible. Forums have a specific set of jargon associated with them. A discussion forum is hierarchical or tree-like in structure: a forum can contain a number of subforums, each of which may have several topics. Within a forum's topic, each new discussion started is called a thread and can be replied to by as many people as so wish. Depending on the forum's settings, users can be anonymous or have to register with the forum and subsequently log in to post messages. On most forums, users do not have to log in to read existing messages; the modern forum originated from bulletin boards, so-called computer conferencing systems, are a technological evolution of the dialup bulletin board system.
From a technological standpoint, forums or boards are web applications managing user-generated content. Early Internet forums could be described as a web version of an electronic mailing list or newsgroup. Developments emulated the different newsgroups or individual lists, providing more than one forum, dedicated to a particular topic. Internet forums are prevalent in several developed countries. Japan posts the most with over two million per day on 2channel. China has many millions of posts on forums such as Tianya Club; some of the first forum systems were the Planet-Forum system, developed at the beginning of the 1970-s, the EIES system, first operational in 1976, the KOM system, first operational in 1977. One of the first forum sites is Delphi Forums, once called Delphi; the service, with four million members, dates to 1983. Forums perform a function similar to that of dial-up bulletin board systems and Usenet networks that were first created starting in the late 1970s. Early web-based forums date back as far as 1994, with the WIT project from W3 Consortium and starting from this time, many alternatives were created.
A sense of virtual community develops around forums that have regular users. Technology, video games, music, fashion and politics are popular areas for forum themes, but there are forums for a huge number of topics. Internet slang and image macros popular across the Internet are abundant and used in Internet forums. Forum software packages are available on the Internet and are written in a variety of programming languages, such as PHP, Java and ASP; the configuration and records of posts can be stored in a database. Each package offers different features, from the most basic, providing text-only postings, to more advanced packages, offering multimedia support and formatting code. Many packages can be integrated into an existing website to allow visitors to post comments on articles. Several other web applications, such as blog software incorporate forum features. WordPress comments at the bottom of a blog post allow for a single-threaded discussion of any given blog post. Slashcode, on the other hand, is far more complicated, allowing threaded discussions and incorporating a robust moderation and meta-moderation system as well as many of the profile features available to forum users.
Some stand alone threads on forums have reached fame and notability such as the "I am lonely will anyone speak to me" thread on MovieCodec.com's forums, described as the "web's top hangout for lonely folk" by Wired Magazine. A forum consists of a tree-like directory structure; the top end is "Categories". A forum can be divided into categories for the relevant discussions. Under the categories are sub-forums and these sub-forums can further have more sub-forums; the topics come under the lowest level of sub-forums and these are the places under which members can start their discussions or posts. Logically forums are organized into a finite set of generic topics driven and updated by a group known as members, governed by a group known as moderators, it can have a graph structure. All message boards will use one of three possible display formats; each of the three basic message board display formats: Non-Threaded/Semi-Threaded/Fully Threaded, has its own advantages and disadvantages. If messages are not related to one another at all, a Non-Threaded format is best.
If a user has a message topic and multiple replies to that message topic, a semi-threaded format is best. If a user has a message topic and replies to that message topic and responds to replies a threaded format is best. Internally, Western-style forums logged in members into user groups. Privileges and rights are given based on these groups. A user of the forum can automatically be promoted to a more privileged user group based on criteria set by the administrator. A person viewing a closed thread as a member will see a box saying he does not have the right to submit messages there, but a moderator will see the same box granting him access to more than just posting messages. An unregistered user of the site is known as a guest or visitor. Guests are granted access to all functions that do not require database alterations or breach privacy. A guest can view the contents of the forum or use such features as read marking, but an administrator will disallow visi
Internet radio is a digital audio service transmitted via the Internet. Broadcasting on the Internet is referred to as webcasting since it is not transmitted broadly through wireless means, it can either be used as a stand-alone device running through the internet, or as a software running through a single computer. Internet radio is used to communicate and spread messages through the form of talk, it is distributed through a wireless communication network connected to a switch packet network via a disclosed source.'Internet radio involves streaming media, presenting listeners with a continuous stream of audio that cannot be paused or replayed, much like traditional broadcast media. Internet radio is distinct from podcasting, which involves downloading rather than streaming. Internet radio services offer news, sports and various genres of music—every format, available on traditional broadcast radio stations. Many Internet radio services are associated with a corresponding traditional radio station or radio network, although low start-up and ongoing costs have allowed a substantial proliferation of independent Internet-only radio stations.
The first Internet radio service was launched in 1993. As of 2017, the most popular internet radio platforms and applications in the world include TuneIn Radio, iHeartRadio,and Sirius XM. Internet radio services are accessible from anywhere in the world with a suitable internet connection available; this has made internet radio suited to and popular among expatriate listeners. Some major networks like TuneIn Radio, Pandora Radio, iHeartRadio and Citadel Broadcasting in the United States, Chrysalis in the United Kingdom, restrict listening to in-country due to music licensing and advertising issues. Internet radio is suited to listeners with special interests, allowing users to pick from a multitude of different stations and genres less represented on traditional radio. Internet radio is listened to on a standard home PC or similar device, through an embedded player program located on the respective station's website. In recent years, dedicated devices that resemble and offer the listener a similar experience to a traditional radio receiver have arrived on the market.
Streaming technology is used to distribute Internet radio using a lossy audio codec. Streaming audio formats include MP3, Ogg Vorbis, Windows Media Audio, RealAudio, HE-AAC. Audio data is continuously transmitted serially over the local network or internet in TCP or UDP packets reassembled at the receiver and played a second or two later; the delay is called lag, is introduced at several stages of digital audio broadcasting. A local tuner simulation program includes all the online radios that can be heard in the air in the city. In 2003, revenue from online streaming music radio was US$49 million. By 2006, that figure rose to US$500 million. A February 21, 2007 "survey of 3,000 Americans released by consultancy Bridge Ratings & Research" found that "s much as 19% of U. S. consumers 12 and older listen to Web-based radio stations." In other words, there were "some 57 million weekly listeners of Internet radio programs. More people listen to online radio than to satellite radio, high-definition radio, podcasts, or cell-phone-based radio combined."
An April 2008 Arbitron survey showed that, in the US, more than one in seven persons aged 25–54 years old listen to online radio each week. In 2008, 13 percent of the American population listened to the radio online, compared to 11 percent in 2007. Internet radio functionality is built into many dedicated Internet radio devices, which give an FM like receiver user experience. In the fourth quarter of 2012, TuneIn Radio, iHeart Radio, other subscription-based and free Internet radio services accounted for nearly one quarter of the average weekly music listening time among consumers between the ages of 13 and 35, an increase from a share of 17 percent the previous year; as Internet-radio listening rose among the 13-to-35 age group, listening to AM/FM radio, which now accounts for 24 percent of music-listening time, declined 2 percentage points. In the 36-and-older age group, by contrast, Internet radio accounted for just 13 percent of music listening, while AM/FM radio dominated listening methods with a 41 percent share.
47% of all Americans ages 12 and older—an estimated 124 million people—said they have listened to online radio in the last month, while 36% have listened in the last week. These figures are up from 45% and 33% in 2013; the average amount of time spent listening increased from 11 hours, 56 minutes per week in 2013 to 13 hours 19 minutes in 2014. As might be expected, usage numbers are much higher for teens and younger adults, with 75% of Americans ages 12–24 listening to online radio in the last month, compared to 50% of Americans ages 25–54 and 21% of Americans 55+; the weekly figures for the same age groups were 37 % and 13 %, respectively. In 2015, it was recorded that 53% of Americans, or 143 million people, ages 12 and up listen to internet radio; some stations, such as Primordial Radio, use Internet radio as a platform as opposed to other means such as FM or DAB, as it gives greater freedom to broadcast as they see fit, without being subject to regulatory bodies such as Ofcom in the UK.
For example, Ofcom has strict rules about presenters e
A website or Web site is a collection of related network web resources, such as web pages, multimedia content, which are identified with a common domain name, published on at least one web server. Notable examples are wikipedia.org, google.com, amazon.com. Websites can be accessed via a public Internet Protocol network, such as the Internet, or a private local area network, by a uniform resource locator that identifies the site. Websites can be used in various fashions. Websites are dedicated to a particular topic or purpose, ranging from entertainment and social networking to providing news and education. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web, while private websites, such as a company's website for its employees, are part of an intranet. Web pages, which are the building blocks of websites, are documents composed in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language, they may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors.
Web pages are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, which may optionally employ encryption to provide security and privacy for the user. The user's application a web browser, renders the page content according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal. Hyperlinking between web pages conveys to the reader the site structure and guides the navigation of the site, which starts with a home page containing a directory of the site web content; some websites require user subscription to access content. Examples of subscription websites include many business sites, news websites, academic journal websites, gaming websites, file-sharing websites, message boards, web-based email, social networking websites, websites providing real-time stock market data, as well as sites providing various other services. End users can access websites on a range of devices, including desktop and laptop computers, tablet computers and smart TVs; the World Wide Web was created in 1990 by the British CERN physicist Tim Berners-Lee.
On 30 April 1993, CERN announced. Before the introduction of HTML and HTTP, other protocols such as File Transfer Protocol and the gopher protocol were used to retrieve individual files from a server; these protocols offer a simple directory structure which the user navigates and where they choose files to download. Documents were most presented as plain text files without formatting, or were encoded in word processor formats. Websites can be used in various fashions. Websites can be the work of an individual, a business or other organization, are dedicated to a particular topic or purpose. Any website can contain a hyperlink to any other website, so the distinction between individual sites, as perceived by the user, can be blurred. Websites are written in, or converted to, HTML and are accessed using a software interface classified as a user agent. Web pages can be viewed or otherwise accessed from a range of computer-based and Internet-enabled devices of various sizes, including desktop computers, tablet computers and smartphones.
A website is hosted on a computer system known as a web server called an HTTP server. These terms can refer to the software that runs on these systems which retrieves and delivers the web pages in response to requests from the website's users. Apache is the most used web server software and Microsoft's IIS is commonly used; some alternatives, such as Nginx, Hiawatha or Cherokee, are functional and lightweight. A static website is one that has web pages stored on the server in the format, sent to a client web browser, it is coded in Hypertext Markup Language. Images are used to effect the desired appearance and as part of the main content. Audio or video might be considered "static" content if it plays automatically or is non-interactive; this type of website displays the same information to all visitors. Similar to handing out a printed brochure to customers or clients, a static website will provide consistent, standard information for an extended period of time. Although the website owner may make updates periodically, it is a manual process to edit the text and other content and may require basic website design skills and software.
Simple forms or marketing examples of websites, such as classic website, a five-page website or a brochure website are static websites, because they present pre-defined, static information to the user. This may include information about a company and its products and services through text, animations, audio/video, navigation menus. Static websites can be edited using four broad categories of software: Text editors, such as Notepad or TextEdit, where content and HTML markup are manipulated directly within the editor program WYSIWYG offline editors, such as Microsoft FrontPage and Adobe Dreamweaver, with which the site is edited using a GUI and the final HTML markup is generated automatically by the editor software WYSIWYG online editors which create media rich online presentation like web pages, intro, blogs, an
Yoav Kutner is an Israeli music editor, TV and radio presenter, who has promoted performers ranging from Mashina to Radiohead. Yoav Kutner was born in Jerusalem, Israel on May 18, 1954. At the age of seventeen, while in a vacation in Switzerland he was involved in an accident while climbing a mountain; this resulted in a significant loss of his past memories. In life he married and had three children. Yoav Kutner works in Tel Aviv, Israel. Kutner edited and presented radio shows in the Israel Defense Forces Radio from December 1974 to December 1993, from 1985 onwards had his own daily show, he edited hundreds of other music shows among them "The Magical Mystery Tour", a 60-hour radio show exploring the history of The Beatles. As a radio editor, Kutner was always in the search for new stimulating music, he promoted numerous artists in his radio shows, in the case of Radiohead a local representative of EMI had introduced the song Creep to him. Kutner played it incessantly on the radio; the song became a hit and following that Radiohead was invited to Tel Aviv to their first gig outside the UK.
In an interview with Assaf Nevo he said "The attempts to widen the mainstream and to enable musicians to move from the margins to the center had been my mission since I've been dealing with music". Kutner founded the "Pop Corner" in the legendary TV show Zehu Ze! from 1978 to 1996. Through live shows of guest artists and video clips he exposed the audience to new music on a weekly basis. In 1998 he edited and presented "Sof Onat HaTapuzim", a TV series exploring the history of Israeli rock. In 2003 Kutner has been among the founders and Editor-in-Chief of "24"- the Israeli TV music channel, he left the channel in 2007. From 1981 to 1997, Kutner wrote about music in "7 Days", Israel's weekly journal of the daily Yedioth Ahronoth. Kutner was among the founders of Mooma, a website dedicated to Israeli music and he has written many biographies and discographies of the artists in the site. Kutner was awarded several prizes for his programs. For "Paul McCartney is Dead" a prize from the Israel Defense Forces Radio and the Tamuz Prize for "Sof Onat HaTapuzim", a TV series exploring the history of Israeli rock broadcast on Channel 1.
Yoav Kutner on IMDb The Little Man from the Radio in Facebook
An encyclopedia or encyclopædia is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of knowledge from either all branches or from a particular field or discipline. Encyclopedias are divided into articles or entries that are arranged alphabetically by article name and sometimes by thematic categories. Encyclopedia entries are more detailed than those in most dictionaries. Speaking, unlike dictionary entries—which focus on linguistic information about words, such as their etymology, pronunciation and grammatical forms—encyclopedia articles focus on factual information concerning the subject named in the article's title. Encyclopedias have existed for around 2,000 years and have evolved during that time as regards language, intent, cultural perceptions, authorship and the technologies available for their production and distribution; as a valued source of reliable information compiled by experts, printed versions found a prominent place in libraries and other educational institutions. The appearance of digital and open-source versions in the 20th century has vastly expanded the accessibility, authorship and variety of encyclopedia entries and called into question the idea of what an encyclopedia is and the relevance of applying to such dynamic productions the traditional criteria for assembling and evaluating print encyclopedias.
The word encyclopedia comes from the Koine Greek ἐγκύκλιος παιδεία, transliterated enkyklios paideia, meaning "general education" from enkyklios, meaning "circular, required general" and paideia, meaning "education, rearing of a child". However, the two separate words were reduced to a single word due to a scribal error by copyists of a Latin manuscript edition of Quintillian in 1470; the copyists took this phrase to be a single Greek word, with the same meaning, this spurious Greek word became the New Latin word "encyclopaedia", which in turn came into English. Because of this compounded word, fifteenth century readers and since have and incorrectly, thought that the Roman authors Quintillian and Pliny described an ancient genre. In the sixteenth century there was a level of ambiguity as to; as several titles illustrate, there was not a settled notion about its spelling nor its status as a noun. For example: Jacobus Philomusus's Margarita philosophica encyclopaediam exhibens, it is only with Pavao Skalić and his Encyclopediae seu orbis disciplinarum tam sacrarum quam profanarum epistemon that the term became first recognized as a noun.
There have been two examples of the oldest vernacular use of the compounded word. In 1490, Franciscus Puccius wrote a letter to Politianus thanking him for his Miscellanea, calling it an encyclopedia. More François Rabelais is cited for his use of the term in Pantagruel. Several encyclopedias have names that include the suffix -pedia, to mark the text as belonging to the genre of encyclopedias. For example, Banglapedia. Today in English, the word is most spelled encyclopedia, though encyclopaedia is used in Britain; the modern encyclopedia was developed from the dictionary in the 18th century. Both encyclopedias and dictionaries have been researched and written by well-educated, well-informed content experts, but they are different in structure. A dictionary is a linguistic work which focuses on alphabetical listing of words and their definitions. Synonymous words and those related by the subject matter are to be found scattered around the dictionary, giving no obvious place for in-depth treatment.
Thus, a dictionary provides limited information, analysis or background for the word defined. While it may offer a definition, it may leave the reader lacking in understanding the meaning, significance or limitations of a term, how the term relates to a broader field of knowledge. An encyclopedia is, not written in order to convince, although one of its goals is indeed to convince its reader of its own veracity. To address those needs, an encyclopedia article is not limited to simple definitions, is not limited to defining an individual word, but provides a more extensive meaning for a subject or discipline. In addition to defining and listing synonymous terms for the topic, the article is able to treat the topic's more extensive meaning in more depth and convey the most relevant accumulated knowledge on that subject. An encyclopedia article often includes many maps and illustrations, as well as bibliography and statistics. Four major elements define an encyclopedia: its subject matter, its scope, its method of organization, its method of production: Encyclopedias can be general, containing articles on topics in every field