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MOO (programming language)

The MOO programming language is a simple programming language used to support the MOO Server. It is dynamically typed and uses a prototype-based object-oriented system, with syntax derived from the ADA school of programming languages. Stephen White authored the first MOO Server and language in 1990 using C. Over the course of the year, Pavel Curtis joined the project, releasing the first version of the LambdaMOO Server. LambdaMOO is run and maintained on a volunteer basis, now has its own SourceForge project. Although the last packaged release was in 2000, development is still active in the project's CVS. White describes MOO as "a mishmash of c-like operators and ada-like control structures, combined with prototype-style single-inheritance." The language has explicit exception handling control flow, as well as traditional looping constructs. A verb and property hierarchy provides default values to prototype objects, with over-riding values lower in the hierarchy; this hierarchy of objects is maintained through delegation to an object's "parent" property, resulting in a form of single inheritance.

Special security-related attributes of objects and properties include ownership, read and execute flags. MOO programs are byte-code compiled, with implicit decompilation when editing, providing a canonical form of programs. MOO programs are orthogonally persistent through periodic checkpoints. Objects are identified by a unique integer identifier. Unused program data is eliminated through automatic garbage collection. However, MOO objects themselves are not garbage collected and are manually deleted by their owners or superusers through a process called'recycling.' MOO is explicitly a multi-user system and programs are contributed by any number of connected users. A distinction is made between the'driver' and'core' The vast majority of the functionality of a running MOO is handled'in-core.' The runtime supports multi-tasking using a retribution based time slicing method. Verbs run with exclusive access to the database, so no explicit locking is necessary to maintain synchronization. Simple TCP/IP messaging is used to communicate with client sockets, each of, identified with a'player' in the Virtual reality representation system.

The language supports weak references to objects by number, to properties and verbs through strings. Built-in functions to retrieve lists of properties and verbs exist, giving the language runtime facilities for reflection; the server contains support for wildcard verb matching, so the same code can be used to handle multiple commands with similar names and functions. Available sequence types in MOO are strings. Both support random access, as well as tail operations similar to those available in Lisp. All operations on lists and strings are non-destructive, all non-object datatypes are immutable. Built-in functions and libraries allow lists to be used as associative arrays and ordered and unordered sets. MOO has a basic set of control structures, with for-in-list being the only "fancy" feature; the classic Hello World Program can be written in MOO as: A more interesting example: MOO LPC Pike Linden Scripting Language Stacy, Chris. "14. Programming MOOs". In Busey, Andrew. Secrets of the MUD Wizards.

SAMS Publishing. Pp. 307–369. ISBN 0-672-30723-5. Curtis, Pavel. "LambdaMOO Programmer's Manual". MOO Server Resources. "MOO Programming Cheat Sheet". Moo programming resources. 1999-01-10. "The Unofficial MOO Programming Tutorial". Moo programming resources. 1994-01-10

Trentino

Trentino the Autonomous Province of Trento, is an autonomous province of Italy, in the country's far north. Trento and South Tyrol constitute the region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, an autonomous region under the constitution; the province is divided into 177 comuni. Its capital is the city of Trento; the province covers an area of more than 6,000 km2, with a total population of about 540,000. Trentino is renowned for its mountains, such as the Dolomites; the province is known as Trentino. The name derives from the capital city of the province; the term was used by the local population only to refer to the city and its immediate surroundings. Under former Austrian government, which began in the 19th century, the common German name for the region was Welschtirol or Welschsüdtirol, meaning Italian Tyrol or Italian South Tyrol, or just Südtirol, meaning South Tyrol with reference to its geographic position as the southern part of Tyrol; the corresponding Italian terms were Tirolo Meridionale, used to describe the wider southern part of the County of Tyrol Trentino and sometimes today's South Tyrol, or Tirolo Italiano.

In its wider sense, Trentino was first used around 1848 in an article by a member of the Frankfurt National Assembly. Since the new 1972 autonomous status, the administrative name of the province is Autonomous Province of Trento; the history of Trentino begins in the mid-Stone Age. The valleys of what is now Trentino were inhabited by man, the main settlements being in the valley of the Adige River, thanks to its milder climate. In the early Middle Ages, this area was included within the Kingdom of Italy and the March of Verona. In 1027, the Bishopric of Trent was established as a State of the Holy Roman Empire by Emperor Conrad II, it was an ecclesiastical territory corresponding to the present-day Trentino, governed by the Prince-Bishops of Trento. The Council of Trent, held in three major sessions from 1545 to 1563, with the first at Trento, was one of the important councils in the history of the Roman Catholic Church, it was an articulation of Roman Catholic doctrine in response to the Protestant Reformation, specified doctrine on salvation, the sacraments, the Biblical canon.

After the Napoleonic Wars of the early 19th century, the bishopric was secularized and absorbed into the Austrian County of Tyrol. It was governed by the House of Habsburg-Lorraine; the region was the location of heavy fighting during World War I, as it was directly on the front lines between Austria-Hungary and Italy. Trentino was occupied by Italy in November 1918 and was annexed in 1919 by the Kingdom of Italy in the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. After World War II, the Italian and Austrian Foreign Ministers signed the Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement, creating the autonomous region of Trentino-South Tyrol, consisting of the autonomous provinces of Trentino and South Tyrol. Since the treaty, Trentino has enjoyed considerable autonomy from the Italian central government in Rome, it has legislative assembly. In 1996, the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino was formed between the Austrian state of Tyrol and the Italian provinces of South Tyrol and Trentino; the boundaries of the association correspond to the old County of Tyrol.

The aim is to promote regional peace and cooperation in many areas. The region's assemblies meet together as one on various occasions and have set up a common liaison office to the European Union in Brussels. Trentino is a mountainous region; the Adige river flows through the central Trentino in a valley named after the river. The principal towns of Trentino lie in the Adige Valley, a historical passage connecting Italy with Northern Europe. Among other important valleys are Non Valley, known for its apple production, Sole Valley, connected by Trento and Brescia and Fassa, Mocheni, Sugana Valley and many others; the province has an area of 6,214 km2, a total population of 524,826. There are 217 comuni, in the province; the Marmolada, at 3,343 m above sea level, is the highest mountain in the Dolomites. The glacier on the Marmolada is a landmark. Other high mountains include the Monte Baldo, Carè Alto, Crozzon di Brenta, Hintere Eggenspitze, Paganella, Piz Boè, Punta San Matteo and Vezzana; the 1972 second Statute of Autonomy for Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol devolved most legislative and executive competences from the regional level to the provincial level, creating de facto two separate regions.

Administratively, the province enjoys a large degree of autonomy in the following sectors: health, education and transport infrastructure. The provincial council comprises 35 members, one of whom must by law be drawn from the Ladin minority. In the last elections in 2013, the strongest party became the Democratic Party with 9 deputies, Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party, Union for Trentino, Lega Nord Trentino, Forza Italia, Five Stars Movement, Trentino Project, Ladin Autonomist Union, Civic Trentino, Administer Trentino, with one independent; the executive powers are attributed to the provincial government, headed by the governor. Since 2013 the governor is Ugo Rossi of the centrist Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party; the president of the provincial council alternates with the governor of So

Ross Ulbricht

Ross William Ulbricht is an American convict best known for creating and operating the darknet market website the Silk Road from 2011 until his arrest in 2013. The website was designed to use Tor for bitcoin as a currency. Ulbricht's online pseudonym was "Dread Pirate Roberts" after the fictional character in the novel The Princess Bride and its film adaptation. In February 2015, Ulbricht was convicted of money laundering, computer hacking, conspiracy to traffic fraudulent identity documents, conspiracy to traffic narcotics by means of the Internet. In May 2015, he was sentenced to a double life sentence plus forty years without the possibility of parole. Ulbricht's appeals to the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 2017 and the U. S Supreme Court in 2018 were unsuccessful; the prosecution dismissed with prejudice a five-year old unprosecuted indictment in July 2018. He is incarcerated at the United States Penitentiary in Tucson. Ulbricht grew up in the Austin metropolitan area, he was a Boy Scout.

He attended West Ridge Middle School, Westlake High School, both near Austin. He graduated from high school in 2002, he attended the University of Texas at Dallas on a full academic scholarship, graduated in 2006 with a bachelor's degree in physics. He attended Pennsylvania State University, where he was in a master's degree program in materials science and engineering and studied crystallography. By the time Ulbricht graduated, he had become interested in libertarian economic theory. In particular, Ulbricht adhered to the political philosophy of Ludwig von Mises, supported Ron Paul, participated in college debates to discuss his economic views. Ulbricht returned to Austin. By this time Ulbricht, finding regular employment unsatisfying, wanted to become an entrepreneur, but his first attempts to start his own business failed, he started a video game company. His mother claimed that his LinkedIn profile referred to a massively multiplayer online role-playing game, not a darknet market, when it stated, "I am creating an economic simulation to give people a first-hand experience of what it would be like to live in a world without the systemic use of force.":7:20 He partnered with his friend Donny Palmertree to help build an online used book seller, Good Wagon Books.

Ulbricht envisioned Silk Road as a free market experiment with an emphasis on user anonymity. He believed people should have the right to buy and sell whatever they want as long as they did not hurt anyone. Silk Road was designed to use bitcoin. Tor is a network which implements protocols that encrypt data and routes Internet traffic through intermediary servers that anonymize IP addresses before reaching a final destination. By hosting his market as a Tor site, Ulbricht could conceal its IP address. Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency. Ulbricht used the Dread Pirate Roberts username for Silk Road. However, whether he was the only one to use that account is disputed. Dread Pirate Roberts attributed his inspiration for creating the Silk Road marketplace as "Alongside Night and the works of Samuel Edward Konkin III."Ulbricht began to work on developing his online marketplace in 2010 as a side project to Good Wagon Books. He sporadically kept a diary during the operating history of Silk Road. Ulbricht may have included a reference to Silk Road on his LinkedIn page, where he discussed his wish to "use economic theory as a means to abolish the use of coercion and aggression amongst mankind" and claimed "I am creating an economic simulation to give people a first-hand experience of what it would be like to live in a world without the systemic use of force."

Ulbricht moved to San Francisco prior to his arrest. Ulbricht was first connected to "Dread Pirate Roberts" by Gary Alford, an IRS investigator working with the DEA on the Silk Road case, in mid-2013; the connection was made by linking the username "altoid", used during Silk Road's early days to announce the website, a forum post in which Ulbricht, posting under the nickname "altoid", asked for programming help and gave his email address, which contained his full name. In October 2013, Ulbricht was arrested by the FBI while at the Glen Park branch of the San Francisco Public Library, accused of being the "mastermind" behind the site. To prevent Ulbricht from encrypting or deleting files on the laptop he was using to run the site as he was arrested, two agents pretended to be quarreling lovers; when they had sufficiently distracted him, according to Joshuah Bearman of Wired, a third agent grabbed the laptop while Ulbricht was distracted by the apparent lovers' fight and handed it to agent Thomas Kiernan.

Kiernan inserted a flash drive in one of the laptop's USB ports, with software that copied key files. On August 21, 2014, Ulbricht was charged with money laundering, computer hacking, conspiracy to traffic narcotics. On February 4, 2015, Ulbricht was convicted on all counts after a jury trial that took place in January 2015. On May 29, 2015, he was sentenced to double life imprisonment plus forty years, without the possibility of parole. On the last day of trial, Serrin Turner, the lead prosecutor, addressed the jury and stated that none of the six contracted murders-for-hire occurred. One charge of procuring murder was filed in October 2013 in a separate pending indictment in Maryland (which was dismissed with prejudice in its entirety in J

Juanlu (footballer, born 1984)

Juan Luis Hens Lorite known as Juanlu, is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a right midfielder. Juanlu was born in Province of Córdoba. After starting out at local Córdoba CF he moved to Valencia CF in January 2003, playing for their reserves. On 23 January 2005, he appeared in his first and only official match with the first team, against Villarreal CF: he came on as a substitute for Francisco Rufete in the seventh minute, being himself replaced at half-time by Marco Di Vaio in an eventual 1–3 away loss. After a loan at UE Lleida, Juanlu was released and resumed his career in the second division, settling with CD Tenerife and contributing with four goals in 35 games in his second season as the club returned to La Liga after seven years. Juanlu at BDFutbol Juanlu at Futbolme Juanlu at La Preferente Juanlu at Soccerway

John Zeiler

John Zeiler is an American professional ice hockey right winger, an Unrestricted Free Agent. He most played for the EC Kassel Huskies of the DEL2. Zeiler was drafted 132nd overall by the Phoenix Coyotes in the 2002 NHL Entry Draft. Zeiler graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School in Pennsylvania, his junior training was with the Pittsburgh Hornets AAA program. Prior to the NHL, he played college hockey at St. Lawrence. In 2007, Zeiler signed a one-year contract with the Kings and made his NHL debut on February 17, 2007 against the Anaheim Ducks. Five days he scored his first NHL goal against the Vancouver Canucks. After five seasons within the Kings organization, Zeiler left to sign abroad in the German DEL, with Augsburger Panther on August 9, 2011. Zeiler was cast as an extra in a 2010 film starring Dwayne Johnson. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

Briscola

Briscola is one of Italy's most popular games, together with Scopa and Tressette. A little-changed descendant of Brusquembille, the ancestor of Briscan and Bezique, Briscola is a Mediterranean trick-taking, Ace-Ten card game for two to six players played with a standard Italian 40-card deck; the game can be played with a modern Anglo-French deck, without the eight and ten cards. With three or six players, twos are removed from the deck to ensure the number of cards in the deck is a multiple of the number of players; the four- and six-player versions of the game are played as a partnership game of two teams, with players seated such that every player is adjacent to two opponents. A deck of Italian cards consists of forty cards, divided into four suits: coins, swords and clubs; the values on the cards range numerically from one through seven, plus three face cards in each suit: Knave and King. A Knave is a lone human figure standing; the Knight is a human figure riding a horse. The King is a human figure wearing a crown.

To determine the face value of any numeric card count the number of suit icons on the card. The ace card of coins is a type of bird with circle in the middle. Below is a table identifying card point values. Unlisted cards have no point value, are ranked in descending ordinal value, from seven to two. Note however the odd ranking of the three. In total, a deck has 120 points. To win a game, a player must accumulate more points than any other player. If two players have same number of points another game is played to determine the winner. After the deck is shuffled, each player is dealt three cards; the next card is placed face up on the playing surface, the remaining deck is placed face down, sometimes covering half of the up-turned card. This card is the Briscola, represents the trump suit for the game. Before the game begins if a player has the deuce of trump he/she may retire the "briscola"; this move may only be done at the beginning of first hand. Before the first hand is played, team players may show each other their cards.

The deal, game play itself, proceeds counter-clockwise. The player to the right of the dealer leads the first hand by playing one card face up on the playing surface; each player subsequently plays a card in turn. The winner of that hand is determined as follows: if any briscola has been played, the player who played the highest valued trump wins if no briscole have been played, the player who played the highest card of the lead suit winsUnlike other trump card games, players are not required to follow suit, that is, to play the same suit as the lead player. Once the winner of a trick is determined, that player collects the played cards, places them face down in a pile; each player maintains his/her own pile, though the four- and six-player versions may have one player collecting all tricks won by his partners. Each player draws a card from the remaining deck, starting with the player who won the trick, proceeding counter-clockwise. Note that the last card collected in the game should be the up-turned Briscola.

The player who won the trick leads the next hand. During game play and only before the next to the last hand is played, a player who draws the card with the seven of trump can take the "briscola"; this may be done. Before the last hand, people in the same team can look at each other's cards. After all cards have been played, players calculate the total point value of cards in their own piles. For multi-player games, partners combine their points; this is a popular add on to the game, which originated in the Italian version of "Briscola" but has been accepted in the Spanish version of the "Brisca". La conquista is known as mano negra or sota negra in Spanish Brisca; the Black Hand is defined as when a player automatically gets in his hand the King card, 3 and 1 card of the chosen "Briscola". When those three cards are gathered by the player, they are shown to the opponent and the game is automatically won in spite of the points that the opponent has gathered throughout the game which might or not have exceeded the player's points.

In four- and six-player variations a system of signaling is allowed between members of the same team. In this variant, the first round is played without speaking, on all subsequent rounds players are permitted to signal their partners and attempt to signal without the other team noticing. A common system of signaling is as follows: Ace - stretch the lips over the teeth or purse lips Three - wink or distort the mouth to one side King - glance upwards or raise eyebrows Knight - shrug one shoulder Knave - show the tip of the tongue or lick your lips Threes or Aces outside of the Briscola suit - open and close your mouth There exists a variation whereby the three, is ranked as a three but maintains its status as worth 10 points. However, as mentioned, this is a variation, not standard rules. In some parts of Italy, the three as the second most valuable card is substituted by the seven, like in Portuguese Bisca (see bel