Norstream is a cargo ferry owned by Bore Sky and operated by P&O Ferries with sister ship Norsky on the Tilbury–Zeebrugge route. Norstream was built in 1999 for P&O North sea ferries, they would never carry paying passengers because with sister ship Norsky the two ships would cross between Tilbury and Zeebrugge several times each day to transport 2520 lane metres of freight per crossing. Accommodation was to be for no passengers, it was by chance that Tilbury was chosen because it had been the base of operation for many past P&O cargo/passenger ships. However, in 2002, P&O ferries acquired all of its subsidiaries. Among these was North Sea ferries that had operated ferries from Hull for many years; this changed nothing with Norstream and she continued the freight service to Zeebrugge without taking a new livery or changing her name. When docked in Zeebrugge she is docked next to the Pride of Bruges or Pride of York which are other P&O ships
Tilbury is a town in the borough of Thurrock, England. The present town was established as separate settlement in the late 19th century, on land, part of Chadwell St Mary, it contains an ancient cross-river ferry. Tilbury is part of the Port of London with a major deep-water port which contributes to the local economy; the name of the present town of Tilbury is derived from the nearby settlements of East and West Tilbury. The name of these settlements is derived from the Saxon burgh, "fortified place", either belonging to Tila, or at a lowland place; the 8th century spelling was "Tilaburg", the spelling in Domesday was "Tilberia". Tilbury's history is connected with its geographical location, its counterpart on the south bank of the River Thames, has long been an important communications link, it was there that a cross-river ferry was connected due to the narrowness of the river at this point. In addition and Northfleet both became vitally important to shipping on the Thames: the former as the first port of call for foreign shipping bound for London, the latter as a naval dockyard.
There is archaeological evidence of Roman occupation. At the time, sea-levels had dropped. There may well have been a Roman settlement on the site of. In the 12th century the river, which had hitherto consisted of difficult channels with uncharted shoals, was changed by the process of embanking the river and enclosing areas of marsh; this improved the river's flow, resulted in improved land resources on the marsh. It was an unhealthy place in which to live. In 1588 Queen Elizabeth I came ashore here to review her main army at the nearby village of West Tilbury. In 1852 an Act of Parliament had authorised the building of the London Tilbury and Southend Railway, with a short spur to take advantage of the ferry over the Thames; the station was named Tilbury Fort and opened in 1854. The station was renamed Tilbury Riverside railway station in 1936. A few houses were built for the railway workers, but it was not until the construction of Tilbury Docks that there was any settlement worthy of a name. Whilst the docks were being built, the thousands of workers were either provided with temporary accommodation or had to commute from surrounding villages and towns.
As a result of overcrowding, more permanent housing was built once the docks were completed, including tenement blocks. Tilbury–Gravesend Ferry has operated from early times. A sketch-map of 1571 shows evidence of two jetties, the one on the north bank leading to a northward road crossing the marsh. There are houses marked on the marsh itself, which became important for sheep grazing. Although the 17th century drawing might suggest a boat too small for large consignments, the long-established Gravesend market encouraged such traffic, a contemporary account suggests that one of the boats used was a hoy, a forerunner of the Thames sailing barge; the curve and narrowness of the river here made it a suitable place to construct forts for the defence of London against foreign invaders. The first permanent fort at Tilbury was a D-shaped blockhouse built in 1539 by Henry VIII and called the "Thermitage Bulwark", because it was on the site of a hermitage dissolved in 1536; the Tilbury blockhouse was designed to cross-fire with a similar structure at Gravesend.
During the Armada campaign, the fort was reinforced with earthworks and a palisade, a boom of chains, ships' masts and cables was stretched across the Thames to Gravesend, anchored by lighters. The fort is now owned by English Heritage; until 1903, the marshland area was part of the traditional parish and civil parish of Chadwell St Mary, which reached south to the River Thames. The parish of Tilbury Docks was established in 1903 and the Tilbury Urban District Council in 1912; this in turn became a borough in 1984 and the Thurrock Unitary Authority in 1998. There are two wards covering the town, each served by two councillors: Tilbury Riverside and Thurrock Park for the southern part and Tilbury St Chad's in the north; as of May 2016 there are 1 UKIP councillors. The Member of Parliament for Thurrock is Jackie Doyle-Price. Tilbury is on the north bank of the River Thames, where the river's meander has caused it to narrow to 800 yards in width; the area to the north is one-time marshlands. The town lies to the north of the London-Southend railway line.
The major landmarks are the docks, the cruise-ship landing stage, the Tilbury Power Station. There are Our Lady Star of the Sea. There is, in addition, a synagogue in Dock Road; the educational institutions in Tilbury include primary education, which are Lansdowne Primary School, St Mary's RC Primary School and Tilbury Manor Primary S
MV Atlantic Freighter
MV Atlantic Freighter, now known as Pelagitis, is a roll-on/roll-off ferry operated by Marine Atlantic from North Sydney, Nova Scotia to Channel-Port aux Basques, Canada. The vessel was completed in 1978 by Hyundai Shipbuilding Company Limited in and delivered to the Stena Line which operates in Northern Europe, she was given her current name Pelagitis. Throughout her career, the vessel sailed under the names, Merzario Grecia, Stena Grecia, Tor Felicia. Loading and unloading the vessel each take over three hours. Eight trailers are loaded at one time using a "yard tractor train system"; the vessel represented 19.6 percent of Marine Atlantic's fleet in 2005. In 1990 asbestos was found in use on the vessel. Management made the decision to encapsulate the asbestos. In November 2007, 60 workers on Atlantic Freighter were told they should be tested for asbestos exposure. Atlantic Freighter was chartered by the United States Military Sealift Command in December 1990, served two supply missions to the Persian Gulf during the Gulf War.
The vessel was captained by Neil Hillier, crewed by 25 volunteers. Fisheries and Oceans Minister, Fred Mifflin was credited with five years of efforts to secure the right for the crew to wear the United States Merchant Marine Expeditionary Award
MV European Causeway
The MV European Causeway is a ferry operated by P&O Ferries. She was built at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Shimonoseki shipyard in Japan. European Causeway entered service in August 2000 replacing the Pride of Rathlin, she was specially designed for the Cairnryan-Larne route and has not operated in service away from this route only straying for refit periods. On 18 December 2018, European Causeway was involved in an incident in extreme weather conditions. After what was described as a "big dip", several lorries toppled sideways causing damage to other vehicles on the car deck. No injuries were reported; the Marine Accident Investigation Branch is investigating. European Causeway does not have an exact sister however P&O ordered two further vessels based on her design:- European Ambassador now MS Stena Nordica of Stena Line. Built 2000. Enlarged version built for P&O Irish Sea's Liverpool -Dublin service. Differences include more powerful engines for higher service speed, full bow ramp for landing on linkspans, large stern ramp, passenger cabins, Club Lounge and revised crew facilities.
European Highlander. Built 2002. Enlarged version built for P&O Irish Sea as a partner to the European Causeway. Differences include minor revisions to the passenger deck layout, additional passenger lifts and the use of larger lifeboats rather than Marine evacuation systems
Sulzer Ltd. is a Swiss industrial engineering and manufacturing firm, founded by Salomon Sulzer-Bernet in 1775 and established as Sulzer Brothers Ltd. in 1834 in Winterthur, Switzerland. Today it is a publicly traded company with international subsidiaries; the company's shares are listed on the Swiss Stock Exchange. Sulzer's core strengths are flow control and applicators; the company specializes in pumping solutions and services for rotating equipment, as well as separation and application technology. Sulzer Brothers helped develop shuttleless weaving, their core business was loom manufacture. Rudolf Diesel worked for Sulzer in 1879, in 1893 Sulzer bought certain rights to diesel engines. Sulzer built their first diesel engine in 1898; the company is organized into four divisions: Pumps Equipment: Pump technology and solutions Rotating Equipment Services: Service and repair solutions for rotating equipment such as turbines, compressors and generators. Chemtech: Components and services for separation columns and static mixing Applicator Systems: Systems for liquid applications The Sulzer Ltd shares are registered at the SIX Swiss Exchange.
As of April 11, 2018, Renova Group held a total of 48.83% of Sulzer's share capital. The company "Gebrüder Sulzer, Foundry in Winterthur" was founded in 1834 by Johann Jacob Sulzer, his sons Johann Jakob and Solomon produced cast iron, built fire extinguishers and apparatus for the textile industry. In 1836 the workforce grew to around forty journeymen and apprentices. In 1839 a foundry was added, a mechanical workshop was set up and the first steam engine was built in Winterthur. In 1859, the first "partnership agreement" between the Sulzer brothers was signed. New products were introduced, first steam engines also ships, new organization, production methods. Around 1860 Sulzer opened his first foreign sales office in Turin, in 1867 the company participated in the world exhibition in Paris; the workforce had grown to more than 1,000 workers. From 1880, steam engines, in particular, contributed to the growth to around 2,000 employees. In 1881 a branch was founded in Ludwigshafen am Rhein. In 1898, the first Sulzer diesel engine was developed in cooperation with Rudolf Diesel.
Around 1900 the company had over 3,000 employees and sales offices in Milan, Cairo, London and Bucharest, from 1914 in the Japanese Kobe. As a family business, the company had grown over the years in the form of a general partnership, in June 1914 it was converted into two stock corporations with registered offices in Winterthur and Ludwigshafen am Rhein, both of which were renamed Gebrüder Sulzer Aktiengesellschaft. In 1917, both companies were bundled in a holding structure under the name Sulzer-Unternehmungen AG and subsequently the foreign sales offices were transferred to independent companies. During the 1930s, production fell by two thirds as a result of the global economic crisis, personnel was massively reduced. Out of political and personal considerations, Sulzer decided to sell its subsidiaries in Germany by the beginning of the war. Sulzer was blacklisted by the Allies during World War II due to an increase in trade with Axis countries. Sulzer refused to sign an agreement to limit the future sale of marine diesel engines to the Axis countries, was blacklisted by the Allies as a result.
From 1945, a growth phase began with a flourishing economy and strong expansion of foreign activities. In the 1950s, increasing production was carried out by guest workers from southern Europe. New divisions for energy, plant engineering and textile machinery were created, accompanied by better working conditions, expansion of social benefits, women's work for "lighter factory work" and housing subsidies in surrounding communities. During the second heyday after the Second World War, the Sulzer Tower was built in the early 1960s - the company's new headquarters, a landmark of Winterthur and the tallest building in Switzerland at the time. In 1961, Schweizerische Lokomotiv- und Maschinenfabrik in Winterthur was acquired, the large diesel engine became Sulzer's flagship product worldwide. In 1966, Sulzer acquired a 53 percent stake in Maschinenfabrik Escher Wyss AG in Zurich, reaching an all-time high of over 30,000 employees. In 1969, Escher Wyss AG was taken over in full. In the 1970s, the oil crisis announced a new orientation towards the technology group and the development of materials technologies.
Sulzer reacted to the global decline in capital goods in the 1970s after losses in the second half of the 1980s. In 1982, the weaving machine business was expanded. In 1984, Sulzer underwent massive restructuring. Medical technology was expanded by the purchase of the American Intermedics Group for one billion Swiss francs; the Winterthur machine factory was closed in 1990 and the founding site in Winterthur was vacated. For the first time, Sulzer employed more people abroad than in Switzerland. On May 14, 1993, Gebrüder Sulzer, Aktiengesellschaft was renamed Sulzer Ltd. In 1996, a technology centre was built in the Oberwinterthur Industrial Park. In 2000, Sulzer acquired the Finnish company Ahlstrom Pumps. In the middle of the year, the steam locomotive and machine factory DLM became independent, the remains of the former SLM became Winpro AG in 2001 through a management buyout; the time since 2003 is called a new beginning. Since the Group has be
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
MS ANT 1
MS ANT 1 was a ro-ro ferry operated by Stena Line between Larne, Northern Ireland and Fleetwood, England. The ferry did not carry passengers, insteading carrying freight; the Stena Pioneer was built in 1975 as the Bison. Ordered by Stena Line, the vessel was sold before entering service to P&O subsidiary Pandoro. To cope with the increased traffic on the Fleetwood – Larne route the Bison was sent to the River Tyne in 1980 for lengthening; the vessel was cut in two and a new 15-metre section added. In 1989 the Bison was chartered to B&I Line for four years and placed on the Dublin – Liverpool route. On return from her B&I Line charter the Bison was rebuilt to meet the latest SOLAS requirements; this involved adding sponsons increasing the vessels breadth by 4 meters. Following this rebuilding the vessel's seakeeping was badly affected. To cure this the Bison was sent to Cammell Laird in 1995 to have additional weight in the form of an extra vehicle deck added to the stern. In 1998 Pandoro merged with P&O European Ferries to create P&O Irish Sea.
The Bison was renamed European Pioneer. In 2004 the ship passed into the hands of Stena Line. and was renamed Stena Pioneer. In December 2010 the Stena Pioneer was laid up following the closure of the Fleetwood - Larne route; the Pioneer was sold to a Russian operator in June 2011 and renamed ANT 1. Ant 1 & Ant 2 + Anna Marine were Scrapped at Aliaga ship scrap Yards in February 2014