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MTV Video Music Award

An MTV Video Music Award is an award presented by the cable channel MTV to honor the best in the music video medium. Conceived as an alternative to the Grammy Awards, the annual MTV Video Music Awards ceremony has been called the "Super Bowl for youth", an acknowledgment of the VMA ceremony's ability to draw millions of youth from teens to 20-somethings each year. By 2001, the VMA had become a coveted award; the statue given to winners is an astronaut on the moon, one of the earliest representations of MTV, was colloquially called a "moonman". However, in 2017 Chris McCarthy, the President of MTV, stated that the statue would be called a "Moon Person" from on; the statue was conceived by Manhattan Design—also designers of the original MTV logo—based on the 1981 "Top of the Hour" animation created by Fred Seibert, produced by Alan Goodman, produced by Buzz Potamkin at Buzzco Associates. The statue is now made by Society Awards. Since the 2006 ceremony, viewers are able to vote for their favorite videos in all general categories by visiting MTV's website.

The stature of the ceremony has declined in recent years. Reasons put forward; the Washington Post states, “The moment the VMAs ceased to matter might have happened in 2014, when Drake didn’t bother appearing to receive his award. Or maybe it was earlier than that: The Associated Press compared the energy of the VMAs to the scripted reality-TV show Cribs all the way back in 2006.“ MTV has faced criticism for devoting most of its airtime outside the VMAs to reality shows and dramas. The annual VMA ceremony occurs before the end of summer and held either in late August or mid-September, broadcast live on MTV, along with simulcasts on MTV's sister networks to nullify in-house competition since 2014; the first VMA ceremony was held in 1984 at New York City's Radio City Music Hall. The ceremonies are held in either New York City or Los Angeles. However, the ceremonies have been hosted in Miami and Las Vegas; the 2019 MTV Video Music Awards took place on August 2019 in Newark for the first time. 1984: At the first MTV Video Music Awards in 1984, Madonna performed her hit "Like a Virgin" wearing a combination bustier/wedding gown, including her trademark "Boy Toy" belt.

During the performance, she rolled around on revealing lacy stockings and a garter. Cyndi Lauper spoke in "Exorcist-esque gibberish" to explain the VMA rules right before winning the Best Female video for "Girls Just Want to Have Fun". David Bowie, The Beatles and director Richard Lester were rewarded with the first Video Vanguard Awards for their work in pioneering the music video. 1987: At the fourth annual MTV Video Music Awards, Peter Gabriel won 10 awards, including the Video Vanguard Award and Video of the Year for his video "Sledgehammer", holding the VMA record for most Moonmen in a single night. 1988: At the 1988 Video Music Awards Michael Jackson appeared for the first time. A pre-recorded live performance of Bad was shown." He was awarded the Video Vanguard Award.1989: Controversial comic Andrew Dice Clay's appearance at the 1989 Video Music Awards to promote his new movie, The Adventures of Ford Fairlane, earned him a "lifetime ban" from the network when he introduced Cher with some of his already-notorious nursery rhymes that contained vulgar language and references.

After performing with Tom Petty, Guns N' Roses guitarist Izzy Stradlin was assaulted by Mötley Crüe lead singer Vince Neil, leading to a verbal battle between Neil and Guns N' Roses lead singer Axl Rose. Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora turned out a stripped-down acoustic performance of the Bon Jovi hits "Wanted Dead or Alive and "Livin' on a Prayer", in the process provided the inspirational spark for MTV Unplugged. Paula Abdul was nominated for six awards, she performed a seven-minute medley of her singles "Straight Up", "Cold Hearted", "Forever Your Girl". When Madonna won the Viewer's Choice Award for her "Like a Prayer" video, she thanked Pepsi-Cola in her acceptance speech "for causing so much controversy". Pepsi-Cola had paid Madonna $5 million to appear in a commercial that would predominantly feature the world premiere of "Like a Prayer"; the tone that the commercial sought to convey contrasted with the music video. When Pepsi executives saw the video, they yanked the advertisement after only two airings, in an attempt to dissociate themselves from Madonna.

She gave one of the most memorable performances of her hit "Express Yourself", as a preview of what would become her Blond Ambition World Tour. 1990: At the 1990 MTV Video Music Awards, Madonna gave a memorable performance of her single "Vogue," which featured Madonna and her dancers dressed in an 18th-century French theme, with Madonna bearing great resemblance to Marie Antoinette. The performance consisted of both a dramatic 18th-century reinterpretation of "Vogue" as well as her becorseted breasts.1991: During the award show the MTV Video Vanguard Award was renamed to the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award from on, in honor of his contributions to the culture of music videos by changing them from a mere promotional tool featuring musicians playing instruments and singing, to a "s

Love Boat (study tour)

The Overseas Compatriot Youth Taiwan Study Tour to Taiwan, informally known as the Love Boat, is a three-week summer program for about 70 to 100 College-aged Overseas Chinese and Overseas Taiwanese. In Chinese, it is colloquially referred to as Měi-Jiā-yíng – “America and Canada Camp” – a reference to the origin of most participants; the program is held at the Chientan Youth Activity Center in Taipei, not to be confused with Jiantan subway station. The program was first started in 1967 by the China Youth Corps. According to the Chinese Canadian Archive, the original name of the program was the "Overseas Chinese Youth Language Training and Study Tour" and was promoted across North America through various local Chinese newspapers by Chinese North Americans with relations to the Kuomintang party; the primary goal of the program was to acquaint, or re-acquaint, young people of Chinese descent living in other parts of the world with Chinese culture and language. Thus, participants take brief courses in language and arts, attend lectures, take scenic tours of Taiwan.

This however, is the popular perception of the program. The alternate and original purpose for the Taiwan Government's subsidizing of the program was to shore up Overseas Chinese support for its cross-strait political policies those of the Kuomintang party in regards to its tense relations with China. Accordingly, participants were to attend lectures on cross-strait relations which others might perceive as propaganda; the program was conceived by the Taiwan Government in part because the Kuomintang for many decades had recognized the historical importance of the Overseas Chinese community not only for its financing but for its political support. In fact Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, the founder of the Kuomintang, recognized early the importance of Overseas Chinese support and went as far as to say that "Overseas Chinese are the Mother of the Revolution." However, beyond the political origins of the Study Tour, the program is most famous for its positive influence on Chinese American identity in addition to its "Loveboat" reputation of spawning many relationships as well hosting a frenetic nightlife scene which many participants indulged in.

It is rumoured that some participants engaged in sexually promiscuous activity although several ended up marrying each other. Several unplanned pregnancies were documented on the 1996 Study Tour which resulted in more stringent rules for subsequent tours; the job of implementing these rules has traditionally been overseen by many local College-aged Taiwan counselors whose responsibilities, from morning to night, consisted of organizing all the various logistics of the students' itinerary. This included organizing language/cultural classes, trips outings, medical care, guest speakers, enforcing discipline which included trying to prevent the students from sneaking out of the campus in the evening to enjoy the Taipei nightlife. Due to the sheer volume of minor misdeeds many counselors had to turn a blind eye and instead focused their energies on insuring the safety and well being of the students. Becoming a Study Tour counselor for local Taiwanese was considered by many a badge of honour, as throughout the 1960s to the 1990s, the China Youth Corps only accepted local Taiwan applicants from the best Taiwan Universities and programs in a rigorous selection process.

For many counselors, the Study Tour was their first contact with other Western Chinese from abroad and many found the cultural exchange as life-changing as did the students who attended. The Study Tour has gone through many changes over the years which correspond with Taiwan's changing politics and economy; when the Tour first started 1967, the program hosted 60–70 participants from America and Canada, with an age range of between 14 and 25. According to journalist Jan Wong, a 1969 Study Tour participant, the first few years of the Study Tour program were held at Fu Jen Catholic University; as the popularity of the program grew, the number of participants increased and the headquarters moved to the Chientan Youth Activity Center in the 1970s located in the Shilin District near modern day Jiantan station. During this time, the China Youth Corps had changed the name of the Study Tour to become "Overseas Chinese Youth Language Training and Study Tour to the Republic of China," to be more in line with their political ideology.

By the 1970s and 1980s, the average size of the program grew to 100–200 students up until 1988 and in 1989 peaked exponentially at 1200 participants. Due to the overwhelming increase in demand participants had to be placed in two separate campuses in 1990, one remaining at Chientan Campus and the other new one held at Taipei's Tam Kang Campus; this increase in enrolment coincided with both Taiwan's 1987 lifting of martial law and its astronomical economic rise in the technology boom which increased the island's reputation and prosperity. Further, because many skeptical participants were returning home with a greater appreciation of Taiwanese culture, improved Chinese language skills and were raving about the quality of the Tour to their family, this led to good word of mouth about the program being spread within the National Chinese Community; this was pertinent in the 1970s and 1980s when Chinese communities were smaller than present day and a clear sense of "Asian American identity" for many North American born Chinese was nebulous at best.

Many American-born Chinese who did not have any Chinese language skills and who refused to date a fellow Asian, returned from the Tour not only

Fanny de Beauharnais

Fanny de Beauharnais, née Marie-Anne-Françoise Mouchard, was a French lady of letters and salon-holder. She was the mother of French politician Claude de Beauharnais, she was the grandmother of Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden, through her she is the ancestor of former royal families of Romania and Yugoslavia, the present royal families of Belgium, of Luxembourg and of Monaco. The daughter of the receiver-general of finances in Champagne, whilst young she married comte Claude de Beauharnais, uncle of Alexandre de Beauharnais and of François de Beauharnais, she was godmother to Hortense de Beauharnais, Alexandre's daughter by Marie Josèphe Rose de Tascher de la Pagerie, better known to history as Josephine. She wrote poetry from her childhood onwards and, after separating from her husband, devoted herself to literature, become friends with literary figures such as Claude Joseph Dorat and Michel de Cubières-Palmézeaux, her salon became a choice social venue, she became a member of the Académie des Arcades.

In 1787 she wrote and put on a five-act prose comedy entitled la Fausse inconstance, though it was not a success. In 1790 she was received into the Académie de Lyon, her detractors attributed her work to other friends of hers. The marquise de Créquy, in his Souvenirs, adjudged that Lebrun had rudely and unjustly applied to her an old epigram of Pavillon about Charlotte-Rose de Caumont La Force: Mélanges de poésies fugitives et de prose sans conséquence Lettres de Stéphanie, historical novel l’Abailard supposé, novel l’Île de la Félicité, philosophical poem le Voyage de Zizi et d’Azor, poem in 5 books. Gustave Vapereau, Dictionnaire universel des littératures, Hachette, 1876, p. 217. Works by or about Fanny de Beauharnais at Internet Archive


MagniX is an electric motor manufacturer for electric aircraft, wholly owned by Singapore investor Clermont Group. Headquarters are in Redmond, together with an engineering center; the company was founded in 2009 in Australia to do research on the various technologies for electric motors. In 2017 it developed a motor that became their prototype and led to pivoting the company to focus on Electric Aviaiton and move its headquarters to Redmond, Washington; the Magni5, its original prototype electric motor, was developed in 2017. In June 2018, MagniX publicly stated plans to fly an electric Cessna 208 Caravan with a 540 kW motor for up to an hour, by August 2019. By the company's Magni5 electric motor could produce 265–300 kW peak at 2,500 rpm at 95% efficiency with a 53 kg dry mass motor, having a 5 kW/kg power density; the Magni5 competes with the 260 kW, 50 kg Siemens SP260D for the Extra 330LE. By September 2018, a 350 hp electric motor with a propeller had been tested on a Cessna iron bird; the 750 hp Caravan was expected to fly by the fall of 2019 and by 2022 MagniX estimates electric aircraft could fly up to 500 and 1,000 mi by 2024.

The motor ran on a test dynamometer for 1,000 hours. The iron bird is a Caravan forward fuselage used as a test bed, with the usual PT6 turboprop engine replaced by an electric motor, inverter and a liquid-cooling system, including radiators, driving a Cessna 206 propeller; the production motor will produce 280 kW at 1,900 rpm, down from the test motor's 2,500 rpm, allowing the installation of the propeller without a reduction gearbox. By April 2019, the Magni250 375 hp was offered for the Eviation Alice as a second power option after Siemens 260kW motors, as MagniX had accumulated over 1,500 hours of ground tests in Redmond and Australia. By MagniX partnered with Harbour Air to electrify its entire fleet: the first converted aircraft was to be a DHC-2 Beaver serving as the test prototype for the magniX motor, energy storage, control systems. On December 10, 2019, the eBeaver flew for the first time. Low energy density but proven lithium-ion batteries filled the cabin and took the prototype to its maximum gross weight to provide enough energy for a 15 min flight with a 25 min reserve.

In 2019 magniX developed the magni250 - a 280kW / 375HP motor, the magni500 - a 560kW / 750 HP motor, the magniDrive - a 170 kW dual use inverter and motor control system. Magni250: 375 hp motor turning at 1,900rpm offered for the Eviation Alice. Magni500: 751 hp motor used on the de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver seaplanes of Canadian Harbour Air, for 30 min flights. MagniDrive 170 kW power electronics used to run the magni250 and magni500. Siemens SP260D Related lists List of aircraft engines Official website

Kerredge Theatre

The Kerredge Theatre was a theatre located in the 1st block of East Quincy Street in Hancock, next to the Scott Hotel. It was built by William and Ray Kerredge and completed by Fall 1902; the theatre could accommodate 1250 patrons. The theatre was fronted by a circular balcony; the Kerredge Theatre was built in response to the construction two years earlier of The Calumet Theatre in Calumet, Michigan. At some point, the Kerredge was converted into a movie theater; the building caught fire around 2am and burned to the ground in the early morning of May 29, 1959. The efforts of fire crews prevented direct fire damage to the neighboring Scott Hotel, but it suffered an estimated $100,000 of smoke and water damage. No injuries occurred. Image of the Kerredge Theatre, Michigan Tech Archives Remains of the theatre after it burned down, Michigan Tech Archives

David A. Prior

David A. Prior was an American director, producer and co-founder of the Action International Pictures. Prior started his career with the horror film Sledgehammer, the action film Killzone, both of them with his brother Ted in lead roles. Shortly after he went into a partnership with veteran producer David Winters, started directing film many of them with his brother as the star, some of these cult classics includes Deadly Prey and Mankillers. Prior continued working with Winters producing until the mid 1990s; some these efforts include the David Carradine futuristic action vehicle' Future Zone and its sequel, Raw Nerve, starring Glenn Ford, Jan-Michael Vincent, Sandahl Bergman and Traci Lords, Night Trap Gold Award winner at the WorldFest Houston for best Fantasy/Horror), starring Robert Davi, Michael Ironside, Lesley-Anne Down, Margaret Avery, John Amos, Lydie Denier, Mike Starr, Raw Justice, starring Pamela Anderson, David Keith, Robert Hays, Stacy Keach, many more films with an important cast.

From 2000 on, Prior continued directing horror films. He reunited with Winters to pen his 2015 directorial effort Dancin': It's On!. He died on August 16, 2015 at the age of 59, his death was described by his brother on Facebook as "a long battle of failing health". In 1983, David A. Prior made his directorial debut Sledgehammer with his brother Ted; the film tells the story of a young boy who her lover with a sledgehammer. Ten years after the murder and the child's mysterious disappearance, a group of teens stay in the house for a weekend when they are terrorized by the ghost of the little boy. In 1985, he made action film Killzone. Around this time Prior met by veteran producer, director David Winters and with him the founded Action International Pictures known as AIP. In 1987, AIP released three of his directorial efforts; the first was Killer Workout, where the story revolves around a Los Angeles fitness club owner, whose twin sister was burned in a tanning salon two years ago. A detective begins to investigate the gym, after several of its members are brutally murdered by an unknown attacker.

Second was, Deadly Prey tells the story of a former soldier, kidnapped for participation in a human safari. Third was Mankillers, about an all-female combat squad to Colombia to stop a renegade agent who has hired himself out to a drug cartel and white slaver; the agent's recruits consists of prison convicts - murderesses, bank robbers, etc. These women are guaranteed clean slates on their records if the mission is pulled off; the made for VHS film gained a second audience two decades as cult film that found its way on the internet. In 1988, he directed an American Vietnam War film; the film is about three U. S. Army soldiers, Sgt. Holt and Adams, survive a Viet Cong ambush and rescue two undercover American agents, named Hawkins and Jensen, whom are seeking out a mysterious Intelligence agent, known only as'the General' who has classified documents detailing an illegal arms deal between a corrupt general; that year he directed Night Wars and Death Chase. In 1989, he directed Rapid Fire about a former government agent, is forced to come out of retirement by his former superior officer.

That year he directed Future Force a science-fiction film starring David Carradine, where he plays a bounty hunter, must protect a woman reporter from a gang of renegade cops. His third film that year was Hell on the Battleground. In 1990, he directed six films White Fury, Invasion Force, The Lost Platoon, Lock'n' Load, Invasion Force, Future Zone, The Final Sanction, he wrote the screenplays for Born Killer and Deadly Dancer. In 1991, he produced Dark Rider, starring Joe Estevez, The Last Ride; the year he wrote and directed Raw Nerve, starring Glenn Ford, Jan-Michael Vincent, Sandahl Bergman and Traci Lords. In 1992, he wrote and directed the film Center of the Web, starring Robert Davi, Tony Curtis, Charlene Tilton, Charles Napier, he produced Armed for Action and Blood on the Badge, both starring Joe Estevez. In 1993, he directed Double Threat, with Sally Kirkland, Andrew Stevens, Richard Lynch, Sherrie Rose, Anthony Franciosa, Chick Vennera, the horror-thriller film Night Trap, starring Robert Davi, Michael Ironside, Lesley-Anne Down, Margaret Avery, John Amos, Lydie Denier, Mike Starr.

In 1994, he directed the thriller Raw Justice, starring Pamela Anderson, David Keith, Robert Hays, Stacy Keach. In 1995, he wrote Codename: Silencer, co-starring Steven Bauer, Brigitte Nielsen, Sonny Chiba, Brigitte Nielsen, Jan-Michael Vincent; that year he directed Felony and Mutant Species. In 1997, he produced The P. A. C. K.. In 1999, he directed Hostile Environment with Brigitte Nielsen, Matthias Hues, Darren Shahlavi. From 2000 to 2006, Prior was on an hiatus for unknown reasons, he partnered up with an investor and continued directing this started with the release of Lost at War in 2007. In 2008, he directed Zombie Wars; the film is about a zombie apocalypse, humanity is enslaved by zombies. Bred in captivity for food, these humans receive no training. Bands of free humans work to turn the tide against the zombies, he wrote the screenplay of The One Warrior in 2011. In 2012, he made the horror film Night Claws, the film tells the tale of a killer Bigfoot who terrorizes a small town; the cast co