A tailor is a person who makes, repairs, or alters clothing professionally suits and men's clothing. Although the term dates to the thirteenth century, tailor took on its modern sense in the late eighteenth century, now refers to makers of men's and women's suits, coats and similar garments of wool, linen, or silk; the term refers to a set of specific hand and machine sewing and pressing techniques that are unique to the construction of traditional jackets. Retailers of tailored suits take their services internationally, traveling to various cities, allowing the client to be measured locally. Traditional tailoring is called "bespoke tailoring" in the United Kingdom, where the heart of the trade is London's Savile Row tailoring, "custom tailoring" in the United States and Hong Kong; this is unlike made to measure pre-existing patterns. A bespoke garment or suit is original and unique to each customer. Famous fictional tailors include the tailor in The Tailor of Gloucester, The Emperor's New Clothes and The Valiant Little Tailor.
A more recent example is John le Carré. As the tailoring profession has evolved, so too have the methods of tailoring. There are a number of distinctive business models. While some may practice many, there are others who will practice only two. Local tailoring is; the tailor is met locally and the garment produced locally. This method enables the tailor to take professional measurements, assess posture and body shape to make unique modifications to the garment. Local tailors will have a showroom or shopfront allowing clients to choose fabrics from samples or return the garment should it require further modification; this is the most traditional form of tailoring. Hong Kong Tailors and London are the most famous for high quality bespoke tailoring, in average it takes about 2 to 3 fittings and about 50 to 70 working hours to handmake one suit. Distance tailoring involves ordering a garment from an out-of-town tailor enabling cheaper labour to be used. In practice this can now be done on a global scale via e-commerce websites.
Unlike local tailoring, customers must take their own measurements, fabric selection must be made from a photo and if further alterations are required the garment must be shipped. Today, the most common platform for distance tailoring is via online tailors. Online tailors sometimes offer to pay for needed alterations at a local tailor. Another new option is the concept where a free test suit is made to the provided measurements and shipped to the customer first; the test suit can be worn to see where any adjustments are wanted. The final suit is tailored to the new specifications provided by the test suit fitting. Unlike tailors who do distance tailoring, traveling tailors provide a more personal service to their customers and give the customers an opportunity to see the fabric samples and meet the tailor in person. Traveling tailors travel between cities and station in a local luxury hotel for a short period of time to meet and provide the same tailoring services they would provide in their local store.
In the hotel, the customer will be able to select the fabric from samples and the tailor will take the measurements himself. The order will be shipped to the customer within 3–4 weeks time. Unlike local tailoring, if further alterations are required the garment must be shipped. Today, most traveling tailors are from Hong Kong, traveling to the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Japan. A tailor-made is a man's suit consisting of pants; as an adjective, tailor-made refers to clothing made by or in the style of clothes made by a tailor, characterized by simplicity of cut and trim and fine finishing. Rodeo tailor is a term for a creator of the flamboyant costumes typical of country and western musicians, characterized by extensive hand embroidery, an abundance of rhinestones, cowboy details such as pearl snaps and arrowhead pockets. In some documents, tailor means adjust, tailoring means adjusting. Sewing professional is the most general term for those who make their living by sewing, writing about sewing, or retailing sewing supplies.
They may work out of their home, a studio, or retail shop, may work part-time or full-time. They may be any or all or the following sub-specialties: A custom clothier makes custom garments one at a time, to order, to meet an individual customer's needs and preferences. A custom dressmaker specializes in women's custom apparel, including day dresses, evening or bridal wear, sportswear, or lingerie. A tailor makes custom menswear-style trousers. A cutter cuts out, from lengths of the panels that make up a suit. In bespoke tailoring, the cutter may measure the client, advise them on style choices, commission craftsmen to sew the suit. An alterations specialist, or alterationist adjusts the fit of completed garments ready-to-wear, or restyles them. Note that while all tailors can do alterations, not all alterationists can do tailoring. Designers conceive combinations of line, proportion and texture for intended garments, they may or may not have sewing or patternmaking skills, may only sketch or conceptualize garments.
They work with people who know how to construct the garment. Patternmakers flat draft the shapes and sizes of the numerous pieces of a garment by hand, using paper and measuring tools or by computer using AutoCAD based software, or by draping muslin onto a dress
Clothing is a collective term for items worn on the body. Clothing can be made of animal skin, or other thin sheets of materials put together; the wearing of clothing is restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depend on body type and geographic considerations; some clothing can be gender-specific. Physically, clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements and can enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking, it protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions, they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing provides protection from ultraviolet radiation. Wearing clothes is a social norm, being deprived of clothing in front of others may be embarrassing, or not wearing clothes in public such that genitals, breasts or buttocks are visible could be seen as indecent exposure.
There is no easy way to determine when clothing was first developed, but some information has been inferred by studying lice which estimates the introduction of clothing at 42,000–72,000 years ago. The most obvious function of clothing is to improve the comfort of the wearer, by protecting the wearer from the elements. In hot climates, clothing provides protection from sunburn or wind damage, while in cold climates its thermal insulation properties are more important. Shelter reduces the functional need for clothing. For example, hats and other outer layers are removed when entering a warm home if one is living or sleeping there. Clothing has seasonal and regional aspects, so that thinner materials and fewer layers of clothing are worn in warmer regions and seasons than in colder ones. Clothing performs a range of social and cultural functions, such as individual and gender differentiation, social status. In many societies, norms about clothing reflect standards of modesty, religion and social status.
Clothing may function as a form of adornment and an expression of personal taste or style. Clothing can be and has in the past been made from a wide variety of materials. Materials have ranged from leather and furs to woven materials, to elaborate and exotic natural and synthetic fabrics. Not all body coverings are regarded as clothing. Articles carried rather than worn, worn on a single part of the body and removed, worn purely for adornment, or those that serve a function other than protection, are considered accessories rather than clothing, except for shoes. Clothing protects against many things. Clothes protect people from the elements, including rain, snow and other weather, as well as from the sun. However, clothing, too sheer, small, etc. offers less protection. Appropriate clothes can reduce risk during activities such as work or sport; some clothing protects from specific hazards, such as insects, noxious chemicals, weather and contact with abrasive substances. Conversely, clothing may protect the environment from the clothing wearer: for instance doctors wear medical scrubs.
Humans have been ingenious in devising clothing solutions to environmental or other hazards: such as space suits, air conditioned clothing, diving suits, bee-keeper gear, motorcycle leathers, high-visibility clothing, other pieces of protective clothing. Meanwhile, the distinction between clothing and protective equipment is not always clear-cut, since clothes designed to be fashionable have protective value and clothes designed for function consider fashion in their design; the choice of clothes has social implications. They cover parts of the body that social norms require to be covered, act as a form of adornment, serve other social purposes. Someone who lacks the means to procure reasonable clothing due to poverty or affordability, or lack of inclination, is sometimes said to be scruffy, ragged, or shabby. Serious books on clothing and its functions appear from the 19th century as imperialists dealt with new environments such as India and the tropics; some scientific research into the multiple functions of clothing in the first half of the 20th century, with publications such as J.
C. Flügel's Psychology of Clothes in 1930, Newburgh's seminal Physiology of Heat Regulation and The Science of Clothing in 1949. By 1968, the field of environmental physiology had advanced and expanded but the science of clothing in relation to environmental physiology had changed little. There has since been considerable research, the knowledge base has grown but the main concepts remain unchanged, indeed Newburgh's book is still cited by contemporary authors, including those attempting to develop thermoregulatory models of clothing development. In most cultures, gender differentiation of clothing is considered appropriate; the differences are in styles and fabrics. In Western societies, skirts and high-heeled shoes are seen as women's clothing, while neckties are seen as men's clothing. Trousers were once seen as male clothing, but can nowadays be worn by both genders. Male clothes are more practical, but a wider range of clothing styles are available for females. Males are allowed to bare their chests in a greater variety of public places.
Moores the Suit People, Inc. operating as Moores Clothing for Men, is a Canadian company specializing in business clothing and formalwear for men, similar to Tip Top Tailors or Classys. It is an affiliate of Men's Wearhouse from the USA; the company was founded by Martin Prosserman and David Moore, who as a minority shareholder was bought out in 1982. In 1980, they opened the first location in Mississauga in the Greater Toronto Area. Moores is owned by the Moores Retail Group, which owns GoldenBrand clothing in Montreal, Quebec. In 1999, the Moores Retail Group was acquired by Men's Wearhouse. Today, Moores employs over 1200 people, its current headquarters are in Toronto. The stores sell a wide variety of office wear, ties, tuxedo rentals and many more articles for workers or special occasions; the company's ad slogan is: "Well made, Well Priced, Well Dressed". In September 2008, Men's Wearhouse selected the New York advertising agency DeVito/Verdi to handle its national advertising and marketing communications account.
The assignment called for the agency to provide full service marketing support and to develop strategic planning, public relations, market planning, P-O-S programs. In addition to the Men's Wearhouse brand, DeVito/Verdi handled marketing for the company's other retail brands: K&G, MW Tux, Moores Clothing For Men, as well as new projects in development. Moores website
Tailored Brands, Inc. is a U. S.-based, retail holding company for various men's apparel stores, including the Men's Wearhouse and Joseph A. Bank brands; the company is headquartered in Houston, with additional corporate offices in Fremont, California. It is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol, TLRD. Tailored Brands, Inc. was created in January 2016 when Men's Wearhouse transitioned to a holding company model and changed its symbol from MW to TLRD. Founded in 1973, by George Zimmer as a retail men's clothing store, the business had grown to 100 stores when it held an IPO in 1992 raising $13M. Zimmer turned Men's Wearhouse into an industry consolidator, acquiring numerous competitors throughout his tenure leading the firm. Today, as Tailored Brands, the company operates Men's Wearhouse, Men's Wearhouse & Tux, K&G Superstores, Moores Clothing for Men, Twin Hill Corporate clothing, Jos A. Bank. In 1997, it purchased liquidated, the bankrupt Kuppenheimer chain. Men's Wearhouse notably ran television and radio commercials featuring Zimmer, the oft-repeated slogan, "You're going to like the way you look.
According to Business Week, Men's Wearhouse targets the common man, with "the neatly displayed clothes in Zimmer's stores designed to cater to the unpretentious guy who wants to do as little as possible to maintain his wardrobe."On November 17, 2006, Men's Wearhouse acquired After Hours Formalwear, a clothier specializing in black tie formalwear, from Federated Department Stores, the parent company of department store company Macy's. After Hours Formalwear was rebranded MW Tux, but has now been rolled up under the Men's Wearhouse brand; the formalwear group within Men's Wearhouse specializes in tuxedo rentals for men and boys for black tie events. In 2009, Men's Wearhouse became a major sponsor of the United Football League and continued to sponsor the league in 2010. In that same year, the company acquired the trade and assets of Alexandra plc, in administration and Dimensions Corporatewear to develop its presence in Europe. In 2013, the company acquired the Joseph Abboud brand to its lineup.
On June 19, 2013, the company dismissed founder and Executive Chairman George Zimmer for undisclosed reasons. The company stated that Zimmer was dismissed due to "difficulty accepting the fact that Men's Wearhouse is a public company with an independent board of directors and that he has not been the chief executive officer for two years, he advocated for significant changes that would enable him to regain control." In October 2013, Men’s Wearhouse received a $2.4 billion acquisition offer from smaller rival Jos. A. Bank. Men’s Wearhouse countered with an offer of its own, which sparked a five-month takeover battle between the two menswear retailers. After Jos. A. Bank rejected the initial counteroffer, Men’s Wearhouse announced that it would increase its all-cash bid if Jos. A. Bank revealed limited financial information and entered into negotiations. In an attempt to dilute shares and become too large for Men’s Wearhouse to purchase, Jos. A. Bank agreed to acquire the men’s outdoor clothing company Eddie Bauer for $825 million.
Men’s Wearhouse responded by filing a lawsuit to block the proposed acquisition, expedited by Delaware Judge J. Travis Laster.” The lawsuit required Jos. A. Bank to disclose documents relating to the deal and prevented it from closing the deal without giving Men’s Wearhouse 10 days' notice. On November 12, 2013, Ricky Sandler, CEO of Eminence Capital LLC, published a letter he sent to Men's Wearhouse CEO Douglas Ewert discussing a merger with Joseph A. Bank Clothiers Inc. On November 15, 2013, Joseph A. Bank Clothiers Inc. withdrew "its all-cash proposal to purchase Men's Wearhouse for $48 a share after its self-imposed November 14 deadline". In March 2014, Men’s Wearhouse reached an agreement to acquire Jos. A. Bank for $1.8 billion, on the condition that it dropped its acquisition bid for Eddie Bauer. A Federal Trade Commission investigation into the deal concluded in April 2014, concluding that the merger was "not to harm consumers".
DeVito/Verdi is an American-based advertising and public relations company, headquartered in New York City, formed in 1993 by partners Sal DeVito and Ellis Verdi when founding partner and Creative Director, John Follis, left Follis/DeVito/Verdi to start his new agency, Follis Inc.. The full service agency serves clients across the United States in cities such as Denver, Miami, Grand Rapids, St. Louis, San Francisco and Washington, D. C. In 1988 the agency was opened as Follis & Verdi by Ellis Verdi and John Follis and creative director. In 1991, Sal DeVito joins the firm as a second partner and creative director and the name becomes Follis/DeVito/Verdi. In July 1993, Follis left the firm citing philosophical differences, opened his own New York agency, now known as Follis Advertising. In 1993, the firm is renamed DeVito/Verdi. In 1997 the agency receives notoriety when the Mayor of New York Rudy Giuliani orders the removal of advertisements mentioning the mayor from the city busses. In, 1998, the company has won an award as best small creative agency for the fourth straight year.
In 2000, the firm produced television commercials and other advertising for the United States Senate election in New York for Hillary Clinton. By the year 2001, the firm's annual billings reached an estimated $134 million and this would grow to over $220 million in 2006. In 2006, the New York City Office of Emergency Management contracted DeVito/Verdi to create advertisements to make city residents more aware of potential emergencies like floods and powerloss; the agency formed a public relations division during the year. In 2007, after a six-month review, the Sports Authority selected DeVito/Verdi to handle online, print and radio advertising for the sports retailer. In 2011, DeVito/Verdi won more awards than any other agency with a total of 13 awards at the Racie Award Show with a swwep in the radio and magazine categories. DeVito/Verdi opened their West Coast office in San Diego in 2011; the agency develops plans involving all agency disciplines. In 1993, Follis/DeVito/Verdi won nine ADDY Awards making it the second most awarded agency in New York.
In 2010, DeVito/Verdi won the "Best of the Best Among All Ads" at the National Retail Federation award show. The Ehrlich Pest Control radio spot, competed against television and marketing communications from major retailers. In 2003 and 2006, the agency has won the grand prize at the Radio Mercury Awards for their radio ad for the National Thoroughbred Racing Association, it has won the top award at both the Cannes and Clio awards ceremonies; the ad agency was recognized by the 2006 International ANDY Awards, the Healthcare Advertising Awards and The Outdoor Advertising Association of America competitions for its work for Mount Sinai Hospital. DeVito/Verdi's campaign for Mount Sinai took home the highest honors at the 23rd Annual Healthcare Advertising Awards in June 2009; the campaign was awarded top prize in the Large Hospitals Group for three different categories: Magazine and Radio. The agency was a two-time winner at the prestigious ANDY Awards for its out-of-home advertising, for its entire print campaign to promote the hospital's services and stellar qualifications.
DeVito/Verdi has been named "Best Agency" six times over the last 12 years by the American Association of Advertising Agencies. In July 2015, DeVito/Verdi won a silver Telly advertising award for a 30-second television spot lampooning greedy and uncaring bankers for the New England Federal Credit Union. In December 2015, the agency was awarded a single Gold Ingot at the Midas Awards for the world's best financial advertising; the award for was for the agencies work with the New England Federal Credit Union. In October 2016, Devito/Verdi won a total of 11 Hatch Awards for the print and television campaigns for the furniture retailer Bernie & Phyl's; the firm took home the top prize in the category for the best "Television Campaigns Under $50,000," and tied for the best in the "Regional TV Campaign" category, along with four silver, one bronze, six merit awards. In September 2017, two of DeVito/Verdi's radio ads for the National Thoroughbred Racing Association won "Hall of Fame" awards at the 2017 Clio Awards show.
The Hall of Fame selections are for "outstanding work from the past that has stood the test of time and cemented a place of honor and respect in the hearts and memories of consumers and advertising professionals alike". Daffy's -'DeVito/Verdi created a series of ads that told New Yorkers they'd be crazy to pay too much for clothes. One ad showed a picture of a straitjacket: "If you're paying over $100 for a dress shirt," the headline read, "may we suggest a jacket to go with it?" New York Magazine - DeVito/Verdi's campaign for New York Magazine billed it as "Possibly the only good thing in New York Rudy hasn't taken credit for." New York Resident Magazine - "In an age when ever-greater value is placed on the science of advertising, Devito/Verdi has remained committed to smart slogans and crisp concepts. With fiendishly clever phrases evocative images and a high-impact sensibility, Devito/Verdi keeps to classic standards retains a classic comic sensibility in what has otherwise become a more uniformed world of glitzy show-and-tell."
Time Out Magazine - One of DeVito/Verdi's advertisement for Time Out Magazine read "Our magazine is a lot like the average New Yorker, I'll tell you where you can go and what you can do with yourself. Legal Sea Foods - During the 2016 United States presidential election, the east coast restaurant chain, Legal Sea Foods ran a campaign with their CEO Roger Berkowitz running a faux presidential bid. In one short television spot, the restaurant's CEO supports LGBT rights, by noting "that's why we serve rainbow trout". In another spot, Berkowitz declares, "If we
David's Bridal is a clothier in the United States that specializes in wedding dresses, prom gowns, other formal wear. It is the largest American bridal-store chain. David's Bridal operates more than 300 stores in 45 states, the United Kingdom, Puerto Rico, it was acquired by May Department Stores in 2000, which was, in turn, bought by Federated Department Stores in 2005. On November 17, 2006, David's Bridal was purchased by Leonard Green & Partners, on the same day that Federated divested itself of After Hours Formalwear. On October 11, 2012, Dubilier & Rice announced the completion of its acquisition of David’s Bridal, Inc. Beginning in 1945, David Reisberg decided that, instead of making wedding gowns for his personal pleasure, he should sell them to others for a profit. In 1950, David's Bridal first started out as a small bridal boutique in Florida; the soon-to-be well-known bridal chain all started as a brainchild of David Reisberg, hence the name David’s Bridal. In 1972, Floridian Phillip Youtie purchased the salon with optimistic ideas.
Between that time and 1988, Youtie grew his investment from a single store to 18 boutiques. Many of these boutiques were leased bridal stores that were in department stores under the David’s Bridal name. Steven Erlbaum, a late childhood friend of Youtie joined forces with Youtie to help bring David’s Bridal to all 50 states. Erlbaum, having preexisting experience from creating the Philadelphia-based store chain Mr. Good Buys, was able to give knowledge to Youtie. Erlbaum and Youtie incorporated the company, structuring it for the national market. A warehouse was built in Florida -- near Fort Lauderdale; the corporate headquarters are in Pennsylvania. Stores at this time stocked only sample gowns in a standard size. Youtie and Erlbaum changed the store model in the late 1980s with this warehouse off Interstate 95 where they stocked designer gowns, discontinued dress and manufacturer over runs at below retail prices; this chain of bridal stores was like none of its kind. David’s Bridal was all about making a no-frills shopping environment for those who need an expensive wedding dress for a fraction of the price.
Stores were not comfortable, but more plain and warehouse-like. Although there was little to no comfort in the stores, brides-to-be could expect a bargain. Years as the business grew larger and larger, small stores were starting to go out of business while more David’s Bridal stores were being put into business. Between 1994 and 1995, 12 stores were added to the bridal corporation. In 1999, DABR went public with over $104 million in assets and selling 8 million shares. In 2000, the May Department Stores Company bought David’s Bridal from Youtie and Erlbaum for $436 million. By this time, David’s Bridal was the largest retailer of bridal gowns and wedding related merchandise. On November 17, 2006, David's Bridal was purchased by Leonard Partners. David’s Bridal is now the only nationwide competitor of bridal stores. One in four American brides are dressed by David’s Bridal. David's Bridal agreed to be acquired by the private-equity firm Clayton, Dubilier & Rice in 2012 for a price around $900 million.
On October 11, 2012, Dubilier & Rice announced the completion of its acquisition of David’s Bridal, Inc. in a deal that valued the company at $1.05 billion. In August 2016, David's announced the former president and CEO of the Gap Inc. Paul Pressler as Chief Executive officer. On November 19, 2018, David's filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Official website