Trepassey, is a small fishing community located in Trepassey Bay on the south eastern corner of the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador. It was in Trepassey Harbour where the flight of the Friendship took off, with Amelia Earhart on board, the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. Trepassey originates from the French word trépassés, named after Baie des Trépassés on the Brittany coast of France, it is believed that it acquired this name due to the many shipwrecks that have occurred off its coast. Trepassey is the name of the bay and the community; the translation was used as'Dead Man's Bay' due to the tragic shipwrecks along the coast. Alternatively, the'tre' element of the name could come from the Welsh word for'town', explained by the Welsh influence of the Vaughan family. French explorer Jacques Cartier passed through Trepassey Bay during his second voyage of exploration in 1536. French and Portuguese lived and fished near the area. Early English settlement attempts failed, it was not until the latter part of the 17th century that the French settled the area.
In 1702, during The War of The Spanish Succession, Commodore John Leake of the Royal Navy entered the harbour as part of a large naval expedition aimed at raiding numerous French settlements. Leake captured many French fishing ships and attacked French fishing stations, destroying them and driving the French from Trepassey; until the Treaty of Utretch was signed, Trepassey was the sole settlement where English and French borders in Newfoundland met. Fishermen from the West Country of England arrived, to be followed by large numbers of Irish and by the 1770s the Irish formed the majority of the population. In the decades following the Second Word War, the fishing industry boomed in Trepassey, the town became affluent and successful. However, the community's golden age came to an end in 1991 with the closing of the local fish plant, putting hundreds out of work, forcing many families to move to other areas in search of employment; the fish plant's closure inflicted a bitter economic wound on the town from which it has still not recovered.
Salmon and trout fishing in the bay, nearby lakes and rivers. Caribou and other wildlife are sighted near town along the road. Trepassey features a museum with artifacts from Amelia Earhart's flight. Cape Race lighthouse is nearby. Capelin fish beach themselves yearly in mid-July, a good time to spot whales feeding on the capelin. One can collect capelin on the beach at this time. 1504, Trepassey first appears on European maps as a supply depot. It becomes known to early Portuguese explorers as "Rio das Rosas" or "River of Roses". Trepassey, from the reign of Henry VIII and onward, becomes a port for English fishing fleets on the Grand Banks to resupply before returning across the Atlantic. 1500s, several stone foundations were laid for small dwellings where Spanish and Portuguese fishermen dried their catches. 1536, On the return to France from his second voyage of exploration to the New World, Jacques Cartier sails across Trepassey Bay. 1600s, Trepassey marks the area where the Welsh areas of influence in Newfoundland meet.
1617, first attempt to settle Trepassey by Sir William Vaughan, who established a small plantation on the large island separating the harbour from the bay. Vaughn supposedly wrote his famous publication The Golden Fleece from his manor in Trepassey. 1618, Vaughan and his colonists return to England and Wales, after brutal weather conditions force the abandonment of the settlement. 1619, After Vaughan's return to England, Sir Richard Whitbourne unsuccessfully attempts to revive settlement plans for Trepassey. 1620s-50s, The French become the first to settle the area, calling it "La Baie des Trépassés" or "Bay of Souls" because of the quick deaths of many colonists due to starvation and the cold winter months. Over time, the word "Trépassés", due to its phonetic nature, became Anglicized into "Trepassey". Samuel de Champlain wrote of how the useful the settlement was for drying fish. 1620s, Buccaneer Sam Westover, angry at not being able to intercept Spanish Treasure Ships, is said to have entered and sacked the harbour and murdering its population.
It is said that he was stuck in the harbour for over a week due to unfavorable winds. When he saw his chance to escape from the harbour during a storm, the rough seas outside the Reach drove his ship onto the rocks, sinking it. 1652, The English, after settling the area at an unknown time, live side by side with the French. 1667, after mounting tension, the French lay siege to the English in Trepassey. The English, expected such an attack, evacuate the settlement. 1660s, the French are besieged by the English and order is restored in Trepassey. 1675, the French occupy one part of the Trepassey harbour and the English the other side. 1670s, the Periman or Perriman brothers from North Devon, arrive in Trepassey and operate a successful fishing plantation. 1681, the French after taking control of the harbour for the second time, prohibit the Basques from fishing in or near Trepassey. 1702, by order of King William III, Commodore John Leake heads for Trepassey as part a series of English raids along Newfoundland's coast.
He sails including the Man-of-War, HMS Exeter. Leake had learned of several French fishing ships in Trepassey from the English colonists in Bay Bulls. Leake captures not only the French ships but destroys multiple French fishing stages driving the French from Trepassey once and for all. 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht gives complete control of Newfoundland to England, now known a
Nice is the seventh most populous urban area in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département. The metropolitan area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits, with a population of about 1 million on an area of 721 km2. Located in the French Riviera, on the south east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, at the foot of the Alps, Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region after Marseille. Nice is 13 kilometres from the principality of Monaco and 30 kilometres from the French-Italian border. Nice's airport serves as a gateway to the region; the city is nicknamed Nice la Belle, which means Nice the Beautiful, the title of the unofficial anthem of Nice, written by Menica Rondelly in 1912. The area of today's Nice contains Terra Amata, an archaeological site which displays evidence of a early use of fire. Around 350 BC, Greeks of Marseille founded a permanent settlement and called it Nikaia, after Nike, the goddess of victory.
Through the ages, the town has changed hands many times. Its strategic location and port contributed to its maritime strength. For centuries it was a dominion of Savoy, was part of France between 1792 and 1815, when it was returned to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia until its re-annexation by France in 1860; the natural environment of the Nice area and its mild Mediterranean climate came to the attention of the English upper classes in the second half of the 18th century, when an increasing number of aristocratic families took to spending their winters there. The city's main seaside promenade, the Promenade des Anglais owes its name to visitors to the resort; the clear air and soft light have appealed to notable painters, such as Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse, Niki de Saint Phalle and Arman. Their work is commemorated in many of the city's museums, including Musée Marc Chagall, Musée Matisse and Musée des Beaux-Arts. Nice has the second largest hotel capacity in the country and it is one of its most visited cities, receiving 4 million tourists every year.
It has the third busiest airport in France, after the two main Parisian ones. It is the historical capital city of the County of Nice; the first known hominid settlements in the Nice area date back about 400,000 years. Nice was founded around 350 BC by the Greeks Phoceans of Massalia, was given the name of Nikaia in honour of a victory over the neighbouring Ligurians; the city soon became one of the busiest trading ports on the Ligurian coast. The ruins of Cemenelum are in Cimiez, now a district of Nice. In the 7th century, Nice joined. In 729 the city repulsed the Saracens. During the Middle Ages, Nice participated in the wars and history of Italy; as an ally of Pisa it was the enemy of Genoa, both the King of France and the Holy Roman Emperor endeavoured to subjugate it. During the 13th and 14th centuries the city fell more than once into the hands of the Counts of Provence, but it regained its independence though related to Genoa; the medieval city walls surrounded the Old Town. The landward side was protected by the River Paillon, covered over and is now the tram route towards the Acropolis.
The east side of the town was protected by fortifications on Castle Hill. Another river flowed into the port on the east side of Castle Hill. Engravings suggest that the port area was defended by walls. Under Monoprix in Place de Garibaldi are excavated remains of a well-defended city gate on the main road from Turin. In 1388 the commune placed itself under the protection of the Counts of Savoy. Nice participated – directly or indirectly – in the history of Savoy until 1860; the maritime strength of Nice now increased until it was able to cope with the Barbary pirates. In 1561 Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy abolished the use of Latin as an administrative language and established the Italian language as the official language of government affairs in Nice. During the struggle between Francis I and Charles V great damage was caused by the passage of the armies invading Provence. In 1538, in the nearby town of Villeneuve-Loubet, through the mediation of Pope Paul III, the two monarchs concluded a ten years' truce.
In 1543, Nice was attacked by the united Franco-Ottoman forces of Francis I and Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha, in the Siege of Nice. Pestilence appeared again in 1550 and 1580. In 1600, Nice was taken by the Duke of Guise. By opening the ports of the county to all nations, proclaiming full freedom of trade, the commerce of the city was given great stimulu
Oliver Colin LeBoutillier
Captain Oliver Colin LeBoutillier was a World War I aviator who witnessed the death of Manfred von Richthofen. He was a vigorous proponent of Captain Roy Brown as the victor over Richthofen. Post World War I, he became a stunt pilot for movies, a skywriter, an aviation instructor whose most famous student was Amelia Earhart, he became a civil aviation inspector. He was born on 24 May 1894 to an English father and Canadian mother in New Jersey, he trained at the Wright Brothers Flying School in New York. He crossed into Canada and joined the Royal Naval Air Service on 21 August 1916. By April 1917, he had joined the No. 9 Squadron Royal Naval Air Service as a sub-lieutenant to pilot a Sopwith Triplane. Between 25 May and 29 July 1917, he scored four victories by driving enemy planes down out of control. On 1 April 1918, the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps were combined into the Royal Air Force and 9 Naval became No. 209 Squadron RAF. During a squadron dogfight on 21 April 1918 in the Somme River valley, LeBoutillier, Robert Foster, Merrill Samuel Taylor shot down an Albatros two-seater and sparked a running dogfight during which Captain Roy Brown claimed to have downed Manfred von Richthofen.
LeBoutillier claimed to have witnessed Brown's tracer bullets penetrating Richthofen's cockpit. After its crash, LeBoutillier flew over the triplane of von Richthofen, he finished the war with ten aerial victories. He had over 600 hours flying time in his log book by the end of the war. Upon his return to the United States, LeBoutillier became a skywriter, an official of the Skywriting Corporation of America, he became a barnstormer and piloted aircraft for eighteen movies, including: Hell's Angels and Wings. As a flight instructor, he gave Amelia Earhart her first lesson in a twin-engined aircraft, he became a Civil Aviation Authority inspector in charge of Wyoming. He died on 12 May 1983 in Nevada. List of World War I flying aces from the United States Wilmer Stultz American Aces of World War 1 Harry Dempsey. Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84176-375-6, ISBN 978-1-84176-375-0
Harbour Grace is a town in Conception Bay on the Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. With roots dating back to the 16th century, it is one of the oldest towns in North America, it is located about 45 km northwest of the provincial capital, St. John's; the town has a population of 3,074, engaged in fishing and fish processing. The alternative spelling Harbor Grace was current at one time. Harbour Grace was founded in 1517 by the French king Francis I, it was an important port and fishing centre from the earliest days of European exploration of North America and was a thriving seasonal fishing community by 1550, with permanent settlement beginning in 1583. The first year-round settler that year was Robert Tossey of England; the town was named after Havre de Grâce, although it is uncertain whether the name was given by French cartographers, Francis I of France, or early settlers from the British Channel Islands and West Country who were familiar with Le Havre as a common trade destination for fishermen from the Channel Islands.
In 1610, pirate Peter Easton made Harbour Grace his headquarters, established a fort overlooking the bay. Although it was attacked by the French the following year, the early settlement survived throughout the 17th century, with a permanent, year-round population numbering a few dozen, swelling to several hundred during the fishing season. In 1618, Bristol's Society of Merchant Venturers received a charter from King James I of England to establish a settlement near Harbour Grace, "Bristol's Hope", appointed Robert Hayman as its first Proprietary Governor, a post he held for the next ten years. Back in London at the end of this period in 1628. Hayman published a work of pithy epigrams called Quodlibets which he had written in Harbour Grace—it was the first book written in the new world; the Conception Bay area is referred to in the subtitle of his book not as "Conception Bay" but by its original, though now forgotten, name of "New Britanolia". Over the coming years, control of Harbour Grace became a point of contention between the English and the French.
The town, with a population numbering about 100, was razed by the French in 1697, again in 1700, captured in 1762. Between these attacks, the population grew by 50%. By 1771, the population was close to 5,800. By however, other colonial towns along the Atlantic coast had surpassed Harbour Grace in population and influence; the town continued to grow and peaked in population in 1921, when the census was taken at 11,458 residents. As trans-Atlantic aviation became more popular in the 1920s and 1930s, many aviation pioneers, among them Amelia Earhart and Thor Solberg chose to make their crossing from the nearby Harbour Grace airfield due to its proximity to continental Europe. Altogether, some twenty flights left Harbour Grace from 1927–36 in their attempts to cross the Atlantic. In July 1941, the Royal Canadian Navy established a High Frequency Direction Finding wireless station on the airfield. Consisting of an Operations Building and a Direction Finding shack, the station had an uninterrupted sweep of the northern Atlantic sector and was able to provide bearings on U-boat transmissions and to intercept enemy radio traffic.
Harbour Grace was one of the first sites that the Royal Canadian Navy was responsible for after war broke out. On May 21, 1945, the Canadian Naval Service approved closing down and disposing of its facility at Harbour Grace. There is no evidence of the station today. Following WWII, the airstrip was left to deteriorate. In 1977, through the efforts of the Harbour Grace Historical Society, it was restored to a usable condition. In 1999, after years of being considered abandoned, the airstrip was reinstated to official international airdrome status under the designator of CHG2. Today, Harbour Grace continues its tradition as fish processing centre. In addition, because of its rich history and many historical buildings, including the 1870 customs house, now the Conception Bay Museum, a small tourist industry is emerging; the Gordon G. Pike Railway Heritage Museum and Park was designated a Municipal Heritage Building in 2006; the first English account of the capture of St. John's by the French came from Harbour Grace Island in 1708.
Laurence Coughlan, credited as the founder of Methodism in Newfoundland, laid the foundations of Newfoundland's first Methodist movement when he served as an Anglican priest in Harbour Grace from 1766–73. The Harbour Grace Court House, constructed in 1830, is the oldest surviving public building in the province and a National Historic Site of Canada. St. Paul's Anglican Church in Harbour Grace was built in 1835, making it the oldest stone church in Newfoundland and Labrador; the Harbour Grace Regatta, held annually since 1862, is the second-oldest continuing sporting event in North America. Built around 1867, the Masonic building of Lodge Harbour Grace No. 476 A. F. & A. M. S. C. is the oldest wooden Masonic meeting house in Canada. The first railway line in Newfoundland was completed to Harbour Grace in 1884; the first flight by a Canadian from North America to England embarked October 9, 1930, in the plane Maple Leaf, piloted by Capt. J. Erroll Boyd and was navigated by the American, Lieut. Harry Connor.
This flight was notable for transporting mail bearing a surcharged stamp as a commemorative overprint. The aviators borrowed a Webley & Scott flare pistol to carry during the flight from Edward Langdon Oke, a former Sergeant with the Royal Newfoundland Regiment in WW1; the aviators had the
George Palmer Putnam
George Palmer Putnam was an important American book publisher. Putnam was born in Maine. On moving to New York City, Putnam was given his first job by Jonathan Leavitt, who subsequently published Putnam's first book. In 1838, George Palmer Putnam and John Wiley established the publishing house of Wiley & Putnam in New York City. In 1841, Putnam went to London, UK where he set up a branch office, the first American to do so. In 1848 he returned to New York where he dissolved the partnership with John Wiley and established G. Putnam Broadway, publishing a variety of works including quality illustrated books. In 1852, with the assistance of George William Curtis and other partners, he founded Putnam's Magazine, it operated until 1856, resumed in 1868, merged with Scribner's Monthly. His company was the official publisher to the 1853 New York World's Fair. George Putnam published the books of many classic American authors including his close friend Washington Irving, William Cullen Bryant, James Fenimore Cooper, Edgar Allan Poe.
He served as secretary for the Publishers' Association for many years and was an advocate of the creation of International Copyright Law. During the American Civil War, he participated in the Loyal Publication Society of New York, suspended his business for three years to become the United States government's Collector of Internal Revenue in New York City. An important member of the New York artistic community, Putnam was the leading publisher of art books in his time and became one of the founders of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and served as honorary superintendent in 1872, he was chairman of the Committee on Art at the Vienna Universal Exposition. He is believed to have been the first publisher to offer "royalties" to authors like Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Thomas Carlyle. George Putnam married Victorine Haven, their daughter, Mary Corinna Putnam was a pioneering female doctor, the first woman admitted to the Faculté de Médecine de Paris. One of their sons, Herbert Putnam, became a noted librarian who served as the United States Librarian of Congress.
Their youngest daughter Ruth Putnam became a noted author. On Putnam's death in 1872 his sons George and John inherited the business and the firm's name was changed to G. P. Putnam's Sons. George Putnam published his father's memoirs in 1912 and in 2000, his life's story was told again under the title George Palmer Putnam — Representative American Publisher by Ezra Greenspan, Associate Professor of English at the University of South Carolina. George Palmer Putnam's grandson and namesake, George P. Putnam, was part of the family business but was an author and explorer whose first wife was Dorothy Binney, the daughter of Edwin Binney who founded Crayola, his granddaughter Brenda Putnam was author. Chronology, or an Introduction and Index to Universal History and Useful Knowledge A Plea for International Copyright The Tourists in Europe American Book Circular with Notes and Statistics American Facts and Statistics Relative to the Government of the United States The World's Progress — a Dictionary of Dates Ten Years of the World's Progress, a supplement to his 1850 work "Putnam, George Palmer".
Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921. Fiske, John. "Putnam, Israel". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. George Palmer Putnam at Library of Congress Authorities, with 39 catalog records
Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 505,526 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Its urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.8 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live including the Portuguese Riviera, it is the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the River Tagus; the westernmost areas of its metro area form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, known as Cabo da Roca, located in the Sintra Mountains. Lisbon is recognised as an alpha-level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group because of its importance in finance, media, arts, international trade and tourism. Lisbon is the only Portuguese city besides Porto to be recognised as a global city, it is one of the major economic centres on the continent, with a growing financial sector and one of the largest container ports on Europe's Atlantic coast.
Additionally, Humberto Delgado Airport served 26.7 million passengers in 2017, being the busiest airport in Portugal, the 3rd busiest in the Iberian Peninsula and the 20th busiest in Europe, the motorway network and the high-speed rail system of Alfa Pendular links the main cities of Portugal to Lisbon. The city is the 9th-most-visited city in Southern Europe, after Rome, Barcelona, Venice, Madrid and Athens, with 3,320,300 tourists in 2017; the Lisbon region contributes with a higher GDP PPP per capita than any other region in Portugal. Its GDP amounts to thus $32,434 per capita; the city occupies the 40th place of highest gross earnings in the world. Most of the headquarters of multinational corporations in Portugal are located in the Lisbon area, it is the political centre of the country, as its seat of Government and residence of the Head of State. Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world, one of the oldest in Western Europe, predating other modern European capitals such as London and Rome by centuries.
Julius Caesar made it. Ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century, it was captured by the Moors in the 8th century. In 1147, the Crusaders under Afonso Henriques reconquered the city and since it has been a major political and cultural centre of Portugal. Unlike most capital cities, Lisbon's status as the capital of Portugal has never been granted or confirmed – by statute or in written form, its position as the capital has formed through constitutional convention, making its position as de facto capital a part of the Constitution of Portugal. One claim repeated in non-academic literature is that the name of Lisbon can be traced back to Phoenician times, referring to a Phoenician term Alis-Ubo, meaning "safe harbour". Roman authors of the first century AD referred to popular legends that the city of Lisbon was founded by the mythical hero Odysseus on his journey home from Troy. Although modern archaeological excavations show a Phoenician presence at this location since 1200 BC, neither of these folk etymologies has any historical credibility.
Lisbon's origin may in fact derive from Proto-Celtic or Celtic Olisippo, Lissoppo, or a similar name which other visiting peoples like the Ancient Phoenicians and Romans adapted accordingly. The name of the settlement may be derived from the pre-Roman appellation for the Tagus River, Lisso or Lucio. Lisbon's name was written Ulyssippo in Latin by a native of Hispania, it was referred to as "Olisippo" by Pliny the Elder and by the Greeks as Olissipo or Olissipona. Lisbon's name is abbreviated to'LX' or'Lx', originating in an antiquated spelling of Lisbon as ‘’Lixbõa’’. While the old spelling has since been dropped from usage and goes against modern language standards, the abbreviation is still used. During the Neolithic period, the region was inhabited by Pre-Celtic tribes, who built religious and funerary monuments, megaliths and menhirs, which still survive in areas on the periphery of Lisbon; the Indo-European Celts invaded in the 1st millennium BC, mixing with the Pre-Indo-European population, thus giving rise to Celtic-speaking local tribes such as the Cempsi.
Although the first fortifications on Lisbon's Castelo hill are known to be no older than the 2nd century BC, recent archaeological finds have shown that Iron Age people occupied the site from the 8th to 6th centuries BC. This indigenous settlement maintained commercial relations with the Phoenicians, which would account for the recent findings of Phoenician pottery and other material objects. Archaeological excavations made near the Castle of São Jorge and Lisbon Cathedral indicate a Phoenician presence at this location since 1200 BC, it can be stated with confidence that a Phoenician trading post stood on a site now the centre of the present city, on the southern slope of the Castle hill; the sheltered harbour in the Tagus River estuary was an ideal spot for an Iberian settlement and would have provided a secure harbour for unloading and provisioning Phoenician ships. The Tagus settlement was an important centre of commercial trade with the inland tribes, providing an outlet for the valuable metals and salted-fish they collected, for the sale of the Lusitanian horses renowned in antiquity.
Harry Richman was an American entertainer. He was a singer, dancer, pianist, songwriter and night club performer, at his most popular in the 1920s and 1930s. Richman was born in Ohio to Russian Jewish parents Henry and Katie Reichman. Harry's father died, he married three times. Yvonne Epstein, in 1918, he married Hazel Forbes, show girl and Ziegfeld Girl, in Palm Springs, California. He and Forbes shared a sumptuous home in Long Island. By 1942 Forbes was divorced from Richman, he married Yvonne Day in 1943. All three marriages ended in divorce, he was a close and personal friend of Bob Hope, letting Bob out of the musical when Say When was set to close. Richman retired in the 1940s, although he made irregular appearances, including on television, into the 1950s. Having spent most of his fortune lavishly, his final years were impoverished, he suffered from a long string of illness over several years before his death. Harry Richman died in California, he started playing piano in a Cincinnati saloon at age 10.
At 18, he changed his name to "Harry Richman", by which time he was a professional entertainer in vaudeville. In his peak years, Harry Richman had been one of the highest‐paid performers in show business, he claimed to be making $25,000 a week in 1931 He owned a popular night club - a Speakeasy, "Club Richman", located next to Carnegie Hall. The room was large, it was designed to look like a patio with fake windows that opened out to scenes painted in the windows. The roof was painted with stars to reflect the spotlight on the performers, it was a popular location till it burned down in 1929. Known for his nasal baritone, he started out and worked as a piano accompanist to such stars as Mae West and Nora Bayes. With Bayes' act he made his Broadway debut in 1922, he appeared in several editions of the George White's Scandals in the 1920s to acclaim. Becoming a name, he appeared in "Scandals" as Master of Ceremonies in 1926, he appeared in the 1931 Ziegfeld Follies. He made his feature movie debut in Hollywood in 1930 with the film Puttin' on the Ritz, featuring the Irving Berlin song of the same title, which gave Richman a phonograph record hit that year.
His film career was short lived due to his somewhat overpowering personality, his limited acting skills. This made little difference to his career as he remained a popular nightclub host and stage performer. Leonard Maltin is quoted as having written of Puttin' on the Ritz: "A songwriter drinks and goes blind – after seeing this you'll want to do the same". In fact the actual quote is "Famed nightclub entertainer Richman made his film debut in this primitive early talkie about vaudevillian who can't handle success and turns to drink. You may do the same after watching Richman's performance – though he does introduce the title song by Irving Berlin." In 1940, he sang "God Bless American" for the National Democratic Convention - Chicago Illinois. He made regular radio broadcasts in the 1930s, he enjoyed sailing however, his yacht Chevalier II exploded in July 1931. Richman was an amateur aviator of some accomplishment, being the co-pilot in 1936, with famed flyer Henry Tindall "Dick" Merrill, of the first round-trip transatlantic flight in his own single-engine Vultee transport.
Richman had filled much of the empty space of the aircraft with ping pong balls as a flotation aid in case they were forced down in the Atlantic. They were forced to land in Wales in 38 minutes. After returning from the flight he sold autographed ones until his death, they continue to turn up on eBay to this day. The only Vultee V1A like Richman's is in the Shannon Air Museum in Va.. His autobiography A Hell of a Life was published in 1966. Oderman, Talking to the Piano Player 2. BearManor Media, 2009. ISBN 1-59393-320-7. Richman, Harry, A Hell of a Life, New York, 1966 Harry Richman on IMDb Harry Richman at Find a Grave