SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Zorokiv

Zorokiv is a village in the Cherniakhiv region of Zhytomyr Oblast in west-central Ukraine 16 km. from the provincial capital of Zhytomir. One of the oldest settlements in the region, it is known for the St. Basil the Great Church, built in 1772; the current population of Zorokiv is 310. Zorokiv was the birthplace of Ukrainian writer and journalist Julian Movchan and ancestral home of his family. In ancient times, the area near Zorokiv was inhabited by the forest-dwelling east Slavic tribe Drevlyans and was subsequently, in the 10th century, incorporated into Kievan Rus. Agricultural settlements are mentioned as early as the 11th century. Zorokiv's name is rooted in the word "Zro", meaning to "look", referred to viewing the thick forest that once surrounded the village, it was built near the small creek named the Zorka. St. Basil the Great Cathedral was built in 1772 with funds gathered from the parishioners themselves; the belltower was added in 1869. The Church served as the village's cultural center.

Zorokiv had a village school from at least 1870. Its first teacher was father Ilian Panteleimonovich Kulchytsky. Soviet rule came to Zorokiv for the first time in 1918; the village Soviet was established in 1921. In August 1941 Zorokiv was occupied by German forces, many of its villagers were active in the partisan movement. One of them, Sophia Macymivna Movchan, was awarded the Order of the Red Star for her service. Overall, 118 of Zorokiv's inhabitants died in the fight against Nazi Germany. History of Cherniakhiv Region. Published by the Cherniakhiv Regional Council, Ukraine

Hachimanyama Kofun (Nagoya)

The Hachimanyama Kofun is an archaeological site containing a large Kofun period [ located in what is now part of Shōwa Ward in the city of Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture. Dating from the mid-fifth century, it is the largest circular kofun in the Tōkai region of Japan; the site was designated as a National Historic Site by the Japanese government in 1931. The Hachimanyama Kofun is a large circular mound, with a diameter of 82 meters and height of 10 meters, was once surrounded by a 10-meter wide moat; the name "Hachimanyama" came from a Shinto shrine, the Hachiman Jinja, once located on its summit. The kofun is the largest and only survivor of a group of tumuli, it was incorporated into Tsurumai Park in 1919. During World War II, the site was seized by the Imperial Japanese Army, the summit was flattened for use as the location of an anti-aircraft battery. After the war, the mound was remodeled by the city of Nagoya, trees were replanted. Per pre-war records, numerous haniwa had been recovered from the site, but these were lost in the war and their present whereabouts is unknown.

The kofun is located about 8 minutes on foot from JR Chuo Main Line Tsurumai Station. List of Historic Sites of Japan Nagoya Showa-ku Area Guiide Aichi Tourist Information Guide