Scotland, PA is a 2001 film directed and written by William Morrissette. It is a modernized version of William Shakespeare's Macbeth; the film stars James LeGros, Maura Tierney, Christopher Walken. Shakespeare's tragedy set in Dunsinane Castle in 11th century Scotland, is reworked into a dark comedy set in 1975, centered on "Duncan's Cafe", a fast-food restaurant in the small town of Scotland, Pennsylvania; the choice of Pennsylvania is arbitrary, though it coincides with two real towns, one southwest of Harrisburg on the outskirts of Chambersburg called Scotland and one just south of Erie, called Edinboro after Scotland's Edinburgh. The film was shot in Nova Scotia; the title is a reference to The Scottish Play. In 1975, Duncan's, a fast-food restaurant owned by Norm Duncan in the tiny hamlet of Scotland, hosts a variety of workers. Joe “Mac” McBeth is passed over for a promotion to manager by Douglas McKenna, embezzling the restaurant's money. Three stoned hippies, one a fortune teller, inform Mac that they see a bank drive-thru style restaurant in his future as management.
Mac and Pat McBeth play informants on McKenna, Duncan recognizes the value of Mac's efforts on behalf of the restaurant. Duncan shares with the McBeths his plans to turn his failing burger joint into a drive-through, Mac realizes how profitable the drive-through could be, after which he is hit in the head with a refrigerator door and passes out briefly. Pat decides to murder Duncan in a staged robbery. Mac and Pat attack Duncan to acquire the combination to the restaurant's safe, Mac assaults Duncan, but is distracted by a vision of the three hippies, allowing Duncan to fall head first into a deep fryer that splatters and burns Pat's hand. Investigator McDuff arrests a local homeless man, to whom Pat has given Duncan's jewelry, the restaurant is willed to Duncan's eldest son, Malcolm. Malcolm sells the restaurant to the McBeths who realize Mac's ideas, the restaurant's business takes off. Investigator McDuff returns to Scotland, where the homeless man is cleared, the McBeths focus their attention on Malcolm.
Banko, Mac's friend, questions. Mac grows withdrawn and paranoid and on a hunting trip contemplates killing off Banko, but a vision of the three hippies dressed as deer distracts him. Pat becomes obsessed with her burn injury and accuses people of staring at her repulsive-looking hand, though no scar is visible. Mac kills Banko with the homeless man's gun, the body is discovered while new celebrity Mac gives a press conference. Mac calls on an hallucination of Banko to ask a question at the press conference and loses his sanity as the town watches on TV, he returns to the woods to look for the hippies while Pat becomes deluded into thinking her hand is falling off. Mac completely loses his sanity and talking on the phone when no one is on the other end. In one conversation, the hippies suggest he kill McDuff's family. Mac grabs the sheriff's gun and orders the officer to call McDuff to the restaurant, where he shoots McDuff, but the gun proves to be empty, they wrestle for the inspector's gun on the roof of the restaurant and both fall off.
Mac is impaled on the horns of his car. Pat self-medicates with alcohol, but cuts her hand off and bleeds to death. McDuff takes over the restaurant. James Le Gros as Joe'Mac' McBeth Maura Tierney as Pat McBeth Christopher Walken as Lieutenant McDuff Kevin Corrigan as Anthony'Banko' Banconi James Rebhorn as Norm Duncan Tom Guiry as Malcolm Duncan Amy Smart as Stacy Timothy Levitch as Hector Andy Dick as Jesse The character of Macbeth is presented as "Joe'Mac' McBeth", Lady Macbeth as "Pat McBeth", Duncan as cafe owner "Norm Duncan", Macduff as "Lieutenant Ernie McDuff", Banquo as fry cook "Anthony'Banko' Banconi"; the Three Witches are presented as a trio of bohemians. The man walking his dog in front of the diner at the start of the film is the director, Billy Morrissette; the press kit for the movie was printed in the form of a CliffsNotes booklet, written by Professor David Linton of Marymount Manhattan College, what Morrissette was reading when he was studying Shakespeare. The soundtrack is made up of Bad Company songs because, in Morrissette's words, "the band's catalogue was inexpensive".
The film was nominated for the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival in 2001. Scotland, PA on IMDb
Macbeth is a tragedy by William Shakespeare. It dramatises the damaging physical and psychological effects of political ambition on those who seek power for its own sake. Of all the plays that Shakespeare wrote during the reign of James I, patron of Shakespeare's acting company, Macbeth most reflects the playwright's relationship with his sovereign, it was first published in the Folio of 1623 from a prompt book, is Shakespeare's shortest tragedy. A brave Scottish general named Macbeth receives a prophecy from a trio of witches that one day he will become King of Scotland. Consumed by ambition and spurred to action by his wife, Macbeth murders King Duncan and takes the Scottish throne for himself, he is wracked with guilt and paranoia. Forced to commit more and more murders to protect himself from enmity and suspicion, he soon becomes a tyrannical ruler; the bloodbath and consequent civil war swiftly take Macbeth and Lady Macbeth into the realms of madness and death. Shakespeare's source for the story is the account of King of Scotland.
The events of the tragedy are associated with the execution of Henry Garnet for complicity in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. In the backstage world of theatre, some believe that the play is cursed, will not mention its title aloud, referring to it instead as "The Scottish Play". Over the course of many centuries, the play has attracted some of the most renowned actors to the roles of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, it has been adapted to film, opera, novels and other media. The play opens amid thunder and lightning, the Three Witches decide that their next meeting will be with Macbeth. In the following scene, a wounded sergeant reports to King Duncan of Scotland that his generals Macbeth, the Thane of Glamis, Banquo have just defeated the allied forces of Norway and Ireland, who were led by the traitorous Macdonwald, the Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth, the King's kinsman, is praised for his fighting prowess. In the following scene and Banquo discuss the weather and their victory; as they wander onto a heath, the Three Witches greet them with prophecies.
Though Banquo challenges them first, they address Macbeth, hailing him as "Thane of Glamis," "Thane of Cawdor," and that he will "be King hereafter." Macbeth appears to be stunned to silence. When Banquo asks of his own fortunes, the witches respond paradoxically, saying that he will be less than Macbeth, yet happier, less successful, yet more, he will father a line of kings, though he himself will not be one. While the two men wonder at these pronouncements, the witches vanish, another thane, Ross and informs Macbeth of his newly bestowed title: Thane of Cawdor; the first prophecy is thus fulfilled, Macbeth sceptical begins to harbour ambitions of becoming king. King Duncan welcomes and praises Macbeth and Banquo, declares that he will spend the night at Macbeth's castle at Inverness. Macbeth sends a message ahead to Lady Macbeth, telling her about the witches' prophecies. Lady Macbeth suffers none of her husband's uncertainty and wishes him to murder Duncan in order to obtain kingship; when Macbeth arrives at Inverness, she overrides all of her husband's objections by challenging his manhood and persuades him to kill the king that night.
He and Lady Macbeth plan to get Duncan's two chamberlains. They will be defenceless. While Duncan is asleep, Macbeth stabs him, despite his doubts and a number of supernatural portents, including a hallucination of a bloody dagger, he is so shaken. In accordance with her plan, she frames Duncan's sleeping servants for the murder by placing bloody daggers on them. Early the next morning, Lennox, a Scottish nobleman, Macduff, the loyal Thane of Fife, arrive. A porter opens the gate and Macbeth leads them to the king's chamber, where Macduff discovers Duncan's body. Macbeth murders the guards to prevent them from professing their innocence, but claims he did so in a fit of anger over their misdeeds. Duncan's sons Malcolm and Donalbain flee to England and Ireland fearing that whoever killed Duncan desires their demise as well; the rightful heirs' flight makes them suspects and Macbeth assumes the throne as the new King of Scotland as a kinsman of the dead king. Banquo reveals this to the audience, while sceptical of the new King Macbeth, he remembers the witches' prophecy about how his own descendants would inherit the throne.
Despite his success, Macbeth aware of this part of the prophecy, remains uneasy. Macbeth invites Banquo to a royal banquet, where he discovers that Banquo and his young son, will be riding out that night. Fearing Banquo's suspicions, Macbeth arranges to have him murdered, by hiring two men to kill them sending a Third Murderer; the assassins succeed in killing Banquo. Macbeth becomes furious: he fears that his power remains insecure as long as an heir of Banquo remains alive. At a banquet, Macbeth invites Lady Macbeth to a night of drinking and merriment. Banquo's ghost sits in Macbeth's place. Macbeth raves fearfully, as the ghost is only visible to him; the others panic at the sight of Macbeth ragi
Men of Respect
Men of Respect is a 1990 crime drama film, an adaptation of William Shakespeare's play Macbeth. It stars John Turturro as Mike Battaglia, a Mafia hitman who climbs his way to the top by killing his boss; the film stars Rod Steiger, Stanley Tucci, Dennis Farina and Peter Boyle and is directed by William C. Reilly, it is not the first attempt to transplant MacBeth to the American mob culture. Mike Battaglia, a powerful lieutenant in the D’Amico crime family, executes a large-scale hit on the family's enemies, earning a promotion to caporegime and the undying respect of his boss, Don Charlie D'Amico. Despite the Don's generosity, Battaglia secretly resents D'Amico for passing him over as his successor. At the instigation of Ruthie, his wife, Battaglia murders D'Amico and has his sons shipped off to Florida, clearing the way for him to assume control of the D'Amico family, he becomes an underworld despot, deciding to kill anyone he suspects as a threat to his power, including former ally Bankie Como and his unconnected son, who survives an assassination attempt.
At his coronation as boss, a drunken Battaglia alienates two more of the mob's powerful soldiers. Afraid that Battaglia's reign will spell the end of the D'Amico family, several of Battaglia's underlings desert him and ally themselves with D'Amico's eldest son, Mal. Battaglia puts a hit out on his chief rival, Matt Duffy, but the assassins cannot find him, instead murdering his wife and son. Ruthie commits suicide out of guilt. Determined to get revenge for the death of his family, Duffy comes to kill Battaglia, who arrogantly proclaims that "no man of woman born" can harm him. Duffy responds that he was delivered via caesarian section, therefore was not technically born of a woman. Disposing of Battaglia, he clears the way for Mal to assume control of the family. Men of Respect on IMDb Men of Respect at Rotten Tomatoes
Marmayogi is a 1951 Indian Tamil-language swashbuckler film directed by K. Ramnoth and produced by M. Somasundaram under his Jupiter Studios banner. A film adaptation of the novel Vengeance by Marie Corelli and William Shakespeare's play Macbeth, the film was shot in Hindi as Ek Tha Raja; the film features Serukalathur Sama playing the title role. Development of the film began after the success of Rajakumari, Ramachandran approached writer A. S. A. Sami to write a script which revolves around him. Samy wrote a script inspired by Vengeance by Marie Corelli, Shakespeare's theatrical play Macbeth, Robin Hood. S. M. Subbaiah Naidu and C. R. Subbaraman composed all the songs in the soundtrack album. Masthan and Subbarao handled the film's cinematography; the film was edited by M. A. Thirumugam; the film was released on 2 February 1951. It established Ramachandran's image as a star, it was the first Tamil film to receive an "A" certificate from the Central Board of Film Certification. Urvasi, is the young mistress of a king.
With the help of her own lover, she usurps his powers. Urvasi appoints herself as the new queen regnant, the kingdom experiences a reign of terror; the palace where the two princes of the kingdom live is burnt. The queen kills all potential opponents, including her lover. A sage comes to the kingdom with his son and a girl, joins the queen as her adviser. Years roll by; the sage's son Veerangan is appointed Army Commander. At the same time, in the countryside, Karikalan functions as de facto leader of the people, helps them in various ways and fights the queen's misrule; when he becomes a big threat to the queen, she orders his capture. Veerangan sends Kala, the girl raised by the sage as a spy, to Karikalan, but she falls in love with him. Karikalan gets periodic instructions from the Goddess on what needs to be done and he follows the same; the queen gets scared by a ghost which appears and warns her of the impending punishment she deserves for her misdeeds. Kala and Karikalan's followers are captured by the army.
Karikalan leads their rescue mission. In prison, he gets instructions from the goddess to capture the queen also, he captures the queen and brings her to his hideout. When the ghost appears there, she confesses her crime of killing the king; when she is about to be executed, Veerangan's army captures everyone. Veerangan finds out that the sage is his father, he has been giving information to Karikalan secretly. Hence he gets arrested for being a traitor; the queen returns to her throne and orders the execution of the sage and others. When Karikalan is about to be killed, the sage reveals the truth about the king and informs Veerangan that Karikalan is his elder brother; when Veerangan demands to know where the king is, the sage removes his disguise. To the surprise of everyone, he reveals that he is narrates what happened. Though the queen and her lover attempted to kill him, he escaped under the water using his yogic skills, taking his sons and the army commander's daughter Kala with him, he returned to his kingdom in the disguise of a sage with his younger son Veeranganan and Kala and left Karikalan in the forest.
Shocked to see the dead king return, the queen dies. The king announce that his children Veerangan are now the rulers. Serukalathur Sama as The King or Mysterious Sage M. G. Ramachandran as Karikalan, A first Son of the King and The elder brother of Veerangan and de facto leader of the People. S. V. Sahasranamam as Veerangan, Royal Army Commander, he is the younger son of the king S. A. Natarajan as Baisatchi M. N. Nambiar Anjali Devi as Queen Urvasi, She is young mistress of the King and misrules of the kingdom Javar Seetharaman as Ex – Army Commander/Kala's Father Madhuri Devi as Kala Pandari Bai M. S. S. Bhagyam After the success of Rajakumari, Ramachandran approached writer A. S. A. Sami to write a script which would revolve around him. Samy wrote a script inspired by Vengeance by Marie Corelli, Shakespeare's theatrical play Macbeth and Robin Hood. Makers considered naming the film Karikalan but changed it to Marmayogi to avoid it being confused with a historical film. P. Bhanumathi was signed for the role of Urvasi, but she was replaced by Anjali Devi.
Serukulathur Sama, Sahasranamam and S. A. Natarajan were selected to portray supporting roles. M. N. Nambiar portrayed a positive character of Ramachandran's assistant. Masthan and Subbarao handled the film's cinematography; the film was edited by M. A. Thirumugam. Ramachandran's sword fight sequence with Sahasranamam was shot outdoors with Ramachandran practising for the scene for 3 to 4 days and refused to use a body double. Director Ramnath changed the climax from the original screenplay. After the film was completed, many felt that ending was not convincing and Ramnath reshot the climax, accepted by audience; the film's plot was inspired by Vengeance by Shakespeare's play Macbeth. The film drew inspiration from the Russian film Ivan The Terrible and the scene where Karikalan enters the courtroom was inspired by the film Adventures of Robin Hood; the scene where Ramachandran fights with a sword with Sahasranamam by riding a horse is inspired from The Black Arrow: A Tale of the Two Ro
A play is a form of literature written by a playwright consisting of dialogue or singing between characters, intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading. Plays are performed at a variety of levels, from Broadway, Off-Broadway, regional theater, to Community theatre, as well as university or school productions. There are rare dramatists, notably George Bernard Shaw, who have had little preference as to whether their plays were performed or read; the term "play" can refer to both the written texts of playwrights and to their complete theatrical performance. Comedies are plays. Comedies are filled with witty remarks, unusual characters, strange circumstances. Certain comedies are geared toward different age groups. Comedies were one of the two original play types of Ancient Greece, along with tragedies. An example of a comedy would be William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream, or for a more modern example the skits from Saturday Night Live. A nonsensical genre of play, farces are acted and involve humor.
An example of a farce includes William Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors, or Mark Twain's play Is He Dead?. A satire play takes a comic look at current events people while at the same time attempting to make a political or social statement, for example pointing out corruption. An example of a satire would be Nikolai Gogol's The Government Inspector and Aristophanes' Lysistrata. Satire plays are one of the most popular forms of comedy, considered to be their own genre entirely. Restoration comedy is a genre that explored relationships between men and women, was considered risqué in its time. Characters featured in restoration comedy included stereotypes of all kinds, these same stereotypes were found in most plays of this genre, so much so that most plays were similar in message and content. However, since restoration comedy dealt with unspoken aspects of relationships, it created a type of connection between audience and performance, more informal and private, it is agreed that restoration comedy has origins in Molière’s theories of comedy, but differs in intention and tone.
The inconsistency between restoration comedy’s morals and the morals of the era is something that arises during the study of this genre. This may give clues as to why, despite its original success, restoration comedy did not last long in the seventeenth century. However, in recent years, it has become a topic of interest for theatre theorists, who have been looking into theatre styles that have their own conventions of performance; these plays contain darker themes such as disaster. The protagonist of the play has a tragic flaw, a trait which leads to their downfall. Tragic plays convey all emotions and have dramatic conflicts. Tragedy was one of the two original play types of Ancient Greece; some examples of tragedies include William Shakespeare's Hamlet, John Webster's play The Duchess of Malfi. These plays focus on actual historical events, they can be tragedies or comedies, but are neither of these. History as a separate genre was popularized by William Shakespeare. Examples of historical plays include Friedrich Schiller's Demetrius and William Shakespeare's King John.
Ballad opera, a popular theatre style at the time, was the first style of musical to be performed in the American colonies. The first musical of American origin was premiered in Philadelphia in 1767, was called “The Disappointment”, this play never made it to production. Around the 1920s, theatre styles were beginning to be defined more clearly. For musical theatre, this meant that composers gained the right to create every song in the play, these new plays were held to more specific conventions, such as thirty-two-bar songs; when the Great Depression came, many people left Broadway for Hollywood, the atmosphere of Broadway musicals changed significantly. A similar situation occurred during the 1960s, when composers were scarce and musicals lacked vibrancy and entertainment value. By the 1990s, there were few original Broadway musicals, as many were recreations of movies or novels. Musical productions have songs to help move the ideas of the play along, they are accompanied by dancing. Musicals can be elaborate in settings and actor performances.
Examples of musical productions include Fiddler on the Roof. This theatre style originated in the 1940s when Antonin Artaud hypothesized about the effects of expressing through the body as opposed to “by conditioned thought.” In 1946, he wrote a preface to his works in which he explained how he came to write what and the way he did. Above all, Artaud did not trust language as a means of communication. Plays within the genre of theatre of cruelty are abstract in content. Artaud wanted his plays to accomplish something, his intention was to symbolise the subconscious through bodily performances, as he did not believe language could be effective. Artaud considered his plays to be an enactment rather than a re-enactment, which meant he believed his actors were in reality, rather than re-enacting reality, his plays dealt with heavy issues such as patients in psych wards, Nazi Germany. Through these performances, he wanted to “make the causes of suffering audible”, audiences reacted poorly, as they were so taken aback by what they saw.
Much of his work was banned in France at the time. Artaud did not believe that conventional theatre of the time would allow the audience to have a cathartic experience and help heal the wounds of World War II. For this reason, he moved towards radio-based theatre, in which the audience could use their imagination to connect the word
Macbeth (2010 film)
Macbeth is a 2010 television film based on William Shakespeare's tragedy of the same name. It was broadcast on BBC Four on 12 December 2010. In the United States, it aired on PBS' Great Performances, it was directed by Rupert Goold from his stage adaptation for the Chichester Festival Theatre in 2007. Patrick Stewart is featured with Kate Fleetwood as Lady Macbeth; the film evokes the atmosphere of the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin, with subtle parallels between Stalin and Macbeth in their brutal quests for power. The Three Witches receive an update in keeping with the 20th century aesthetics, appearing as hospital nurses, their presence is pervasive throughout the film, punctuating the horror of Macbeth's murderous reign. The film was filmed on location at Welbeck Abbey. Principal cast: Macbeth – Sir Patrick Stewart Lady Macbeth – Kate Fleetwood Banquo – Martin Turner Macduff – Michael Feast Malcolm – Scott Handy Donalbain – Ben Carpenter Duncan / Doctor – Paul Shelley Lady Macduff – Suzanne Burden Lennox – Mark Rawlings Ross – Tim Treloar Angus – Bill Nash Old Seyward / Murderer – Christopher Knott Porter – Christopher Patrick Nolan Fleance – Bertie Gilbert Director- Rupert Goold The film won a Peabody Award for 2010.
In addition, Patrick Stewart was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Television Movie or Miniseries. Macbeth on IMDb Macbeth: About the Film and Preview https://web.archive.org/web/20100719100552/http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/theatre/review-23413999-the-macbeth-of-a-lifetime.do https://web.archive.org/web/20101211161127/http://cft.org.uk/cft-productions_details.asp?pid=71 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/patrick-stewart-how-we-filmed-macbeth-in-18-days-2152271.html https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/8194438/Terrifying-Macbeth-shows-Shakespeare-works-on-the-small-screen.html http://video.pbs.org/video/1604122998