The Keystone Cops were fictional incompetent policemen, featured in silent film comedies in the early 20th century. The movies were produced by Mack Sennett for his Keystone Film Company between 1912 and 1917, the idea for the Keystone Cops came from Hank Mann, who played police chief Tehiezel in the first film before being replaced by Ford Sterling. Their first film was Hoffmeyers Legacy but their popularity stemmed from the 1913 short The Bangville Police starring Mabel Normand, as early as 1914, Sennet shifted the Keystone Cops from starring roles to background ensemble, in support of comedians like Charlie Chaplin and Fatty Arbuckle. John, and Wished on Mabel with Arbuckle and Normand, among others, comedian/actors Chester Conklin, Jimmy Finlayson, Ford Sterling and director Del Lord were Keystone Cops. In 2010, the previously lost short A Thief Catcher was rediscovered at a sale in Michigan. The short, filmed in 1914, stars Ford Sterling, Mack Swain, Edgar Kennedy, bag o Rags, the Keystone Kops unofficial theme music, was composed in 1912 by William Mac McKanless, an African-American orchestra leader and songwriter.
The original Keystone Cops numbered only seven, George Jeske, Bobby Dunn, Mack Riley, Charles Avery, Slim Summerville, Edgar Kennedy, Mack Sennett continued to use the Keystone Cops intermittently through the 1920s. By the time sound arrived, the Keystone Cops popularity had waned. This footage has been used countless times in productions purporting to use silent-era material, the Staub version of the Keystone Cops became a template for re-creations. 20th Century Foxs 1939 feature Hollywood Cavalcade had Buster Keaton in a Keystone chase scene, during his own silent film career, the nearest Keaton had appeared in a police comedy was The Goat and Cops. Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops included a lengthy chase scene, mel Brooks directed a car chase scene in the Keystone Cops style in his comedy film Silent Movie. By the 1950s surviving silent movie comedians could be pressed into service as Keystone Cops regardless of whether they appeared with the troupe authentically, in the This Is Your Life TV tribute to Mack Sennett, several Sennett alumni ran on stage dressed as Keystone Cops.
The name has since used to criticize any group for its mistakes, particularly if the mistakes happened after a great deal of energy and activity. For example, the June 2004 election campaign of the Liberal Party of Canada was compared with the Keystone Kops running around by one of its parliamentary members, Carolyn Parrish. A2012 U. S. National Transportation Safety Board report investigating Canadian energy company Enbridges handling of a July 2010 pipeline spill in the Kalamazoo River compared it to the Keystone Cops. In sport, the term has come into usage by television commentators, particularly in the United Kingdom. The rugby commentator Liam Toland uses the term to describe a teams incompetent performance on the pitch, the phrase Keystone cops defending has become a favorite catchphrase for describing a situation in an English football match where a defensive error or a series of defensive errors leads to a goal. According to Dave Filoni, supervising director of the television series Star Wars, The Clone Wars
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper and continuously published in New York City since September 18,1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 119 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper, the papers print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation, following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a newspaper of record. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition, the papers motto, All the News Thats Fit to Print, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T, some other early investors of the company were Edwin B.
Morgan and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or exactly wrong, —what is good we desire to preserve and improve, —what is evil, to exterminate. In 1852, the started a western division, The Times of California that arrived whenever a mail boat got to California. However, when local California newspapers came into prominence, the effort failed, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times in 1857. It dropped the hyphen in the city name in the 1890s, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials it published alone. At Newspaper Row, across from City Hall, Henry Raymond and editor of The New York Times, averted the rioters with Gatling guns, in 1869, Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story, in the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned gradually from editorially supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign, while this move cost The New York Times readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper eventually regained most of its lost ground within a few years. However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, the paper slowly acquired a reputation for even-handedness and accurate modern reporting, especially by the 1890s under the guidance of Ochs. Under Ochs guidance and expanding upon the Henry Raymond tradition, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, in 1910, the first air delivery of The New York Times to Philadelphia began. The New York Times first trans-Atlantic delivery by air to London occurred in 1919 by dirigible, airplane Edition was sent by plane to Chicago so it could be in the hands of Republican convention delegates by evening. In the 1940s, the extended its breadth and reach. The crossword began appearing regularly in 1942, and the section in 1946
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. Simplistically speaking, the person denominated actor or actress is someone beautiful who plays important characters, the actor performs in the flesh in the traditional medium of the theatre, or in modern mediums such as film and television. The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής, literally one who answers, the actors interpretation of their role pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs even when the actor is playing themselves, as in forms of experimental performance art, or, more commonly, to act, is to create. Formerly, in societies, only men could become actors. When used for the stage, women played the roles of prepubescent boys. The etymology is a derivation from actor with ess added. However, when referring to more than one performer, of both sexes, actor is preferred as a term for male performers. Actor is used before the name of a performer as a gender-specific term.
Within the profession, the re-adoption of the term dates to the 1950–1960s. As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper, Im an actor – I can play anything. The U. K. performers union Equity has no policy on the use of actor or actress, an Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the. subject divides the profession. In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that Actress remains the term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. However, player remains in use in the theatre, often incorporated into the name of a group or company, such as the American Players. Also, actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as players, prior to Thespis act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, and in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are commonly called Thespians, the exclusively male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama, tragedy and the satyr play.
Western theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans, as the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies, from the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder
Chester Cooper Conklin was an American comedic actor who appeared in over 280 films, about half of them in the silent film era. Conklin, one of three children, grew up in a violent household, when he was eight, his mother was found burned to death in the family garden. Although first judged a suicide, his father, a religious man who hoped his son would be a minister, was eventually charged with murder. Conklin won first prize when he gave a recitation at a community festival, a few years later, he ran away from home after vowing to a friend he would never return, a promise he kept. Heading to Des Moines he found employment as a hotel bellhop, in St. Sennett directed him in his first film, a comedy short titled Hubbys Job. In 1914, Conklin co-starred with Mabel Normand in a series of films, Mabels Strange Predicament, Mabels New Job, Mabels Busy Day, in that same year he appeared in Making a Living, in which Charlie Chaplin made his film debut. He would go on to more than a dozen films with Chaplin while at Keystone.
Years later, Conklin would perform with Chaplin in two more films, first in 1936 in Modern Times and in 1940s The Great Dictator. During this time, Chaplin kept Conklin on year-round salary, while at Keystone, Conklin became most famous when he was teamed up with the robust comic Mack Swain to make a series of comedies. Beyond these Ambrose & Walrus comedies, the two appeared together in different films. He worked at the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation studio. C, which had nothing to do with the 1914 Chaplin version aside from the title. Paramount Pictures teamed up Conklin and Fields for a series of films between 1927 and 1931. Conklin appeared in films which appealed to nostalgia for the silent era, such as Hollywood Cavalcade, in Soundies musicals, he appeared with other silent-comedy alumni as The Keystone Kops, as well as on the televised This Is Your Life tribute to Mack Sennett. Conklin was part of Preston Sturges unofficial stock company of actors in the 1940s. In 1957, he was a guest challenger on the TV panel show To Tell The Truth, conklins career hit bottom in the 1950s, and he took work as a department-store Santa Claus to make ends meet.
In the 1960s, Conklin was living at the Motion Picture Country Home and Hospital when he fell in love with another patient there, June Gunther. The two got married in Las Vegas in 1965, his marriage and her fourth, and set up housekeeping in Van Nuys, the groom was seventy-nine. Conklin made one last film after that, a Western comedy, A Big Hand for the Little Lady, Chester Conklin died in Autumn 1971 in California at the age of 85
The Idle Class
The Idle Class is a 1921 American silent film written and directed by Charlie Chaplin for First National Pictures. The Little Tramp heads to a resort for warm weather and a bit of golf, at the golf course, the Tramps theft of balls in play causes one golfer to mistakenly attack another. Meanwhile, a neglected wife leaves her husband until he gives up drinking. When the Tramp is mistaken for a pickpocket, he crashes a masquerade ball to escape from a policeman, there, he is mistaken for the womans husband. Eventually, it is all straightened out, and the Tramp is once more on his way, the Idle Class on YouTube The Idle Class at the Internet Movie Database The Idle Class at AllMovie The Idle Class is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Hollywood Walk of Fame
The Walk of Fame is administered by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce and maintained by the self-financing Hollywood Historic Trust. It is a popular tourist destination, with a reported 10 million visitors in 2003, as of 2017, the Walk of Fame comprises over 2,600 stars, spaced at 6-foot intervals. The monuments are coral-pink terrazzo five-point stars rimmed with brass inlaid into a charcoal-colored terrazzo background, in the upper portion of each star field the name of the honoree is inlaid in brass block letters. Below the inscription, in the half of the star field. Approximately 20 new stars are added to the Walk each year, special category stars recognize various contributions by corporate entities, service organizations, and special honorees, and display emblems unique to those honorees. The moons are silver and grey terrazzo circles rimmed in brass on a square pink terrazzo background, the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce credits E. M. Stuart, its volunteer president in 1953, with the original idea for creating a Walk of Fame.
Stuart reportedly proposed the Walk as a means to maintain the glory of a community whose name means glamor, Harry Sugarman, another Chamber member and president of the Hollywood Improvement Association, receives credit in an independent account. A committee was formed to flesh out the idea, and a firm was retained to develop specific proposals. By 1955 the basic concept and general design had been agreed upon, multiple accounts exist for the origin of the star concept. By another account, the stars were inspired, by Sugarmans drinks menu, which featured celebrity photos framed in gold stars. In February 1956 a prototype was unveiled featuring a caricature of an example honoree inside a star on a brown background. The committees met at the Brown Derby restaurant, and included such prominent names as Cecil B, deMille, Samuel Goldwyn, Jesse L. Lasky, Walt Disney, Hal Roach, Mack Sennett, and Walter Lantz. A requirement stipulated by the audio recording committee specified minimum sales of one million records or 250,000 albums for all music category nominees.
The committee soon realized that many important recording artists would be excluded from the Walk by that requirement, as a result, the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences was formed for the purpose of creating a separate award system for the music business. The first Grammy Awards were presented in Beverly Hills in 1959, construction of the Walk began in 1958 but two lawsuits delayed completion. The first was filed by local property owners challenging the legality of the $1.25 million tax assessment levied upon them to pay for the Walk, along with new street lighting, in October 1959 the assessment was ruled legal. The second lawsuit, filed by Charles Chaplin, Jr. sought damages for the exclusion of his father, chaplins suit was dismissed in 1960, paving the way for completion of the project. Woodwards name was one of eight drawn at random from the original 1,558, the other seven names were Olive Borden, Ronald Colman, Louise Fazenda, Preston Foster, Burt Lancaster, Edward Sedgwick, and Ernest Torrence
The initials L-KO stand for Lehrman KnockOut. By the spring of 1914, Henry Pathé Lehrman had directed several important Keystone Kops comedies including The Bangville Police and Kid Auto Races at Venice, after a relatively short time, Lehrman was fired from Sterling Comedies as well and founded L-KO as a separate unit within Universal. L-KOs first comedy star was veteran English comic Billie Ritchie, who had played the role of the drunk in Fred Karnos stage production A Night in the English Music Hall before Chaplin did. Ritchie made his debut in the first L-KO production and Surgery. Also making their first films in this venture were Gertrude Selby, a comedian who became the main female foil in L-KO comedies, louise Orth, who had appeared in some Biograph comedies and would go on to appear in many L-KOs, was aboard for the first release. Henry Bergman had made one picture with Phillips Smalley before turning up at L-KO, Lehrman proved even more frugal with budget than Sennett had been, and he favored a rough-and-tumble style of slapstick that reputedly resulted in injury.
Lehrman eventually brought on directors John G. Blystone, Harry Edwards and David Kirkland to help raise the output of L-KO. As the result of yet another time with executives at Universal—Lehrman left L-KO towards the end of 1916. After Lehrmans departure, L-KO was taken over by Julius and Abe Stern -- brothers-in-law to Universals founder Carl Laemmle --, Blystone headed L-KO for a few months but he ultimately went to Fox Sunshine as well. L-KO nonetheless kept going for some time and proved a valuable training ground for new or developing comedy talent. Director Charles Parrott, better known as Charley Chase, came onto the L-KO lot in August 1918, dapper comic Raymond Griffith made his film debut at L-KO in 1915 and comedian Eva Novak did so in 1917. Even Fatty Voss managed to direct one two-reeler, Fattys Feature Fillum, just before his death in 1917. L-KOs last release, An Oriental Romeo starring Chinese funnyman Chai Hong, was released on September 24,1919, however, it remains an extremely obscure Silent Comedy brand.
Although L-KO produced around 300 titles in its existence, little more than 10 percent of these films are known to exist today. Henry Lehrman Simon Louvish, The Life and Clowns of Mack Sennett, Faber & Faber, New York,2003. IMDB entry on L-KO Museum of MOdern Art and Unusual Comedy Blog Images Journal, Slapstick Encyclopedia Vol.4 Cincecon screening, The Sign of the Cucumber Slapsticon bio, Billie Ritchie
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
My Best Girl (1927 film)
My Best Girl is a silent romantic comedy film starring Mary Pickford and Buddy Rogers, directed by Sam Taylor, and produced by Pickford. The movie is notable for co-starring Rogers, who would be Pickfords future husband, charles Rosher received an Academy Award nomination for his cinematography of this film in 1928. The film starts out at The Merrill Department store where a very exhausted stockgirl named Maggie Johnson is given a moment to attend to the sales counter, the man is said to be Joe Grant though in reality he is the son of the owner, making him Joseph Merrill. To prove to his father he is ready for his engagement, Maggie takes Joe back to the stockroom and tells him to get to work. He is so inept that she him, The Dumbest Stockboy in the World though she promises to take him under her wing. A few days later, after her shift, Maggie is outside waiting for Joe and she appears to have a crush on him. Some of her coworkers tease her but eventually warn her that Joe is coming, causing Maggie to hop on her home from work.
Joe is swarmed with salesgirls who try for his attention causing him to not focus on Maggie, determined Maggie throws her bag on the ground as the vehicle pulls away. Joe picks it up and chases the truck down to give it to her, after three more times of this, he finally grows weary and jumps in the truck to join Maggie, who feigns innocence. The two flirt and Maggie shows him pictures of her off-kilter family, once they reach her home, she invites him in for supper only to find her family is causing a commotion. Her father is a postal worker who is meek and easily subdued. Her mother is a woman who enjoys going to random funerals. Her sister Liz is a flapper who has a boyfriend who gets her into trouble, Maggie does her best to hide the goings on but eventually caves and sends Joe on his way hoping to have dinner with him another day. Time passes and Joes mother is planning his engagement announcement party, however she has not mentioned it to him, hoping to make it a surprise. Joe has been promoted and is now Maggies boss, however, he still eats lunch with her every day in the stockroom.
During one such lunch, after receiving the note to join his parents for dinner and he is touched and puts it on. Shortly after this he accidentally catches his sleeve on a nail, trying to pull himself free, he accidentally puts his arm around Maggie, and after the mutual surprise the two kiss. Enamored with each other they head out on the town to walk in the rain, Joe begins to spend money and she tells him hell end up in the poorhouse
Caught in the Rain
Caught in the Rain is a 1914 American comedy silent film starring Charlie Chaplin. This film was the first of many movies in which Chaplin both directed and played the lead, the short film was produced by Mack Sennett for Keystone Studios with a running time of 16 minutes. The action starts in a park, where a man is trying to romance a matronly woman, the man leaves to go to a concession stall, St Rucopias, and Charlie comes along in his infamous tramp costume. He makes the woman laugh by almost soaking himself at the drinking fountain and he sits next to her on the bench. The original man returns and is angry and he grabs Charlie by the face. He argues with the woman, waving his arms around and hitting Charlie with each movement and his last swing knocks Charlie clean over the bench. They leave and return to a hotel and he leaves the park and staggers, now apparently drunk, over a wide road, almost getting hit by a car. He arrives at the hotel and after propositioning a girl outside, enters.
He checks the register to see which room the couple are in, rushing up the stairs he slips, and slides comically back to the foot on his stomach. He makes several more dangerously balanced comical attempts, hitting the gout-bound man and he approaches the hotel room, where the original couple are arguing. His key doesnt fit but the door is open and he enters, Charlie tries another room with his key and gets in. He starts to undress and goes to bed, meanwhile the man across the hall leaves his wife to go out. We are told she is a sleepwalker and she crosses the hall to sit on Charlies bed. However the rain starts and the returns to the hotel to find his room empty. Charlie, now awake meets him at his door and claims not to know where his wife is, while the man goes down to reception, Charlie takes her back to her room but gets trapped when the man returns. He ends up on the balcony in the rain, but a policeman spots him and challenges him, drawing a gun. A comic battle ensues in the hallway, the husband ends up in Charlies room and collapses drunk on the bed.
The wife comes into the hall and she and Charlie fall down drunk on the floor