Macomb County, Michigan

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Macomb County, Michigan
EdselFordHouseSide.jpg
Seal of Macomb County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Macomb County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded January 15, 1818[1][2]
Named for Alexander Macomb
Seat Mount Clemens
Largest city Warren
Area
 • Total 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Land 479 sq mi (1,241 km2)
 • Water 92 sq mi (238 km2), 16%
Population (est.)
 • (2017) 871,375
 • Density 1,819/sq mi (702/km2)
Congressional districts 9th, 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website macombgov.org

Macomb County is a county located in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Michigan and is part of metro Detroit. As of the 2010 census, the population was 840,978, making it the third-most populous county in the state.[3] Of Michigan's five largest counties, Macomb experienced the most population growth (6.7%) between 2000 and 2010. The county seat is Mt. Clemens.[4]

Macomb County is part of the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city of Detroit is located south of 8 Mile Road, the county's southern border.

Macomb County contains 27 cities, townships and villages, including three of the top ten most populous municipalities in Michigan as of the 2010 census: Warren (#3), Sterling Heights (#4) and Clinton Township (#10). Most of this population is concentrated south of Hall Road (M-59), one of the county's main thoroughfares.

History[edit]

The Ojibwe lived in the area for centuries before European contact, and were preceded by other cultures of ancient indigenous peoples.

The first European explorers were French, and they arrived in the area during the 17th century. Other early settlers were French fur trappers, who sometimes married Ojibwe women, and Jesuit missionaries. A Moravian colony was established in the county in the late 18th century. In addition to the original French and English settlers, later immigrants included Germans, Belgians, and others from Europe. In the 19th century the county received many American migrants from New York and New England, who were attracted to the area for land and booming jobs in the lumber and other resource industries.[5]

Macomb County was formally organized on January 15, 1818 as the third county in the Michigan territory. The county was named in honor of Detroit-born Alexander Macomb, Jr., a highly decorated veteran of the War of 1812 and hero of the Battle of Plattsburg. He was made Commanding General of the U.S. Army in 1828.[1][6] As was typical in development, it first encompassed a much larger area than at present. As population increased, the legislature removed territory in 1819 and 1820 to form the counties of Oakland, Lapeer, Genesee, and St. Clair.[1]

In May 2008, Macomb County voters approved the inclusion of a County Executive in a new charter to be submitted to the voters by 2010. A charter commission was elected in November 2008 for the purpose of drafting a charter for submission to Governor Granholm, which was submitted and approved and placed on the November 2009 ballot. The Charter passed with a 60.4% to 39.6% margin.[7][citation needed] Mark Hackel was voted in as Macomb's first county executive.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 571 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 479 square miles (1,240 km2) is land and 92 square miles (240 km2) (16%) is water.[9] The county's southeastern border with Canada is located across Lake St. Clair.

Lake St. Clair borders the county on the east.

Far northern parts of the county, such as Richmond and Armada, are often considered to be part of Michigan's Thumb region.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810580
182089854.8%
18302,413168.7%
18409,716302.7%
185015,53059.8%
186022,84347.1%
187027,61620.9%
188031,62714.5%
189031,8130.6%
190033,2444.5%
191032,606−1.9%
192038,10316.9%
193077,146102.5%
1940107,63839.5%
1950184,96171.8%
1960405,804119.4%
1970625,30954.1%
1980694,60011.1%
1990717,4003.3%
2000788,1499.9%
2010840,9786.7%
Est. 2017871,375[10]3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[3]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 840,978 people residing in the county. 85.4% were White, 8.6% Black or African American, 3.0% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 2.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 14.8% were of German, 14.3% Polish, 11.1% Italian, 6.5% Irish and 5.9% American ancestry.[15]

In 2000, 87.6% of county residents spoke only English at home; 1.7% spoke Italian, 1.4% Polish, 1.2% Spanish, 1.1% Arabic, and 1.1% Syriac.

Among Asian ethnic groups, six numbered over 1,000 people in Macomb County. The most numerous were the 5,713 Southeast Asian Indians, followed by Filipinos (4,155), Chinese (2,489), Koreans (1,853) Vietnamese (1,557), and Hmong (1,103).[16] Pakistanis are also represented in Macomb County's population.[17]

European and Mid-Eastern national and ethnic groups that have settled in Macomb County since the 20th century include Albanians, Arabs, Chaldeans and Macedonians.[17]

Native American tribes had over 2,478 residents in Macomb County in 2000.[18]

In 2000, there were 309,203 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.[18]

In 2000, the age distribution of the county was as follows: 24.10% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $52,102, and the median income for a family was $62,816. Males had a median income of $48,303 versus $30,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,446. About 4.00% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.[18]

According to the 2006 American Community Survey the average family size was 3.15. The population of 25 and over was 571,463. 86.9% of that population had graduated from high school, and 21% of the population had a Bachelor's degree or higher. About 14.3% of that population was disabled. 12.5% of Macomb's population could speak another language at home.[18]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Macomb County is home to more than 130 parks covering 12,000 acres (49 km2) managed by the state, regional, county, and local government. There are four major public parks in the County - Freedom Hill County Park, Macomb Orchard Trail, Lake St. Clair Metropark, and Stony Creek Metropark. The county also has 31 miles of shoreline and over 100 marinas.[19]

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 53.6% 224,665 42.1% 176,317 4.4% 18,330
2012 47.3% 191,913 51.3% 208,016 1.4% 5,586
2008 44.7% 187,663 53.3% 223,784 2.1% 8,729
2004 50.2% 202,166 48.8% 196,160 1.0% 4,084
2000 47.5% 164,265 50.0% 172,625 2.5% 8,669
1996 39.4% 120,616 49.5% 151,430 11.1% 33,982
1992 42.3% 147,795 37.4% 130,732 20.3% 70,711
1988 60.3% 175,632 38.8% 112,856 0.9% 2,627
1984 66.2% 194,300 33.3% 97,816 0.5% 1,409
1980 51.9% 154,155 40.4% 120,125 7.7% 22,839
1976 51.2% 132,499 46.9% 121,176 1.9% 4,928
1972 62.7% 147,777 34.9% 82,346 2.4% 5,670
1968 30.4% 63,139 55.2% 114,552 14.4% 29,886
1964 25.3% 44,684 74.5% 131,450 0.2% 387
1960 36.9% 61,989 62.8% 105,681 0.3% 525
1956 48.1% 58,337 51.7% 62,816 0.2% 266
1952 50.4% 37,474 49.1% 36,544 0.5% 346
1948 44.5% 21,205 53.0% 25,265 2.5% 1,190
1944 47.2% 21,305 52.1% 23,506 0.7% 324
1940 45.7% 17,848 53.8% 21,003 0.5% 203
1936 32.0% 9,383 60.1% 17,593 7.9% 2,323
1932 33.3% 8,649 63.7% 16,539 3.1% 796
1928 63.3% 12,845 36.3% 7,363 0.5% 91
1924 70.0% 11,147 20.0% 3,191 10.0% 1,595
1920 74.0% 9,735 23.0% 3,023 3.1% 403
1916 58.3% 4,552 39.8% 3,108 1.9% 144
1912 34.5% 2,508 38.9% 2,829 26.7% 1,944
1908 56.8% 4,472 39.8% 3,138 3.4% 266
1904 60.2% 4,818 37.3% 2,989 2.5% 199
1900 53.8% 4,239 44.3% 3,491 2.0% 157
1896 53.2% 4,153 43.6% 3,400 3.2% 250
1892 41.5% 2,788 53.4% 3,584 5.2% 346
1888 45.2% 3,245 51.7% 3,708 3.1% 220
1884 43.0% 2,782 53.5% 3,464 3.5% 227

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

In May 2008, Macomb County voters approved the inclusion of a County Executive in a new charter to be submitted to the voters by 2010. A charter commission was elected in November 2008 for the purpose of drafting a charter for submission to Governor Granholm, which was submitted and approved and placed on the November 2009 ballot. The Charter passed with a 60.4% to 39.6% margin.[7] The Macomb Intermediate School District serves all school districts based in the county.

Elected officials[edit]

Politics[edit]

Macomb County has shown Republican tendencies in statewide elections, while tending to favor Democratic candidates at the federal and local level.[21] The county gained fame in the 1980s and '90s as a bellwether of state and national politics. Macomb's large cohort of working-class, socially conservative whites gave it one of the nation's most prominent concentrations of "Reagan Democrats". Outsider candidates with a conservative-populist bent have done well there in the past, such as Pat Buchanan in 1992 and Donald Trump in 2016.[22][23] Macomb County voters were primarily responsible for the failure of the Regional Transit Authority proposal to create a public transit system in the Metropolitan Detroit region.[24]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Major highways[edit]

  • I-94 (Edsel Ford Freeway) runs –west through Detroit and serves Ann Arbor to the west (where it continues to Chicago) and Port Huron to the northeast. The stretch of the current I-94 freeway from Ypsilanti to Detroit was one of the first American limited-access freeways. Henry Ford built it to link his factories at Willow Run and Dearborn during World War II. It was called the Willow Run Expressway.
  • I-696 (Walter Reuther Freeway) runs east–west from the junction of I-96, I-275, and M-5 to I-94, providing a route through the northern suburbs of Detroit.
  • M-3 (Gratiot Avenue) is a major road that runs from Marysville to downtown Detroit. The portion of the road between 23 Mile Road and New Haven Road is not numbered. Between New Haven Road and Main Street in the city of Richmond the road is part of M-19. Between Richmond and Marysville the road is not numbered.
  • M-19 starts in New Haven goes up Gratiot to Richmond. The route leaves Gratiot and goes northwest through Richmond and then north through Memphis. Then it goes north through St. Clair and Sanilac Counties and ends at M-142 between Bad Axe and Harbor Beach in Huron County.
  • M-29 begins as part of 23 Mile Road, east of I-94 and ends in Marysville.
  • M-53 which is called the Christopher Columbus Freeway from 18 Mile Road in Sterling Heights to 27 ​12 Mile Road in Washington Township. It is also called the POW/MIA Memorial Freeway from 27 ​12 Mile Road in Washington Township to the freeway's end at 34 Mile Road in Bruce Township, however it is locally known as the Van Dyke Freeway. It continues as Van Dyke Road or Van Dyke Avenue north to Port Austin and south through Warren to Gratiot Avenue in Detroit.
  • M-59 (Veterans Memorial Freeway) from Utica to Pontiac, continues east as Hall Road to Gratiot Avenue and as William P. Rosso Highway to its terminus at I-94 and west as various surface roads to I-96 near Howell
  • M-97 (Groesbeck Highway) begins in Detroit at Gratiot (M-3) and ends at Hall Road (M-59).
  • M-102 (8 Mile Road), known by many due to the film 8 Mile, forms the dividing line between Detroit on the south and the suburbs of Macomb and Oakland counties on the north. It is also known as Baseline Road outside of Detroit, because it coincides with the baseline used in surveying Michigan; that baseline is also the boundary for a number of Michigan counties.

Other roads[edit]

  • Jefferson Avenue is a scenic highway that runs parallel to the shore of the Detroit River and Lake St. Clair. It is also the principal thoroughfare for the Grosse Pointes, where it is called Lake Shore Drive.
  • "Mile" roads: Surface street navigation in Metro Detroit is commonly anchored by "mile roads," major east-west surface streets that are spaced at one-mile intervals and increment as one travels north and away from the city center. Mile roads sometimes have two names, the numeric name (ex. 15 Mile Road) used in Macomb County and a local name (ex. Maple Road) used in Oakland County mostly.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Actors and actresses[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Musicians[edit]

Other[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Macomb County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  2. ^ "Macomb County Home Page". macombgov.org. Archived from the original on 2 October 2006.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Macomb County Michigan : HISTORY OF MACOMB COUNTY". macombcountymi.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-03-15.
  7. ^ a b "Macomb Co. - Election Results - Macomb County". newsroomsolutions.com.
  8. ^ "Macomb County Election Results". Detroit Free Press. 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  15. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". census.gov.
  16. ^ Detailed Tables - American FactFinder
  17. ^ a b Selweski, Chad. "Albanians, Chaldeans, Arabs and Asians move to Macomb County" (Archive). The Macomb Daily. March 23, 2011. Retrieved on July 6, 2015.
  18. ^ a b c d e https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF
  19. ^ https://www.michigan.org/property/macomb-county-chamber
  20. ^ "2016 Presidential General Election Results". Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2017-08-03.
  21. ^ "More election games by county GOP". Downtown. December 4, 2014.
  22. ^ Lord, Jeffrey (August 13, 2015). "Are Reagan Democrats Becoming Trump Democrats?". The American Spectator.
  23. ^ Witcover, Jules (March 14, 1992). "Buchanan, Bush stump in Michigan President again spurns debate plea". The Baltimore Sun.
  24. ^ Witsil, Frank (9 November 2016). "RTA millage rejected by metro Detroit voters". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 29 November 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°40′N 82°55′W / 42.67°N 82.91°W / 42.67; -82.91