Macon County, Illinois

Macon County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 110,768, its county seat is Decatur. Macon County comprises IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Macon County was formed on January 1829 out of Shelby County, it was named for a Colonel in the Revolutionary War. Macon served as senator from North Carolina until his resignation in 1828. In 1830, future US President Abraham Lincoln and his family moved to Macon County. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 586 square miles, of which 581 square miles is land and 5.2 square miles is water. Macon County is flat, as is most of the state and all of the surrounding counties, the result of geological activity during the Pleistocene epoch. During the Illinoian Stage of the Pleistocene, the Laurentide Ice Sheet covered about 85 percent of Illinois, including the Macon County area; the subsequent thaw of the region and retreat of the ice sheet left central Illinois with its present characteristic flat topography.

Because of its central location, Macon County is referred to as "The Heart of Illinois." In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Decatur have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.95 inches in February to 4.54 inches in July. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 110,768 people, 45,855 households, 29,326 families residing in the county; the population density was 190.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 50,475 housing units at an average density of 86.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 16.3% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.7% were German, 17.0% were American, 12.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English.

Of the 45,855 households, 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families, 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 40.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,337 and the median income for a family was $57,570. Males had a median income of $48,570 versus $31,568 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,726. About 10.3% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. Decatur Macon Maroa Boody In its early years Macon County favored the Democratic Party, voting for it in every election through 1856. Republican Abraham Lincoln won the county in his landmark 1860 election, from until the Great Depression Macon County became solidly Republican, only giving a narrow plurality to Woodrow Wilson in 1912 when the GOP was mortally divided by Theodore Roosevelt's splinter–party run.

The FDR-era New Deal saw the county turn Democratic again due to its strong industrial base, although Macon was a perfect bellwether between 1932 and 1996 apart from the Catholicism-influenced 1960 election and the 1988 election influenced by a major Midwestern drought. Al Gore did narrowly hold the county in 2000 despite losing the election due to a razor-thin loss in Florida, but since the county has trended Republican. Illinois-bred Barack Obama did win Macon County in his 2008 triumph, but was convincingly defeated by Mitt Romney in 2012, whilst in 2016 Hillary Clinton suffered the worst Democratic loss since George McGovern. National Register of Historic Places listings in Macon County, Illinois

Marie Arago

Marie Arago, born Marie-Anne Roig was a French woman, wife of François Bonaventure Arago and mother of François, Jacques, Joseph and Étienne Arago. She raised her eight children alone after the death of her husband in 1814, passed on her human values and encouraged them to pursue their studies. An "Arago clan" was formed around her eldest son, François, at the Paris Observatory, including Claude-Louis Mathieu, Alexander von Humboldt and Félix Savary. Marie-Anne-Agathe Roig was born on 3 November 1755 in Corneilla-la-Rivière, a village of about 700 inhabitants in the province of Roussillon, a Catalan language region that had belonged to France since 1659, her father, François Roig, was a well-to-do peasant, from Corneilla-la-Riviere. He was a soldier with the rank of an officer, her paternal grandfather, Camo Roig, was a doctor. Her paternal uncle was pastor of Ponteilla; this is another village in the same region of southern France, about a dozen kilometers southeast of Corneilla-la-Rivière. Her mother, named Victoire Brial, was the daughter of a "pagès" of Camélas.

This village is located about twelve kilometers from Corneilla-la-Rivière, but south-southwest. At a time when all women in the region were illiterate, she learned to read and write alone, while hiding, from books written in Latin. On 12 August 1778, with a dowry of 2,200 livres, she married François Bonaventure Arago in Corneilla-la-Rivière, he was a pagès with a degree in law. They would have eleven children, they raised them in the local Catalan language. The couple moved to a Roussillon town of 1,000 inhabitants, it is located a dozen kilometers north of Corneilla-la-Rivière. François Bonaventure Arago was of the same social background as Marie Roig. A farmer and moderately well-off proprietor, he was orphaned at a young age and was raised by an uncle, a priest who enrolled him in law school in Perpignan, his social background, did not allow him to take a more prestigious job as a notary or lawyer. In 1779 Marie Arago gave birth to a daughter, Marie-Rose, who died in 1780. 1780 was the year of the birth and death of Arago's second daughter, Marie-Thérèse.

A third girl, named Marie-Victoire, was born and died in infancy in 1783. Meanwhile, in 1782, the couple gave birth to another daughter, who lived until 1832. In 1781 her husband began a political career climbing the ladder in the municipal affairs of the village of Estagel until becoming, from June 1786 to June 1787, first consul of the village, which corresponds to the mandate of a mayor today. In 1789, he wrote a large part of the Cahiers de doléances of Estagel, he became in 1790 the first mayor of the commune newly created by the revolution in the following years was given high departmental responsibilities. Mary gave birth to other children: François, Jacques, Victor and Marguerite. All were born in Estagel. During the War of the Pyrenees in 1793 François Bonaventure commanded the National Guard of Estagel; this was an army of volunteer citizens formed to defend the Revolution against the Spanish enemy. The family gave lodgings to many French soldiers and officers, to which François, the eldest son aged seven, would attribute his taste for military matters..

After the death of her daughter Rose, Marie Arago became, at age 77, the guardian of Rose's four children. According to Muriel Toulotte, biographer of Étienne Arago, "all her life, Marie Arago had a huge influence on her children and on all those around her"; the children of Marie and François Bonaventure Arago all behaved with righteousness and honesty, following the example of their father. From their mother, they gained at the same time the dynamism that animated them, kindness towards others and great gaiety. On the other hand, the boys were much less religious than their mother. Jacques was not a believer and Étienne went as far as asking to be buried without any religious ceremony, she had six sons, all of whom distinguished themselves: François, astronomer and French politician Jean, cashier of the mint of Perpignan illustrious soldier in Mexico Jacques, novelist and explorer Victor, soldier Joseph, soldier in the Mexican army. She gave birth to five daughters, only two of whom survived infancy: Rose and Marguerite, who married Claude-Louis Mathieu in 1824

New Line Cinema

New Line Productions Inc. trading as New Line Cinema, is an American film production studio and a label of the Warner Bros. Pictures Group division of Warner Bros, it was founded in 1967 by Robert Shaye as an independent film distribution company becoming a film studio. It was acquired by Turner Broadcasting System in 1994. Pictures in 2008, its films are distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. New Line Cinema was established in 1967 by the 27-year-old Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, supplying foreign and art films for college campuses in the United States. Shaye operated New Line's offices out of his apartment at 14th Street and Second Avenue in New York City. One of the company's early successes was its distribution of the 1936 anti-cannabis propaganda film Reefer Madness, which became a cult hit on American college campuses in the early 1970s. New Line released many classic foreign-language films, like Stay As You Are, Immoral Tales and Get Out Your Handkerchiefs; the studio has released many of the films of John Waters.

In 1976, New Line secured funding to produce its first full-length feature, directed by Mark Lester. Although not considered a critical success, the film performed well commercially on the international market and on television. In 1980, Shaye's law school classmate Michael Lynne became outside counsel and adviser to the company and renegotiated its debt. New Line expanded its film production in the early 1980s, producing or co-producing films including Alone in the Dark and Polyester, directed by John Waters. Polyester was one of the first films to introduce a novelty cinema experience named Odorama, where members of the audience were provided with a set of "scratch and sniff" cards to be scratched and sniffed at specific times during the film, which provided an additional sensory connection to the viewed image. In 1983, Lynne joined the board. A Nightmare on Elm Street was produced and released by New Line in 1984; the resulting franchise was New Line's first commercially successful series, leading the company to be nicknamed "The House that Freddy Built".

The film was grossed over $57 million. A year A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge was released, grossed $3.3 million in its first three days of release and over $30 million at the US box office. In 1986, the company went public; the third film in the series, A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors, was released in 1987, the studio's first national release, opened at number one, grossing $8.9 million for the weekend, a record for an independent film at the time, went on to gross $45 million at the US box office. A further six films have been made; the first six grossed $500 million worldwide and the next three $250 million, for a total of $750 million. In 1990, Lynne became president and chief operating officer, with Shaye as chairman and chief executive officer; the same year, New Line released Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles which became the highest-grossing independent film of all-time with a gross of $135 million in the United States and Canada. It was followed by a sequel, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze, the second highest-grossing with a gross of $78 million in the United States and Canada.

A third, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III followed in 1993. In November 1990, New Line purchased a 52% stake in the television production company RHI Entertainment, which would be sold to Hallmark Cards in 1994. In early 1991, Fine Line Features was set up as a wholly owned subsidiary headed by Ira Deutchman and released films including Jane Campion's An Angel at My Table and Gus van Sant's My Own Private Idaho. Halfway through the year, Carolco Pictures, entered into a joint venture with New Line to start Seven Arts, a distribution company which released much of Carolco's low-budget output. In 1997, Shine received the studio's first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Picture and their second film to win an Academy Award with Geoffrey Rush's win for Academy Award for Best Actor. In May 1991, New Line purchased the home video and foreign rights to 600 films held by Sultan Entertainment Holdings; the deal included an 11-film distribution deal with Turner subsidiary Castle Rock Entertainment.

On November 27, 1991, New Line purchased Sultan outright. In 1992, Michael De Luca became executive vice-president and chief executive officer of the production unit. On January 28, 1994, New Line Cinema was acquired by the Turner Broadcasting System, which merged with Time Warner in 1996. New Line Cinema was kept as its own separate entity, while fellow Turner-owned studios Hanna-Barbera Productions and Castle Rock Entertainment became units of Warner Bros. During its time as an entity separate from Warner Bros. New Line Cinema continued to operate several divisions, including theatrical distribution and home video; the company's fortunes took a downturn in 1996 after losses on The Island of Dr. Moreau and The Long Kiss Goodnight. In 1999, Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me became the company's highest-grosser. New Line produced the The Lord of the Rings film trilogy which became their most successful films to date, grossing over $2.9 billion worldwide. The films were nominated for 30 Academy Awards, including nominations for the Academy Award for Best Picture for each film, won 17, with the final picture, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King winning a record eleven, including Best Picture, as well as being the second hig