Mactan Hindu Ganesha Statue

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A black and white photograph of the discovered statue of the Hindu elephant god Ganesha (left) and a clay medallion of a Buddhist Bodhisattva (right), before the icons were destroyed in World War 2, show that Hinduism and Buddhism became the respective religions in Cebu and Palawan during the era of Precolonial Philippines.

A crude Buddhist medallion and a copper statue of a Hindu Deity, Ganesha, has been found by Henry Otley Beyer in 1921 in an ancient site in Puerto Princesa, Palawan and in Mactan, Cebu.[1] The crudeness of the artifacts indicates they are of local reproduction. Unfortunately, these icons were destroyed during World War II. However, black and white photographs of these icons still survive.[2]


  1. ^ Malcolm H. Churchill. "INDIAN PENETRATION OF PRE·SPANISH PHILIPPINES : A NEW LOOK AT THE EVIDENCE" (PDF). Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  2. ^ "(PDF) Barang king banga: A Visayan language reading of the Calatagan pot inscription (CPI)". Retrieved 8 January 2019.