Madhi Madhi language

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Region New South Wales
Ethnicity Madhi Madhi
Extinct late 20th century
  • Kulinic
    • Wemba-Wemba[1]
      • Madhi–Ladji–Wadi
        • Madhi-Madhi
Language codes
ISO 639-3 dmd
Glottolog madh1244[2]

Madhi-Madhi, also known as Muthimuthi or Madi Madi,[4] is an Indigenous Australian language spoken by the Muthi Muthi Aboriginal people of New South Wales.[5]

Luise Hercus[6] recorded a substantial amount of Muthi Muthi language from Jack Long whom she described as "the last Madimadi man".


The Jitajita people are an Aboriginal group with close affinities to the Muthi Muthi.[7] Their language has been studied in the 1980s. Yita Yita has a large number of monosyllabic words, consonant finals and consonant clusters. Many Yita Yita place names include the words tin meaning foot, and cabul meaning leg. It has been postulated that there is a relationship between the Yita Yita and people down the river.


  1. ^ R. M. W. Dixon, Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development: v. 1 (Cambridge Language Surveys). Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0-521-47378-1
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Madhi Madhi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Madhi-Madhi at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  4. ^ *ISO 639-3 Registration Authority (2011). Change Request Number 2011-102: adopted create [dmd] (2012-02-03). Dallas: SIL International.
  5. ^ Rees D. Barrett, Significant People in Australia's History, Issue 1 (Macmillan Education AU, 2009 ) p13.
  6. ^ Hercus, L. A. "Three linguistic studies from far south western NSW", Aboriginal History, 1989; v. 13 no. 1-2., p. 44-62.
  7. ^ Jitajita (NSW) , Collection AA338 Norman Barnett Tindale (South Australian Museum Archives).