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Madison may refer to: Madison, a given name and a surname James Madison, fourth president of the United States Madison, the state capital of Wisconsin and the largest city known by this name Madison, Alabama Madison, Arkansas Madison, California Madison, Connecticut Madison, Florida Madison, Georgia Madison, Illinois Madison, Indiana Madison, Kansas Madison, Maine, a town Madison, Maine, a census-designated place within the town of Madison Madison, Minnesota Madison, Mississippi Madison, Missouri Madison, Nebraska Madison, New Hampshire Madison, New Jersey Madison, New York, a town Madison, New York, within the town of Madison Madison, North Carolina Madison, Ohio Madison, Pennsylvania Madison, South Dakota Madison, Tennessee Madison, Virginia Madison, West Virginia Madison, adjacent to the city of Madison Madison Lake, Minnesota Madison Park, Washington Madison Avenue, a famous avenue in New York City Madison Street, a major thoroughfare Madison Street Madison Blue Spring State Park, in Florida Madison River, in Wyoming and Montana Madison Square, a public park in New York City Mount Madison, in the White Mountains of New Hampshire Madison Square Garden and previous buildings of the same name, all in New York City: Madison Square Garden, the original open-air arena Madison Square Garden, an indoor arena built on the same site Madison Square Garden, an indoor arena built on a different site University of Wisconsin–Madison James Madison University, Virginia Madison College Madison University, Mississippi Madison, a former American rock band from New Jersey Madison Madison Madison, a Canadian TV series running 1993–1997 Madison Records, a U.

S. record label USCS Madison, a survey ship in service with the United States Coast Survey from 1850 to 1858 USS Madison, two United States Navy ships and one United States Revenue Cutter Service cutter USS James Madison, one United States Navy guided-missile submarine and one United States Revenue Cutter Service cutter "Il Madison", an Italian nickname for Land Rover Arena in Bologna "Madison", the code name for an Itanium 2 processor "Madison", the code name for a wiki-like platform for drafting and commenting upon legislative text, first used with the Online Protection and Enforcement of Digital Trade Act Madison, a track cycling event, named after the first and second Madison Square Gardens Madison piercing, a body piercing at the front of the neck Madison, an animal actress, best known for playing the role of Vincent in the TV show Lost Madisonville Madison Avenue Madison County Madison Heights Madison High School Madison Township Madison Scouts Drum and Bugle Corps Marbury v. Madison Maddison, a surname and given name

Maryland Route 228

Maryland Route 228 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Maryland. Known as Berry Road, the state highway runs 6.88 miles from MD 210 in Accokeek east to U. S. Route 301 and MD 5 Business in Waldorf. MD 228, a four-lane divided highway for its entire length, is a major commuter route between southwestern Prince George's County and northern Charles County. In conjunction with MD 210, the state highway serves as an alternative to US 301 and MD 5 as a route to Washington, D. C. from Southern Maryland. MD 228 serves as part of the connection, again via MD 210, between Waldorf and Indian Head Naval Surface Warfare Center. MD 228 did not connect Waldorf with Accokeek; the state highway was built from Pomfret to Berry in the late 1920s. MD 228 was completed between Waldorf in the mid-1930s. MD 228 was expanded to a divided highway in Charles County and extended into Prince George's County in the mid-1990s. In 2000, the Prince George's County section of the state highway was reconstructed as a divided highway west to the MD 210 intersection, rebuilt as the second continuous-flow intersection in the U.

S. MD 228 begins at a continuous-flow intersection with MD 210 in Accokeek. Three lanes leave southbound MD 210 and intersect northbound MD 210. A short distance to the southeast, those lanes intersect a single lane from westbound MD 228 to southbound MD 210; the two lanes from westbound MD 228 seamlessly join northbound MD 210, while a single lane ramp from northbound MD 210 joins eastbound MD 228. The auxiliary lanes from the continuous-flow intersection merge into the state highway's four-lane divided profile before intersecting Manning Road East, which serves a shopping center to the west and the historic home Bellevue to the east. MD 228 heads east through a forested area, intersecting Bealle Hill Road before crossing over Mattawoman Creek into Charles County. On the east side of the stream crossing, the state highway intersects MD 229, the old alignment of MD 228. MD 228 continues east between residential subdivisions along the northern tier of Charles County; the state highway crosses Piney Branch, a tributary of Mattawoman Creek, passes the highway's old alignment of Bunker Hill Road to the south in the hamlet of Berry.

MD 228 enters Waldorf. At Western Parkway, a county-maintained suburban boulevard that parallels US 301 to the west through Waldorf, MD 228 gains continuous right-turn lanes in both directions and enters a commercial area; the state highway reaches its eastern terminus at US 301. The roadway continues on the east side of the intersection as MD 5 Business, which heads southeast through the center of Waldorf before intersecting MD 5 on the east side of town. MD 228 is a part of the main National Highway System for its entire length. MD 228 included Bensville Road and Berry Road east of the highway's modern intersection with MD 229; the two named roads met at a defunct intersection with Bealle Hill Road south of Mattawoman Creek. A 15-foot wide gravel road was constructed from MD 227 in Pomfret to Bennsville in 1925 and 1926; the highway was extended to the crossing of Piney Branch in 1927 and to Berry in 1928. MD 228 was constructed west from MD 3 to Hamilton Road in 1933; the state highway was completed in 1936 when the gap between Hamilton Road was filled.

The Berry Road portion of MD 228 was reconstructed in 1958 and 1959, leaving behind Bunker Hill Road as an old alignment. The reconstruction of MD 228 in its modern form and course began in the early 1990s; the state highway was expanded to a divided highway from US 301 west to Sharpersville Road in Berry in 1993. MD 228 was extended into Prince George's County on a pair of new bridges over Mattawoman Creek in 1995; the divided highway extended to just west of a new intersection with Bealle Hill Road. Bennsville Road was renumbered as MD 229 by 1997; the MD 228 divided highway was extended west to MD 210 and the MD 228–MD 210 junction was reconstructed as a continuous-flow intersection in 2000. That intersection became the second continuous-flow intersection in the U. S. MD 228A is the designation for a 0.16-mile section of Bealle Hill Road to the north of the highway's intersection with MD 228 just west of Mattawoman Creek in Accokeek. Maryland Roads portal MDRoads: MD 228

Malaysia–Mexico relations

Malaysia–Mexico relations refers to bilateral relations between Malaysia and Mexico. Both nations are mutual members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. In August 1966, diplomats from Malaysia and Mexico met in Washington, D. C. United States to discuss the possibility of establishing diplomatic relations. On 27 March 1974 diplomatic relations were formally established between the two nations. In the beginning, neither nation had a resident diplomatic mission. Mexico was accredited to Malaysia from its embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia while Malaysia was accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D. C. In 1985, Mexico opened an honorary consulate in Kuala Lumpur. In October 1985, after the coronation of King Iskandar of Johor. In October 1991, Mexico opened an embassy in Kuala Lumpur. In 1992, Malaysia opened an embassy in Mexico City. In September 1991, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad paid an official visit to Mexico becoming the first Malaysian head-of-state to visit Mexico. During his visit to Mexico, several agreements were signed between both nations, in particular Malaysia's support for Mexico to join the Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation.

In November 1998, Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo paid a visit to Malaysia to attend the 10th APEC summit being held in Kuala Lumpur. In October 2002, Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi paid a visit to Los Cabos, Mexico to participate in the 14th APEC Summit. In 2014, both nations celebrated 40 years of diplomatic relations. Both nations have worked as founding members of the Trans-Pacific Partnership. High-level visits from Malaysia to Mexico Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi High-level visits from Mexico to Malaysia President Ernesto Zedillo Foreign Undersecretary Lourdes Aranda Foreign Minister Patricia Espinosa Cantellano Foreign Undersecretary Carlos de Icaza Both nations have signed several bilateral agreements such as an Agreement on a joint co-operation between Malaysian and Mexican companies to refine palm oil. In 2018, two-way trade between both nations amounted to US$9 billion. Malaysia's main exports to Mexico include: integrated electronic circuits and computers.

Mexico's main exports to Malaysia include: telephones. Mexican multinational companies such as Cemex and Gruma operate in Malaysia. There are 22 Malaysian companies. Malaysia is one of the major import partners for Mexico, since 1992 both countries have become partners on trade relations. Mexico was engaged in many types of business with Malaysia on education and Malaysia had plans to engage in more business with Mexico under the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Malaysia has an embassy in Mexico City. Mexico has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur

Steve Borg

Steve Borg is a footballer who plays for Maltese Premier League side Valletta and the Malta national football team, where he plays as a defender. In 2005, he signed for local Maltese outfit Mosta, he played there until 2009. In 2009, he signed with one of the most successful clubs in Valletta. Winner Maltese Premier League: 2010-11, 2011-12, 2013-14, 2017-18, 2018-19 Maltese Cup: 2009–10, 2013–14, 2017–18 Maltese Super Cup: 2010, 2011, 2012, 2016, 2018 On 7 October 2011 he made his debut for the Malta national football team in the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying rounds against Latvia and 4 days also played against Israel. Scores and results list Malta's goal tally first

Kunstraum of Lüneburg University

The Kunstraum of Lüneburg University is an institution for contemporary art working across different faculties of Lüneburg University. Since its renaming in 2007 the complete name is Kunstraum of Leuphana University Lüneburg. In 1993 the Kunstraum has been founded by an interdisciplinary group of researchers, up to today in charge for the academic and artistic projects. Members of this group are: Art historian Beatrice von Bismarck Mathematician Diethelm Stoller Sociologist Ulf Wuggenig The official opening in 1994 coincided with the project Services, organized in collaboration with the art historian Helmut Draxler, at this time director of Kunstverein Munich, the artist Andrea Fraser; the program of the subsequent years has been influenced and inspired by writings of Pierre Bourdieu, Nelson Goodman, Thomas S. Kuhn, amongst others, Howard S. Becker and included collaborations with artists and theoreticians accociated with Institutional Critique. 2014: Art and its Frames - Continuity and Change, Symposium with Beatrice von Bismarck, Julia Bryan-Wilson, Helmut Draxler, Andrea Fraser, Renée Green, Hannes Loichinger, Sven Lütticken, John Miller, Marion von Osten, Gerald Raunig, André Rottmann, Stefan Römer, Simon Sheikh, Ulf Wuggenig 2013: Front, Line, with Urban Subjects 2011: Demanding Supplies − Nachfragende Angebote, with Julia Moritz 2010: Conceptual Paradise − the studio of interest, with Stefan Römer 2008: Moirés, with Astrid Wege 2007: "The Division of the World"- Tableaux on the Legal Synopses of the Berlin Africa Conference, with Dierk Schmidt 2006: Making Worlds <reformpause>, with Marion von Osten 2005: Economies of Misery.

Pierre Bourdieu in Algeria, with Franz Schultheis and Christine Frisinghelli 2004: The Government, with Roger M. Buergel and Ruth Noack 2003: Vivre en POF, with Fabrice Hybert 2001: Border Crossing Services, with Martin Krenn and Oliver Ressler 2000: Greenhouse, with Dan Peterman 1999: Interarchive, with Hans-Peter Feldmann and Hans-Ulrich Obrist 1998: The Campus as a Work of Art, with Christian Philipp Müller 1997: Revisions of Abstract Expressionism, with Roger M. Buergel, Ruth Noack, Stefanie-Vera KockotTestoo® Muster, with Fabrice Hybert and Hans-Ulrich Obrist1996: Import/Export Funk Office − Digital Transformation, with Renée GreenPublic / Private, with Thomas Locher and Peter Zimmermann1995: The Grandparents' Archives, with Christian Boltanski and Hans Ulrich Obrist 1994: The Open Public Library in Hamburg, with Michael Clegg and Martin GuttmannServices, with Andrea Fraser and Helmut Draxler 2011: Gerald Raunig, Gene Ray, Ulf Wuggenig: Critique of Creativity. MayFlyBooks, London 2001: Beatrice von Bismarck, Diethelm Stoller, Astrid Wege, Ulf Wuggenig: Branding the Campus.

Art, Design, Identity Politics. Richter, Düsseldorf 1996: Beatrice von Bismarck, Diethelm Stoller, Ulf Wuggenig: Games, Collaborations; the game of Border and Transmission. Cantz, Ostfildern-Ruit Official website of Kunstraums of University Lüneburg

First-move advantage in chess

The first-move advantage in chess is the inherent advantage of the player who makes the first move in chess. Chess players and theorists agree that White begins the game with some advantage. Since 1851, compiled statistics support this view. White's winning percentage is about the same for tournament games between humans and games between computers. Chess players and theoreticians have long debated whether, given perfect play by both sides, the game should end in a win for White or a draw. Since 1889, when World Champion Wilhelm Steinitz addressed this issue, the consensus has been that a played game would end in a draw. A few notable players have argued, that White's advantage may be sufficient to force a win: Weaver Adams and Vsevolod Rauzer claimed that White is winning after the first move 1.e4, while Hans Berliner argued that 1.d4 may win for White. Some players, including world champions such as José Raúl Capablanca, Emanuel Lasker, Bobby Fischer, have expressed fears of a "draw death" as chess becomes more analyzed.

To alleviate this danger and Fischer both proposed chess variants to revitalize the game, while Lasker suggested changing how draws and stalemate are scored. Since 1988, chess theorists have challenged well-established views about White's advantage. Grandmaster András Adorján wrote a series of books on the theme that "Black is OK!", arguing that the general perception that White has an advantage is founded more in psychology than reality. GM Mihai Suba and others contend that sometimes White's initiative disappears for no apparent reason as a game progresses; the prevalent style of play for Black today is to seek unbalanced, dynamic positions with active counterplay, rather than trying to equalize. Modern writers argue that Black has certain countervailing advantages; the consensus that White should try to win can be a psychological burden for the white player, who sometimes loses by trying too hard to win. Some symmetrical openings can lead to situations where moving first is a detriment, for either psychological or objective reasons.

Chess is not a solved game, it is considered unlikely that the game will be solved in the foreseeable future. In 1946, W. F. Streeter examined the results of 5,598 games played in 45 international chess tournaments between 1851 and 1932. Streeter found that overall White scored 53.4%. White scored 52.55% in 1851–1878, 52.77% in 1881–1914, 55.47% in 1919–1932. Streeter concluded, "It thus appears that it is becoming difficult to win with Black, but somewhat easier to draw."Two decades statistician Arthur M. Stevens concluded in The Blue Book of Charts to Winning Chess, based on a survey of 56,972 master games that he completed in 1967, that White scores 59.1%. However, Stevens assembled his games from those, published in chess magazines, rather than complete collections of all the games played in particular events. More recent sources indicate that White scores 54 to 56 percent. In 2005, GM Jonathan Rowson wrote that "the conventional wisdom is that White begins the game with a small advantage and, holding all other factors constant, scores 56% to Black's 44%".

International Master John Watson wrote in 1998 that White had scored 56% for most of the 20th century, but that this figure had slipped to 55%. The website holds updated statistics on its games database. As of January 12, 2015, White had won 37.50%, 34.90% were drawn, Black had won 27.60% out of 739,769 games, resulting in a total White winning percentage of 54.95%. New In Chess observed in its 2000 Yearbook that of the 731,740 games in its database, White scored 54.8% overall. The main reason that 1.e4 was less effective than 1.d4 was the Sicilian Defence, which gave White only a 52.3% score in 145,996 games. Statistician Jeff Sonas, in examining data from 266,000 games played between 1994 and 2001, concluded that White scored 54.1767% plus 0.001164 times White's Elo rating advantage, treating White's rating advantage as +390 if it is better than +390, or −460 if it is worse than −460. He found that White's advantage is equivalent to 35 rating points, i.e. if White has a rating 35 points below Black's, each player will have an expected score of 50%.

Sonas found that White's advantage is smaller in rapid games than in games at a slower time control. In the 462 games played at the 2009 World Blitz Chess Championship, White scored only 52.16%. Other writers conclude that there is a positive correlation between the players' ratings and White's score. According to GM Evgeny Sveshnikov, statistics show that White has no advantage over Black in games between beginners, but "if the players are stronger, White has the lead". An analysis of the results of games in ChessBase's Mega 2003 database between players with similar Elo ratings, commissioned by GM András Adorján, showed that as the players' ratings went up, the percentage of draws increased, the proportion of decisive games that White won increased, White's overall winning percentage increased. For example, taking the highest and lowest of Adorján's rating categories of 1669 games