United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Crockett County, Tennessee
Crockett County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,586, its county seat is Alamo. Crockett County is included in TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Crockett County was formed in 1871 from portions of Haywood, Madison and Gibson counties, it is named in honor of David Crockett, frontier humorist, Tennessee state legislator and U. S. congressman, defender of the Alamo. In 1876, Crockett County Sheriff R. G. Harris and 19 other unidentified men removed four African Americans from the county jail and beat them, killing one of them. In United States v. Harris, the Supreme Court ruled that the Sheriff could not be prosecuted under federal law. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 266 square miles, of which 266 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Gibson County Madison County Haywood County Lauderdale County Dyer County Horns Bluff Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 14,532 people, 5,632 households, 4,066 families residing in the county.
The population density was 55 people per square mile. There were 6,138 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.96% White, 14.37% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 2.79% from other races, 0.63% from two or more races. 5.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,632 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.80% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,015, the median income for a family was $36,713. Males had a median income of $27,436 versus $21,073 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,600. About 13.20% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over. WTJS Good News 93.1 - WTJS - Alamo - Southern Gospel Music The Crockett Times is the paper of record in Crockett County, Tennessee. Locally owned and operated, The Times publishes articles on Crockett County communities of Alamo, Crockett Mills, Friendship and Maury City, as well as surrounding areas; the Times publicizes legal notices such as notice to creditors, foreclosure notices, adoption notices, beer permits. The newspaper is published once a week on Thursday; the Times began publishing in 1873 as the Crockett County Sentinel. In 1933, The Sentinel was renamed the Crockett Times.
Bells Friendship Alamo Gadsden Maury City Cairo Crockett Mills Frog Jump Fruitvale Midway Shady Grove Louise Pearson Memorial Arboretum From 1960 to 2000, Crockett was a swing county. National Register of Historic Places listings in Crockett County, Tennessee The Crockett Reporter Crockett County Chamber of Commerce Crockett County Schools Crockett County, TNGenWeb – genealogy resources Crockett County at Curlie
St. Louis Lambert International Airport
St. Louis Lambert International Airport Lambert–St. Louis International Airport, is an international airport serving St. Louis, United States, it is 14 miles northwest of downtown St. Louis in unincorporated St. Louis County between Berkeley and Bridgeton. Referred to as Lambert Field or Lambert, it is the largest and busiest airport in Missouri with over 259 peak daily departures to 74 nonstop domestic and international locations. In 2018, 15.6 million passengers traveled through the airport. The airport is a focus city for Southwest Airlines and serves as a hub for Air Choice One and Cape Air, was a hub for Ozark Air Lines, Trans World Airlines, American Airlines, it is the largest U. S. airport classified as a medium-sized primary hub and the second busiest after Dallas–Love. Lambert covers 2,800 acres of land. St. Louis Lambert International Airport is the primary airport in the St. Louis area, with MidAmerica St. Louis Airport, about 37 miles east, serving as a secondary metropolitan commercial airport.
The two airports are connected by the Red Line of the city's light rail mass transit system, the MetroLink. Both airports are served by commercial passenger airlines. Named for Albert Bond Lambert, an Olympic medalist and prominent St. Louis aviator, the airport rose to international prominence in the 20th century thanks to its association with Charles Lindbergh, its groundbreaking air traffic control, its status as the primary hub of Trans World Airlines, its iconic terminal. Designed by Minoru Yamasaki, the building inspired terminals at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City and Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France; the airport originated as a balloon launching base called Kinloch Field, part of the 1890s Kinloch Park suburban development. The Wright brothers and their Exhibition Team visited the field while touring with their aircraft. During a visit to St. Louis, Theodore Roosevelt flew with pilot Arch Hoxsey on October 11, 1910, becoming the first U. S. president to fly.
Kinloch hosted the first experimental parachute jump. In June 1920, the Aero Club of St. Louis leased 170 acres of cornfield, the defunct Kinloch Racing Track and the Kinloch Airfield in October 1923, during The International Air Races; the field was dedicated as Lambert–St. Louis Flying Field in honor of Albert Bond Lambert, an Olympic silver medalist golfer in the 1904 Summer Games, president of Lambert Pharmaceutical Corporation, the first person to receive a pilot's license in St. Louis. In February 1925, "Major" Lambert added hangars and a passenger terminal. Charles Lindbergh's first piloting job was flying airmail for Robertson Aircraft Corporation from Lambert Field. In February 1928, the City of St. Louis leased the airport for $1; that year, Lambert sold the airport to the City after a $2 million bond issue was passed, making it one of the first municipally-owned airport in the United States. In the late 1920s, Lambert Field became the first airport with an air traffic control system–albeit one that communicated with pilots via waving flags.
The first controller was Archie League. In 1925, the airport became home to Naval Air Station St. Louis, a Naval Air Reserve facility that became an active-duty installation during World War II. In 1930, the airport was christened Lambert–St. Louis Municipal Airport by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd; the first terminal building opened in 1933. By the 1930s, Robertson Air Lines, Marquette Airlines and Eastern Air Lines provided passenger service to St. Louis, as did Trans World Airlines. In August 1942, voters passed a $4.5 million bond issue to expand the airport by 867 acres and build a new terminal. During World War II, the airport became a manufacturing base for McDonnell Aircraft and Curtiss-Wright. After the war, NAS St. Louis reverted to a reserve installation, supporting carrier-based fighters and land-based patrol aircraft; when it closed in 1958, most of its facilities were acquired by the Missouri Air National Guard and became Lambert Field Air National Guard Base. Some other facilities were retained by non-flying activities of the Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve, while the rest was redeveloped to expand airline operations at the airport.
Ozark Air Lines began operations at the airport in 1950. To handle increasing passenger traffic, Minoru Yamasaki was commissioned to design a new terminal, which began construction in 1953. Completed in 1956 at a total cost of $7.2 million, the three-domed design preceded terminals at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City and Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport. A fourth dome was added in 1965 following the passage of a $200 million airport revenue bond; the April 1957 Official Airline Guide shows TWA with 44 weekday departures. The first jets were TWA 707s in July 1959. In 1971, the airport became Lambert–St. Louis International Airport. In the 1970s St. Louis city officials proposed to replace the airport with a new one in suburban Illinois. After Missouri residents objected in 1977, Lambert received a $290-million expansion that lengthened the runways, increased the number of gates to 81, boosted its capacity by 50 percent. Concourse A and Concourse C were rebuilt into bi-level structures with jet bridges as
James Madison Jr. was an American statesman, diplomat and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution and the United States Bill of Rights, he co-wrote The Federalist Papers, co-founded the Democratic-Republican Party, served as the fifth United States Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809. Born into a prominent Virginia planting family, Madison served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War, he became dissatisfied with the weak national government established by the Articles of Confederation and helped organize the Constitutional Convention, which produced a new constitution to supplant the Articles of Confederation. Madison's Virginia Plan served as the basis for the Constitutional Convention's deliberations, he was one of the most influential individuals at the convention.
Madison became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify the Constitution, he joined with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in writing The Federalist Papers, a series of pro-ratification essays, considered to be one of the most influential works of political science in American history. After the ratification of the Constitution, Madison emerged as an important leader in the United States House of Representatives and served as a close adviser to President George Washington, he was the main force behind the ratification of the United States Bill of Rights, which enshrines guarantees of personal freedoms and rights within the Constitution. During the early 1790s, Madison came to oppose the economic program and accompanying centralization of power favored by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Along with Thomas Jefferson, Madison organized the Democratic-Republican Party, which was, alongside Hamilton's Federalist Party, one of the nation's first major political parties. After Jefferson won the 1800 presidential election, Madison served as Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809.
In that position, he supervised the Louisiana Purchase. Madison succeeded Jefferson with a victory in the 1808 presidential election. After diplomatic protests and a trade embargo failed to end British attacks against American shipping, he led the United States into the War of 1812; the war was an administrative morass and ended inconclusively, but many Americans saw it as a successful "second war of independence" against Britain. The war convinced Madison of the necessity of a stronger federal government, he presided over the creation of the Second Bank of the United States and the enactment of the protective Tariff of 1816, he retired from public office in 1817 and died in 1836. He is considered to be one of the most important Founding Fathers of the United States, historians have ranked Madison as an above-average president. James Madison Jr. was born on March 16, 1751, at Belle Grove Plantation near Port Conway, Virginia, to James Madison Sr. and Nelly Conway Madison. He grew up as the oldest of twelve children, with seven brothers and four sisters, though only six of his siblings would live to adulthood.
His father was a tobacco planter who grew up on a plantation called Mount Pleasant, which he had inherited upon reaching adulthood. With numerous slaves and a 5,000 acres plantation, Madison's father was the largest landowner and a leading citizen in the Piedmont. Madison's maternal grandfather was a prominent tobacco merchant. In the early 1760s, the Madison family moved into a newly built house. From age 11 to 16, Madison was sent to study under Donald Robertson, a Scottish instructor who served as a tutor for a number of prominent planter families in the South. Madison learned mathematics and modern and classical languages—he became proficient in Latin. At age 16, Madison returned to Montpelier, where he began a two-year course of study under the Reverend Thomas Martin in preparation for college. Unlike most college-bound Virginians of his day, Madison did not attend the College of William and Mary, where the lowland Williamsburg climate - thought to be more to harbor infectious disease - might have strained his delicate health.
Instead, in 1769, he enrolled at the College of New Jersey. His studies at Princeton included Latin, Greek and the works of the Enlightenment. Great emphasis was placed on both debate. Along with another classmate, Madison undertook an intense program of study and completed Princeton's three-year bachelor of arts degree in just two years, graduating in 1771, he remained at Princeton to study Hebrew and political philosophy under President John Witherspoon before returning home to Montpelier in early 1772. His ideas on philosophy and morality were shaped by Witherspoon, who converted Madison to the philosophy and modes of thinking of the Age of Enlightenment. Biographer Terence Ball says that at Princeton: He was immersed in the liberalism of the Enlightenment, converted to eighteenth-century political radicalism. From on James Madison's theories would advance the rights of happiness of man, his most active efforts would serve devotedly the cause of civil and political liberty. After returning to Montpelier, who had not yet decided on a specific career, served as a tutor to his younger siblings.
In the early 1770s the relationship between the American colonies a
Henderson County, Tennessee
Henderson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,769, its county seat is Lexington. The county was founded in 1821 and named for James Henderson, a soldier in the War of 1812. Henderson County was established in 1821. Henderson is said to have served in earlier conflicts such as the Creek Indian war, which took place during the same overall time period as the War of 1812. After the Battle of New Orleans, Major General William Carroll's Tennessee brigade, the largest single force under General Andrew Jackson's command in Louisiana, established their outgoing camp upriver from New Orleans and named it Camp Henderson. General Carroll's first term as Governor of Tennessee began the same year that Henderson County was established, it was he who proposed naming the new county after his fallen officer James Henderson. The county seat, was laid out in 1822. Like many Tennessee counties, Henderson was divided during the Civil War. Confederate sentiment was strongest in the western half of the county, while Union support was strongest in the hilly eastern half.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 526 square miles, of which 520 square miles is land and 5.8 square miles is water. The county straddles the Tennessee Valley Divide, with waters east of the divide flowing into the Tennessee River, waters west of the divide flowing into the Mississippi River. Primary streams include the Beech River, which flows through the county's largest lake Beech Lake, the Forked Deer River. Carroll County Decatur County Hardin County Chester County Madison County Natchez Trace State Forest Natchez Trace State Park I-40 US 70 US 412 SR 22 SR 22A SR 104 As of the census of 2000, there were 25,522 people, 10,306 households, 7,451 families residing in the county; the population density was 49 people per square mile. There were 11,446 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.45% White, 8.00% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races.
0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 10,306 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.70% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,057, the median income for a family was $38,475. Males had a median income of $28,598 versus $21,791 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,019.
About 9.20% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over. The Beech River Regional Airport is a public-use airport located five nautical miles northwest northwest of the central business district of Parsons, a city in Decatur County; the airport is located in Tennessee. Lexington Parkers Crossroads Sardis Scotts Hill Chesterfield Darden A unionist county, Henderson County has not voted for a Democratic candidate since Samuel Tilden in the 1876 election, the last time it didn't vote Republican was in 1912, when the county supported Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt. National Register of Historic Places listings in Henderson County, Tennessee Official site Henderson County Chamber of Commerce Henderson County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county Henderson County at Curlie James Henderson on Find a Grave
Hardeman County, Tennessee
Hardeman County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,253, its county seat is Bolivar. Hardeman County was created by the Tennessee General Assembly in 1823 from parts of Hardin County and "Indian lands." It is named for Thomas J. Hardeman, a veteran of the Creek War and War of 1812 and a prominent figure in the fight for Texas independence, he served as a congressman in the Republic of Texas. The county is the location of two of Tennessee's four private prisons, the Whiteville Correctional Facility and the Hardeman County Correctional Center. Both are medium-security facilities for men, operated by the Corrections Corporation of America. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles, of which 668 square miles is land and 2.6 square miles is water. It is the fifth-largest county in Tennessee by area. Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge Chickasaw State Park As of the census of 2010 the racial makeup of the county was 56.1% White or European American, 41.01% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races.
0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 28,105 people, 9,412 households, 6,767 families residing in the county; the population density was 42 people per square mile. There were 10,694 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 57.34% White or European American, 40.97% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,412 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 17.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 116.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,111, the median income for a family was $34,746. Males had a median income of $27,828 versus $20,759 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,349. About 16.90% of families and 19.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.40% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over. Bolivar Grand Junction Forty Five Pocahontas Van Buren National Register of Historic Places listings in Hardeman County, Tennessee John Chisum Bailey Hardeman, brother of Thomas J. Hardeman Hardeman County, Texas Chamber of Commerce site Hardeman County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county Hardeman County at Curlie Hardeman County at Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture Thomas Jones Hardeman at Handbook of Texas Thomas Jones Hardeman at Find a Grave
Tennessee's 8th congressional district
The 8th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in West Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican David Kustoff since January 2017; the district is located in West Tennessee. It borders Kentucky to the north and Missouri to the west, Mississippi to the south, it is composed of the following counties: Carroll, Dyer, Gibson, Henry, Lauderdale, Obion and Weakley. It contains a large piece of Shelby County and a small piece of Benton; the map is deceptively rural, but the bulk of the district's vote is cast in the suburban areas around Memphis, such as Germantown and Collierville, as well Fayette and Tipton counties. This area boasts some of the highest median incomes in the state; the rest of the district is composed of small towns and farming communities. The district had a strong social conservative tint which grew more pronounced when eastern Memphis was added to the district. According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities located with the district are: Jackson, Collierville and Dyersburg.
Districts similar to today's 8th have been in place since Reconstruction. During the early 20th century, most of northwest Tennessee was represented by Democrats Finis J. Garrett, Jere Cooper, Clifford Davis Cooper again from 1953 to 1957. Cooper was succeeded by Fats Everett, who served until his death in early 1969; the district's current form of including Memphis suburbs began in 1967 due to a re-districting caused by the Baker v. Carr ruling. Following Everett's death in 1969, the district chose former Tennessee Commissioner of Agriculture Ed Jones in a special election. Jones served the area in Congress for just under twenty years until his retirement in 1988. Upon Jones' retirement, the district selected Democrat John S. Tanner as its representative. Following eleven terms in Congress, Tanner retired. In 2011, the district chose Republican businessman Stephen Fincher over Democrat state senator Roy Herron, it marked the first time since Reconstruction. Following the 2010 census, the district lost its remaining territory in Middle Tennessee, meaning it was within West Tennessee for the first time since 1968.
In the same census, the 7th lost its remaining claims in Shelby County, meaning that since 2012, any area of Shelby County, not in the 9th is in the 8th. In 2016, Fincher retired and was succeeded by Republican David Kustoff, a former United States Attorney. Tennessee's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present