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Madonna (entertainer)

Madonna Louise Ciccone is an American singer and actress. Referred to as the "Queen of Pop" since the 1980s, Madonna is known for pushing the boundaries of songwriting in popular music and for the visuals she uses onstage and in music videos, she has reinvented her music and image while remaining in charge of every aspect of her career. Her diverse works, which incorporated social, political and religious themes, have generated both critical acclaim and controversy. Madonna is cited as an influence by other artists. Born and raised in Michigan, Madonna moved to New York City in 1978 to pursue a career in modern dance. After performing as a drummer and vocalist in the rock bands Breakfast Club and Emmy, Madonna signed with Sire Records in 1982 and released her eponymous debut album the next year, she followed it with a series of successful albums, including global bestsellers Like a Virgin and True Blue as well as Grammy Award winners Ray of Light and Confessions on a Dance Floor. Madonna has attained many number-one singles throughout her career, including "Like a Virgin", "La Isla Bonita", "Like a Prayer", "Vogue", "Take a Bow", "Frozen", "Music", "Hung Up", "4 Minutes".

Madonna's popularity was further enhanced by her roles in films such as Desperately Seeking Susan, Dick Tracy, A League of Their Own, Evita. While Evita earned her a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress, many of her other films received poor reviews; as a businesswoman, Madonna founded an entertainment company called Maverick in 1992. Her other ventures include fashion design, children's books, health clubs, filmmaking, she contributes to various charities, having founded Ray of Light Foundation in 1998 and Raising Malawi in 2006. Having sold more than 300 million records worldwide, Madonna is noted as the best-selling female recording artist of all time by Guinness World Records; the Recording Industry Association of America listed her as the third highest-certified female artist in the U. S. with 64.5 million album units. According to Billboard, Madonna is the most successful solo artist in its Hot 100 chart history, she is the highest-grossing solo touring artist of all time, accumulating U. S. $1.4 billion from her concert tickets.

She was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in her first year of eligibility. VH1 ranked her atop the 100 Greatest Women in Music, while Rolling Stone listed her among the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time and the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time. Madonna Louise Ciccone was born to Catholic parents Madonna Louise and Silvio Anthony "Tony" Ciccone in Bay City, Michigan, on August 16, 1958, her father's parents were Italian emigrants from Pacentro, while her mother was of French-Canadian descent. Tony worked as an engineer designer for General Motors. Since Madonna had the same name as her mother, family members called her "Little Nonni". Madonna commented about her name, "How could I be anything else but what I am having been named Madonna? I would either have ended up a nun or this." She has two older brothers and Martin, three younger siblings, Paula and Melanie. Upon being confirmed in the Catholic Church in 1966, she adopted Veronica as a confirmation name, she was raised in the Detroit suburbs of Avon Township.

Months before her mother died of breast cancer at age 30 on December 1, 1963, Madonna noticed changes in her behavior and personality, although she did not understand the reason. Her mother was at a loss to explain her medical condition, began to cry when Madonna questioned her about it. Madonna acknowledged that she had not grasped the concept of her mother dying. Madonna turned to her paternal grandmother for solace; the Ciccone siblings resented housekeepers and rebelled against anyone brought into their home who they thought would try to take the place of their beloved mother. Madonna told Vanity Fair that she saw herself in her youth as a "lonely girl, searching for something. I wasn't rebellious in a certain way. I cared about being good at something. I didn't shave my underarms and I didn't wear make-up like normal girls do, but I studied and I got good grades... I wanted to be somebody." Terrified that her father Tony could be taken from her as well, Madonna was unable to sleep unless she was near him.

In 1966, Tony married the family's housekeeper Joan Gustafson. They had two children and Mario. Madonna resented her father for getting remarried, began rebelling against him, which strained their relationship for many years afterward, she attended St. Frederick's and St. Andrew's Catholic Elementary Schools, West Middle School. Madonna was known for her high grade point average, achieved notoriety for her unconventional behavior, she would perform cartwheels and handstands in the hallways between classes, dangle by her knees from the monkey bars during recess, pull up her skirt during class—all so that the boys could see her underwear. Madonna's father put her in classical piano lessons, but she convinced him to allow her to take ballet lessons. Christopher Flynn, her ballet teacher, persuaded her to pursue a career in dance, she attended Rochester Adams High School where she became a straight-A student and a member of the cheerleading squad. After graduating, she received a dance scholarship to the University of Michigan and studied over the summer at the American Dance Festival in Durham, North Carolina.

At the age of 19, Madonna began studying dance under the tutelage of Martha Graham, the noted American dancer and choreographer. It was Graham who gave her the nick

Padilla Bay

Padilla Bay is bay located in the U. S. state of Washington, between the San Juan Islands and the mainland. Fidalgo Island and Guemes Island lie to the west of Padilla Bay. Guemes Channel, between the islands, connects Padilla Bay to Rosario Strait. Samish Island lies to the north of Padilla Bay, beyond, Samish Bay and Bellingham Bay. In 1791 the Spaniard José María Narváez explored and named Padilla Bay, calling it Seno Padillo, in honor of Juan Vicente de Güemes Padilla Horcasitas, the viceroy of New Spain. Padilla Bay is a tidal bay, it is flooded at high tide and at low tide mudflats are exposed. These mud flats are habitat for many species of animals; the bay is shallow. Near Hat Island the bay is only 12 feet deep. Part of the estuary tidal flats are contained by dikes built in order to make farmland out of the mudflats; the Swinomish Channel is a salt-water channel in Washington State, United States, which connects Skagit Bay, to the south, Padilla Bay, to the north, separating Fidalgo Island from mainland Skagit County.

In the past, the Skagit River had emptied into Padilla Bay. The Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve is an area of 8,004 acres of estuary located in Skagit County; the reserve contains the Breazeale Interpretive Center, which features exhibits about the natural history and ecology of the estuary and bay, fish tanks, a hands-on room and a video theater. The site features classrooms, research facilities, public access to a beach site, it is a popular location for graduate studies from Western Washington University and the University of Washington. Padilla Bay is a part of the National Estuarine Research Reserve which it was incorporated into in 1980, it is managed by the Washington Department of Ecology. It has several trails. There is a wheelchair trail to the observation deck as well as a shore trail, 2.25 miles long and runs along the top of the dikes. The research center is located in the Skagit Valley of Washington; the nearest town is Washington about 6 miles away. Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve - official site Breazeale Interpretive Center

Ada Geller

Ada Geller was a Zionist and women's rights activist, a teacher and headmaster, the first woman accountant in Mandatory Palestine. Geller was born on 4 May 1888 in the town Tlumach. Despite her attending a Polish school, she learned the Hebrew language and on taught Hebrew to girls and young women. In 1911 she immigrated to Ottoman Palestine, served as teacher and headmaster at the "Shoshana" handicrafts school in Jerusalem. After the school was closed, in 1922, Geller left for the USA, where she studied accounting and trading, she returned to Palestine in 1927, after a relentless negotiation with the British Mandate, succeeded in obtaining an accountant work permit. Thus she became the first woman, for many years the sole woman, in this profession; as an accountant, Geller became an executive of the Jerusalem-based King Solomon Bank. In addition to her work as teacher and accountant, Geller was active as an advocate for women's rights; the handicrafts school she headed was intended to provide educational and occupational opportunities to young women from low socioeconomic background, supported by the "Women's Association for Cultural Work", led by Sarah Thon.

After obtaining her accounting permit, she joined an organization of academic women, was active in the "Organization of Hebrew Women for Equal Rights in Palestine". There is an Ada Geller street in Jerusalem and in Beersheba