Madonna Della Strada or Santa Maria Della Strada — the Italian for Our Lady of the Wayside, or Our Lady of the Good Road — is the name of an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, enshrined at the Church of the Gesù in Rome, mother church of the Society of Jesus religious order of the Roman Catholic Church and is a variation on the Eastern basilissa type of icon. The Madonna Della Strada is the patroness of the Society of Jesus, its founder, Ignatius of Loyola, was said to have been protected by the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary during battle in his service as a soldier. The name goes back to a shrine established in Rome in the 5th century by the Astalli family known as the Madonna degli Astalli, at a crossroads along the ceremonial route of the popes; the 13th-14th century fresco was painted on the wall of Saint Mary of the Way in Rome, the church of the Society of Jesus, given to Saint Ignatius by Pope Paul III in 1540. In 1568, Cardinal Alessandro Farnese erected the Gesù Church of Rome, the mother church of the Jesuits, in place of the former church of Santa Maria della Strada.
The fresco was moved there in 1575 to a side chapel. Sometime in the 19th century, the image was affixed to a slate panel; the icon is located between two altars, the first dedicated to Ignatius of Loyola, the second, the main altar of the Church, dedicated to the Holy Name of Jesus. The icon was restored in 2006, revealing at least two layers of previous paint, the original art being a fresco, detached from a wall and affixed to canvas; the Jesuits celebrate the feast of Our Lady of the Way on May 24. There is a chapel dedicated to Madonna Della Strada at Loyola University in Chicago, Illinois, at the University of Scranton in Scranton, at Zilber Hall, Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. A copy of the image hangs in the Le Moyne College Chapel; the Society of the Lady of the Way is a secular institute in Vienna, Austria that follows the spirituality of St Ignatius of Loyola. Roman Catholic Marian art Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary Almagno, R. Stephen, O. F. M. Editor. Mary Our Hope: A Selection from the Sermons and Papers of Cardinal John J. Wright.
Sudirman Said is the former Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Indonesia on the Working Cabinet from 27 October 2014 to 27 July 2016. He was replaced by Arcandra Tahar in the second cabinet reshuffle, he is known as an anti corruption figure. In 2018, he ran in the Central Java gubernatorial election against incumbent Ganjar Pranowo. In 1990, Sudirman completed his studies at the Indonesian State College of Accountancy where he obtained a BSc in Accounting. In 1994, he attended George Washington University and obtained a Masters in Business Administration, he was elected as Chairman of the Finance -STAN from 2013 to 2016
Joseph Garibaldi Aulisi, credited as Joseph G. Aulisi and Joe Aulisi, is a costume designer who works in theatre and in film. In theater, he has been nominated for two Drama Desk Awards for his work. In film, he has been nominated for two Emmy Awards and three Costume Designers Guild Awards. Joseph G. Aulisi designed costumes for New York City productions as early as 1966. In 1966, he designed the costumes for The Ox Cart; the following year, he designed for The Wicked Cooks. Aulisi has designed costumes for Broadway theatre productions since 1968, his Broadway debut was with the original production of The Man in the Glass Booth. Since Aulisi has designed for more than 20 original broadway productions, including God's Favorite in 1974 and Rockabye Hamlet in 1976. In 1986, Aulisi was nominated for the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Costume Design for his work on Precious Sons, but the award was given to Lindsay Davis for her designs for The Mystery of Edwin Drood. Aulisi was nominated for this time for his work on Rumors.
The award was given to William Levy Long for his work on Lend Me a Tenor. Aulisi's most recent Broadway production was Artist Descending a Staircase in 1989. Aulisi has designed costumes for films and television since as early as 1971, he began his film career that year with Shaft, a film that would be remembered as one of the first films of the blaxploitation genre. Since he worked on more than 60 films and television productions, including Die Hard with a Vengeance in 1995, Bicentennial Man in 1999, Charlie's Angels in 2000. Aulisi has been nominated for two Emmy Awards and three Costume Designers Guild Awards for his costume design work
Lorenz Werthmann was a German Roman Catholic priest and social worker. He was the first president of the German Caritas. Werthmann attended high school in Hadamar, he studied at the German College in Rome. In 1883, Lorenz Werthmann had received the priestly ordination in Rome. After a short period in Frankfurt, Lorenz Werthmann became the secretary of Bishop Peter Joseph Blum in Limburg an der Lahn, he took the same position with Christian Roos. After the Archbishop of Freiburg was chosen, in 1886, he followed him and started Caritas from there since 1895, he received the title of "Pontifical confidential finance officer" and the award "Erzbischhöflicher Ecclesiastic Council". On November 9, 1897 Werthmann founded in Cologne the Charitasverband for Catholic Germany, which since 1921 is known as the German Caritas association, his charity Caritas went on to be one of the most successful christian charities to date
"Deaths-Head Revisited" is episode 74 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. The story is about a former SS officer revisiting the Dachau concentration camp a decade and a half after World War II; the title is a play on the Evelyn Waugh novel Brideshead Revisited. Gunther Lutze, a former SS captain, checks into a hotel in Dachau, under the name "Schmidt"; the receptionist seems to recognize him, but he deflects suspicion by claiming to have spent the war serving on the Eastern Front. After harassing the woman by forcing her to explain what the Nazis were doing in Dachau, he returns to the now-abandoned Dachau concentration camp to recall his time as its commandant during World War II; as he strolls around the camp, he smugly and sadistically recalls the torment he inflicted on the inmates. Lutze is surprised to see Alfred Becker, one of the camp's former inmates and a particular victim of Lutze's cruelty. Lutze supposes that Becker is now the caretaker of the camp, which Becker confirms "in a manner of speaking".
As they talk, Becker relentlessly dogs Lutze with the reality of his grossly inhumane actions, while Lutze stubbornly insists that he was only following orders. Lutze finds the gate locked. In one of the camp buildings, Becker and a dozen other ghostly inmates put Lutze on trial for crimes against humanity and find him guilty; when Becker is about to pronounce the sentence, Lutze mocks him as mad until he remembers that he killed Becker seventeen years on the night U. S. troops came close to Dachau. As punishment, Lutze is made to undergo the same horrors he had imposed on the inmates in the form of tactile illusions, he collapses. Before departing, Becker's ghost informs him, "This is not hatred; this is retribution. This is not revenge; this is justice. But this is only Captain. Only the beginning. Your final judgment will come from God." Lutze is found and taken to a mental institution, since he continues to experience and react to his illusionary sufferings. His finders wonder how a man, calm two hours before could have gone insane.
The doctor asks, "Dachau. Why does it still stand? Why do we keep it standing?" Hungarian-born actor Oscar Beregi Jr had many screen roles as villains and'heavies', would have been familiar to American TV audiences of the time for his work in the popular TV detective series The Untouchables, where he had a recurring role as thuggish mobster Joe Kulak. This episode marked Beregi's second appearance in The Twilight Zone - his first was as the leader of the criminal gang in the Season 2 episode "The Rip Van Winkle Caper". Alfred Becker, Lutze's supernatural adversary and judge, was played by distinguished Austrian-born character actor Joseph Schildkraut, he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as Captain Alfred Dreyfus in The Life of Emile Zola, although he would have been best known to contemporary audiences for his role as the father Otto Frank in both the Broadway stage version and the 1959 film version of The Diary of Anne Frank. Kaaren Verne, who makes a brief but memorable appearance as the hotel receptionist in the episode's opening scene, had enjoyed a flourishing career in the Berlin State Theatre before she and her first husband were forced to flee Germany in 1938.
She settled in the USA, where she soon became an outspoken opponent of the Nazi regime. In the mid-1940s, she was married for several years to renowned expatriate German actor Peter Lorre. Veteran British-born character actor Ben Wright trained at RADA with Ida Lupino and worked on stage and screen in the UK before emigrating to the USA in 1946. After becoming established in Hollywood, Wright's much-admired facility with accents and dialects saw him play a wide range of character parts in radio and on screen, portraying English, French and Chinese characters, he was in "Judgment Night". Additionally, he played the Gauleiter of Austria Herr Zeller in The Sound of Music, he was a noted voice actor, performed featured voice parts in Disney's 101 Dalmatians and The Little Mermaid, his final screen credit before his death. The casting of this episode is notable for several reasons. One is that all of the leading cast were European-born: Beregi was Hungarian, Schildkraut was Austrian, Robert Boon was Dutch, Ben Wright was English, Kaaren Verne was born in Germany.
Nearly all of the main cast had personal connections to the subject matter—as well as his noted work in The Diary of Anne Frank, Schildkraut lost many members of his extended family in the Holocaust, Verne had been forced to flee Germany to escape the Nazis, both Boon and Ben Wright had served with the Allied armed forces during World War II. In an archival audio interview, attached as a special feature to the episode in the Twilight Zone DVD boxed set, series producer Buck Houghton recalled that for this episode, the production was able to shoot the episode's exterior scenes in a large frontier fort set, built for the pilot for an unnamed Western TV series; because that series had not been picked up by any of the networks, this expensive set - which, according to Houghton, had cost US$200,000 - was sitting abandoned on the MGM backlot, only required minimal redressing to serve as the episode's setting, the Dachau concentration camp. Speaking of episode director Don Medford, Houghton recalled that while Medford was known as an "action" director, he was chosen both for his ability to create effective "shock" moments, for his willingness to allow emotional scenes to play out
Charles-Philippe Ronsin was a French general of the Revolutionary Army of the First French Republic, commanding the large Parisian division of l'Armée Révolutionnaire. He was an extreme radical leader of the French Revolution, one of the many followers of Jacques-René Hébert, known as the Hébertists. Born in 1751 in Soissons, Aisne, a city northeast of Paris, Ronsin was son of a master cooper or barrel maker. At the age of seventeen, Charles-Philippe Ronsin joined the Parisian army. By 1772 he soon became a playwright and a tutor. In these years he met the artist Jacques-Louis David and they became good friends. Welcoming the Revolution, Ronsin became the bourgeois Guard Captain in the district of Saint-Roch in 1789, he presented several patriotic pieces in some of the theatres in the capital between the years 1790 and 1792. It was in this period that Ronsin joined the club of the Cordeliers. In August and September 1792, the Executive Council entrusted him three missions. In November, the minister of war, named him commissioner-organizer in Belgium to the army of Dumouriez.
In this post, Ronsin denounced the acts of violence of the suppliers to the armed forces, who were protected by the general. Ronsin was named assistant of the minister of war of Bouchotte on 23 April 1793, without commanding a squadron, it is possible that Ronsin received that position thanks to his friendship with Chaumette and Hébert. In May, he left to Vendée. There was an incident in which Ronsin was upset that his plan for defeating the Vendeans was rejected, therefore, he decided to make sure that General Canclaux was defeated by the Vendeans, ensuring his own victory, he led his troops to Vihiers and Beaulieu and was trapped at Coron. Because of Ronsin's decision the Vendeans took over Beaulieu and managed to convince the Committee to get rid of Canclaux. Ronsin's support among the Cordeliers and the ministry allowed him to cross the rank of captain to that of brigadier general in the army of the coasts of Rochelle. In September, 1793, he becomes chief general of the revolutionary army of Paris.
Ronsin had a violent character and was outspoken. He, proved to be a good leader. Ronsin was clever when dealing with his different functions. However, thanks to his quick ascent and his character Ronsin acquired numerous enemies Pierre Philippeaux and Fabre d'Eglantine. Ronsin created a bill, posted in Paris after his return from Lyon that stated that there were one hundred and forty thousand people living in Lyon, fifteen hundred of which had nothing to do with the rebellions. Ronsin stated. On 27 September Fabre d'Eglantine denounced Ronsin for being an ultra-revolutionist. Ronsin was arrested along with François-Nicolas Vincent, another member of the Cordeliers Club. While in prison the Cordeliers wrote a petition in favor of both Vincent and Ronsin, stating that they were great patriots and that Ronsin should not be punished for attacking Dumouriez and Brissot. Among those who were defending Ronsin was Collot d'Herbois, part of the Committee. Collot d'Herbois defended Ronsin, saying that while fighting in the South along with all of the other patriots of the Revolution, Ronsin showed great determination in enforcing respect for the republic.
With the help of Fouquier-Tinville, Ronsin was believed to be working on a military conspiracy to replace the revolutionary government with a military dictatorship. Fouquier-Tinville called him one of the "new Cromwell". Ronsin was arrested along with Hébert and Vincent. While in prison Ronsin is quoted with saying these words to his co-accused: "...you will be condemned. When you should have acted, you talked. Know how to die. For my part, I swear. Strive to do the same." Some of his final words before his death were, "Liberty undone!...because a few paltry fellows are about to perish! Liberty is immortal. Our enemies will fall in their turn, liberty will survive them all!" On 24 March 1794, five carts full of condemned Hébertists were taken to the guillotine, Charles-Philippe Ronsin among them. Ronsin stayed true to his words in prison: as Thomas Carlyle relates the event, he alone among the Hébertists went to the scaffold with an "air of defiance," still maintaining a steely "eye of command." Within a week of his death, Ronsin's army was disbanded.
Adolphe Thiers, Frederic Shoberl, The History of the French Revolution. Henri Martin, Abby Landgon Alger, A popular History of France from the First Revolution to the Present Time. Paul R. Hanson, Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution. Albert Soboul, Dictionnaire historique de la Révolution française, Quadrige/PUF, 1989, article « Ronsin, Charles Philippe » de Raymonde Monnier