Rogers Park, Chicago
Rogers Park is one of the 77 Chicago community areas on the far north side of Chicago, Cook County, Illinois and is the name of the Chicago neighborhood that constitutes most of the community area. Rogers Park is located nine miles north of the Cook County Courthouse in downtown Chicago, it is bounded by the city of Evanston along Juneway Terrace and Howard Street to the north, Ridge Boulevard to the west, Devon Avenue and the Edgewater neighborhood to the south, Lake Michigan to the east. The neighborhood just to the west, West Ridge, was part of Rogers Park until the 1890s and is still referred to as West Rogers Park; the Rogers Park area was developed on what once was the convergence of two Native American trails, now known as Rogers Avenue and Ridge Boulevard, predating modern metropolitan Chicago. The Pottawatomi and various other regional tribes settled in Rogers Park from season to season; the name of Indian Boundary Park west of Rogers Park reflects this history as does Pottawattomie Park near Clark Street and Rogers Avenue.
In 1809, the Karthauser Inn was established as stagecoach tavern. One of the original settlers of the area was Phillip Rogers, who operated a toll gate beside his home at what is now Ridge and Lunt Avenues and traded and worked with the local tribes. During the period 1844 to 1850 arriving settlers started farms along a ridge in the western portion of Rogers Park, avoiding the flooded lowlands to the east. In 1870 Rogers' son-in-law, Patrick I. Touhy, sold 100 acres to land speculators, including John Farwell, Luther Greenleaf, Stephen Lunt, Charles Morse, George Estes. With an additional purchase of 125 acres in 1873 these speculators together with Touhy formed the Rogers Park Building and Land Company. In 1873, the Chicago & Northwestern Railway completed a service line through the area and constructed a station at Greenleaf Ave; the population was 200 and a Post Office was opened in July 1873. Five years the voters agree to incorporate as a village under the name of Rogers Park. On April 29, 1878 Rogers Park was incorporated as a village of Illinois governed by six trustees.
In 1885, the Chicago, Evanston & Lake Superior Railroad, a predecessor of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, built a combination freight and commuter line through eastern Rogers Park on the present "L" right-of-way with a stop at Morse Avenue. By 1893, the population was 3500, the North Shore Electric Railroad expanded its service into the area, the village of Rogers Park was annexed to Chicago; the Rogers Park Women's Club opened the first library in 1894. In that year, the Great Fire of Rogers Park destroyed the business district. By 1904 the population had grown to 7,500; the NorthWestern elevated line was extended from Wilson to Howard Street. St. Ignatius College moved to the lakefront in 1912, changed its name to Loyola University in 1915. Successive generations brought about vast cultural changes to the former village. By 1930 the population was 57,094 making Rogers Park one of Chicago's most densely populated areas. Chicagoans began to move to new planned communities in the north suburbs by the 1930s, which ushered in the migration of German, English and Jewish families to Rogers Park.
With the devastation in Europe following World War II, many additional immigrants found their way to Chicago and the Rogers Park neighborhood. A growing and vibrant Hispanic community has grown along Clark Street since 2000. For decades, most of the neighborhood has been within the 49th Ward of the city of Chicago, but, a misconception; the ward covered much of Edgewater and went as far south as Hollywood in the 1960s, while the 50th Ward extended east to Ashland Avenue. But, because of redistricting, a part of Rogers Park is now within the 40th Ward, the 49th Ward now encompasses part of West Rogers Park. Rogers Park has a higher rate of residents with Master's, Doctorate degrees than the state average. In addition, the rate of residents that work for non-profit institutions is twice as high as the state average; as of 2015 41.9% of residents were white, 24.5% were black, 24.1% were Hispanic or Latino, 6.4% were Asian. It was the Chicago neighborhood in which the racial plurality had the smallest percentage, indicating the highest level of racial diversity.
The dominant educational institution in Rogers Park is Loyola University Chicago, located in the southeast corner of the neighborhood. Historic places of interest include Madonna Della Strada Chapel, the mother church of the Jesuit Province of Chicago; the neighborhood continues to be home to many Jesuit religious-order institutions. However, modern Rogers Park contains many different religious institutions; the presence of its diverse array of students and academics from Loyola University Chicago and Northwestern University, just a few miles to the north, has lent Rogers Park a high degree of liberalism and tolerance. The community has a high Internet presence. In 2007, the Web site outside.in named Rogers Park one of the country's "bloggiest neighborhoods."Rogers Park has over 130 restaurants and has been ranked "very walkable" by Walk Score. Rogers Park is home to the Glenwood Sunday Market, a farmers market, a program of the Rogers Park Business Alliance, devoted to providing local, sustainable foods that are organic whenever possible.
The Chicago Comedy Film Festival calls Rogers Park home and is held annually at The New 400 Theaters. The international film festival brings over 500 filmmakers and agents to the neighborhood from around the world. A plethora of beaches line the shore
Alumni Gym (Loyola University Chicago)
Alumni Gym was a 2,000 capacity structure on the campus of Loyola University Chicago. It served as the home of the Loyola Ramblers Men's and Women's Volleyball programs, as well as the Loyola University Department of Intercollegiate Athletics, it is the former home of the Loyola Ramblers basketball team, which last played in Alumni Gym in 1996. The basketball team moved to the 5,200-seat Joseph J. Gentile Center at the beginning of the 1996-97 season. From 1924 to 1941, Loyola hosted the National Catholic Interscholastic Basketball Tournament in Alumni Gym; the facility hosted the Semifinals and Championship game of the 2005 and 2006 Midwestern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association Championship. The final intercollegiate game at Alumni Gym was on April 27, 2011; the Loyola men's volleyball team defeated Quincy University 3-1 in the semifinals of the Midwestern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association tournament in front of an announced crowd of 424 people. The building was demolished in the summer of 2011 to make way for a new student union on campus.
Alumni Gym Profile at LoyolaRamblers.com
The Clare is a high-rise senior independent living community situated on the Loyola University Chicago Water Tower Campus in Chicago's Gold Coast at Rush Street & Pearson Street. It is a continuing care retirement community and the only senior living community in the Gold Coast that offers a LifeCare contract; the 53-story building is designed by Perkins and Will, is one of the tallest buildings reserved for senior citizens in the world. This building includes 50,000 square feet of classroom space at the bottom to replace two small classroom buildings belonging to Loyola University Chicago; until November 2011, The Clare was owned and operated by the Franciscan Sisters of Chicago, a religious organization that runs senior care facilities throughout the Midwest. On November 15, 2011, The Clare filed for bankruptcy protection from creditors after failing to make debt payments. At the time, the building was only 34% occupied; the property was sold in a bankruptcy auction to Senior Care Development, LLC, a Harrison, New York-based non-denominational senior care company.
The property is managed by Life Care Services. From 2014 to 2016, The Clare's occupancy increased from 44% to 78% and now has a wait list for larger units. In 2016, The Clare underwent extensive renovations, including transforming the Grand Lobby, adding a Bistro Café to the ninth floor, overhauling the 53rd floor into a third dining venue called The Abbey on 53, upgrading the layout and décor of the Grafton Dining Room. List of tallest buildings in Chicago The Clare website The Clare Facebook page The Clare Yelp page
Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies
The Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies is a non-partisan, independent academic center designed to explore the impact of antitrust enforcement on the individual consumer and public, to shape policy issues. It is located at Loyola University Chicago School of Law in Illinois; the School of Law created the institute in 1994 at the direction of then-dean Nina S. Appel, Professor Jane H. Locke, a variety of other supporters. Funding for the institute was provided via a cy pres award from the late United States District Judge Hubert Will with funds remaining from a large antitrust settlement. In 2009, the institute celebrated its 15th anniversary. Beginning in 2000, Professor Spencer Waller became director of the institute. Professor Waller has authored numerous scholarly articles and several books on the subject of antitrust. Prior to joining the institute, Professor Waller served as associate dean at Brooklyn Law School. In addition to teaching, Professor Waller practiced with the United States Department of Justice Antitrust and Criminal Divisions and with the Chicago law firm of Freeborn & Peters.
Shaping the Future of Competition and Consumer Law and Policy, an online brochure, lists the antitrust- and consumer protection-focused courses offered at Loyola University Chicago School of Law, detailed descriptions of the Student Fellow and Senior Research Fellow programs, chronicles the institute's involvement with the local and international competition communities. The institute promotes the study and discussion of consumer and competition law issues through its Student Fellowship Program, which began in January 2001. Fellows are law students chosen from among applicants who meet certain minimum requirements, including academic achievement, an interest in pursuing a career in antitrust or consumer protection, complete requisite coursework; the institute provides fellows with a stipend. Fellows attend all institute events as well as special programs designed to inform them of current topics of interest in competition law and policy; these special programs introduce the fellows to the key policymakers in the public and private sectors.
Each year, the institute sends fellows to the ABA Section of Antitrust Spring Meeting. In addition, fellows engage in externships with organizations such as the Federal Trade Commission, the Illinois Attorney General, public interest groups and private law firms; the fellows write papers on timely antitrust and consumer protection issues, recent Supreme Court decisions and new developments in these fields. To see a few of the more recent papers written by fellows and institute faculty members, please click here, or see below under News & Views. Alumni of the Student Fellowship Program work at a wide variety of law firms, government agencies and corporate counsel offices; the institute has alumni who followed career paths at the U. S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and Brooklyn Legal Services Foreclosure Defense; the institute sponsors a senior research fellow. The institute has one senior research fellow on staff at all times. Senior research fellows conduct research, write articles for publication and engage in guest lecturing at the law school.
In the past, Philipp Fabbio of the University of Reggio Calabria School of Law served as a senior research fellow. Professor Fabbio taught courses in International and Comparative Antitrust. Additionally, Marek Martyniszyn served as a senior research fellow. Dr. Martyniszyn joined the institute after having submitted his doctoral thesis, the result of his research conducted while he was the Ad Astra Research Scholar at the University College Dublin School of Law. Former Illinois AG Neil Hartigan has joined Loyola's Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies as a distinguished fellow in residence. Loyola's Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies now offers online Master of Jurisprudence and Master of Laws degree programs in Global Competition Law, featuring a comprehensive curriculum, exceptional faculty and a flexible structure. For more information on each specific program, see below. Over 130 jurisdictions around the world enforce some form of competition law that prohibits cartels and other agreements to harm competition and consumers.
Competition law prevents monopolization or abuse of a dominant position, anticompetitive mergers and acquisitions. The Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies at Loyola University of Chicago has over 20 years of experience teaching, researching and advocating for a more competitive and consumer-friendly economy. Loyola's new online LLM and MJ programs offer professionals around the globe who are working in government, the private sector, or academia the opportunity to strengthen their skills and knowledge of competition law through flexible part-time online programs. To see teaching faculty biographies, click here; the curriculum requires the completion on four mandatory courses in year one, which include: Principles of Competition Law, Intellectual Property Law Survey and Economics, International and Comparative Competition Law. Students must choose four electives from a list of selected courses to complete in year two. Beginning in August 2016, non-degree students may apply to take individual courses on a space available basis.
Apply now! To read a student testimonial, click here; the Master of Jurisprudence in Global Competition Law is a degree program designed for non-lawyer competition and consumer professionals to provide a comprehensive working knowledge of the competition law field. The cutting-edge curriculum, designed in conjunction with a team of leading professionals in the field, provides graduates with the expert
Mother church or matrice is a term depicting the Christian Church as a mother in her functions of nourishing and protecting the believer. It may refer to the primary church of a Christian denomination or diocese, i.e. Cathedral or a metropolitan church; the term has specific meanings within different Christian traditions. The "first see", or primatial see, of a regional or national church is sometimes referred to as the Mother Church of that nation. For example, the local Church of Armagh is the primatial see of Ireland, because it was the first established local Church in that country. Rome is the primatial see of Italy, Baltimore of the United States, so on; the first local church in all of Christianity is that of Jerusalem, the site of the Passion of the Christ and of Pentecost, making it the Mother Church of all Christianity. This term is most used among Roman Catholics as Holy Mother Church; the Church is considered to be a mother to her members because she is the Bride of Christ, all other churches have had their origin or derived from her.
Another term used in the Catechism is the title "Mater et Magistra". Pope John XXIII made this the title of his encyclical celebrating the seventieth year after Leo XIII's groundbreaking social encyclical, explaining that in this Mother and Teacher all nations "should find... their own completeness in a higher order of living." Pope Francis said: The Church is our mother. She is our "Holy Mother Church", generated through our baptism, makes us grow up in her community and has that motherly attitude, of meekness and goodness: Our Mother Mary and our Mother Church know how to caress their children and show tenderness. To think of the Church without that motherly feeling is to think of a rigid association, an association without human warmth, an orphan. In Anglicanism, the Church of England gave rise to all the other Churches in the Anglican Communion, as such she is considered the Mother Church; the Archbishop of Canterbury thus serves as the focus of the Anglican Communion. In Methodism, the Methodist Church of Great Britain is considered the Mother Church by all the other Methodist Churches in the World Methodist Council, with Methodist Central Hall being a symbol of this tradition.
This is because the Methodist Church of Great Britain "gave birth to the whole Methodist enterprise and of a nineteenth-century church whose influence reached out across the world through the missionary endeavors of the various British Connexions within and beyond the British Empire." The National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. is referred to as the "mother church" among African-American Baptists. This Convention is the oldest and largest of the Conventions and all other National Baptists trace their origin to her. Several large Pentecostal Organizations regard this convention as their mother church. Apostolic sees are those local churches founded by one of Paul the Apostle. In 1855 Bingham wrote: "Ecclesia matrix, a mother-church, is sometimes taken for an original church planted by the Apostles, whence others were derived and propagated afterward.... And in this sense the Church of Jerusalem is called'the mother-church of all churches in the world.'" He refers to "Arles the mother church of France planted by the Apostle's missionary Trophimus, first bishop of the place."
The Mother Church of Christianity is the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the site of the most important events at the foundation of the religion. It sits by the most sacred sites of Christianity, the place of Jesus' crucifixion, death and resurrection. Mother church may be a title of distinction based on a church's hierarchical importance; the church of the bishop of an episcopal see is considered the mother church of the diocese. Holy Name Cathedral in Chicago, falls under this category. While it was not the first Roman Catholic cathedral of the city, it became the mother church due to the presence of the episcopal cathedra; this form of distinction based on hierarchical importance is used by the Roman Catholic Church, sometimes, the churches of the Anglican Communion, while most Protestant denominations tend to refrain from using the title in this manner. The pope's cathedral, the Papal Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran, is called Sacrosancta Lateranensis ecclesia omnium urbis et orbis ecclesiarum mater et caput.
The first church built in a mission area is sometimes called the mother church. For example, the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, was the site of the first French Catholic mission of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, from which the modern Hawaii Catholic Church was established. Under these circumstances it is today considered the mother church of all Hawaii; the Mission San Carlos Borromeo in Carmel, California, is considered the mother church of California, as it served as the headquarters of the California mission system. The term may relate to the churches of the various religious institutes, royal orders, or civic orders. For example, Madonna Della Strada Chapel became the mother church of the Province of Chicago of the Society of Jesus, as the principal church of the Jesuits in its particular province including Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. On a broader scale, the Chiesa del Gesù in Rome is the mother church of all Jesuits throughout the world as it is the church of the order's Superior General.
Another form of the phrase is used in Protestant churches. A mother church is one; the oldest churches of various religious communities are considered the
The term chapel refers to a Christian place of prayer and worship, attached to a larger nonreligious institution or, considered an extension of a primary religious institution. It may be part of a larger structure or complex, such as a college, palace, funeral home, synagogue or mosque, located on board a military or commercial ship, or it may be an free-standing building, sometimes with its own grounds. Chapel has referred to independent or nonconformist places of worship in Great Britain—outside the established church; until the Protestant Reformation, a chapel denoted a place of worship, either at a secondary location, not the main responsibility of the local parish priest, or that belonged to a person or institution. The earliest Christian places of worship are now referred to as chapels, as they were not dedicated buildings but rather a dedicated chamber within a building. Most larger churches had one or more secondary altars, which if they occupied a distinct space, would be called a chapel.
In Russian Orthodox tradition, the chapels were built underneath city gates, where most people could visit them. The most famous example is the Iberian Chapel. Although chapels refer to Christian places of worship, they are commonly found in Jewish synagogues and do not denote a specific denomination. In England—where the Church of England is established by law—non-denominational or inter-faith chapels in such institutions may nonetheless be consecrated by the local Anglican bishop. Non-denominational chapels are encountered as part of a non-religious institution such as a hospital, university or prison. Many military installations have chapels for the use of military personnel under the leadership of a military chaplain; the earliest Christian places of worship were not dedicated buildings but rather a dedicated chamber within a building, such as a room in an individual's home. Here one or two people could pray without being part of a communion/congregation. People who like to use chapels may find it peaceful and relaxing to be away from the stress of life, without other people moving around them.
The word, like the associated word, chaplain, is derived from Latin. More the word "chapel" is derived from a relic of Saint Martin of Tours: traditional stories about Martin relate that while he was still a soldier, he cut his military cloak in half to give part to a beggar in need; the other half he wore over his shoulders as a "small cape". The beggar, the stories claim, was Christ in disguise, Martin experienced a conversion of heart, becoming first a monk abbot bishop; this cape came into the possession of the Frankish kings, they kept the relic with them as they did battle. The tent which kept the cape was called the capella and the priests who said daily Mass in the tent were known as the capellani. From these words, via Old French, we get the names "chapel" and "chaplain"; the word appears in the Irish language in the Middle Ages, as Welsh people came with the Norman and Old English invaders to the island of Ireland. While the traditional Irish word for church was eaglais, a new word, séipéal, came into usage.
In British history, "chapel" or "meeting house", was the standard designation for church buildings belonging to independent or Nonconformist religious societies and their members. It was a word associated with the pre-eminence of independent religious practice in rural regions of England and Wales, the northern industrial towns of the late 18th and 19th centuries, centres of population close to but outside the City of London; as a result, "chapel" is sometimes used as an adjective in the UK to describe the members of such churches. A proprietary chapel is one that belonged to a private person. In the 19th century they were common being built to cope with urbanisation, they were set up by evangelical philanthropists with a vision of spreading Christianity in cities whose needs could no longer be met by the parishes. Some functioned more with a wealthy person building a chapel so they could invite their favorite preachers, they are anomalies in the English ecclesiastical law, having no parish area, but being able to have an Anglican clergyman licensed there.
Many Anglican Churches were Proprietary Chapels. Over the years they have been converted into normal Parishes. While the usage of the word "chapel" is not limited to Christian terminology, it is most found in that context. Nonetheless, the word's meaning can vary by denomination, non-denominational chapels can be found in many hospitals and the United Nations headquarters. Chapels can be found for worship in Judaism; the word "chapel" is in common usage in the United Kingdom, in Wales, for Nonconformist places of worship. In the UK, due to the rise in Nonconformist chapels during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, by the time of the 1851 census, more people attended the independent chapels than attended the state religion's Anglican churches. In Roman Catholic Church canon law, a chapel, technically called an "oratory", is a building or part thereof dedicated to the celebration of services the Mass, not a parish church; this may be a private chapel, for the use of one person or a select group.
Madonna Della Strada
Madonna Della Strada or Santa Maria Della Strada — the Italian for Our Lady of the Wayside, or Our Lady of the Good Road — is the name of an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, enshrined at the Church of the Gesù in Rome, mother church of the Society of Jesus religious order of the Roman Catholic Church and is a variation on the Eastern basilissa type of icon. The Madonna Della Strada is the patroness of the Society of Jesus, its founder, Ignatius of Loyola, was said to have been protected by the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary during battle in his service as a soldier. The name goes back to a shrine established in Rome in the 5th century by the Astalli family known as the Madonna degli Astalli, at a crossroads along the ceremonial route of the popes; the 13th-14th century fresco was painted on the wall of Saint Mary of the Way in Rome, the church of the Society of Jesus, given to Saint Ignatius by Pope Paul III in 1540. In 1568, Cardinal Alessandro Farnese erected the Gesù Church of Rome, the mother church of the Jesuits, in place of the former church of Santa Maria della Strada.
The fresco was moved there in 1575 to a side chapel. Sometime in the 19th century, the image was affixed to a slate panel; the icon is located between two altars, the first dedicated to Ignatius of Loyola, the second, the main altar of the Church, dedicated to the Holy Name of Jesus. The icon was restored in 2006, revealing at least two layers of previous paint, the original art being a fresco, detached from a wall and affixed to canvas; the Jesuits celebrate the feast of Our Lady of the Way on May 24. There is a chapel dedicated to Madonna Della Strada at Loyola University in Chicago, Illinois, at the University of Scranton in Scranton, at Zilber Hall, Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. A copy of the image hangs in the Le Moyne College Chapel; the Society of the Lady of the Way is a secular institute in Vienna, Austria that follows the spirituality of St Ignatius of Loyola. Roman Catholic Marian art Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary Almagno, R. Stephen, O. F. M. Editor. Mary Our Hope: A Selection from the Sermons and Papers of Cardinal John J. Wright.
San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1984. 158f