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Richard Batchens

Richard Batchens is an Australian record producer and audio engineer. From 1971 to 1976 he was the main in-house producer for Festival Records' imprint Infinity Records, his work includes most of the early albums and singles for Sherbet, one of Australia's most successful pop bands of the 1970s, the first six albums by singer-songwriter, Richard Clapton. He produced some of the early Cold Chisel material, including the single, "Goodbye", their second album, Breakfast at Sweethearts. Richard Batchens worked in Sydney with Festival Records in-house producer, Pat Aulton, in the late 1960s. Aulton continued as main producer of Festival's pop music releases until 1973. In 1970 Festival established a new imprint label, Infinity Records, Batchens became its main producer and engineer. Batchens co-produced the debut album, At the Mountains of Madness, by progressive rock and heavy rockers, with their lead guitarist, John Robinson, its associated single, "Seasons of Change" appeared in May. The material was recorded in late 1970 and featured guest appearances by two members of Fraternity, an Adelaide-based group: Bon Scott on recorder and percussion, John Bissett on keyboards.

The album reached No. 7 in the Australian national charts. The track, "Seasons of Change", had been written by Robinson and Neale Johns for Fraternity, it proved to be one of Blackfeather's most popular singles and became a national Top 20 hit when released, against the band's wishes, as a single. This track crops up on Raven's Golden Miles CD compilation in 1994 along with the album track, "Long Legged Lovely". From 1972 to 1975 he co-produced five albums for pop group, Sherbet. From 1973 to 1979 he produced six albums for Richard Clapton including his first four studio albums, a soundtrack album, Highway One, a compilation album, Past Hits and Previews. Cold Chisel's debut self-titled album in 1978 had been produced by Peter Walker. For their second album, Breakfast at Sweethearts, the record company, Elektra Records, decided to use a more experienced producer. Batchens was chosen due to his work with Clapton. According to Australian journalist, Ed Nimmervoll, Batchens "was not all that keen on the band's individual performances in the studio and made them do things over and over".

Although "he smoothed out the rough edges", however he "lost some of the life". Meanwhile, "the more sophisticated approach tended to highlight the quality of the songs". Nimmervoll noted that the "band had their reservations, but they were reasonably happy with the results". Breakfast at Sweethearts proved to be their commercial breakthrough, turning Cold Chisel into platinum selling superstars. After attempting to record a follow-up single with Batchens, Cold Chisel decided to record their next album, with Mark Opitz producing. According to sources

National forest (France)

A national forest is a forest, owned by the French state. This status originates with the Edict of Moulins of 1566. French national forests are managed by the National Board of Forestry under the national forestry law, the successor of ordinances and regulations that have taken place since the time of Charlemagne "at the discretion of political and demographic context of France, making the first state-owned natural forest areas whose management is rigorously controlled". National forests have existed in some form since ancient times: in fact state ownership is a legal system distinct from inheritance and private property that dates back to the Edict of Moulins. Thus, a number of royal forests are the "property" of the state, which has delegated the management of the Ministry of Agriculture who has himself told NFB and sometimes about national parks; this "heritage of the nation" is different from ordinary property: the state holds or the usus, which amounts to the public or the fructus that does not exist or the abusus, the public domain is inalienable.

Prior to 2006, Article L. 62 in French national code stated: The State-owned forestry and wood can not be alienated by virtue of a law. However, it may be conducted in the ordinary form, the sale of State-owned timber holding less than 150 hectares that could not bear the costs of care and are not necessary to ensure the rivers and rivers are separated and at a distance of at least one kilometer from other woods and forests of great extent; this article therefore specified that forests can be sold by decree or order in France), of woods of less than 150 hectare, at least 1 kilometre from other large forests. In 2006, an ordonnance which codifies the legislative part of the general code of the property of public persons, but the renumbering was accompanied by a significant change. The new Article L. 3211-5 provides: The woods and forests of the State can not be alienated by virtue of a law. Notwithstanding the first paragraph, the State may, in the conditions specified by order in Council of State proceed with the sale of woods and forests that meet the following conditions: 1st: Be a capacity of fewer than 150 hectares.

Notwithstanding the first paragraph and forests of the state included in the scope of declaration of public utility are assigned in accordance with the last paragraph of Article L. 12-4 of code of expropriation for public utility under the conditions specified by Order in Council of State. Under the Forest Code, the National Forests Office manages state forests. Management is made under a contract of objectives and performance between the state and the NFB, which organizes details of national forest policy. Following the Grenelle Environment a dual general purpose is to Produce more wood, while better preserving the biodiversity; this sentence does not apply to the management of national forests, but to objective of sable harvesting. Each forest has a forest management written for a period of 15–25 years and approved by the Minister of Agriculture; this arrangement establishes guidelines and management plans cuts during the period. Revenues from state-owned forests are used for operation of the NFB, which manages both profitable forests and unprofitable forests.

The potential benefit of the NFB could return to the state. In France there are 1,300 National Forests for a combined forest area of about 1,800,000 hectare. 690,000 hectare were royal forests. Royal properties since time immemorial, they are located in the Paris region and in the Pays de la Loire. About {390,000 hectare. Contributed to the Crown by Henry IV of France in 1589. Hautes-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne and Ariege. About 80,000 hectare. Ancient sovereign areas that became royal domain. About 210,000 hectare. Acquisitions to improve the supply of wooden marine arsenals Brest in the 18th century. About 10,000 hectare. List of types of formally designated forests