Huỳnh Công Út, known professionally as Nick Ut is a Vietnamese American photographer for the Associated Press who works out of Los Angeles. He won both the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography and the 1973 World Press Photo of the Year for "The Terror of War", depicting children in flight from a napalm bombing during the Vietnam War, his best-known photo, it features a naked 9-year-old girl, Phan Thị Kim Phúc, running toward the camera from a South Vietnamese napalm strike that mistakenly hit Trảng Bàng village instead of nearby North Vietnamese troops. On the 40th anniversary of that Pulitzer Prize-winning photo in September 2012, Ut became the third person inducted by the Leica Hall of Fame for his contributions to photojournalism. On March 29, 2017, he retired from AP. Born in Long An, Vietnam, Ut began to take photographs for the Associated Press when he was 16, just after his older brother Huynh Thanh My, another AP photographer, was killed in Vietnam. Ut himself was wounded three times in the war in his knee and stomach.
Ut has since worked for the Associated Press in Tokyo, South Korea, Hanoi and still maintains contact with Kim Phuc, who now resides in Canada. Before delivering his film with the Kim Phúc photo, he took her to the hospital; the publication of the photo was delayed due to the AP bureau's debate about transmitting a naked girl's photo over the wire:... an editor at the AP rejected the photo of Kim Phuc running down the road without clothing because it showed frontal nudity. Pictures of nudes of all ages and sexes, frontal views were an absolute no-no at the Associated Press in 1972... Horst argued by telex with the New York head-office that an exception must be made, with the compromise that no close-up of the girl Kim Phuc alone would be transmitted; the New York photo editor, Hal Buell, agreed that the news value of the photograph overrode any reservations about nudity. In September, 2016, a Norway newspaper published an open letter to Mark Zuckerberg after censorship was imposed on this photograph placed on the newspaper's Facebook page.
Half of the ministers in the Norwegian government shared the famous Nick Ut photo on their Facebook pages, among them prime minister Erna Solberg from the Conservative Party. Several of the Facebook posts including the Prime Minister's post were deleted by Facebook, but that day Facebook decided to allow the photo. Audiotapes of then-president Richard Nixon in conversation with his chief of staff, H. R. Haldeman, show that Nixon doubted the veracity of the photograph, musing whether it may have been "fixed." Following the release of this tape, Ut commented: Even though it has become one of the most memorable images of the twentieth century, President Nixon once doubted the authenticity of my photograph when he saw it in the papers on June 12, 1972.... The picture for me, unquestionably for many others, could not have been more real; the photo was as authentic as the Vietnam war itself. The horror of the Vietnam war recorded by me did not have to be fixed; that terrified little girl is still alive today and has become an eloquent testimony to the authenticity of that photo.
That moment thirty years ago will be one Kim Phuc and I will never forget. It has changed both our lives. Ut is married with two children, he lives in Los Angeles, remains an AP photographer. His photos of a crying Paris Hilton in the back seat of a Los Angeles County Sheriff's cruiser on June 8, 2007 were published worldwide. Two photographs emerged. 2018: World Press Photographer Prize, IPPFK, Kerala Media Academy, India. The award consists of a purse of Rs. 1 lakh. Archival Video: Napalm Girl Kim Phúc on YouTube Nick Ut, Exactly 35 Years Later Nick Ut - Still a Photographer with the Associated Press Horst Faas and Marianne Fulton A return to Saigon - 4 AP Career Retrospective for Nick Ut Hall of Fame Award Winners Leica Awards // World of Leica - Leica Camera AG archive
Jorge Salán is a Spanish rock lead guitarist, singer and songwriter. He is most well known for being the lead guitar for the metal rock solo singer Jeff Scott Soto and the Jeff Scott Soto Band from 2009 till today, the lead guitar on Robin Beck's European Tour 2013, for having collaborated with a long list of legendary rock musicians such as Fiona Flanagan or bass guitar player Bob Daisley. Jorge Salán is a rock guitarist both by critics and audiences as one of the most valuable and impressive guitarist in the rock scene nowadays, he was awarded a scholarship by the prestigious Berklee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts at the age of 17 and recorded his first solo album at the age of 19, "The Utopian Sea of Clouds". This album drew in a lot of attention within the Spanish rock scene and earned him the label of best guitarist player for several magazines and radio shows, he is well known for being the leading guitar for the Spanish metal rock band Mägo de Oz from 2004 till 2008. In 2014 he was awarded for 10th time in a row with the "Best rock solo guitarist award" in the RockReferendum, the most important Spanish contest for rock musicians.
He has toured throughout the world accompanying other artists. With Jeff Scott Soto he has toured Brazil and throughout Europe playing in the most prestigious Rock festivals, most notably Graspop Metal Meeting, Bang Your Head!!! and Rock Of Ages, both in Germany, sharing the stage with bands like Alice Cooper and Slayer. Jorge Salán plays guitar for American singers Fiona and Robin Beck. Played for Beck at the Firefest Festival in Nottingham, alongside Gotthard and Danger Danger, he continued playing for Robin Beck on every concert of his European tours including Hard Rock Hell and Aor Festival and Sweden Rock, sharing stage with Black Sabbath, Alter Bridge and Billy Idol. Many of these prestigious artists highlight his skills and personality on a 2014 music documentary based on his life and career, No looking Back; the utopian sea of clouds From now on Chronicles of an evolution Subsuelo Estatuas en la calle Sexto asalto Directo a San Javier No looking back'Madrid / Texas - Rock Estatal Records.'Graffire - Rock Estatal Records.'Live in Madrid - Duque Producciones Belfast Madrid, Las Ventas Gaia II: La Voz Dormida The Best Oz La ciudad de los árboles Barakaldo D.
F. Solo o en compañía de otros Takorce One night in Madrid Damage Control Wrecking ball Lay it on me El Ángel Caído 2017 Hacia La Luz - Directo desde Madrid Bob Daisley Eric Martin Danny Vaughn Danger Danger Carlos Tarque Carmine Appice Carlos Escobedo Fiona Flanagan Javier Vargas Paul Shortino Abraham Laboriel Joe Lynn Turner
La Ciudad de los Árboles
La Ciudad de los Árboles is the eighth studio album by Spanish folk metal group Mägo de Oz, it was released on 6 November 2007. It comes in Digibook format and includes a DVD; the first single of the album is "a tribute to Mexico in ranchera style. The second single of the album is "Deja de Llorar" El Espíritu del Bosque - 1:46 La Ciudad de los Árboles - 6:02 Mi Nombre es Rock & Roll - 6:03 El Rincón de los Sentidos - 4:39 Deja de Llorar - 4:18 La Canción de los Deseos - 4:01 Y Ahora Voy a Salir - 3:53 Runa Llena* - 4:46 Resacosix en la Barra - 3:47 No Queda sino Batirnos - 4:19 Sin Ti, Sería Silencio - 4:42 Si Molesto, Me Quedo - 4:38 El Espíritu del Bosque II - 1:15* A play on the phrase "Full Moon", in Spanish "Luna Llena"
Phan Thi Kim Phuc
Phan Thị Kim Phúc, referred to informally as the Napalm girl, is a South Vietnamese-born Canadian best known as the nine-year-old child depicted in the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph taken at Trảng Bàng during the Vietnam War on June 8, 1972. The well-known photo, by AP photographer Nick Ut, shows her at nine years of age running naked on a road after being burned on her back by a South Vietnamese napalm attack. Kim Phúc and her family were residents of the village of Trảng Bàng in South Vietnam. On June 8, 1972, South Vietnamese planes dropped a napalm bomb on Trảng Bàng, attacked and occupied by North Vietnamese forces. Kim Phúc joined a group of civilians and South Vietnamese soldiers who were fleeing from the Caodai Temple to the safety of South Vietnamese-held positions; the Republic of Vietnam Air Force pilot diverted to attack. The bombing killed two of two other villagers. Kim Phúc received third degree burns. Associated Press photographer Nick Ut's photograph of Kim Phúc running naked amid other fleeing villagers, South Vietnamese soldiers and press photographers became one of the most haunting images of the Vietnam War.
In an interview many years she recalled she was yelling, Nóng quá, nóng quá in the picture. The New York Times editors were at first hesitant to consider the photo for publication because of the nudity, but approved it. A cropped version of the photo—with the press photographers to the right removed—was featured on the front page of The New York Times the next day, it earned a Pulitzer Prize and was chosen as the World Press Photo of the Year for 1973. After snapping the photograph, Ut took Kim Phúc and the other injured children to Barsky Hospital in Saigon, where it was determined that her burns were so severe that she would not survive. After a 14-month hospital stay and 17 surgical procedures including skin transplantations, she was able to return home. A number of the early operations were performed by Finnish plastic surgeon Aarne Rintala, it was only after treatment at a renowned special clinic in Ludwigshafen, West Germany, in 1982, that Kim Phúc was able to properly move again. Ut continued to visit Kim Phúc until he was evacuated during the fall of Saigon, they now speak weekly via telephone.
Audio tapes of President Richard Nixon, in conversation with his chief of staff, H. R. Haldeman in 1972, reveal that Nixon mused "I'm wondering if, fixed" after seeing the photograph. After the release of this tape, Ut commented, "Even though it has become one of the most memorable images of the twentieth century, President Nixon once doubted the authenticity of my photograph when he saw it in the papers on 12 June 1972.... The picture for me and unquestionably for many others could not have been more real; the photo was as authentic as the Vietnam War itself. The horror of the Vietnam War recorded by me did not have to be fixed; that terrified little girl is still alive today and has become an eloquent testimony to the authenticity of that photo. That moment thirty years ago will be one Kim Phúc and I will never forget, it has changed both our lives."Less publicized is film shot by British television cameraman Alan Downes for the British ITN news service and his Vietnamese counterpart Le Phuc Dinh, working for the American television network NBC, which shows the events just before and after the photograph was taken.
In the top-left frame, a man stands and appears to take photographs as a passing airplane drops bombs. A group of children, Kim Phúc among them, run away in fear. After a few seconds, she encounters the reporters dressed in military fatigues, including Christopher Wain who gave her water and poured some over her burns; as she turns sideways, the severity of the burns on her arm and back can be seen. A crying woman, Kim Phúc's grandmother, runs in the opposite direction holding her badly burned grandchild, three-year-old Danh, Kim Phúc's cousin, who died of his injuries. Sections of the film shot were included in Hearts and Minds, the 1974 Academy Award-winning documentary about the Vietnam War directed by Peter Davis. Phúc was removed from her university as a young adult studying medicine and used as a propaganda symbol by the communist government of Vietnam. In 1986, she was granted permission to continue her studies in Cuba. Prime Minister of Vietnam Phạm Văn Đồng became her patron. After arriving in Cuba, she met Bui Huy Toan, another Vietnamese student and her future fiancé.
In 1992, Phúc and Toan married. On the way to their honeymoon in Moscow, they left the plane during a refuelling stop in Gander and asked for political asylum in Canada, granted; the couple now live in Ajax, near Toronto, have two children. In 1996, Phúc met the surgeons; the following year, she passed the Canadian Citizenship Test with a perfect score and became a Canadian citizen. In 2015, it was reported that she was receiving laser treatment at a hospital in Miami, Florida, to reduce the scarring on her left arm and back; the treatment is being provided free of charge. In 1997 she established the first Kim Phúc Foundation in the U. S. with the aim of providing medical and psychological assistance to child victims of war. Other foundations were set up, with the same name, under an umbrella organization, Kim Phúc Foundation International. In 2004, Phúc spoke at the University of Connecticut about her life and experience, learning how to be "strong in the face of pain" and how compassion an
Mägo de Oz (album)
Mägo de Oz was Mägo de Oz's debut album. Juanma: voice Mohamed: violin Carlitos: lead guitar Chema: rhythm guitar Salva: bass Txus: drums, voice on "Lo que el viento se dejó" and "Yankees go home"
The Vietnam War known as the Second Indochina War, in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or the American War, was an undeclared war in Vietnam and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union and other communist allies; the war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war from some US perspectives. It lasted some 19 years with direct U. S. involvement ending in 1973 following the Paris Peace Accords, included the Laotian Civil War and the Cambodian Civil War, resulting in all three countries becoming communist states in 1975. American military advisors began arriving in what was French Indochina in 1950 to support the French in the First Indochina War against the communist-led Viet Minh. Most of the funding for the French war effort was provided by the U. S. After the French quit Indochina in 1954, the US assumed financial and military responsibility for the South Vietnamese state.
The Việt Cộng known as Front national de libération du Sud-Viêt Nam or NLF, a South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, initiated a guerrilla war against the South Vietnamese government in 1959. U. S. involvement escalated in 1960, continued in 1961 under President John F. Kennedy, with troop levels surging under the MAAG program from just under a thousand in 1959 to 16,000 in 1963. By 1964, there were 23,000 U. S. troops in Vietnam, but this escalated further following the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a U. S. destroyer was alleged to have clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft. In response, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authorization to increase U. S. military presence, deploying ground combat units for the first time and increasing troop levels to 184,000. Past this point, the People's Army of Vietnam known as the North Vietnamese Army engaged in more conventional warfare with US and South Vietnamese forces; every year onward there was significant build-up of US forces despite little progress, with Robert McNamara, one of the principal architects of the war, beginning to express doubts of victory by the end of 1966.
U. S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces and airstrikes. The U. S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The Tet Offensive of 1968, proved to be the turning point of the war; the Tet Offensive showed that the end of US involvement was not in sight, increasing domestic skepticism of the war. The unconventional and conventional capabilities of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam increased following a period of neglect and became modeled on heavy firepower-focused doctrines like US forces. Operations crossed international borders. S. forces. Gradual withdrawal of U. S. ground forces began as part of "Vietnamization", which aimed to end American involvement in the war while transferring the task of fighting the communists to the South Vietnamese themselves and began the task of modernizing their armed forces. Direct U. S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973 as a result of the Case–Church Amendment passed by the U.
S. Congress; the capture of Saigon by the NVA in April 1975 marked the end of the war, North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities. Estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from 966,000 to 3.8 million. Some 275,000–310,000 Cambodians, 20,000–62,000 Laotians, 58,220 U. S. service members died in the conflict, a further 1,626 remain missing in action. The Sino-Soviet split re-emerged following the lull during the Vietnam War and confllict between North Vietnam and its Cambodian allies in the Royal Government of the National Union of Kampuchea, the newly-formed Democratic Kampuchea begun immediately in a series of border raids by the Khmer Rouge and erupted into the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, with Chinese forces directly intervening in the Sino-Vietnamese War; the end of the war and resumption of the Third Indochina War would precipitate the Vietnamese boat people and the bigger Indochina refugee crisis, which saw an estimated 250,000 people perish at sea.
Within the US the war gave rise to what was referred to as Vietnam Syndrome, a public aversion to American overseas military involvements, which together with Watergate contributed to the crisis of confidence that affected America throughout the 1970s. Various names have been applied to the conflict. Vietnam War is the most used name in English, it has been called the Second Indochina War and the Vietnam Conflict. As there have been several conflicts in Indochina, this particular conflict is known by the names of its primary protagonists to distinguish it from others. In Vietnamese, the war is known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ, but less formally as'Cuộc chiến tranh Mỹ', it is called Chiến tranh Việt Nam. The primary military organizations involved in the war were as follows: One side consisted of th
Folk metal is a fusion genre of heavy metal music and traditional folk music that developed in Europe during the 1990s. It is characterised by the widespread use of folk instruments and, to a lesser extent, traditional singing styles, it sometimes features soft instrumentation influenced by folk rock. The earliest folk metal bands were Skyclad from Cruachan from Ireland. Skyclad's debut album The Wayward Sons of Mother Earth was released in 1991 and would be considered a thrash metal album with some folk influences, unlike Cruachan’s early work which embraced the folk element as a defining part of their sound, it was not until 1994 and 1995 that other early contributors in the genre began to emerge from different regions of Europe and beyond. Among these early groups, the German band Subway to Sally spearheaded a different regional variation that over time became known as medieval metal. Despite their contributions, folk metal remained little known with few representatives during the 1990s, it was not until the early 2000s when the genre exploded into prominence in Finland with the efforts of such groups as Finntroll, Korpiklaani and Moonsorrow.
The music of folk metal is characterised by its diversity with bands known to perform different styles of both heavy metal music and folk music. A large variety of folk instruments are used in the genre with many bands featuring six or more members in their regular line-ups. A few bands are known to rely on keyboards to simulate the sound of folk instruments. Lyrics in the genre deal with fantasy, paganism and nature; the English band Skyclad was formed in 1990 after vocalist Martin Walkyier left his previous band, Sabbat. Skyclad began as a thrash metal band but added violins from session musician Mike Evans on several tracks from their debut album, The Wayward Sons of Mother Earth, an effort described by Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic as "ambitious" and "groundbreaking." The song "The Widdershins Jig" from the debut album has been acclaimed as "particularly significant" and "a certain first in the realms of Metal". With a full-time fiddler in their lineup, the band's second album feature a "now legendary folky jig style" and "more prominent inclusion of the fiddle playing lead lines and melodies associated with the lead guitar parts of most other rock bands."Even with the departure of Martin Walkyier in 2001, Skyclad remains an active folk metal group today after nearly two decades since their formation.
In contrast, the Portuguese band Moonspell had a brief tenure in the genre. Their first release was the 1994 Under the Moonspell EP with music that featured Lusitanian folk and Medieval influences. With the release of their debut album Wolfheart in the following year, the band made a transition into gothic metal and within a matter of years "quickly evolved into one of the major players of the European goth-metal scene."Cruachan were formed in 1992 in Dublin, Ireland. From the outset their intention was to mix the native Irish folk music of their home country with the more extreme side of metal music, their debut album Tuatha Na Gael was released in 1995 and was a full folk metal album from start to finish. In the Italian book “FOLK METAL, Dalle Origini Al Ragnarok”, a comprehensive history of the genre, Author Fabrizio Giosue credits Cruachan as being the first real Folk Metal band, he acknowledges that Skyclad did have some folk parts in some songs before Cruachan however he goes on to say Cruachan used folk music as much as they used heavy metal music.
Cruachan used arrangements of known folk songs and melodies, Skyclad wrote folk "sounding" parts. Spanish band Mägo de Oz was among early Folk Metal artists that were influenced by the Celtic folk music; the band introduced folk elements and instruments in their power metal-based music from their 1994 debut album. Another early contributor to folk metal is the Finnish group Amorphis, they formed in 1990 with The Karelian Isthmus, following two years later. Their sophomore effort Tales from the Thousand Lakes was released in 1994 with "plenty of fascinating melodies and song structures that drew from the traditional folk music of their native country." The album received a favorable reception from fans with "its content being exalted across the Metal underground as the pinnacle of atmospheric Death Metal achievement." In the years 1994 and 1995, several distinct variations on folk metal emerged from different regions. The German band Subway to Sally was formed in 1992 as a folk rock band, singing in English and incorporating Irish and Scottish influences in their music.
With their second album MCMXCV released in 1995, the band adopted a "more traditional approach" and started singing in German. Taking Skyclad as an influence, Subway to Sally performs a blend of hard rock and heavy metal "enriched with medieval melodies enmeshed in the songs via bagpipes, hurdy-gurdy, mandoline, shalm and flute" and combined with "romantic-symbolic German-speaking poetry" in their lyrics. With chart success in their native Germany, they have since been credited as the band "that set off the wave of what is known as medieval rock."This distinctly German phenomenon has been continued and expanded further by subsequent bands. Formed in 1996, the Berlin based In Extremo has found chart success with their "medieval style stage garb and unashamed usage of such bizarre, sometimes hand made, instruments as the Scottish bagpipes." Another band that has experienced commercial success in Germany is the Bavarian outfit Schandmaul. Describing themselves as the "minstrels of today," the band employs a musical arsenal that includes the bagpipes, barrel organ, shawm