Maghnia

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Maghnia

مغنية
Commune and town
Riwaq El-Fen in Maghnia
Riwaq El-Fen in Maghnia
Motto(s): 
courage
DZ-13-27 - Maghnia - Wilaya Tlemcen.svg
Maghnia is located in Algeria
Maghnia
Maghnia
Coordinates: 34°51′42″N 1°43′50″W / 34.86167°N 1.73056°W / 34.86167; -1.73056
Country Algeria
UnlnbluipProvinceTlemcen Province
DistrictMaghnia District
Area
 • Land96 sq mi (249 km2)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total114,634
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
CP
13001

Maghnia (Arabic: مغنية‎) (formerly Marnia) is a town in Tlemcen Province, northwestern Algeria. It is the second most populated town in Tlemcen Province, after Tlemcen; the current population is over 200,000.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Archaeologists have found evidence of prehistoric people in the area, who were displaced by the Phoenicians; the remnants of burned Ancient Roman military posts were discovered by the French army in 1836, when they entered the area; these posts were occupied, according to the inscriptions, by a numerus Syrorum: a unit of Syrian archers. As such, it was the westernmost outpost of Mauretania Caesariensis.

Due to its convenient geographical location — within the watershed of Wadi Tafna midway between Fes and Tlemcen, Maghnia later served as a marketplace for regional nomads.

The Berbers named the place Lalla Marnia (Lalla Maghnia), after a local saint buried in the vicinity. Her mausoleum was probably built in the 18th century.

Notable people[edit]