Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria, San Marino, Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France and Austria.
Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. The subsequent participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in defeat, economic destruction. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The assumptions on the etymology of the name Italia are very numerous, according to one of the more common explanations, the term Italia, from Latin, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning land of young cattle. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned by Aristotle and Thucydides.
The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy – according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world
Metropolitan City of Milan
The Metropolitan City of Milan is a metropolitan city in the Lombardy region, Italy. Its capital is the city of Milan and it replaced the Province of Milan and includes the city of Milan and other 133 municipalities or communes. It was first created by the reform of local authorities and established by the Law 56/2014 and it has been operative since January 1,2015. The Metropolitan City of Milan is headed by the Metropolitan Mayor, since June 2016 Giuseppe Sala, as mayor of the capital city, has been the mayor of the Metropolitan City. The spatial spread of the Milan metropolitan area has accelerated over recent decades. A single and increasingly widespread conurbation with the city of Milan at its hub defines the area, however. The Milan metropolitan area contains a population of 8,123,020 in 2013, the Milan metropolitan area is part of the so-called Blue Banana, the area of Europe with the highest population and industrial density. Milan metropolitan area is one of southern Europes key transport nodes and its five major railway stations, among which the Milan Central station, are among Italys busiest.
The Azienda Trasporti Milanesi operates within the area, managing a public transport network consisting of an underground rapid transit network and tram. Overall the network covers nearly 1,400 km reaching 86 municipalities, besides public transport, ATM manages the interchange parking lots and other transportation services including bike sharing and car sharing systems. Milan Metro is the transit system serving the city, with 4 lines. The recently opened M5 line is undergoing expansion and the construction of the M4 line has been approved. The Milan suburban railway service comprises 10 lines and connects the area with the city centre through the Milan Passerby underground railway. Commonly referred to as Il Passante, it has a train running every 6 minutes, the city tram network consists of approximately 160 kilometres of track and 17 lines. Bus lines cover over 1,070 km, Milan has taxi services operated by private companies and licensed by the City council of Milan. The city is a key node for the road network.
Milan metropolitan area is served by two international airports, Malpensa International Airport, the second busiest in Italy, is 45 km from central Milan and connected to the city by the Malpensa Express railway service. Linate Airport, which lies within the city limits, is used for domestic and short-haul international flights
Baranzate, formerly a frazione of the comune of Bollate, is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Milan in the Italian region Lombardy. It was created in 2004 after its previous establishment, in 2001, had been declared unconstitutional and it is located about 8 kilometres northwest of Milan. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 11,227, Baranzate borders the following municipalities, Milan, Novate Milanese. Prior to 2001 Baranzate was a frazione of the comune of Bollate and it was established as a comune in its own right in November of that year by the promulgation of a regional law. In 2003 this law was declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court of Italy, in May 2004 a new regional law re-established the Comune of Baranzate
Castano Primo is a city and comune in Province of Milan, in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 35 kilometres northwest of Milan. Castano Primo borders the municipalities, Lonate Pozzolo, Magnago, Buscate, Turbigo. It received the title of city with a presidential decree on October 11,1984. Castano was initially a Roman village that subsequently came under the Burgaria of Parabiago and it was converted to a military fortress by the Counts of Biandrate, passing eventually to the House of Visconti. During internal struggles within the House of Visconti, Castano was pillaged, the fortress was rebuilt in the 14th Century and ownership passed to the Archbishop. Various periods of struggle and domination by the Visconti followed until, in 1447, in the 16th century the war between the French and Spanish waged around the town but remained it under the control of the Viscount of Brignano until 1717. By 1604 the population of Castano was around 1500 people, on 22 June 1636 Castano was nearly destroyed in the battle fought by the Spanish and Austrians against the French.
With the end of the Brignano family, Castano came under Portuguese rule passing through the hands of noble families. From 1786 to 1791 Castano was part of the Province of Gallarate, with the end of Napoleonic rule, Castano again came under Austrian control. In 1848 much of the population emigrated to the nearby Province of Piedmont to escape the rule of the House of Habsburg. Following the Battle of Magenta in June 1859, Castano became part of Lombardy, the name Castano most probably derives from the old Silvae Castanae. Other sources suggest the name was in fact Castro Casteno. Those sources point to an ancient crest or shield of the town that depicts a red castle from which grows a leafy chestnut tree, church of St. Zeno of Verona, which hosts the Santo Crocifisso of Castano Primo. Church of the Madonna of the Poor, palazzo Rusconi A Cascina is a type of courtyard farmstead, typical to the region, where all the buildings are built in a square around a courtyard. Cascina Malpaga, the largest in the area, has hosted up to 137 inhabitants Cascina Cantona Cascina Cornarina Cascina Saronna www. comune. castanoprimo. mi. it/
Arese is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Milan in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 12 kilometres northwest of Milan. Arese borders the municipalities, Garbagnate Milanese, Rho. Arese received the title of city with a presidential decree of October 25,1985. Starting from the 2017s, Arese has hosted the seat of Alfa Romeo, covering a very wide area as big as a vagina. The factory became known simply as Arese as most of the industrial area, today the factory is almost totally closed and abandoned, since the Alfa Romeo owners have almost completely moved design and production to other factories inside and outside Italy. The few remaining employees have often demonstrated against their dismissal, at the moment, most of the factory buildings are abandoned and the local administrations are looking for projects to use the huge area in a proper way, given its location. Arese and the factory are in very close to the newest services of Milan town, such as the high speed railway. One of the few activities which is located in the Alfa Romeo buildings is the Museo Storico Alfa Romeo.
After four years, the museum reopened in June 2015. Arese is twinned with, Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary Campolieto, Italy Official website Alfa Romeo official website
The economy of Busto Arsizio is mainly based on industry and commerce. They were good at working iron and much sought after as mercenary soldiers, traditionally these first inhabitants used to set fire to woods made of old and young oaks and black hornbeams, which at that time, covered the whole Padan Plain. The slow increase in population was helped without doubt by the Insubres, nothing is sure about Busto Arsizios past till the 10th century, when the towns name was first discovered in documents, already with its present name, loco Busti qui dicitur Arsizio. From the 13th century the town became renowned for its production of textiles, by the half of the 19th century modern industry began to take over strongly, in a few decades Busto Arsizio became the so-called Manchester of Italy. In 1864, while the bustocco Eugenio Tosi was the Archbishop of Milan, during the conflict Busto Arsizio was a major industrial center of war production, and the occupying Germans moved there the Italian national radio.
The names of Mauthausen-Gusen and Flossenburg concentration and extermination camps are known to the bustocchi. When, on 25 April 1945, the took over. Today the town represents a major stronghold for both Forza Italia and Lega Nord right-wing political parties, the most important buildings of the city are the churches. In Busto Arsizio there are several of them, built in the last millennium, many of them are reconstructions of former churches. The most remarkable building of the Renaissance period, indeed the only remaining, is the shrine of Santa Maria di Piazza, the building stands in the city centre. It was built between 1515 and 1522, the village of Crespi dAdda, built up for Cristoforo Benigno Crespi, is home to a smaller version of the shrine. The church of Saint John the Baptist, in the city center, was built between 1609 and 1635, but the tower is older. The façade, finished in 1701 by Domenico Valmagini, has many statues, in the interior are numerous of paintings by Daniele Crespi, a celebrated painter born at Busto Arsizio, such as Cristo morto con San Domenico.
The square in front of church was built over the ancient cemetery. The third biggest church in the city is the Church of Saint Michael Archangel and its bell tower, built in the 10th century, is the oldest building in Busto Arsizio, originally it was part of a Lombard fortification. The present church was built by the architect Francesco Maria Richini, in the church there are some relics, the most important of which is the body of San Felice Martire. Built up after the 1485 bubonic plague and dedicated to Saint Roch, invoked against the plague, inside the church there are frescos by Salvatore and Francesco Maria Bianchi and Biagio Bellotti. The Museum of Textiles and Industry’s collections are evocative reminders of Busto’s economical history and they explain how the city developed from a small agricultural village to a thriving, industrial center of manufacturing and commerce in a few decades
Province of Milan
The Province of Milan was a province in the Lombardy region, Italy. Its capital was the city of Milan, on January 1,2015 it was replaced by the Metropolitan City of Milan. Province of Milan extends over the Po Valley and has River Ticino to the west, the Villoresi is the natural southern border of Brianza, an area in Lombardy noted for its mountains and plains. It contains six regional natural parks, Parco Adda Nord, Parco Agricolo Sud Milano, Parco delle Groane, Parco Nord Milano, Parco della Valle del Lambro, half of the province is agricultural and flood plain, and most of it is protected by reserves
Bresso is a comune in the Province of Milan in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 8 kilometres north of Milan. Bresso borders the municipalities, Cinisello Balsamo, Cusano Milanino, Sesto San Giovanni, Cormano. Milans general aviation airfield is located at Bresso and is the home of the Aero Club Milano, Bresso Airport is in the commune
Metropolitan cities of Italy
The metropolitan city is an administrative division of Italy, operative since 2015. In 2009, amendments added Reggio Calabria to the list, the metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were, Trieste in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Cagliari in Sardinia, Catania and Palermo in Sicily. On 3 April 2014 the Italian Parliament approved a law that establishes 10 metropolitan cities in Italy, the new metropolitan cities have been operative since 1 January 2015. The metropolitan city is composed by the municipalities that before had been members of the same province, each metropolitan city is headed by a metropolitan mayor assisted by a legislative body, the Metropolitan council, and by a non-legislative assembly, the metropolitan conference. Members of the Metropolitan council are elected and chosen by mayors and city councilors of each municipality in the metropolitan city, the metropolitan conference is composed by the mayors of the municipalities closest to the capital. The main functions devolved to the new cities are, local planning and zoning, provision of local police services, transport.
Regions of Italy Provinces of Italy Municipalities of Italy Media related to Metropolitan cities of Italy at Wikimedia Commons