SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Magnesia (regional unit)

Magnesia, Ancient Greek: Magnēsía, deriving from the tribe name Magnetes, is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Thessaly, its capital is the city of Volos. About 70% of the population of Magnesia live in the Greater Volos area, the second-largest city in Thessaly and the third busiest commercial port in Greece. According to the most recent census, the population stands at 190,010; the regional unit hosts 2,000,000 tourists annually. Magnesia is represented in the Greek Parliament by six seats, its main agricultural products are wheat, tomatoes, olives and honey. A prominent geographic feature of Magnesia is a bay of the Aegean Sea; the Pelion mountain range closes off the Gulf on the east and south side, leaving only a narrow channel near Trikeri. The highest peak of the wooded Pelion is Xeforti. On the south edge of Magnesia peninsula Tisaio mountain is found. Mt. Maurovouni is the northeasternmost mountain of the regional unit and extends to the neighboring regional unit of Larissa.

The southwest border of Magnesia is formed with its highest peak Gerakovouni. The interior of Magnesia has two plains; the plains southwest of the Pagasetic Gulf are called the Almyros plains, while the plains northwest of the Gulf are called the Volos-Velestino plain. The hydrological network of Magnesia is not rich and is characterized by the absence of big rivers; the waters coming from Pelion shape the rivers Anavros and Xirias. In the North section of Magnesia, Lake Karla was found. Lake Karla was drained in 1962. On the bight of Sourpi, next to Amaliapolis a coastal wetland is located, with various species of migratory birds; this wetland together with the forest of Kouri – an infrequent lowland of oak forest close to Almyros – is included in the list of the protected regions of the European Network Natura 2000. The average temperature is 17 degrees Celsius and the average rainfall about 540 millimetres per year. Heat waves and intense cold periods are rare. During the summer the temperature rises up to about 37 to 38 °C in August.

The climate varies in different parts of the prefecture. In winter there is significant snowfall in the mountains and freezing temperatures; the regional unit Magnesia is subdivided into 5 municipalities. These are: Almyros Rigas Feraios South Pelion Volos Zagora-Mouresi Magnesia was created as a prefecture. In addition to the territory of the present regional unit of Magnesia, the Magnesia Prefecture included the Northern Sporades group of islands; as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was split into the Magnesia and Sporades regional units. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Province of Volos – Volos Province of Almyros – Almyros Province of Skopelos and Sporades – SkopelosNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. According to Hesiod's "Eoiae" or "Catalogue of Women" on the origin of the Greeks, Pandora together with Zeus had one son Graecus, while Zeus had two more with Thyia, another of Deukalion's daughter: Magnes and Macedon.

Magnes and Makednos together with Hellen's three sons Dorus and Aeolus, comprised the set of progenitors of the ancient tribes that formed the Greek/Hellenic nation. Magnes ruled the area and people under his name. Magnesia is homeland of the mythical heroes Jason and his son Achilles; the Magnetes contributed to the Greek colonization, with their main colonies being established before the 7th century BC, under the names of Magnesia beside Sipylus in Lydia and Magnesia on the Maeander in Ionia. The word magnet comes from the Greek "magnítis líthos", which means "magnesian stone"; the names for the elements magnesium and manganese are derived from this region, which in addition to the magnetic magnetite, produces certain ores of magnesium and manganese that were known to alchemists. Written accounts and remains from the 5th century CE document the appearance of Christianity in Magnesia; the minutes of the 3rd Ecumenical Conference are co-signed by the Bishop of Dimitriada Cleonikos. Five basilicas have been revealed in Nea Anhialos, showing that the area was undergoing a spiritual growth in that era.

Magnesias has churches and chapels, many of which are architectural masterpieces in the style, called "Pelioritica". In the area of Pelion are the monasteries of Saint Gerasimos in Makrinitsa, The Holy Archangels in Agios Georgios Nilias, Osios Lavredios in Agios Lavrendis, Saint John the Baptist in Siki and Saint Spiridon in Promiri; the most famous is the Flamouriou Monastery, built in the 16th century by Osios Simeon, the so-called "barefoot and loin-clothed", located near Veneto. In the Almiros area and on the mountain of Othris two other monasteries were built, one inhabited by monks in Ano Panagia Xenia and the other by nuns in Kato Panagia Xenia; this monastery holds historical monuments of the area from the 12th century, with of frescoes, treasuries and a library. In Kato Panagia Xenia monastery, an icon of the Virgin Mary, venerated by the people of the area, is kept. All the monasteries are

James Brodie (botanist)

James Brodie of Brodie, 21st Thane and Chief of Clan Brodie, FRS FLS was a Scottish politician and botanist. He was educated at St. Andrews University, he was returned to parliament in 1796 as MP for Elginshire, serving until 1807. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Nairn; as a botanist, Brodie specialised in cryptogamic flora, i.e. plants which reproduce by spores, such as algae and mosses. He discovered a number of new species both on his own property at Brodie, his collection is now held at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. He corresponded with other eminent botanists of his time, including Sir William Jackson Hooker and Sir James Edward Smith. Brodie was elected a Fellow of the Linnaean Society in 1795, of the Royal Society in 1797; the genus Brodiaea is named in his honour. He married Lady Margaret Duff, sister of James Duff, 2nd Earl Fife, had two sons and two daughters. Charters, Michael L. "Brodiaea". California Plant Names: Latin and Greek Meanings and Derivations: A Dictionary of Botanical Etymology.

Retrieved 17 March 2008. "James Brodie of Brodie". Botanists of Repute. Retrieved 17 March 2008

List of number-one Billboard Top Latin Albums from the 1990s

The Billboard Top Latin Albums chart, published in Billboard magazine, is a record chart that features Latin music sales information. The data is compiled by Nielsen SoundScan from a sample that includes music stores, music departments at electronics and department stores, Internet sales and verifiable sales from concert venues in the United States. During the 1990s, there were 36 number-one albums in this chart, first published on July 10, 1993. One album peaked at number one in the first year of publication: Mi Tierra, by Cuban singer-songwriter Gloria Estefan; the album peaked at number 27 on the Billboard 200, was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. It won the Best Traditional Tropical Album award at the Grammy Awards of 1994. Mi Tierra spent 25 weeks at number one in 1993 and 33 weeks at this position in 1994. Segundo Romance by Mexican singer Luis Miguel peaked at number one, it won the Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album in 1995, defeating albums from singers Cristian Castro, Plácido Domingo, Juan Gabriel and Tejano music group La Mafia.

Five albums by Tex-Mex music performer Selena reached number one on the chart. After this stretch, it was replaced by her first English-language album titled Dreaming of You, which debuted at number one in the Billboard 200, making Selena the first Hispanic singer to debut at the top of this chart and the second-highest debut of the year after Michael Jackson's HIStory: Past and Future, Book I. On its release date, the album sold over 175,000 copies, a record for a female pop singer, sold two million copies in its first year; this album became the first to peak at number one in three calendar years. Three best-of collections by the singer, entitled Siempre Selena and All My Hits - Todos Mis Exitos Vol. 1 topped the chart. The self-titled debut album by Enrique Iglesias was atop the chart for 11 weeks and won the Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album at the 39th Grammy Awards. Two albums related to the song "Macarena" hit the top spot of the chart: Macarena Non Stop by Los del Río, which spent four non-consecutive weeks at number-one, starting on August 3, 1996, Macarena Mix, a compilation album with music by Sandalo, Manolos, El Lupe and The Sacados, which spent nine weeks at number-one from September 21 through November 16, 1996.

Tango by Julio Iglesias, the last number-one album of 1996, spent 10 weeks at the top of the chart and became the best-selling Latin album of 1997. Romances by Luis Miguel won the Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album, debuted at number 14 in the Billboard 200, spent 11 non-consecutive weeks at number one on this chart. In 1998, the compilation album released for the film Dance with Me, which starred Vanessa L. Williams and Chayanne, became the first soundtrack to reach the top spot of this chart. Buena Vista Social Club, produced by Ry Cooder peaked at number one and won the Grammy Award for Best Tropical Latin Performance. Me Estoy Enamorando by Alejandro Fernández spent nine weeks at the top of the chart and ended the year as the best-selling Latin album of 1998. Colombian singer-songwriter Shakira with ¿Dónde Están los Ladrones?, her first number-one album, spent 11 weeks at number one, received a nomination for a Grammy Award for Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album and was certified platinum in the United States by the RIAA.

Marco Antonio Solís peaked at number one for the first time on this chart with his album Trozos de Mi Alma, certified gold by the RIAA and was produced by Bebu Silvetti. Ricky Martin was awarded the Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album for Vuelve, which spent 26 non-consecutive weeks at the top of the chart between 1998 and 1999. Latin rock performer Santana debuted and peaked at number one with Supernatural during the only week that the album appeared on this chart; the album was removed from the chart the following week after it was determined by Billboard to not meet the requirement for an album to have at least 50% of its recordings in Spanish